Child Safety

Children are precious and their safety should be a priority for all adults, not just parents and relatives. In the Child Safety category, questions should be about the welfare and safety of children, including how to keep them out of harm's way. Everything from keeping them safe at home, on the playground, and on the Internet to what to do if they are experiencing abuse at home or bullying at school to the safety of their car seats and toys and more can be asked here.

5,785 Questions
Child Safety
Children and the Law

How old do you have to be to sit in the front seat of a car in Ontario?


Child Safety
Abusive Relationships and Domestic Violence

What is the Sociological Model of Child abuse about?

It is when a child is abused due to the abusers social environment for example family structure such as job loss putting strain on family causing them to lash out at the child or large family is small housing causing stress.

Child Safety
Cars & Vehicles
Rules of the Road

Legal age to ride in front seat in minnesota?

Children must be at least eight years old or be at least four feet, nine inches tall in order to just use a seat belt when riding in a car. But it is up to the licensed driver because he/she is responsible for any passengers under 18 years of age.

Child Safety

Is Delta 5 in 1 convertible crib model 4840-2 on recall?

The actual crib is not on recall but a part on the crib is being replaced for free from Delta. Check this link:

Child Safety
Children and the Law
Rules of the Road

How much does a child have to weigh to sit inthe front seat in Texas?

There is no minimum weight requirement for someone to sit in the front seat. However, there is a height and age requirement. The law states that a child under age 5 years and less than 36 inches tall must be in a safety seat system.

Child Safety
Rules of the Road

What is advice for using car booster seats?

Here are some use and installation tips from the U.S. Department of Transportation:

  • Select a seating position with a lap and shoulder belt.
  • Never use with lap belt only.
  • The back is the safest place for all children to sit.
  • A booster seat without a back may be used if child's head is supported (up to the top of the ears) by vehicle seat back.
  • A high-back booster is recommended if vehicle has low seat back; some models have removable back.
  • Always read your child safety seat instructions and vehicle's owner's manual for proper use and installation information.
  • Position the lap belt across child's upper thighs, not across the stomach. Place the shoulder belt across center of the child's shoulder. Then thread the vehicle shoulder belt through shoulder belt adjuster on booster seat.
  • High-back boosters are recommended when vehicle seat does not have a head restraint. Once the child is seated in the booster, place the lap and shoulder belt over the child and buckle. Adjust so that the lap belt lies across the child's upper thighs, not across the stomach. Adjust the shoulder belt and thread it through the shoulder belt adjuster (if available) so that seat belt lies across the center of the child's shoulder.
  • NHTSA recommends children be placed in a belt-positioning booster seat once they have outgrown their child safety seat at 40 pounds.
Child Safety

Are children being capable of horrific behavior?

  • Yes, there is a small percentage of children that can come from good homes or abusive homes that have horrific behavior such as bullying; getting into gangs and committing crimes; being disrespectful to a parent or parents even to the point of verbal or physical abuse and in some cases children with horrific behavior problems can kill animals (not a good sign); are always in trouble with the law and sometime can murder their own families or someone else. Children as young a five or six can display tendencies such as harming or killing animals; kicking, biting when there is no disease present that would make these actions occur; destroying things of their parents in the home. There was a case in England where two 10 year old boys kidnapped a two year old child from a mall; sodomized him; beat him and threw his body over a bridge to the train tracks below and they were tried as adults and served time, but not too long ago were released under assumed names. It is the mistake of society that does not believe children can kill and do not gain the knowledge to see the red flags of children who are going in that direction.
Child Safety
Cars & Vehicles
Rules of the Road

What age can a child in California legally ride in the front seat of a car with no airbags and where can I find this within the DMV or CHP code?

Please see the link below for the California DMV Website

Child Safety
Child Health

What is child abuse?

Child abuse comes in many forms, including sexual, physical, emotional, mental, and neglect. Anytime a child is subjected to physicallly, emotionally, or mentally harmful behavior, it is child abuse.

It is also child abuse when a child's physical and emotional needs are not provided for. These include proper food, shelter, clothing, medical care, affection, protection from others who are harming them (when the parent or guardian is aware of it). However, if the parent or guardian is aware of someone else abusing the child and they don't do anything to stop it, that makes them guilty of child abuse, too, by not protecting the child from their abuser; it comes under the form of abuse by neglect.

Hindi Language and Culture
Child Safety
India Relationships

Kisi Indian ladki ka naam batao jisme A E I O U na ho?

SHYNY ( Shyny Williams who is Indian National Level Swimmer)

Child Safety

Is a display only car seat safe?

Not necessarily. Some stores now have "Display only-Not for sale" seats. These are clearly marked as such with a non-removable patch on the seat cover. These are *probably* the same as a regular in box car seat, but the manufacture says they cannot be sold, therefore they CANNOT be sold as a child restraint (or highchair or whatever else it is) If it is marked NOT FOR SALE, then it is NOT FOR SALE.

A display model that is NOT marked as "Display only" can legally be sold. Is it safe? Nobody knows. Has the seat been dropped by an employee or someone looking at it? Was it carried by the harness straps by an employee or someone looking at it? Was it purchased and then returned by someone who didn't like it? How old is it? Many display seats sit on the shelf for a year or even longer. Car seats have an expiration date! Most seats are only good for 6 years from the date it was made (not from the date of purchase) , though some are good for 7 or 8 depending on the seat and manufacturer. If it has been on the shelf for a year or more, you are losing all of that time it is safe and usable.

Would you be willing to sacrifice your child's safety and life on a seat that you don't know the history of? I wouldn't.


Child Passenger Safety Technician

Go to link below for car seat related questions. There are many CPST's and other fantastic caring parents/caregivers always willing to give great car seat advice.

Parenting and Children
Child Safety

Can Rantac be given to children?

yes it can.

Child Safety
Children and the Law
State Laws
Children and Divorce

What is the legal age of children can stay home alone California?

California has not passed a law regarding this issue. Most authorities believe that it is safe to leave a 12 or 13 year old home alone for a few hours during the day. The child needs to be safe, feel safe, and know how to handle any emergencies.

There are very few states in the U.S. with legal minimum ages for children home alone, but many state agencies have published guidelines. Georgia, Illiniois, Maryland and Oregon are a few of the states with specific ages specified in their laws.

12 years of age appears to be the most common recommendation. Below in Related Links is an article entitled Home Alone Children Legal Age Limits which provides one guideline from a California agency representative who suggests that 8 year olds and over can be left at home for up to several hours (usually after school before a parent gets home from work). This site also provides a state by state comparison with references.

Child Safety
Before Birth of Baby

When should you buy a car seat?

If you think a baby shower will be held, you should definitely hold off on buying some things, including some larger items, in case you have very generous family or friends. But if you have definite preferences for certain brands/models of car seat, stroller, etc, you may want to either let relatives know this in advance, or maybe register at a baby store in your area.

A car seat is definitely needed before you come home from the hospital, I know some people drove around with them in the car for a few weeks (with a stuffed animal strapped in) before the baby was due to get used to putting someone/thing into the seat each time they got in and getting the item/baby out each time they got out.

Many hospitals will not even allow the infant to leave the hospital unless they vehicle they are traveling in (and the driver they're traveling with) has the proper infant car seat, properly strapped in. For coming home from the hospital (and for about 6 months, depending how quickly your baby grows), you need a NEWBORN, rear facing, harness car seat. The newborn car seats are those that tilt back and the baby is more in a lying position than sitting up. Even those car seats that are mostly sitting up and claim that they are for newborns are not the type of car seats the hospital staff will be looking for. I would also recommend getting a headrest for your newborn, as it will help to sturdy the newborn's head when placed into the car seat. The newborn is still so small in this car seat that it's poor little head can just flop around (plus he has no real support to rest it unless it's bent all the way down onto his shoulder). The head rest looks like an upside down U-shaped pillow, with backing fabric so that it too can be strapped into the car seat, and they are fairly cheap (less than $10).

You definitely want one of those infant car seat/carrier things. We had purchased two car seats that said on the box they were for infancy to toddlerhood (30 lbs?). Forget it. They didn't tilt back enough for a newborn.

If this your first baby consider if the newly pending grandparents are likely to spring for big ticket items ... also see if somebody will lend you one -- e.g. our cot has been used by 15 babies so far.

You are going to need a car seat from the day your child is born until he/she is around 8-12 years old.

Do NOT purchase a used seat. They have unknown history, and could fail in a crash.

to know more consulte :

Child Safety
Abusive Relationships and Domestic Violence
Endangered, Vulnerable, and Threatened Species

How do you avoid being abused?

Get out the relationship fast! if you are experiencing the aggressive side to someone and it makes you uncomfortable, leave him/her. You do not deserve it, do not put it off otherwise it will only become worse.stand strong. say im gone call the police and if they say why you got to call the police babe u beat the heck out of them and if they say let me call him for you you run like hell

Child Safety

Why shouldn't teenagers have curfew?

they shouldn't because it limits the time they have to them selves

Child Safety
Cars & Vehicles
Children and the Law

When is it safe for a child to sit in the front seat with an airbag?

I believe that its 12 years of age and/or 42 inches tall.

Child Safety

What should a parent know about child pool safety?

A very short answer would be to never,ever, ever leave your small child alone near a pool not even for a minute...a locked door is not enough to keep an inquisitive child out of the pool area...a fence with an electronic alarm is essential. And please be aware that children can drown in bathtubs too, even if you're 'only gone for a minute." A longer, more detailed answer is that according to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, an estimated 350 children under five years of age drown each year in swimming pools, many in residential pools. The Commission estimates that another 2,600 children under age five are treated in hospital emergency rooms each year following submersion incidents. Some of these submersions result in permanent brain damage. Nationally, drowning is a leading cause of death to children under five. [Click here for more about general water safety.] The key to preventing these tragedies is to have layers of protection. This includes placing barriers around your pool to prevent access, using alarms, closely supervising your child and being prepared in case of an emergency. CPSC offers these tips to prevent drowning: Fences and walls should be at least 4 feet high and installed completely around the pool. Fence gates should be self-closing and self-latching. The latch should be out of a small child's reach. If your house forms one side of the barrier to the pool, then doors leading from the house to the pool should be protected with alarms that produce a sound when a door is unexpectedly opened. A power safety cover -- a motor-powered barrier that can be placed over the water area -- can be used when the pool is not in use. Keep rescue equipment and a portable phone poolside with emergency numbers posted. Knowing cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can be a lifesaver. For above-ground pools, steps and ladders should be secured and locked or removed when the pool is not in use. If a child is missing, always look in the pool first. Seconds count in preventing death or disability. Pool alarms can be used as an added precaution. Underwater alarms generally perform better and can be used in conjunction with pool covers. CPSC advises that consumers use remote alarm receivers so the alarm can be heard inside the house or in other places away from the pool area. PARENTS AND GUARDIANS: ONLY YOU CAN PREVENT A DROWNING. WATCH YOUR CHILD CLOSELY AT ALL TIMES. MAKE SURE DOORS LEADING TO THE POOL AREA ARE CLOSED AND LOCKED. YOUNG CHILDREN CAN QUICKLY SLIP AWAY AND INTO THE POOL. Diving injuries can result in quadriplegia, paralysis below the neck, to divers who hit the bottom or side of a swimming pool, according to CPSC. Divers should observe the following precautions: Never dive into above-ground pools. They are too shallow. Don't dive from the side of an in-ground pool. Enter the water feet first. Dive only from the end of the diving board and not from the sides. Dive with your hands in front of you and always steer up immediately upon entering the water to avoid hitting the bottom or sides of the pool. Don't dive if you have been using alcohol or drugs because your reaction time may be too slow. Improper use of slides presents the same danger as improper diving techniques. Never slide down head first -- slide down feet first only. == ==

Child Safety

Is potpourri safe for children?

if they are very little no but don't use those Crystal elements those definitely look like candy i mean I'm 15 and i thought they were candy

Parenting and Children
Child Safety

Are there books or other tools to help educate young children about moving out of state and away from their father?

Yes there are books and information you can find online to help your child with moving. It's a difficult task , but make sure the child feels involved in the move. like they are helping out. I was an army brat so I know moving is just the start. Make them feel secure about their new environment and get them into activites like sports and clubs so that they feel like part of the community. It makes a place feel like home faster.

There are many books that deal with children being separated from one parent or the other or both! If there are no restrictions on contact, it is important to encourage communication in whatever way works for you. I dealt with this issue years ago after my divorce, and had my children call their father almost every day even though they were a little too young for actual conversations...they could still hear his voice and liked the ritual. We also sent a lot of pictures by mail and so did he...e-mail and digital photos make this much easier now. Any occasion that we celebrated we tried to share by cards, a fun day, an exciting experience. It's just important for everyone that the children and their dad feel connected, and that is possible even though you may live miles away from each other, but it does take some effort and creativity...

Child Safety
Product Recalls

Have all bambino reale cribs been recalled?

The Bambino Reale cribs have not been recalled.

Child Safety

Is pottery barn crib bedding completely safe for children?

The Pottery Barn crib bedding is safe for children, however, nothing can be safe around children without parental supervision. Care must be taken to keep any bedding from covering he head of the child.

Child Safety
Cars & Vehicles
Children and the Law

What age can a child sit in the front seat in VT?

at the age of 12

Child Safety
Family Travel

What is some advice for airplane travel with children?

Flying with ChildrenHere is advice from the community for air travel with kids:
  • Fly on red-eyes for long trips. Your child should sleep. Be sure there is someone else to care for him/her when s/he wakes the next day, because you will be beat.
  • Use car seats on planes. Safety aside, children are used to sitting still or sleeping in them, so that they will put up with the confinement better.
  • Board the plane at the last possible moment. You may choose to pre-board one person with the gear, but put the child on the plane at the last possible moment.
  • Bring lots of finger foods.
  • Have babies nurse/drink a bottle for takeoff and landing. Feed dry foods during the flight, so the child will be thirsty upon landing.
  • Bring one or two new toys for long flights.
  • Get the bulkhead. The extra leg room can be used for the child to play on the floor or sleep (infants only). The disadvantages come in that you don't have a tray--and if the child is on the floor, you have to curl your feet up in your lap or lean them against the wall in front of you. But by-and-large I have always preferred the bulkhead to seats further back.
  • Preboard. A lot of people will advise against this, because it means you are on the plane longer. However, on a busy flight, without preboarding you may not be able to put your baggage in the overhead directly above you, in which case getting at the diaper bag, etc., is much more difficult.
  • If possible, get a layover on long cross country flights. Two 2-hour flights with lots of time to run around and play in the airport (and, of course, buy a new toy for the next leg of the trip) are far easier than one 4-hour flight. You must balance this with the possibility of ear discomfort caused by ascent and descent, as discussed below.
  • Don't feed your child pickles for lunch before a flight (;-)
  • A lot of the fussiness and crying that children display on airplanes is the result of boredom, but some of it can be from the pain and discomfort from air pressure changes. Go to your pharmacy and get some children's earplugs and Sudafed (and Dramamine). I like to use Ear-planes when I travel, and it is available in a children's size. These are made just for preventing ear pain when flying, and I think they are a God-send. The Sudafed is used to thin and reduce mucus, and it can thus help your child's ears adjust faster; the Dramamine will not only prevent air sickness, but it also puts the child to sleep :). If you can manage it with you child (depending on age, activity level, time of flights. etc.), take a long flight rather than many short ones. The fewer times they go up and down, the easier on the ears. Balance this with the advantage of having the child run around between flights.
More Tips for Long Plane Trips with Infant:
  • Buy a ticket for your baby, and bring a car seat on board. Not only is does a car seat enhance safety (especially during rough turbulence), but it's almost impossible to deal with a squirming baby for long trips. Our trip was 13 hours flight time, and it wouldn't have been manageable without a car seat.
  • Put the car seat in the window position, so that you can use the other two seats to change diapers (assuming both parents are traveling together). This made things so much easier than trying to figure out how to change a dirty diaper in the cramped lavatory space.
  • Order special meals for each leg of the journey, in flights that provide meals. Not only will you get something of usually higher quality than most, but you will get your food first! That is a real plus when you have a hungry child on your hands.
  • Bring a bag full of new or seldom-seen toys or books for entertainment. We wrapped each toy and book so that there would be at least a few seconds of entertainment in unwrapping the toy. We doled out a new toy or book whenever Dylan seemed to get really restless.
  • Bring a thermometer and a full bottle of infant Tylenol (or whatever you use to reduce temperature) that has *not* expired. We found out the hard way that the bottle we normally keep in our diaper bag had already expired.
More advice:We have traveled by plane with our son at ages six, nine, and 20 months. He did great on all three trips! The deal with babies on planes is that they are free under age two as long as you hold them in your lap. You have to pay for a seat that you want reserved for the car seat.

So here's what you do: When you make your reservation tell them that you are traveling with an infant. The bulkhead seats (up front in economy, behind the first class section) that babies usually wind up in are not assigned until the day of check-in on most airlines, but if you tell them early they will have it in their record on the computer. Bulkheads are really not necessary for an infant; they become important when your child gets to the age where smacking the head of the person in the seat ahead of them would be amusing. On the other hand, there is a little more floor space in that row and you can use it for a changing area. The other way to do a change is to flip up the arms on the seats--you will get more than enough room for an infant.

If you make your reservations directly with the airline, call them at off-peak hours. They will be under less pressure and will be able to spend lots of time answering your questions. They are usually staffed 24 hours a day.

Request a flight that has low traffic--don't get on a flight out of Cleveland at 5pm on a Friday; it will be packed. The reason to stay off a heavy flight will become apparent below.

If there are two adults and one child traveling, request a window seat and an aisle seat in the same row with an empty seat in between. Most airlines will do this for you. That middle seat will be about the last one to be filled, because nobody wants to sit next to a potentially screaming baby in a packed row.

Get to the airport good and early (an hour or so before takeoff), and ask the ticket agent how heavily the plane is loaded, and find out if anyone was placed in the middle seat. If the flight is lightly booked and no one is sitting in the middle seat, you should have no trouble wandering onto the plane and using your car seat. If someone does show up to claim the seat, you can pop the car seat in the overhead bin and hang on to junior.

I fly in and out of Boston a lot. The ticket counter people are always taking a lot of guff from the customers. If you approach them pleasantly and politely, and you present your requests with an attitude of being happy with whatever you get, they will generally do their best to help you out--you could be the best customer that they will see all day.

If breastfeeding, when you get on (preboard) have a stewardess get you a blanket. My wife nursed our son on the plane with a blanket over him and no one was the wiser. It might help at takeoff and landing.

Be friendly with the people sitting around you. Introduce yourself and introduce your child; most people like babies, but some just don't know it. If your child starts to cry and they have seen you to be a pleasant individual, they will tend to be sympathetic rather than annoyed.

Advice from a flight attendant:The worst possible thing you could ever do is bring a "lap child" on an airplane. If you can't afford the extra seat for the car seat, don't fly. If you still choose to do so, bring your car seat along--we will always rearrange passengers if there is an extra seat on the airplane to accommodate (we cringe every time we see a child in a parent's lap).

Knowing what I know about lap children and air travel is absolutely maddening. They have ZERO chance of survival in even the most minor incident. It should be illegal!

As far as the car seat--it is Federal law that the car seat be placed in the window seat (so don't get angry when we tell you to do so). If we have to evacuate passengers, the seat must not block anyone's access or slow down the process. It also must not be placed in the emergency exit row, or in the rows forward or behind it.

Parenting and Children
Child Safety
Law & Legal Issues

Should you get a release from the parents when their children play in your pool?

It can't hurt, but whether it will stand up in court or not is anybody's guess. It depends on the law in your state. In many jurisdictions, an unfenced pool is known as an "attractive nuisance" and if the neighbors have unrestricted access to it, you may be liable for any injuries they suffer. Your city codes may requre that you provide a fence with a locked gate. In any case, if neighbors/friends are swimming in your pool, you would be well advised to watch them like a hawk. A good idea is to equip yourself with as much liability coverage under your homeowners' insurance company as you can arrange. More input from other FAQ Farmers: * I suppose you could ask for one. The parents might be a little concerned about how safe their child would be or even be insulted. Nevertheless, it is your property and your choice. I doubt if that would relieve you of any responsibility in case of an accident. Even pools that are posted with No Trespass, Private Property, No Lifeguard on Duty, and that sort of thing have had lawsuit judgments awarded against them. In my opinion, it would be similar to the permission slips your child brings home for school field trips. They look good on paper but are not a legally binding document. * Make sure you have good liability insurance. As far as getting a signed waiver, its ridiculous and you would be viewed as eccentric and over-dramatic.


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