Birth Defects

There are more than 4,000 birth defects affecting three out of every 100 babies born in the United States. Ask questions here about these abnormalities and possible treatments.

1,543 Questions
Conditions and Diseases
Birth Defects

Is cleft lip a fatal disorder?

No, a cleft lip means that your lip has naturally formed as if it had been cut in half. A simple surgery can fix this.

Birth Defects

Why was your son born without fingernails and toenails?

He probably has a rare fingernail deficiency called nofingernails.

Birth Defects

Can narcotics cause birth defects?

Yes they can cause birth defects.

Care of Horses
Birth Defects

What part of the body is shin?

The shin would be the front lower area between your knee and your ankle.

Conditions and Diseases
Antihistamines (allergy medicine)
Birth Defects

Examples of postural defects?

1. NECK ACHE When the head is placed forward there is abnormal load and strain on the bones, discs, muscles, and ligaments of the neck. (postural strain on the neck can also cause dizziness, especially when the head is stooped forward and up, arching the neck).

2. HEADACHE Many people report that headaches occur in relation to neckache.

3. JAW PAIN When the head is placed forward and up, the neck is arched and pushes the jaw forward pressing the lower teeth toward the upper teeth causing dental and jaw problems.

4. NASAL & SINUS PROBLEMS When the neck is arched the ducts in the upper throat are blocked, and that interferes with the drainage of nasal or sinus cavities.

5. THROAT PROBLEMS When the neck is arched the throat is also arched and that places pressure on the larynx, effecting the voice, and the tonsils and other structures in the throat.

6. CHEST PROBLEMS When the head is placed forward and the upper spine is curved forward, there is downward pressure on the chest cavity which compresses the heart, lungs, and diaphram, and that can have a chronic effect on heart function and breathing. The downward compression also presses the ribs together causing strain on the muscles and ligaments of the chest to produce a wide variety of chest pains and cramps.

7. KIDNEY PROBLEMS A stooped posture places considerable downward pressure on the adrenal glands and kidneys which can block the outlets as well to influence adrenal function and cause kidney aches and kidney stones.

8. STOMACH PAINS Postural pressure on the stomach and bowels can impede the flow of digestive material through the body, and can result in poor digestion, stunted growth, and a wide variety of chronic digestive disorders and abdominal pains.

9. LOWER BACK PAIN In an upright posture all pressure is directed evenly down the well balanced spinal bones which are separated by cushion like discs. However a forward leaning posture puts leverage strain on the spine, particularly in the neck and lower spine, often producing chronic lower back pain.

10. CHRONIC FATIGUE ETC. A stooped posture puts pressure on the chest and abdominal cavities which acts as a pneumatic tournique to impair blood flow from the feet to the brain causing drowsiness, poor concentration, faintness, dizziness, and fatigue.

Repetitive downward pressure from the chest stretches the blood vessels below the midriff and increases their volume and weakens the vessel walls resulting in a weakness in the upward flow of blood so that the person tends to feel faint when the move from the laying position to the standing position. This is called postural hypotension.

Birth Defects
International Government

What is postural instability?

Postural instability: loss of ability to maintain upright posture caused by slow or absent righting reflexes

Roman Empire
Ancient Rome
Birth Defects

Was Claudius deformed?

To the Romans he was deformed as he dragged his foot when walking and his head sometimes wagged. Modern thinking is that he had cerebral palsy, which is a condition where the person is not actually deformed, but does not have the proper use or control over certain body parts.

Pregnancy Health and Safety (Prenatal Care)
Birth Control Pill
Birth Defects

Can using herbal supplements cause bleeding while taking birth control pills?

Birth control pills contain synthetic hormones which are detoxified in the liver. Many herbs either speed up or speed down liver detoxification. Therefore herbs may help to eliminate the synthetic hormones quicker (reduce effectiveness of synthetic hormones), or slow down detoxification (increase effect of synthetic hormones). So yes, herbs could have an effect. St. Johns wort is perhaps the one that can most effect the liver and contraceptive medication (at least that was what was drilled into me in school).

Medication and Drugs
Drug Addiction
Birth Defects

Does suboxone cause birth defects?

From my own pregnancy in 2010. I was on subutex. Same as suboxone for my whole pregnancy. My son was born full term BUT weighted 4pounds 3oz and his left side is deformed. His left ear, left arm is greatly shorter than right arm and is twisted, and his left leg is slightly shorter than right one and when he was born he had NO WHITHDRAWLS @ all. But in 2009, I gav birth to a baby boy 6 pounds 4oz and no deformation @all but he did suffer withdrawal and stayed in hospital for 2 week's to get weened off. But with the baby born in 2009 I didn't ween down some on the subs but baby born in 2010, I weened down from 12 mg down to, 2 mg SLOWLY!!!!!!!!! and stayed @ 2 mg for the last month of pregnancy. U CAN NOT get off subs all the way while pregnant. Wean to a low mg but only a mg that u r comfortable with. Do not go threw any withdrawal @ all. Good luck

Conditions and Diseases
Birth Defects
Endocrine System

What causes dwarfism?

Too less of a growth hormone in the anterior pituary gland. Too much growth hormone causes people to get gigantism.

Birth Defects

How are antianxiety drugs linked with birth defects?

Antipsychotic and antianxiety agents. Several drugs given for anxiety and mental illness are known to cause specific defects

Names and Name Meanings
Birth Defects

What does anusha mean?

Birth Defects

What percent of birth defects are caused by teratogens?

About 7% of all congenital defects are caused by exposure to teratogens

Domestic Dogs
Birth Defects

Why do some girls have Adams apples?

All humans, male and female alike, have an Adams Apple. It is the result of the vocal cords stretching outwards during puberty to deepen the voice.

When the larynx grows larger during puberty, it sticks out at the front of the throat. Everyone's larynx grows during puberty, but a girl's larynx doesn't grow as much as a boy's does.

Birth Defects

If a level 2 sonogram is taken at 19 weeks and the head measures at 19 weeks but legs measure at 18 weeks could this mean a birth defect?

Did you ask your doctor or sonogram technician this question? I do not believe that it would indicate a birth defect. My son had short legs (and still does). I wouldn't worry, but I would ask the sonogram technician to explain. Good luck :)

Birth Defects

Can chlamydia cause birth defects?

Chlamydia does not cause birth defects, but an infected mother may pass it to her baby during birth, causing infected eyes and/or pneumonia, both of which can be treated with antibiotics. It can also cause preterm labor or premature rupture of membranes. see associated website.

Birth Defects

Does using opiate pain relievers in early pregnancy cause birth defects?

There is no evidence that opiates cause birth defects although they may possibly increase the risk of miscarriage and still births. However, opiate use should not be stopped suddenly because this also increases the risk of miscarriage or premature labour. Gradual withdrawal over 12 weeks may be advised... A friend of mine was on Vicodin through the 1st & 2nd trimester & her baby boy was fine...

Birth Control Pill
Birth Defects

Can taking Alesse and antibiotics while pregnant cause birth defects?

It really depends on the antibiotic and the class drug it is. Drugs are rated different classes based on their risk to a pregnancy. For example, Amoxicillin is considered a class B drug. Class B drugs are considered relatively safe. Tetracycline on the other hand is considered a Class D drug, meaning there is sufficient data to determine the drug is harmful during pregnancy.

For more information on drug classes, you can start at the related link. To find out what class of drug your antibiotic is, go to any drug database and look up the drug information. It should list the pregnancy category in the information.

I would discuss the use of Alesse and the antibiotics with your doctor or midwife if you are pregnant.

Mental Health
Birth Defects
The Saturdays (band)

Can't sociopaths just snap out of it?

In a word: NO.

In some more words...

Sociopaths are the way they are because, from birth onward, thebrain of a sociopath stores learning information in a random, chaoticway instead of in the usual designated places in the cerebral cortex.Part of this involves lack of crucial neurotransmitters, but as of yetno one knows whether this lack is caused BY the brain abnormality or is the cause OF it. It's probably the former.

Since their information -- including emotional information -- isscattered all over both brain hemispheres, it takes too long for thebrain to retrieve and process information, and the entire process ofsocialization becomes so ponderous that ultimately it fails. (See thebook "Without Conscience" by Robert Hare, PhD.)

Since the entire cerebral cortex of a sociopath is almost never ata normal level of alertness (their waking brain waves resemble thewaves of a normal person in a light sleep, alpha waves), this may bethe crucial deficiency that cripples the developing child's ability todevelop many aspects of the human mind. As the child grows, some of thebasic mental and emotional skills the rest of the world takes so forgranted never develop, and crucial among these is the thing calledconscience. That one never develops at all.

Some people may envy the apparent calm of a sociopath, but theirexistence is misery. They cannot connect with other human beings, andas babies they are so uncomfortable being held that they fight towriggle free of all but the most basic necessary contact. Theirheartbroken parents often blame themselves or the child, never knowingthat what is really wrong with the child is in his or her brain.

Under the almost somnolent calm sociopaths project is a constantsense of restlessness and lack of crucial fulfillment that is in truth nothing other than thebasic need all people have to receive stimulation and support fromothers.

But a sociopath has no way of receiving this even if it'soffered. The endless frustration of this, and a discomfort that theyare utterly incapable of articulating or even really understanding, is the source of much of their chronic anger and aggression.

Plus, since they grow up in constant conflict with authority, theyare most often bitterly angry and sometimes violent adults, brittle andcombatative under a thin veneer of charm. Offered friendship, theyappear to respond, but quickly discover that they can get nothing fromit; they see the obvious pleasure of other people in such contact witheach other, and they often seek to "even it up" by stealing what theycan -- material goods, or even human lives. They are constantly toldhow "bad" they are, and by adulthood, most of them believe it. Andbehave accordingly.

Sociopaths rarely feel true happiness. If they do, it is usually inthe condition that some kind of intervention -- such as one of thesmall number of medications made for other conditions that may alsohelp somewhat with theirs -- has taken place, and it will be fleeting.

For all their frantic racing around, they are really very dead inside,and this is tragic beyond description.

Imagine spending your entirelife trying to get your brain to wake up! And failing. Thousands oftimes.

There are stories of people diagnosed as sociopaths who did improveto some degree, with the most ceaseless and diligent help. But sincethe vast majority of this huge body of people (there are more thanthree hundred million sociopaths on Earth) cannot get that kind ofattention, they turn to abusing those they envy, and often to crime. Itis certainly vengeance: "If I can't have any of this, why should you?"This is the real reason sociopaths lash out at strong and kind people.No matter what they say, they know that inside, they are always emptyand damaged beyond repair.

Only in neuroscience is there true hope for these incomplete people. Thekey lies in awakening the cerebral cortex of the brain, which is risky because sociopaths aremuch more prone to seizures than the rest of the population, and that-- an uncontrolled blast of electrical discharge spreading through thebrain and causing violent convulsions -- is likely to be the firstresponse from brain pathways that, after years or even decades ofsilence, are suddenly flooded with impulses.

But if the devices ofneurosurgeons can be tweaked to avoid this shock, and all else relatedto this idea is workable, it's feasible that small electronic devicesplanted in the brain (these already exist, but are not yet being usedfor mental illness) could open up a closed connection.

That leaves us with the problem of whether a lifetime of scatteredinformation can ever be set into order. Probably the best that could behoped for would be a kind of retraining -- like what is now done withstroke survivors and head injury patients -- that would be bothintensive and compensatory.

One of the things that would be necessary would be to try tosocialize the person whose congenital birth defect made such a thingcompletely impossible before. Whatever intervention is used, be itdrugs or computer chips or what have you, it would probably -- I'd saycertainly -- be excruciating for the patient at first. With noknowledge of how to cope with the emotions the rest of the world hasbeen dealing with all their lives, the recovering sociopath would berendered as vulnerable as a baby. Which makes sense, because some ofthe most basic aspects of the human mind would be developing from theprimordial stasis in which they had remained since birth!

A person thus treated would never be fully normal, but the humanbrain is amazing in the way it adapts and continues to develop allthrough life. And given the utterly joyless and meaningless existence asociopath leads, any improvement is better than none.

The matter of missing neurotransmitters in a sociopath is, ofcourse, another problem. Would "waking up" the cerebral cortexeventually stimulate production of these? Or would they have to besynthesized?

Only time will tell.

Sales and Customer Service
Birth Defects

Role of Area manager in pharma?

Effective Monitoring and Controlling of Sales Team.

Handling Primary and Secondary Sales Targets.

Monitoring performance of each TBM's.

Effectiverly implementing the company's strategies accross all territories.

Tracking competitors activities.

Achieving Volume targets.

Monitoring Focused Brands growth, territory wise.

Building rapport with all the core doctors in all territories, and ensuring returns.

Building Confidence and Positive energy in the Sales Team.

Showing ways to achieve the goals.

Guiding TBM's to grow

Pregnancy Health and Safety (Prenatal Care)
Birth Defects

Is secondhand smoke from pot bad for pregnant women?

It's likely better than cig smoke. Don't sit in a room filled with any kind of smoke regardless of what it is. Yes - inhaling or not, you can do a lot of damage to the unborn baby... coming from someone who has smoked pot for awhile....In my opinion it will ever be as bad as cigarettes, but why take the chance? They're so fragile- give it fresh air...

Spotting While Pregnant
Birth Defects

Why does the baby lie upside down in the womb?

it lays upside down to prepare itself for delivery.

Birth Defects

What happens to a person who is born with one lung?

A small percentage of babies are born with one lung. This can result from birth defects such as congenital diaphragmatic hernia, where the diaphragm is incompletely formed.

The condition is not uniformly fatal, except where the lung is not the only organ with a serious defect (heart, liver, kidneys). Many children who survive infancy with one lung can lead normal, active lives. There are usually medical problems that can be worsened, however, in the absence of two complete functioning lungs.

Conjoined twins are often separated, and in some cases may have only one lung each after surgery.

Birth Defects

What is a claw hand deformity?

A claw hand deformity is when a persons hand is like a claw that you'd see on a crab. It's a birth defect. On the claw there's the thumb and the rest of the finger are joined together to make it look like a claw.

Birth Defects

What are some ear defects?

something ya mum has


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