The Egyptians and Mesos were deeply involved in the worship of idols[ representations of animals, humans, stars, sun, moon etc.] or things created. Whereas the Jews only worshiped the creator who is invisible, thus no images.
It was Abraham who left UR of the Caldeans at God's command to go to what would become the 'promised land'. He received the covenant of circumcision which to the nations round about must have seemed strange indeed, [they were all uncirc.]
The Jews were herders, they kept livestock which was something detestable to the Egyptians, [since they worshiped many of the animals that the Jews kept]
The Egyptians shaved most or all of the hair from their bodies whereas the Jews kept beards and side locks and probably didn't shave their arms or legs either.
The Egyptians and Mesopotamians different in religion with the Judaism for the fact that the formers believed in many gods, while the latter only believe in One God.
At the time of Abraham the Hebrew, the area where he lived was full of pagan cults; they were polytheistic, worshiping multiple deities. Abraham was the first to advance the idea of ethical monotheism: the worship of One God, and the appropriate ethical code of conduct.
Link: How Abraham founded Judaism
The Israelites differed from other ancient peoples in the following ways:
They laid the foundation for Judaism.
They are the major religions
Judaism is a monotheistic religion; Mesopotamians were polytheistic. This means Jews believed in only one god; Mesopotamians believed in many. Also, Jews were much more disciplined because of their religion.
The only two religions influenced by the Hebrews (outside of Judaism) are Christianity and Islam. An argument can also be made for the Baha'i Faith, but that is controversial.
Christianity and Islam are daughter-religions of Judaism.
Judaism is not considered the father of all religions. Most of the world's religions have no connection to Judaism. Biblical Judaism is considered the parent religion of the Abrahamic Religions (Modern Judaism, Christianity, and Islam)
An important ancient Hebrew invention was their bible, which became the basis for three world religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.
Judaism is the religion.
Judaism IS a religion.
Zoroastrianism appears to have held motheism before Judaism, but it is *very* disputed exactly when monotheism developed in the Abrahamic religions.
No, according to tradtion, Judaism began with Abraham around 2000 BCE, and at that time, the Hebrews had no enemies.
Back when Judaism was first Founded, all other religions were polytheistic. Judaism was monotheistic.
All kinds of faiths from the religions of the Hittites, Egyptians and Amorites to Ba'al, El, Ashtoreth. Then the major faiths such as Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Greek thought and faith, Roman thought and imperial faith, Christianity, the Mithraic religions and Islam.
Yes it was.
Christianity and Islam are the two religions most similar to Judaism.