Animal Testing

There are several types of animal experimentation. Some experiments simply observe behaviors, where others introduce medications, toxins, viruses, or products to see what effect they will have on the animal.

1,851 Questions
Animal Testing

Is animal testing the same as animal dissection?

No, it is not. Animal testing is when companies and factories perform tests on animals using their products to test the results. Animal dissection is like an autopsy. It is when they open up the animal to see what is inside.

341342343
Animal Testing

How many cures have been discovered because of animal testing?

None, there have only been ones that have help[ed but not done intily by the animals these include...rabies, tubercolosis, measles, mumps, rubella, polio, HIV drugs and anit biotics.

321322323
Animal Testing

What kind of animals are experimented on?

Animal experimentation involves more than 27 different species including: macaque monkeys, squirrel monkeys, rats, mice, dogs, hamsters, guinea pigs, and cats

Domestic Ferrets are used in many broad areas of research and have been since the early 1900's to study the pathogenesis and treatment in a variety of human disease as animal models in biomedical research, including studies of cardiovascular disease, nutrition, respiratory diseases (such as SARS and human influenza), airway physiology, cystic fibrosis and gastrointestinal disease (such as peptic ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori). Ferrets share many anatomical, metabolic and physiologic features with humans which has promoted their use as an animal model.

Additionally, lab tests are commonly performed on mice. In fact, breeders can create special varieties of mice called "knockout mice." The term knockout refers to the fact that these mice are genetically modified so that particular gene expressions are repressed, or turned-off. There are many varieties of knockout mice available depending on what is being investigated. These mice are very useful in the biomedical field. By using knockout mice, researchers are able to learn about the specific effects of certain genes. Drug therapies can also be tested on these mice.

Advice from other contributors:

* Mostly small animals are used in animal testing rats and mice are popular but also cats, dogs, rabbits, guinea pigs and more.

* Rats, mice, rabbits, monkeys, stray dogs and cats.

* Quite a few animals get tested on but guinea pigs are the most common animals get tested on

* All types of animals: Cats, Dogs, Hamsters, Rats, Mice, Gerbils, Monkeys, gorillas, wild animals

* Dogs, like beagles; cats, rabbits, rats, mice, a variety of monkeys; guinea pigs, gerbils, fish, frogs, baboons, chimpanzees and fruit flies

For further information click on the links below, under 'Related links.' Caution, some images may disturb.
Dogs, cats, rabbits, horses, cows, goats, monkeys, frogs, lizzards, sheep and many more.

205206207
Animal Testing

What is a rebuttal on animal testing?

A rebuttal is taking the opposite stance that someone has proposed. As no statement has been made no rebuttal can be made.

There are those in favour of testing and those against. So it would depend on who made the first statement as to what the rebuttal should be.

173174175
Animal Testing

How is animal testing unscientific?

The test is done on an animal to "prove" results in a human. Thefore the experiment is being done in a less than perfect model. It would be more scientific to test the substance on a human. However, it would be less ethical to test a substance with unknown results on a human.

167168169
Animal Testing

What are arguments for and against medical testing on animals?

Preface:I'm going to try and impartially present both sides of this issue, as I know them. I'll confine myself to what I know to be facts, and avoid supposition. I shall also try to bring to the table every valid argument on both sides that comes to mind. I shall withold my own subjective opinions in this matter, and will not state where my own heart lies in this argument.

Note that this is an argument that is neither cut and dried, and has both objective and subjective components to it. I promise to treat each as fairly as I can, without the blessing or curse of my own opinion rearing its own ugly or delightful head.

If I seem split on this issue -- well...

In favor of Animal Research:The leading arguments favoring animal research as as such:

Certain compounds, be they food or pharmaceuticals, may have unforeseen effects that no amount of calculation or research is going to unearth. Thalidomide, in the 1960's, is a classic example. A sedative, Thalidomide made it through trials with no apparent problems. No-one, however, thought to test how this drug would work if used by woman who were pregnant. It turns out, the way it worked was that it produced amazingly grotesque, heartbreaking birth defects. The testing wasn't flawed. No-one had a clue this would happen. But clearly it did. Long term testing on primate subjects would have been grisly, but very well might have uncovered this defect before hundreds of human babies were born with horriffic and incapacitating defects, almost all quickly fatal.

The fact is, that when it comes to prepping a drug or vaccine or procedure for use on the human population, we either need to test it on animals with metabolic and eventually genetic similarities to humans, or we'll have to let it into production without testing. Or -- in effect -- the final phase tests won't be in the lab; they'll be on your neighbors.

To put this in perspective, what if it's your sibling who, on the happy day of the birth of their child, finds a creature that will never live a day without extreme pain, not a minute without the revultion of others, not a month in school, not a minute on a bicycle, and not a decade alive -- leaving behind a family financially and emotionally devasted (and statistically likely to even be divorced). But there are a few monkeys somewhere who were left alone.

Opposed to Animal Testing:Simply because animals are not human does not imply they don't feel pain, despair, torture, and horror, somewhat as we do. Inflicting torturous procedures on animlas in order to spare ourselves the pain seems morally reckless at best, and arrogant to the point of hubris at worst.

As we do not "own" these creatures, we have no inherent right to subject them against their will to what we ourselves call inhumane practices, any more than we have a right to torture animals for our amusement. The question may be posed: "What makes it morally acceptable for us to take another creature's freedom and life away from them, solely to maybe improve the qualitiy of our lives, but more likely suffer much as we ourselves would suffer, without discernable, beneficial results?"

And worse, up until recently, this testing wasn't solely reserved for matters of life and death, or even human health; we tested with animals in order to discover the potential dangers of cosmetics (although this practice has almost stopped, and WILL stop in your lifetime). The story this tells about humans isn't even sufficiently dignified to say, "we sacrificed them that we may live", but rather, "They died in pain so that we may look good flirting."

A Final Note on Human Test Subjects.Both sides of this argument eventually reach the point of discussing human subjects. The fact is this is an accepted albeit controverisal practice, and we do extensive human testing. The rules are:
  • The human must of course be eligible for the test, physically and emotionally.
  • The "pay" or reward for the test must be clearly stated before the test begins.
  • The subject must be apprised that, in blind and double-blind tests, they may be given the drug, or they may be given the placebo -- even if they need the drug to survive.
  • And -- they must be allowed to decide to do or not do this as a free choice, unencumbered by threat or benefit unrelated to the test.

You can't legally let prisoners get invovled in most medical testing, because it's cruel and inhuman punishment, and violates the 4th Amendment. If one personally feels this to be unreasonable, consider lobbying to amend that amendment. But, as it stands today, those are the laws.

The fact is that no-one will submit willfully to medical testing unless they have something to gain. The more dangerous the potential outcome of the test, the more they'll need to gain, to the point that the tests have almost the blackmailer's taint about them. The very rich would have no reason to consider participating in such tests, and so this would be the realm of the disenfranchised and powerless to effectively say no.

Neither side in this argument has, after consideration, put forth the idea of total cessation of animal testing in favor of testing on humans.

----

Any testing that is done must be done voluntarily. No being has a natural right to subject another being to any treatment, be it with or without their knowledge. The reasoning that humans are superior beings and thus are given a wider range of freedoms to test other species is nonsense, like saying that you should go to jail for murdering a smart person longer than for doing the same to a dumb person. Even the testing of medicines on human beings voluntarily would have to be looked at carefully as this is happening today to people that are seriously economically disadvantaged and could therefore be considered to be coerced.

I would like to add on to the discussion.Many people think that animal testing is easy because it doesn't harm you, but it actually does. It harms you possibly if something goes wrong and the animal you're performing testing upon dies, then that's 1 less of their species and that alone makes a minor scratch on the ecosystem. I too think animal testing should be banned. If you want something to test on, test on an object or somthing who agrees. :i don't like animal testing at all. It's cruel! I don't like disecting animals even if they are dead. This is a good website:Altweb: Alternatives to Animal Testing and S FDA/CFSAN - Animal Testing
165166167
Animal Testing

Is animal testing still allowed today?

Yes, and rightly so. Some things cannot be known without testing on animals.

151152153
Animal Testing

Why do people object to animal testing?

Testing on animals is torturing and it is wrong/evil to do such a thing that is why they object.

Actually it is not torturing since animals used in animal research and testing usually live longer since there not eaten by other animals and if there was no animal testing millions of unborn and sick people will die due to diseases that can be cured through animal testing

147148149
Animal Testing

How many animals have been abused on animal testing?

Hundreds of millions and it's still going on.

135136137
Animal Testing

How many animals a year die from animal testing?

  • In the 2004 (U.S) 1,101,958 animals were tested on. That's just including dogs, cats, primates, guinea pigs, hamsters, rabbits and farm animals. This does not include the millions of mice and rats tested on each year, because the government does consider mice and rats "real" animals and therefore experimenters don't keep track of how many they test.
  • Another fact is that in 1990-1997 research labs registered with the USDA reported killing at least 12,895,885 dogs, cats, primates, guinea pigs, hamsters, rabbits, bears, armadillos, squirrels, wild rodents and other species. this doesn't include non USDA registered labs.
  • From the facts above, millions of animals die from animal testing each year world wide. The official numbers only count for the registered deaths, but in Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) where there is corruption, the numbers may be much higher or lower than what they are. Therefore it is uncertain the exact number of animals that die. On average, possibly millions.

Animals die each year from testing

  • Recent (fiscal 2005) United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) statistics list a total of 1,177,566 (a one-year increase of 7%) primates, dogs, cats, rabbits, guinea pigs, hamsters, and other species as being subjected to experimental procedures. The species by species listings include:
66,610 dogs

57,531 primates

58,598 pigs

245,786 rabbits

22,921 cats

176,988 hamsters

64,146 other farm animals

32,260 sheep

231,440 other animals

221,286 guinea pigs

However, this total is likely far from accurate. At no time have all laboratories in the U.S. reported their experimental totals. The total of non-reporting facilities has varied from 22 to 128 (out of approximately 1100). The species that are not covered by the Animal Welfare Act (rats, mice, etc.) are not even counted. Therefore, the total above ignores the majority of animals experimented upon in the U.S. The real number of animals experimented on in the U.S. each year is well over 20 million. Additionally, these statistics do not cover animals that are caged in laboratories but are being held for conditioning or breeding. For example, while the USDA reports the use of over 57,000 primates in labs, the actual total is probably more like 120,000.
We do not know the exact number, however it is estimated that roughly 10 million animals die each year from animal testing in the United States. Stated differently, every minute, 219 animals needlessly die in a US lab.

  • In the US in 2004 1,101,958 animals were tested on. That's just including dogs, cats, primates, guinea pigs, hamsters, rabbits and farm animals. This does not include the millions of mice and rats tested on each year, because the government does consider mice and rats "real" animals and therefore experimenters don't keep track of how many they test.
  • Another fact is that in 1990-1997 research labs registered with the USDA reported killing at least 12,895,885 dogs, cats, primates, guinea pigs, hamsters, rabbits, bears, armadillos, squirrels, wild rodents and other species. this doesn't include non USDA registered labs.
  • The official numbers only count for the registered deaths, but in Less Economically Developed Countries (LEDCs) where there is corruption, the numbers may be much higher or lower than what they are. Therefore it is uncertain the exact number of animals that die. On average, possibly millions.

too many!!! :(
____________________________________________________________________

About 100 million (100,000,000) are tested on each year. About 70 million (70,000,000) die from it, and many of the 30 million (30,000,000) surviving are reused for a different. But the FDA does not even require animal testing on products, but most companies still do it even though there are many alternatives possible that work even better!
________________________________________________________________
Most of the time these animals are rodents. It is vary sad that we have to experiment on animals. We need to be thankful that the animals can provide us with the medicine.

In 2004,(U.S. only) 1,101, 958 animals were tested on, not including the millions of mice and rats tested on each year.

In 2005, the USDA list a total of 1,777,566 animals were tested, again, not including mice and rats. This was a 7 percent increase from the previous year.

109110111
Animal Testing

Would the world be any different without animal testing?

yes we would not know all the disses animals can past to us

123124125
Animal Testing

How many animals die due to animal testing every year?

60-100 million

123124125
Animal Testing

Should animal testing be continued or stopped?

ANIMAL TESTING SHOULD BE STOPPED.... Especially if you are an animal lover. Animals are tested everyday for stuff that we use daily. A majority of these animals are killed in the process. If you think that going and testing something on something that you cared about and it killed them how would you feel.... These animals are living breathing things and why should people destroy the so we can see a new (ex.) of eyeshadow or perfume that is a scent already out in the world that is not tested on animals. Think about your pet for example dying. How would you feel?? That s what animal testing does.

119120121
Animal Testing

Why does animal testing happen?

to figure out what the results my be caused on a human

107108109
Animal Testing

Where can you find true anecdotes for animal testing?

109110111
Animal Testing

How many animals die every 12 years due to animal testing?

Estimates say that anually; 60 to 100 million veribrate animals worldwide are being used for testing. 70% of these are mice or rats. Most animals are used in only one procedure: animals either die because of the experiment or are euthanized afterwards. Scientists and governments state that animal testing should cause as little suffering to animals as possible, and that animal tests should only be performed where necessary. Although such principles have been welcomed as a step forwards by some animal welfare groups, they have also been criticized as both outdated by current research, and of little practical effect in improving animal welfare.

899091
Animal Testing

How long are animals being kept in cages for animal testing?

There is no set answer to this question. Some are kept for years, others just months. Some die a lot sooner than others because of the abuse they suffer. Monkeys can be kept for a very long time. It's normally rats and rabbits etc that don't last long in those places.

878889
Animal Testing

What are the pros of banning animal testing?

Animal testing is used to help find cures and treatments for common human ailments and diseases. So the banning of animal testing should increase human suffering. This is a "pro" if you believe human suffering is a good thing.

Doctors practice medical procedures on animals before the practice on people. New techniques are often first performed on a handful of animals. Without animal testing, doctors would be forced to practice on people. We could probably find some poor people willing to be tested. This would help reduce poverty, either if they died or were handsomely paid for their participation. Another "pro."

838485
Animal Testing

What are the advantages of animal testing?

Advantages of Animal Testing

Animals are built with the same basic parts as humans so scientists can test whether medicines and chemicals are harmful or safe before the risk the lives of humans.

Animals are in abundance, so scientists can perform larger numbers of tests that could be done on people at a cheaper price. Life saving drugs are tested on animals and it is a fact that the white rat has saved more lives than the calling of 911.

Without animal testing, the cure for polio would not exist. Neither would successful blood transfusions or organ trasplants. Diabetics would suffer or die.

In some cases, animal testin IS cruel, but it would be more cruel to test new drugs on little children or to let people die because there is not enough information about a drug.

Animal rights campaigners say we don't need new test, because we have enough information already. We wouldn't have that information without animal tests and many new infections that need to be treated appear each year.

697071
Animal Testing

What are the pros and cons for animal testing?

Pros

· Humans can be treated with medication which saves their lives because the medication has been approved of from the testing of animals.

· Humans and animals have similar reactions to medication and cosmetics, meaning that they can be approved of and used on humans.

·

Cons

· Perfumes and cosmetics are often tested in the eyes of animals so that the reaction is quicker, but it can make the animals blind and, if oral medication, can kill the animals.

· The medications and cosmetics are not only tested on a single animal at a time, but on many, meaning that if the drug or cosmetic is harmful or deadly to the animal, not only one animal dies or becomes seriously ill, but many do, perhaps hundreds.

· The animals that are used for testing drugs, such as guinea pigs, can die from the treatment of such life-saving drugs as penicillin, so if these particular drugs are tested on guinea pigs before the treatment is later used on humans, the drug will appear to the testing scientist as deadly, whereas it is only the guinea pig that the penicillin is deadly to, therefore the drug will not be used to treat patients in critical conditions and on the verge of death, therefore it is not only animals that are being killed in the testing of them, but humans as well.

697071
Animal Testing

Should animal testing be banned?

i believe it should, but it all depends on what you believe, some people believe that sacrificing some people is worse than sacrificing a hundred animals. so again, its up to you to decide

777879
Animal Testing

Does animal testing hurt animals?

Yes, in most cases, it kills the animals or leaves them severely maimed. There is no humane animal testing. They are subjected to torture until they die.

737475
Animal Rights and Abuse
Research Methodology
Animal Testing

Should animals be used for medical research?

I think that it's wrong since they can do a lot of other things to test medicine. They can make pieces of skin without using real skin. Science has come far and there are alternatives. But it's more expensive so most companies don't want to.

I think it isn't right ,however sometimes it has to be done:(

I am for that. I would want items tested on animals before humans. Animals are not equal to humans. The idea that we can not use them for research is appalling to me. It cheapens the value of us as a species.

Personally I wish it wasn't so, but as far as I know they don't have alternatives other than humans themselves which isn't always permitted.

Personally I feel that people should volunteer to do it despite the risks, as were more capable of communicating pain and side effects, of course some medical research is real raw and would undoubtedly kill but I still belive people would volunteer. I expect theres wide opinion on this question so keep an eye on the discussions board! X

As stated earlier personaly I wish it wasnt done however with that said I can understand that testing af drugs procedures e.t.c gets done with animals. and saves more animals and peoples lives then are lost. However I think it is absolutely wrong for cosmetics and similar vanity rubish to be tested on animals.
Personally I wish it wasn't so, but as far as I know they don't have alternatives other than humans themselves which isn't always permitted.

Personally I feel that people should volunteer to do it despite the risks, as were more capable of communicating pain and side effects, of course some medical research is real raw and would undoubtedly kill but I still belive people would volunteer. I expect theres wide opinion on this question so keep an eye on the discussions board! X As stated earlier personaly I wish it wasnt done however with that said I can understand that testing af drugs procedures e.t.c gets done with animals. and saves more animals and peoples lives then are lost. However I think it is absolutely wrong for cosmetics and similar vanity rubish to be tested on animals.
Animals are used for research for ethical reasons. Animals are first used in medical research so that humans are not harmed. Animals are used in other research to understand their physiology such as why do bears hibernate and how.
No, they should not. Nowadays humans have much greater scientific breakthroughs and research and do not need to still use animal tests as much as they once believed they did. True - as it is, some animal experiments have benefited us and some also have not, e.g. cigarettes were tested on rabbits and were deemed to be safe BUT what the scientists didnt know was that humans are NOT like rabbits and we can't break down nicotine like they can. They can break it down 60 times faster than humans and this dramatically reduces the amount of nicotine Dependent receptors in their brains, meaning they don't get addicted to it any where near as badly as we do. There are many more of those kinds of stories.

Basically, rationality begs the question: why would you do that when it is not always reliable and will probably need human tests anyway?

It is a fact that we would not have most of the medical knowledge we do today if we hadn't done it in the past, but again I see no reason for it to continue other than humans trying to keep their 'control' at what they seem to think is the top of the chain.

Only you can decide whether you agree or not but being informed is necessary for your decision to be right for you.

434445
Animal Testing

Did animal testing effect the animal population?

Yes. Yes it did.

616263
Animal Testing

How do animals suffer in animal testing?

Usually, the scientists or expirementors would test the animals by poking them and it could cause serious internal and external damage.

596061

Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.