Why did Richard the first get captured?
King Richard I was travelling home from the crusades when his ship was wrecked on Italy. He chose to try to continue travelling by crossing Europe by land, disguised as a pilgrim. He was recognized near Vienna by Duke Leopold V of Austria, who had a grudge against Richard because he believed Richard had killed his cousin. Leopold handed Richard over to Emperor Henry VI of the Holy Roman Empire, who held him for ransom.
The Treaty of Ramla in 1192 after the battle of Arsuf. King Richard I "the Lionheart" and Gen.Saladin signed the Treaty of Ramla which allowed for the pilgrimage of unarmed christian travelers and merchants to the city of Jerusalem after it was captured by Islamic forces led by Gen.Saladin. The treaty also reduced the Latin Kingdom to a small strip of coastal land between the cities of Tyre and Jaffa.