Generally,if you give a mouse a cookie, he'll want a glass of milk. Appeasement was the policy of the West of avoiding confrontation with Nazi Germany. After WWI, Europe was devastated economically, physically, and emotionally. They did not want to be dragged into another conflict so when Hitler violated the Treaty of Versailles by reoccupying the Rhineland and expanding the German army past the limit, they did nothing. Meanwhile, in Spain, a civil war and Fascist revolt threatened the democratic government. Despite Germany and Italy supporting the Spanish Fascists, Britain and France refused to fight a proxy war by supporting the Communist government. At Munich, British, French, and German leaders met to discuss Germany reoccupying the Sudetenland of Czech. . They agreed to German control because it was German speaking as long Hitler stopped there. Hitler then took the rest of Czech. but the Allies again did nothing. Finally, on Sept. 1, 1939 and Britain and France declared war on Germany. Despite this common explanation, there is another possibility.
After WWI, Russia became Communist despite the Allies best efforts. Communism quickly became a scary topic and a Red Scare even greater then the one of the 50s took place. During the twenties and thirties, conservatives in Britain and France saw Fascism, not as an evil, but a cure for Communism. (There are numerous quotes by high ranking Allies supporting this fact.) Britain saw Fascist Germany as a way to eliminate Communist Russia. (Hitler described his work Mein Kampf) Britain encouraged Nazi eastern expansion. They saw Hitler as the best way to eliminate Stalin. At Munich, the Soviet Union was not involved in the decision to give up he Sudetenland. However, when Hitler gave a portion of Czech. to Austria as a gift, Britain realized that Hitler might attack France BEFORE attacking the Soviet Union. Look into this, its pretty interesting.
add. Indeed the Fascict party was set up in Italy to oppose Communism, which had great appeal to the impoverished. The actual symbol of this was the fascisti - a bundle of sticks bound so as to give them strength greater than one stick. This symbol was borrowed from the Romans, and appears on Italian coins of the time. Of course, communism pre-dates the Russian Revolution. Fascism intended to present a joining-together of peoples for a common purpose.
Mussolini possibly struck the first blow of WWII when he invaded Abyssinia, though this was a minor conflict. It however symbolized the failure of the League of Nations which had been formed after WWI.
Without going further into war detail, I believe that Chamberlain's 'Triumphant return from Munich' was a big PR campaign - Britain had realized concretely that war was on the horizon and after this she swung thoroughly into preparing her Air Force and Navy for war. The "Peace in out Time" appeasement was just to give time to build up. Of course, there was a lot of pro-German feeling in Britain, and Germany probably did not really think that Britain would join in war.
The policy of appeasement.
A policy of appeasement is a diplomatic policy of making political or material concessions to an enemy power in order to avoid conflict.
why did France and britiain choose the policy of appeasement
Not really. The Appeasement policy only prolonged the inevitable.
Hitler did not have a policy of appeasement. Great Brittain appeased hitler when he took land.
Appeasement postponed WWII for a year or so.
The main advantage of the appeasement policy before WW2, was that it prevented Britain and France from going through another War. For obvious reasons this didnt work, but because of the damage that had been caused from WW1, the Allied leaders wanted to stop it happening again.
Appeasement is the policy of giving in to the demands of an aggressor to keep the peace.
The Munich Agreement is generally seen as the height of appeasement, but the policy of appeasement was older.
AppeasementThe policy of appeasement.
The policy of appeasement.
The policy of appeasement was not successful at all. The Axis powers had no interest in brokering peace but wanted war.
The policy of Appeasement .
Policy of appeasement.
at the begining of WWII
the poliy of appeasement was a policy that Hitler and Mussolini came over that said that they would not take over the sudetenland but they did anyways
appeasement encouraged aggression
Great Britain and France are solely responsible for the appeasement policy and its failure to prevent WWII.
The United States initially had to follow a policy of appeasement towards Germany. This policy was directly related to the treaty of Versailles.
Appeasement led to the outbreak of World War II mainly by giving the aggressor-nation, Germany, the confidence that it could act without fear of retribution. Its ultimatum to Poland in 1939 was powerfully motivated by this confidence, although in fact it was this action that finally led to the end of appeasement -- and war.
No, it was a terrible and cowardly policy.