Children and the Law

The law has a special place for children and minors. This topic covers the laws designed to protect children from abuse.

22,387 Questions
Custody
Children and the Law
Child Support

What is the difference between sole custody and joint custody?

Custody labels change depending upon the jurisdiction in which you reside. It is important to know and understand the proper custody labels and have them applied in your child custody order. Generally there are two main categories of custody:

  • Legal Custody: Legal custody refers to making major decisions in your child's life such as medical and health related decisions, education, and welfare.
  • Physical Custody: Physical custody refers to which parent the children reside with on a day to day basis.

Sole Legal

One parent has the right to make any decisions that affect the child.

Joint Legal

Both parents have the right to be involved in decisions regarding the child.

Sole Physical

The child resides with one parent who is said to have primary physical custody. The other parent may or may not have visitation rights pursuant to a visitation schedule either issued by the court or arranged by the parents.

Joint Physical

Arrangements are designed that provide the child will spend 50% of their time with each parent. Child support is modified based on this time split and the differences between their incomes.

Generally the phrase full custody is used to refer to a parent with sole legal custody. Sole legal custody means that the parent has the right to make all decisions that affect the child. That includes such things as where the child resides, attends school, medical treatment, etc. Joint legal custodymeans the parents both have an equal right to make decisions regarding the child and one must consult the other before making important decisions. Primary physical custody refers to the parent with whom the child resides the majority of the time.

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Children and the Law
Emancipation and Ages for Moving Out
Georgia (US State)

How old do you have to be to move out in Georgia?

Actaully its 16 because at 16 you can get an emancipation.

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Child Safety
Children and the Law
Ontario

How old do you have to be to sit in the front seat of a car in Ontario?

I

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Children and the Law
Emancipation and Ages for Moving Out

What is the legal age of a minor in each US state when a parent is no longer responsible?

The laws vary from state to state. In most of them 18 is the age of adulthood. At that point the parents have no legal responsibility for their children. There are two where it is 19 (Nebraska and Alabama) and in Washington DC and Mississippi it is 21.

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Children and the Law

Can you buy a house on a minor's credit?

No.

In the U.S. and Canada, minors cannot usually be held legally liable for a debt. Therefore a minor cannot get a Mortgage.

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Parenting and Children
Children and the Law

What happens to parents who encourage children to commit dangerous or illegal acts?

Jail time

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Children and the Law
Emancipation and Ages for Moving Out
Age of Consent & Underage Relationships

What legal age can you move without parental consent in California?

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Custody
Children and the Law
Child Support

Does the absent parent HAVE to pay child support?

Yes, if the custodial parent and/or State agency files an action [either judicial or administrative] requiring that s/he do so.

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Children and the Law

Are you considered 'bonded' if you have posted bail for a minor?

No. Bonded means the employer has purchased insurance to protect his clients from any damage the employee causes.

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Child Safety
Children and the Law
Rules of the Road

How much does a child have to weigh to sit inthe front seat in Texas?

There is no minimum weight requirement for someone to sit in the front seat. However, there is a height and age requirement. The law states that a child under age 5 years and less than 36 inches tall must be in a safety seat system.

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Custody
Children and the Law
Child Support

Is it illegal to file child support in two states?

The case should originate in the State where the child lives. Only one order can be operative at any one time. However, a child support order may be registered in any other State for purposes of enforcement. There is no law prohibiting more than one State from enforcing a child support order.

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Children and the Law

How late can a minor stay at a bar without parental supervision?

In most States , you cannot be in a bar without a parent, period. In some , you cannot be in a bar even WITH a parent. Private clubs like fraternal organizations have different rules.

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Children and the Law
State Laws
Childcare and Babysitting

What is the babysitting age requirement in NC?

There isn't a 'legal' age. It's pretty much whatever the parents want. That if, of course, if you are just watching kids for a family you know. However, if you want to get a job at a child care place, then it depends on the place itself

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Custody
Children and the Law
Child Support

Can child be adopted without biological fathers consent?

Yes, if a court terminates the biological father's parental rights on the grounds that he is an unfit parent, or the biological father fails to appear for hearings on the matter.

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Children and the Law
Child Support

What age can you stop paying child support in Georgia?

The duty to pay child support stops at age 18 except when the child has not yet finished high school, and in that case it will continue until the child completes high school, but not past age the child's 20 th birthday.

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Law & Legal Issues
Children and the Law
UK Law and Legal Issues
Alcohol Content

Is shandy legal for kids?

Yes. Packaged shandy sold in shops, with an ABV<1.2%, is legally classed as a soft drink so children of any age can buy it.

Shandy sold in pubs cannot be sold to children as it often has a higher ABV.

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Custody
Children and the Law
Child Support
Birth Certificates

What happens if there is no father to name on the birth certificate?

Just the mother's name is perfectly legal. I used artificial insemination, so there was no father. My son's birth certificate has only myself listed. Perfectly legal, never a problem nor question.

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Custody
Children and the Law
Emancipation and Ages for Moving Out

What to do when your dad leaves home?

you should call him a lot and prepare for his homecoming he will always love a big hug after a long day month or week mean while let him know that you miss him if he is far away send him pictures on his phone that will always cheer both of you up

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Virginia
Children and the Law

Curfew laws in Norfolk Virginia?

If you are under 18 it's 11 o'clock, not to be confused with the driving curfew laws which are anyone under 18 cannot drive after 12am-4am.

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Children and the Law
Emancipation and Ages for Moving Out

What age can you quit school without consent in PA?

I believe 17 years old

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Children and the Law
Criminal Law

What is the average IQ of a juvenile delinquent?

according researches carried out by and according to the book i have been going through, the average IQ of the juvenile delinquents is 85 whereas the average group of children have the IQ of 100

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Custody
Children and the Law
Child Support

How does joint custody affect child support?

Joint Custody and Child SupportJoint legal custody has no effect on child support. With joint physical custody there is still a payment of child support from the higher income parent to the lower income parent, usually determined by a sliding scale based on time with each parent (procedures vary among states). Because both parents provide for the child directly, the payment between parents may be less, but the financial support to the child is the same or higher than with sole custody.
271272273
Children and the Law
Family Travel

Can a mother who has joint custody take a child out of the country without written permission from the father?

If you and your husband have a good understanding of what is best for your child and you are only going out of the country for a short time, then a letter of approval would be great from your ex. It is always best to go through a lawyer and be sure because if you don't get along with your husband on the custody issues presently enacted and you do leave the country your husband has a lot of power to take you to court and gain full custody of your child. Taking a child (even your own) out of the country is considered kidnapping if the other parent has any parental rights! It's the judge that made the decision on the custody basis and it should be the judge that gives the OK on you leaving the country with your child. You always want to protect yourself against any reprisals from your ex. Say you had to go away to see family (emergency) and would be in another State or Country for a month or two. If you don't go through the proper process your ex could file contempt or kidnapping charges against you.

Since you have joint custody and he has a court order to see and have the child you are making it impossible for the court order to work if you take the child to another country so you therefor need his permission.

Upon arriving in a foreign country, the Immigration officials will ask for written proof that BOTH parents consent to the child being removed from the USA. No proof, you are on the next plane back to the USA. And if your child happens to have a different surname than yourself, even a travel consent letter of the other parent could be questioned. This could turn very nasty and bitter really quickly. Get the Father's permission first, before doing anything. It would make everything much easier in the future. Just something to think about.

Answer

No. The advice is the same for either a mother or father traveling alone with a child. If you are traveling alone with your child you should be aware that concerns about parental abductions has made border officials more vigilant when they find a child traveling alone with one parent. You should be prepared to produce documentation such as a letter of authorization or travel consent signed by the other parent. In some countries you may not be asked for it. In others, you will be detained until your authorization can be reviewed by officials. The child may even be questioned about the other parent. You should also note that you may have trouble re-entering the country of origin. In the US a passport application requires the signatures, or a notarized permission letter, of both parents to take a minor child out of the country.

You should consult an attorney to have the proper documentation prepared.

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Children and the Law
Smoking and Tobacco Use
Cigarettes

Is smoking hookah illegal for minors?

Kind of, that is because it is flavored tobacco. In the laws eyes buying any form of tobacco under the age of 18 is illegal, however you can smoke hookah at 16 but you can not own it. There is an alternative that is legal to buy at any age. It is called Soax which is herbal that contains no tobacco and none of the harmful chemicals like nicotine. It is not illegal for minors to use this due to it being a non-tobacco product.

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Custody
Children and the Law
Child Support

Can you still get child support if the father doesn't work but owns property?

This suggests that the father has some income from that property and therefore some ability to support the child[ren].

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