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Who are some Greek emperors?

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March 07, 2012 1:40AM

There were no Greek emperors as there was no Greek empire. The Greek world comprised a myriad of independent city-states.

Some of these city-states from time to time formed defensive leagues, such as the anti-Persian league led by the city-state of Athens, but these had no king or emperor or even centrallised form of government, and so were not empires. Many were subsequently absorbed by the Roman Empire in the west and in the east by Macedonian kingdoms, the latter being in turn taken into the expanding Roman Empire.

There was a Macedonian Empire ruled by Alexander the Great, but the Greeks did not consider Macedonians Greek. There were then Macedonian Kingdoms we now call Hellenistic Kingdoms ruled by Alexander's successors, but they did not call themselves Emperors, and the kings and heirarchy kept themselves quite separate as Macedonians and above their Greek and barbarian subjects. These were the Seleucid kings of Syria, Ptolemaic kings of Egypt and the varied kings of Macedonia and Asia Minor. These kingdoms were absorbed into the Roman Empire.

There were then Emperors of the Eastern Roman Empire who, although Greek, called themselves Roman, and when the Western Roman Empire disintegrated, called themselves the Roman Empire (today we call it the Byzantine Empire as its capital was Byzantium) and although they maintained Greek culture, called themselves Romans to the end.