Some things that make Texas a unique state include:
Texas was one of only three states that were once officially
recognized independent nations (as Republic of Texas) before
joining the Union, the others being Vermont (Vermont Republic) and
Hawaii (Kingdom and Republic of Hawaii).
Texas is the only state that is legally permitted to secede
from the Union. (Near the conclusion of the Civil War, President
Abraham Lincoln issued a proclamation that made it illegal for any
Confederate-controlled territories to secede from the Union if and
when it was ever readmitted into the Union. At this time, Texas was
controlled by Union forces and, therefore, was exempted from the
Texas is the only state to have had six national flags flown
over it; in effect, Texas was ruled by six different nations
(Spain, France, Mexico, Republic of Texas, United States,
Confederate States of America).
The Republic of Texas was the first nation in the world to
enact a homestead exemption (1839).
Texas is the only state to have its own embassies in other
countries, apart from United States embassies. The Republic of
Texas built two Embassies of the Republic of Texas in the United
Kingdom; one in London and another directly opposite of St. James's
Palace in the Court of St. James's. These buildings still stand
The Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center, situated in Houston, is the
National Aeronautics and Space Administration's (NASA) center for
human spaceflight training, research, and flight control. This is
the root of the infamous phrase "Houston, we've had a problem" from
the Apollo 13 launch.
The Texas Medical Center, located in Houston, is the largest
medical center in the world and is a leading researcher in various
subjects of the medical field. More heart surgeries are performed
at the medical center than anywhere else in the world.
Texas has the longest highway and railroad systems in the
nation. It also has the most number of airports of any state in the
Texas currently has the most presidential libraries contained
within it at three (Lyndon Baines Johnson Library and Museum,
George Bush Presidential Library and Museum, and George W. Bush
Texas is one of the "battleground states" of presidential
elections. Because of the size of the population of Texas, under
the Electoral College (based on state population), Texas is
allocated a larger number of electors than most other states. Other
"battleground states" include New York and California. During their
presidential campaigns, candidates focus heavily and spend most of
their resources on these states so that they can secure the
electors' votes. If a candidate is able to secure the votes of all
three of these states, he/she is almost guaranteed a victory.
Securing two also gives a hefty advantage, in which case the other
candidate will have to secure the votes of practically every one of
the smaller states.
Texas has the largest number of state parks, state recreation
areas, and state historic sites of any state.
Texas is also the birth-state of many significant people (for a
full list, click on the "Related link" below) including:
Former-President Dwight Eisenhower
former-President Lyndon B. Johnson
Michael E. DeBakey