Why was Martin Luther King Jr. famous?

Martin Luther King Jr. is famous for being one of the first men to lead public demonstrations and give speeches to bring attention to the disparity in rights between black and white Americans and the injustice of segregation. In particular, he is famous for his oratory on the Equal Rights movement, the speech known as his "I Have a Dream" speech. This speech was about the need to remove racial discrimination, and how African-Americans deserved equal rights with white people. It was delivered on 28 August 1963.

Martin Luther King Jr first became famous after leading the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955, which started when Rosa Parks stood up for herself, for refusing to move for a white man on 1 December 1955 (on a bus in Montgomery). King raised awareness of the discrimination being used against African-Americans, stating in his speech that "that one day white people will be able to accept black people for who they are and not what color they are".

Martin Luther King Jr is also famous for being the youngest person to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, in 1964, for his efforts to end racial discrimination and segregation. He is also, unfortunately, famous for being assassinated for his views in 1968.

There is an exhibit and information about him and other Civil Rights leaders such as Rosa Parks at the Civil Rights Museum which is located at the Lorraine Motel in Memphis where Dr. King was assasinated. This Museum is not dedicated solely to King, but rather to the entire Civil Rights Movement.