Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines (BZD) are drugs used as tranquilizers, sedatives, anti-anxiety, hypnotics or muscle relaxants. Short- and intermediate-acting benzodiazepines are recommended for the treatment of insomnia, while longer-acting benzodiazepines are preferred for anxiety treatment.

5,207 Questions
Medication and Drugs
Muscle Relaxants
Benzodiazepines
Valium

How long does it take for Valium to take effect?

20 minutes to half an hour, full effect in one hour.

The short answer is that Valium (diazepam) has a rapid onset of action, faster that nearly all benzodiazepines. It is effective orally within 20 to 30 minutes. Its peak plasma (blood) concentration occurs between 30 minutes and 2 hours after administration.

For the longer answer:

Diazepam can be administered, orally, intravenously, intramuscularly or as a suppository. The onset of action is 1-5 minutes for IV administration and 15-30 minutes for IM administration, although onset can be faster. Diazepam's peak plasma concentration is 15 minutes to 1 hour for the intravenous or intramuscular route.

Diazepam has a half-life of 20-50 hours, it has several active metabolites most notably nordiazepam, also known as desmethyldiazepam (average half-life 30-55hrs), temazepam (average half-life 10-40hrs), and oxazepam (average half-life 5-20hrs). Diazepam is a long acting benzodiazepine, in some cases diazepam's active metabolites my last for up to 200hrs. For this reason, it is often substituted for other shorter acting benzodiazepines when dosage reduction or withdrawal is desired.

173174175
Medication and Drugs
Illegal Drugs
Xanax
Benzodiazepines

Can Xanax make you hallucinate?

Yea it will it's a trip

Im sorry, but the above answer is in correct, you can not hallucinate on Xanax ... it affects the same receptors in the brain that alcohol does. If you are not a benzo addict, you may feel maybe ... light headed ... wobbly .. kind of like tipsy ... but im sorry you wont see any pink elephants.

You can trust me, in one day ive eatin more then 15 x 2mg bars ...

The only exception to that is in rare cases of paradoxical reactions, like in really young children (don't know why a little kid would ever take Xanax), elderly dementia patients, or people with preexisting mental health issues like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. But again, very rare.

278279280
Medication and Drugs
Xanax
Benzodiazepines
Nervous System

Is Xanax a stimulant of the central nervous system?

Its a depressant.

Well, the individual that answered before pretty much hit the nail on the head. I will add some detail to the answer. Xanax is the trade name of alprazolam tablets, developed by Upjohn (Pfizer made the acquisition, so Pfizer produces the Trade name tablets). I will just use Xanax when referring to alprazolam.

Xanax is a benzodiazepine, it is related to Valium, Ativan, and Klonopin. Xanax is used generally treat anxiety disorders and it is the most written prescription for benzodiazepines in the United States. It works well for reducing intense anxiety for example, panic attacks, anxiety attacks, and generalized anxiety disorder some cases. Benzodiazepines have largely replaced barbiturates, which were used prior to the advent of benzodiazepines. Benzodiazepine safety profile remains far superior barbiturates which is why they have largely replaced them. However, it is not stimulant of the central nervous system unless also paradoxical effects occur.

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Medication and Drugs
Drug Interactions
Benzodiazepines
Ativan

How long after taking 1mg of Ativan is it safe to have a few beers.. Especially if you only take the Ativan on an as needed basis and not daily?

Alcohol intensifies the effect of benzodiazepines (such as Ativan, Xanax & Klonopin). This can lead to oversedation, incoordination, slurring of speech, and increased risk of falls and accidents.

271272273
Medication and Drugs
Drug Tests
Xanax
Benzodiazepines

How far back does a mouth swab detect xanax?

ive never had it come up 2 days or more after i took it and i take it often if ur worried hold swab in teeth try 2 keep mouth dry

255256257
Medication and Drugs
Drug Cleansing
Benzodiazepines
Ativan

If you take benzodiazepines how long dose it stay in your system?

It depends on the type of Benzo, how much you take and how long you have been taking it.

247248249
Medication and Drugs
Adderall
Xanax
Psychostimulants
Benzodiazepines

Can you take alprazolam with Adderall xr?

Yes. I take adderall xr 40 mg for ADHD and .5 alprazolam twice a day for anxiety but rarely need it.

241242243
Medication and Drugs
Mexico
Xanax
Drugs and the Law
Benzodiazepines

Can you buy Xanax with out a prescription in Cancun Mexico?

Yes you can. Costco or Sam's Club sell such items without a prescription.

173174175
Medication and Drugs
Xanax
Benzodiazepines
Medications and Vaccination During Pregnancy

Can a pregnant women take xanax?

No NOO

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Actually, it depends on your personal circumstances. Severe anxiety/panic issues can put you at risk for pre-term labor, miscarriage, pre-eclampsia, and other serious problems that can affect the health of your unborn child. It's a matter of weighing the risks vs. the benefits. This is a matter you should discuss with your doctor to determine if the benefit of taking anti-anxiety medication outweighs the risks. Benzodiazepines are not known to cause birth defects, but there is the risk that your baby could suffer withdrawal symptoms after birth. This can be avoided by taking the medication only when absolutely necessary, or by tapering down the dose before delivery. Definitely discuss with your doctor whether the drug is necessary for your own well-being, as your baby's health depends on yours, both physically and emotionally.

223224225
Health
Medication and Drugs
Drug Safety
Drug Addiction
Benzodiazepines
Ativan

Can you overdose on 50 mg of Ativan?

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197198199
Health
Medication and Drugs
Antibiotics
Xanax
Penicillin
Benzodiazepines

Can you take Xanax if your allergic to penicillin?

yes, xanax and penicillin are in no way related

188189190
Medication and Drugs
Xanax
Benzodiazepines

Are yellow Xanax bars the same as white Xanax bars?

no yellow bars are much weaker

156157158
Xanax
Drug Safety
Benzodiazepines

Is it safe to take 8 mg xanax?

No. Generally dosage is around 0.25 mg to 1-2 mg. In some case, you can increase dose more than that.. but taking 8 mg at once will cause side effects (but probably not the death).

191192193
Medication and Drugs
Drug Tests
Muscle Relaxants
Benzodiazepines
Valium

How long does 30 mg of Valium stay in your system?

2-3 days

129130131
Miscarriages
Medication and Drugs
Xanax
Benzodiazepines
Medications and Vaccination During Pregnancy

Could taking Alprazolam cause Miscarriage?

Fetal Risk Summary

Alprazolam, a member of the benzodiazepine class of agents, is used for the treatment of anxiety. Although no congenital anomalies have been attributed to the use of alprazolam during human pregnancies, other benzodiazepines (e.g., see Diazepam) have been suspected of producing fetal malformations after 1st trimester exposure. In pregnant rats, the drug produced thoracic vertebral anomalies and increased fetal death only at the highest dose (50 mg/kg) tested (1).

Researchers described the effects of alprazolam exposure on gestational day 18 (i.e., near term) on the neurodevelopment of mice in a series of reports (2,3 and 4). In one strain of mice, exposure induced persistent imbalance in the newborn and hind limb impairment in the adult offspring suggesting a defect in cerebellar development (2). In the second part of this study, in utero exposure to the drug (0.32 mg/kg orally) did not increase anxiety in adult offspring but did reduce motivation (3). A decrease in the tendency to engage in group activity and an increase in male aggression was observed in the third part of the study (4).

No data have been located on the placental passage of alprazolam. However, other benzodiazepines, such as diazepam, freely cross the placenta and accumulate in the fetus (see Diazepam). A similar distribution pattern should be expected for alprazolam.

One manufacturer has received 441 reports of in utero exposure to alprazolam or triazolam, two short-acting benzodiazepines, almost all of which occurred in the 1st trimester (5,6). Although most of the women discontinued the drugs when pregnancy was diagnosed, 24 continued to use alprazolam throughout their gestations (5). At the time of publication, about one-fifth of the 441 cases were still pregnant; one sixth had been lost to follow-up and one sixth had been terminated by elective abortion for various reasons (5). Spontaneous abortion or miscarriage (no congenital anomalies were observed in the abortuses) occurred in 16 women; two pregnancies ended in stillbirths; and one newborn infant died within 24 hours of birth. Most of the remainder of the reported exposures ended with the delivery of a normal infant. The manufacturer also received two retrospective reports of congenital defects after alprazolam exposure (5). One of the cases involved an infant with Down's syndrome after maternal consumption of a single 5.5-mg dose of alprazolam and an unknown amount of doxepin during pregnancy (5). The second report involved a mother who ingested 0.5 mg/day of alprazolam during the first 2 months of gestation and was delivered of an infant with cat's eye with Pierre Robin syndrome. Neither of these outcomes can be attributed to alprazolam.

A 1992 Reference reported the prospective evaluation of 542 pregnancies involving 1st trimester exposure to alprazolam gathered by a manufacturer from worldwide surveillance (7). These data were an extension of the data provided immediately above. Of the total, 131 (24.2%) were lost to follow-up. The outcome of the remaining 411 pregnancies was 42 (10.2%) spontaneous abortions, 5 (1.2%) stillbirths, 88 (21.4%) induced abortions, and 263 (64.0%) infants without and 13 (3.2%) infants with congenital anomalies. A total of 276 live births occurred, but two of these infants, both born prematurely, died shortly after birth. One, included in the group with congenital anomalies, had bilateral hydroceles and ascites, whereas the other died after intraventricular hemorrhage. The type and incidence of defects were comparable to those observed in the Collaborative Perinatal Project with no pattern of defects or excess of defects or spontaneous abortions apparent (7).

A second 1992 study reported on heavy benzodiazepine exposure during pregnancy from Michigan Medicaid data collected during 1980 to 1983 (8). Of the 2,048 women, from a total sample of 104,339 who had received benzodiazepines, 80 had received 10 or more prescriptions for these agents. The records of these 80 women indicated frequent alcohol and substance abuse. Their pregnancy outcomes were three intrauterine deaths, two neonatal deaths in infants with congenital malformations, and 64 survivors. The outcome for 11 infants was unknown. Six of the surviving infants had diagnoses consistent with congenital defects. The investigators concluded that the high rate of congenital anomalies was suggestive of multiple alcohol and substance abuse, and may not have been related to benzodiazepine exposure (8).

Single case reports of pyloric stenosis, moderate tongue-tie, umbilical hernia and ankle inversion, and clubfoot have been received by the manufacturer after in utero exposure to either alprazolam or triazolam (5). In addition, the manufacturer has received five reports of paternal use of alprazolam with pregnancy outcomes of two normal births, one elective abortion, one unknown outcome, and one stillbirth with multiple malformations (5). There is no evidence that the drug affected any of these outcomes.

Neonatal withdrawal after in utero exposure to alprazolam throughout gestation has been reported in three infants (5, 9). In two cases involving maternal ingestion of 3 mg/day and 78 mg/day, mild withdrawal symptoms occurred at 2 days of age in the infant exposed to 3 mg/day (5). No details were provided on the onset or severity of the symptoms in the infant exposed to the higher dose. The third neonate was exposed to 1.01.5 mg/day (9). The mother continued this dosage in the postpartum interval while breast feeding. Restlessness and irritability were noted in the infant during the 1st week. The symptoms worsened 23 days after the breast feeding was stopped on the 7th day because of concerns over drug excretion into the milk. Short, episodic screams and bursts of crying were observed frequently. Treatment with phenobarbital was partially successful, allowing the infant to sleep for longer periods. However, on awakening, jerking movements of the extremities and crying continued to occur. The infant was lost to follow-up at approximately 3 weeks of age.

169170171
Medication and Drugs
Antipsychotics
Benzodiazepines

What type of Medication is Saphris?

Saphris is an atypical antipsychotic used to treat psychosis and other mental illnesses.

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Medication and Drugs
Drug Interactions
Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
Xanax
Painkillers
Benzodiazepines

Can you take acetaminophen and Xanax together?

Yes, there is no problem in taking acetaminophen (Tylenol) at normal dosage with Xanax. This is a common drug taken every day by many Xanax users. You won't see any amplified side effects.

454647
Xanax
Benzodiazepines
Valium

Can you give a dog Xanax instead of Valium?

Xanax (alprazolam) and Valium (diazepam) along with other benzodiazepines are schedule IV controlled substances in The US, Canada, Australia, and under international law and convention. It is illegal to use a controlled substance for any purpose it was not prescribed for. It may only be used by the person the drug was specifically prescribed for. Although it is not manufactured in a specific veterinary formula, some vets do prescribe it "off label" although it is not FDA approved for use in dogs.

It is also important to note that although both diazepam and alprazolam are of the same class of drugs (benzodiazepines), they are different substances and should not be considered interchangeable without speaking to a physician.

In terms of bioequivalence in humans, 0.5 mg of oral alprazolam = 10 mg of oral diazepam.

There are also many other medications available, both benzodiazepine and non-benzodiazepine. Talk to your vet.

175176177
Medication and Drugs
Herbal Medicine
Xanax
Benzodiazepines

What is the herbal equivalent to Xanax?

There is no herbal medicine that is an exact equivalent to Xanax or the Benzodiazepines, the family of drugs to which Xanax belongs. However, there have been some herbal medicines which are used to treat anxiety, the main use for which Xanax is prescribed. These include:

  • Valerian root is used as a sedative. There is more scientific evidence supporting Valerian's use for insomnia than for anxiety.
  • Kava kava is effective against anxiety and doesn't cause dependency, unlike benzodiazepines.
  • Holy Basil or Tulsi (Ocimum sanctum) is an herbal tea that has shown some evidence of being effective for treating anxiety.
  • Nervine herbs are especially helpful in situations with anxiety as mentioned above. There are additional alternative treatment plans in Chinese medicine that actually treat the root of the cause of anxiety. To a modern Westerner, the Chinese concept of Organs might seem unusual as the Chinese Medical concept of Organs lack emphasis on a physical structure. Although many terms used when speaking of Organs are similar to Western concepts, they do not refer to the specific tissue, but rather to semi-abstract concepts of interrelated functions.
  • If anxiety is attributed to chronic irrational fear, Chinese medical practitioners will often prescribe a Kidney Yang tonic. If the anxiety is due to chronic stress, herbs to soothe the Liver are utilized. Answer-Valerian Root works really well, I take it sometimes and it helps a lot. It's not as strong as xanax but for me it works better for stress and helps me to sleep.

I would add that Passionflower extract is reputed to help with anxiety. It can also be used (along with valerian root and/or melatonin) as a gentle and effective sleep aid, when initiating sleep is difficult because of anxiety.

Additionally, L-theanine can sometimes "take the edge off" of anxiety, especially when anxiety is contributed to by excessive caffeine intake.

158159160
Health
Benzodiazepines
Valium

Does Valium cross the blood brain barrier?

Yes. Valium (diazepam) does indeed cross the blood brain barrier. It is one of the more lipophilic of the benzodiazepine medications.

163164165
Medication and Drugs
Benzodiazepines
Ativan

Can you take Ativan and metoprolol together?

Yes you can.

My doctor has me on both. Low doses of both, but both just the same.

169170171
Medication and Drugs
Benzodiazepines
Ativan

Is Ativan a controlled substance and if it is what is the level?

Yes, it is a level IV

163164165
Medication and Drugs
Xanax
Benzodiazepines

Can you mix theraflu with xanax?

189190191
Medication and Drugs
Drug Tests
Morphine
Painkillers
Muscle Relaxants
Benzodiazepines
Valium

What is the antidote for diazepam?

Flumazenil

293031
Drug Tests
Drug Cleansing
Benzodiazepines
Klonopin

How long does Klonopin stay in a blood test for drugs?

Benzodiazepines can be detected up to a week after use.

167168169

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