Psychostimulants

Psychostimulants are commonly used to treat ADHD, narcolepsy, and in rare cases treatment-resistant depression; most are highly addictive.

3,792 Questions
Medication and Drugs
Adderall
Psychostimulants

Can you be prescribed Adderall or Dexedrine by a doctor if you have previously used illegal drugs to self-medicate ADHD?

Were you previously using an amphetamines or cocaine? If so, it is important to talk to your doctor about your use of substances, why you used, how much you used. Adderall is a controlled substance and amphetamines have a well-documented history of abuse. But, you should always be honest so you can be prescribed what is best, not what you may want. It is fine to mention Adderall and/or Dexedrine along with your concerns but don't walk into the doctor's office thinking to yourself "I want Adderall," think "I want to get better." When you do that your treatment will be much better.

It is also important to note that legally a doctor may prescribe controlled substances to people with a known history of illegal substance use, abuse, dependency, and addiction. Medical associations including The American Academy of Pediatrics, The American Psychiatric Association, The American Medical Association, and many other medical boards and agencies around the world clearly indicate that stimulant medications (amphetamines and methylphenidate) can be used in people with a history of substance abuse successfully.

Provigil (modafinil) is a non-amphetamine stimulant with significantly fewer psychotropic effects of amphetamines has been successfully used in treating some cases of ADHD, typically refractory cases. Like Wellbutrin (bupropion) is not FDA approved but it may be a good option for some people, including those with a history of substance abuse. It is a schedule IV controlled substance in The United States. Valium (diazepam), Darvocet/Darvon (propoxyphene), Miltown (meprobamate), chloral hydrate, Ambien (zolpidem), Adipex-P (phentermine) are examples of other schedule IV drugs. Most other nations do not list Provigil as a controlled substance.

Here is more information from Wiki s contributors:

Anecdotal Story:

When I first was diagnosed with ADHD about two months ago my doctor asked me if I'd used Ritalin (methylphenidate) as a study aid prior to, and also what effects it had; I told him that I'd not used Ritalin, but had used Adderall and proceeded to explain the effects I'd noticed as honestly as I could recall. He was in no way upset, angry, or condemning of this; he proceeded to go ahead and put me on Adderall since he felt, given my past experiences as I'd recounted to him, it would be an effective course of action.

Commentary:

It is common that people try Adderall or Ritalin and find many symptoms they once had disappear. Often people try to get treatment only after a friend gave them a pill. But most people focus better on stimulants so it can be hard to determine if the reaction was due to treating ADHD or the stimulating nature of amphetamines. And doctors, especially psychiatrists, greatly appreciate honesty since they need the big picture and the tiny fragments.

Anecdotal Story:

My husband's doctor knew he had a history of substance abuse and first prescribed him Strattera (atomoxetine), and it didn't work so she prescribed amphetamines. Explain to your doctor why you tried to self medicate. If you do have a history of amphetamine abuse and dependence and you believe that you will end up abusing stimulant medications express these concerns to your doctor and ask about non-addictive drugs like Strattera (atomoxetine) or Wellbutrin (bupropion), which is not approved for ADHD and is used off-label.

Treatment of ADHD with legally prescribed stimulants has indicated a significantly reduced chance of substance abuse and behavioral problems in people with ADHD.

Sometimes, it's only after someone experiences an atypical reaction to an illegal drug that they are correctly diagnosed with ADHD. If you have used a "street" stimulant such as methamphetamine and experience a calming effect rather than the euphoria your friends describe, there is a possibility you could have ADHD but only a doctor can make a diagnosis.

Although some people may use a "street" drug and that leads them to an ADHD diagnosis however more often they just continue using the drugs illegally.

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Studies have shown that people with ADHD, bipolar, and other psychiatric disorders have higher rates of substance abuse. Just because you've used drugs in the past doesn't mean you can't get the proper treatment, which may or may not include stimulant medications.

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Starting doses of prescription amphetamines and methylphenidate.

Note some of these drugs are not available in all countries and guidelines vary by country. These are US and Canadian guidelines. All "maximum" doses are guidelines and doctors may prescribe larger amounts ("off label use") as they see fit. These are the doses for ADHD and do not include guidelines for narcolepsy, a sleeping disorder many of these drugs are approved for which may require larger doses.

Adderall (mixed amphetamine salts)

Dosage forms: 5, 7.5, 10, 12.5, 15, 20, and 30 mg tablets

Start 5 mg twice daily; the dose may be increased by up to 5 mg/day. The technical maximum dose is 40 mg/day in 2-3 divided doses.

Adderall XR (mixed amphetamine salts extended-release)

Dosage forms: 5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30 mg capsules

Start 20 mg capsule in the morning, may increase by 10 mg/day. The technical maximum dose is 40 mg/day. People rarely respond to a dose above 40 mg.

Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine)

Dosage forms: 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 mg capsules

Start 30 mg in the morning, maximum dose 70 mg/day

Dexedrine (dextroamphetamine)

Dosage forms: 5, 10 mg tablets

Start 5 mg twice daily, maximum dose 60 mg/day in 2-3 divided doses.

Dexedrine Spansules (dextroamphetamine extended-release)

Dosage forms: 5, 10, 15 mg capsules

Start 5-10 mg in the morning or 5 mg twice daily, maximum dose 60 mg/day in 1-2 divided doses.

Desoxyn (dextromethamphetamine)

Dosage forms: 5 mg tablets

Start 5 mg twice daily, increase as need to up to 20-25 mg/day in two or three divided doses.

Note: Desoxyn is a form of methamphetamine and it not commonly prescribed although it is legal in The United States. In Canada methamphetamine is illegal and not a prescription medication.

Ritalin (methylphenidate)

Dosage forms: 5, 10, 20 mg tablets

Start 5-15 mg 2-3 times daily, maximum dose 60 mg/day.

Focalin (dexmethylphenidate)

Dosage forms: 2.5, 5 , 10 mg tablets

Start 2.5-10 mg twice daily, maximum dose 20 mg/day

Concerta (methylphenidate extended-release)

Dosage forms: 18, 27, 36, 54 mg

Start 1 tab in the morning; Initial starting dose: 18-36 mg, maximum 72 mg/day.

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Information, by country, regarding legal control of amphetamines:

Remember all countries have different laws regarding drug use, level of control, and punishment.

Controlled Substances Act (United States)

Amphetamines and methylphenidate are schedule II controlled substances defined as:

(A) The drug or other substance has a high potential for abuse.

(B) The drug or other substance has a currently accepted medical use in treatment in the United States or a currently accepted medical use with severe restrictions.

(C) Abuse of the drug or other substances may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence

Schedule II

First Offenses: not more that 20 yrs. If death or serious injury, not less than 20 yrs, or more than Life. Fine $1 million if an individual, $5 million if not an individual.

Second Offense: Not more than 30 yrs. If death or serious injury, not less than life. Fine $2 million if an individual, $10 million if not an individual

Information from The DEA

Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (Canada)

Unlike other amphetamines, methamphetamine is a schedule I drug and it is not commercially available.

Other amphetamines (Adderall, Dexedrine, Vyvanse) and methylphenidate are schedule III drugs.

Punishment, when treated as an indictable offence-

Possession: Schedule III: Maximum 3 years imprisonment

Punishment, when treated as a summary conviction offence-

Maximum $1000 fine for first offence and/or maximum 6 months imprisonment.

Maximum $2000 fine for subsequent offence and/or maximum 1 year imprisonment.

Trafficking in schedule III drugs

Punishment, when treated as an indictable offence

Schedule III: Maximum 10 years imprisonment

Punishment, when treated as a summary conviction offence

Schedule III: Maximum 18 months imprisonment

Information from The Department of Justice Canada/Ministère de la Justice Canada

Misuse of Drugs Act (United Kingdom)

Amphetamines and methylphenidate are Class B drugs. Methamphetamine in any form and other amphetamines prepared by injection they are Class A drugs.

Punishment for Class B Drugs:

Possession Class B:

Crown Court Up to five years in prison or an unlimited fine or both

Magistrates 6 months/£5000 fine

Dealing Class B:

Crown Court Up to 14 years in prison or an unlimited fine or both.

Magistrates 6 months / £5000 fine

Information from The UK Home Office

Standard for the Uniform Scheduling of Drugs and Poisons (Australia)

Amphetamines (and methylphenidate) are Schedule 8 (S8) poisons and controlled drugs (possession without authority illegal)

Information from The Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing

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United Nations: Green List Schedule II

Under international law and convention, amphetamines are schedule II drugs

Most countries abide by and have incorporated The Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961 and The Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971 into their own laws.

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Adderall is a racemic mixture of levoamphetamine and dextroamphetamine, approximately ¾ of Adderall is dextroamphetamine and ¼ is levoamphetamine. The purest "speed" is dextroamphetamine, found in Adderall and found in Dexedrine, which is 100% dextroamphetamine. Although it may be technically valid to call Adderall or Dexedrine "speed" there is a subtle but significant difference, street "speed" is not pharmaceutical grade medication. As a result there are no contaminants and the focus of a pharmaceutical is on the effect it has in helping a problem, not getting someone high.

It is also critical to remember that nearly all of the most dangerous drugs are medically used. Heroin for example is just a bullet train for morphine, all heroin does is enter the brain rapidly and then heroin is rapidly metabolized into morphine (and two other less significant active metabolites). So as much as heroin is despised it is basically morphine and several controlled, double blind studies have shown an addict can't tell the difference from IV heroin and IV morphine.

My point being that just because many of these stimulants are "speed" does not say anything real about the drug, it simply feeds on mass hysteria.

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Vyvanse (lisdexamfetamine) is a prodrug meaning that it does not have any pharmacologic activity until it is metabolized into its active metabolite, dextroamphetamine. Originally Shire, a British pharmaceutical company, claimed that the abuse potential of Vyvanse is much lower than other amphetamines however The FDA and DEA were not convinced and it has been placed under schedule II in The United States. For the most part it has only been post-marketing research that has definitively shown snorting or injecting can cause a high. Having said that, compared to any other amphetamine or methylphenidate drugs, it does have a significantly lower abuse liability.

316317318
Medication and Drugs
Adderall
Psychostimulants

Can you use HCG with taking Adderall XR?

Yes you may take HCG since there is no interaction. That said, do not take appetite suppressants with Adderall since they are both stimulants.

303304305
Medication and Drugs
Adderall
Sleep Disorders
Drug Side Effects
Psychostimulants

How long does adderall make you stay awake?

About 6-12 hours depending on your body

292293294
Conditions and Diseases
Head, Ears, and Nose
Headaches
Psychostimulants

Does focalin xr give you headaches?

Yes, one of the possible side effects of Focalin XR is headaches. I've taken it for over four years now and have somewhat concluded (for me atleast) that stress plays a major role in causing a headache-not a normal headache though, a bit stronger, not too fun at all--this is especially so when you have your concentration broken when trying to complete something (ex:trying to complete a project at work and a fellow co-worker begins to bug you in some way)-small things like that have caused major headaches lasting for hours.
Make sure you get proper sleep as well-a lack of sleep causes them from too much stress on the brain. Hope this helped somewhat,
-swim

291292293
Medication and Drugs
Adderall
Psychostimulants

Can you take 2 20 mg adderall at the same time?

Yes. Though it is best to follow your prescription, 40 mgs of Adderall is only 10 mgs higher than the maximum pill dosage of 30 mgs. 40 will not hurt you, just slightly intensifying the effects. As with any dose of Adderall, it should be taken early in the day.

285286287
Dieting and Weight Loss
Medication and Drugs
Psychostimulants
Vyvanse

When i stop using Vyvanse will i gain weight?

Because Vyvanse is a medication that works the same day you take it I have gone through periods where I stopped. And I always ended up gaining weight. Not sure if the Vyvanse raised my metabolism, cut the hunger or I just had more will power on it. Likely a bit of all three.

281282283
Medication and Drugs
Psychostimulants
Vyvanse

Can Vyvanse cause leg pain and numbness?

Maybe... Im having the same experiance.. Im on 30mg day, for about 3 weeks.. All of a sudden, numbness (cold) in my left arm and leg... I dont know if its just because Im so focused on work that I dont get up from my desk for 4-6 hours at a time, or if its the drug. Ironically though, as soon as I started moving/walking around, it felt like the blood returned, and the area instantly had a rush of a warm feeling?!?!?!

275276277
Medication and Drugs
Adderall
Drug Interactions
Psychostimulants

Can you take Adderall and coffee together?

if your body is able to handle the caffeine, if your sensitive to caffeine then I would not mix them because you could have heart arythmias, and raise your blood pressure

251252253
Health
Adderall
Psychostimulants

Does Adderall make you have mood swings?

Yes because you get a high from Adderall. It puts you in a good mood when your at your high and your in a bad mood when u have your low. it happens to me everyday

255256257
Health
Medication and Drugs
Psychostimulants
Vyvanse

Is it safe to take pain medications with Vyvanse?

Generally, no it doesn't matter if you take them together. But, it really depends on the type of pain medication that is being used. The analgesics (pain medication) category is truly massive and you would need to check with your primary healthcare provider to ensure that there are no drug to drug interactions.

245246247
Medication and Drugs
Adderall
Xanax
Psychostimulants
Benzodiazepines

Can you take alprazolam with Adderall xr?

Yes. I take adderall xr 40 mg for ADHD and .5 alprazolam twice a day for anxiety but rarely need it.

241242243
Medication and Drugs
Psychostimulants
Vyvanse

If you have good response to Vyvanse does it mean you do have Adult ADHD?

No; Vyvanse contains lisdextafetamine which is a prodrug of dextroamphetamine. Amphetamines will cause a "good response" or increased feelings of well-being and focus in almost all individuals who consume it. It does not indicate that you have ADHD. Vyvanse is addictive and should be used cautiously, as it is a scheduled II drug that caries penalties for consumption without a prescription.

241242243
Medication and Drugs
Adderall
Psychostimulants

What is the lethal dose of cyanide?

The lethal dose of potassium or sodium cyanide is 200 to 300 mg and of hydrocyanic acid is 50 mg. Effects begin within seconds of inhalation and within 30 min of ingestion.

Now why you would want to know this, I'm unsure. Be safe.

http://www.manbir-online.com/diseases/cyanide.htm

231232233
Medication and Drugs
Adderall
Psychostimulants

Can you smoke Adderall?

Short answer: no. Adderall is comprised of amphetamine salts. "Salts" being the operative word, as that means they are good for dissolving in liquid (water, 96% alcohol, etc.) and not good for smoking. To protect your lungs, it is highly dis-recommended that you smoke salts, esepecially Adderall, which is mixed with not just amphetamine salts, but also fillers and dyes, none of which would be fun to smoke. You would either stop smoking before effects kicked in, or if you persisted in smoking, you would be in quite a bit of pain. The "high" from smoking would be a bitter and minor victory. So, then, is it theoretically possible to smoke Adderall painlessly? Perhaps. A preparation could be made in which amphetamine salts were dissolved in a very soluble liquid at a certain ratio. The salts would then need to be converted to their respective bases, then re-extracted via another liquid, which would then need to be evaporated. This procedure is known as an "acid-base extraction", and should not be attempted without chemistry experience, as all of the chemicals necessary are hazardous, and very precisce instrumentation would be required. Unfortunately, in the end, the amount of amphetamine base which could theoretically be retrieved would be so small that the difficulty of preparing it would be considered an entire waste, so while it is theoretically possible, it is definitely not practical.

484950
Acetaminophen (Tylenol)
Oxycodone
Psychostimulants

Why has syndol been taken off the marketi?

I have just rang the manufacturers of syndol tablets and they said the tablets have not been discontinued. They are temporarily unavailable as they have to alter the licensing or something like that but should be back on the shelves soon. Good news I will be able to sleep soon lol.

129130131
Medication and Drugs
Drug Side Effects
Psychostimulants
Symptoms
Vyvanse

How much Vyvanse should you take to get high?

2 friends and I bought a pill each of vyvanse, specifically for that reason, and they did it at school, took one pill each.

like 10 seconds later after my 90 pound friend took it, she was high.

same thing with my 200 pound friend.

and me, 120 pounds, just took one this morning. and feel nothing.

maybe it's because i waited and it melted or something, but i am extremely pissed, so i recommend just taking ecstasy which is much better.

199200201
Conditions and Diseases
Back Neck and Spine
Medication and Drugs
Adderall
Pain
Psychostimulants
Back Neck and Spinal Pain

Does adderall cause lower back pain?

Yes it does, ever since I have been taking adderall I notice back pains, take tylonel.

201202203
Health
Drug Tests
Psychostimulants
Ritalin

Does Ritalin show up in a drug test?

Depends on the test.

Some drug tests only check for certain drugs such as common narcotics.

yes, it will show up for amphetamines.

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Some drug tests may give a positive result for amphetamines or methamphetamines when you have methylphenidate (Ritalin) in your urine. Others will not. There are published articles documenting false positives. On the other hand the documentation for one amphetamine drug test (Cortez OneStep Amphetamine Urine RapiDip) specifically says that methylphenidate (Ritalin) will not give a positive at concentrations of 100 micograms per milliliter (which is more than a hundred times normal amounts). It will show positive for drugs closely related to amphetamine though (methamphetamine, MDA, MDMA).

-Zmiller6108

199200201
Medication and Drugs
Psychostimulants

How common are stimulant prescriptions?

It is estimated that in 1995, doctors treating children and adolescents wrote six million prescriptions for stimulant medications-methylphenidate (Ritalin�) and dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine�). Of all the drugs used to treat psychiatric disorders in children, stimulant medications are the most thoroughly studied.

Stimulant use for ADHD in the United States has increased greatly over the last 25 years. A recent study saw a 2.5-fold increase in methylphenidate between 1990 and 1995. This increase appears to be mostly related to an increased length of treatment, and more girls, adolescents, adults, and inattentive persons (in addition to those persons with both hyperactivity and inattentiveness/attention deficit) receiving treatment.

One theory suggests that ADHD is related to problems in controlling responses to internal and external stimuli. Evidence suggests that the areas of the brain involved in planning, foresight, considering consequences, and inhibiting actions, are underaroused in persons with ADHD. Stimulant medication may work on these same areas of the brain to increase brain activity to more normal levels, allowing the patient to focus better. More research is needed, however, to firmly establish how these stimulants work.

Stimulant drugs, when used with medical supervision, are usually quite safe. Although they can be addictive when abused by teenagers and adults, when taken as prescribed for ADHD these medications have not shown to be addictive nor to lead to substance abuse problems. They seldom make children "high" or jittery, nor do they sedate the child. If these side effects occur, doctors usually will try a different dosage of medication. Although there is little information about the long-term effects of psychostimulants, there is no evidence that careful use for treating ADHD is harmful. People taking moderate doses sometimes have a decreased appetite or are unable to sleep. These effects occur early in treatment and may decrease with time. Some medications might slow a child's growth, but ultimate height does not appear to be affected.

Actually, it appears to be just the opposite. Although an increased risk of drug abuse and cigarette smoking is linked with childhood ADHD, this risk appears mostly due to the ADHD condition itself, rather than its treatment. In a study jointly funded by the NIMH and the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), boys with ADHD who were treated with stimulants were much less likely to abuse drugs and alcohol when they got older. Caution is warranted, though, as the overall evidence suggests that persons with ADHD (especially untreated ADHD) are at greater risk for later alcohol or substance abuse. Because some studies have conflicting results, more research is needed to understand this. At any rate, parents should not avoid seeking effective treatments because of inflated claims about substance abuse risks. There are many, proven findings of the harmful effects from too little or no treatment for a child with ADHD.

191192193
Medication and Drugs
Adderall
Psychostimulants

Is 20mg of Adderall too large a dose for a 12-year-old girl who weighs 85 lbs?

Dosage of Adderall for 12-year old GirlThe dose of Adderall is determined more by what dose subsides the symptoms. Taking in simple consideration children. As far as the weight it really has little to do with dose. Whether the medication is going to work, or if your child adjusts well. Stimulants should be carefully monitored for side effects. You should also be aware that if your child is being overstimulated while taking Adderall XR you can simply open the capsule up and pour some of the beads out. I take Adderall XR 30mg 3 times daily and sometimes that is what I do if becoming overstimulated is a problem. Checking with the prescribing doctor is a good idea before making any changes though. Also staying away from citrus when the dose is first taken because the PH balance in the GI tract affects how Adderall is absorbed. Alkaline, and Acidic foods really affect how Adderall works. A meal high in fat will also affect how Adderall works. I would look into those things. It really makes a difference.

Read on for more information from Wiki s contributors:

  • My son is 8 years old and weighs 55 pounds. He was prescribed 10 mg Adderall and it was very effective. Doctors seem to start with small doses and raise them until the desired effect is reached.
  • My daughter is 9yrs old weighs 72 pounds is on 15 mg of adderall xr. we started about 1week ago she was straterra on 40 mg of it. this stuff is so much better then straterra she was get sick before and had bad stomach aches. my 7 yr is 44 pounds we started her on 36MG OF CONERTA

Just as a reference point, I am a 22 year old college student and at 165lbs and I take 20mg doses of non-extended release Adderall, which has a very strong effect on me. Though it isn't "prescribed by weight," it's still a stimulant. Yes, it will react differently in all people, so you can't go strictly by weight, but obviously if you give an 88lb twelve year old two cups of coffee, it's going to be way different than if you give a 165lb person 2 cups of coffee. There are exceptions, and of course the severity of ADD symptoms may warrant a large dose, but 20mg of narcotics is a lot! So definitely work from the smallest dose up.

  • Monitor your child closely for depression, anxiety, nervousness, and social withdrawal. Adderall at those levels will probably cause all of these eventually, especially if your daughter is so young. If she is tweleve, she should be starting middle school, or has started. Middle school is hard enough without drugs that screw up her emotions and her thought process. Be careful, and remember that doctors hand that stuff out like candy. If at all possible, try to fix your daughter's life without medication. Adderall is extremely addictive, and, should your daughter choose to get off the medication, she will experience withdrawal and will have to relearn how to cope with everyday life all over again.
  • I wouldn't worry too much, as long as she doesn't have an severe side effects. when i was a child i took meds from before i can remember until i was 14. i always had a pretty high tolerance for medications and i was on the highest dose that was physically possible without overdosing for someone my weight. i took more mg of Ritalin every day than my older brother... it just depends on the person
  • I'm not a doctor but I called Adderall about their dosage for mg. They do not go by weight. Thre is a chart they follow. My daughter is 10-years-old and weights 90 pounds. We just changed her Adderall XR from 20 mg to 25 mg, but then the doctor decided on 30 mg. I decided it should be more than 25, but less than 30 mg, so I open her pills and give her less than 30 mg. I don't give it to her on weekends, either. My other daughter takes Concerta 54 mg. and needs it all the time. Adderall XR made her depressed. Always talk with your doctor about your child's medications

  • i am a 28 year old woman. 20 mgs of adderall has a huge effect on me physically and mentally. 5 mgs also has a huge effect! you need to be careful with your daughter. adderall is amphetamines, pure and simple. speed. think of how much you would feel safe taking yourself. as a child she may not be aware of the changes in her body and mind or able to express them well. just because something is sold by a pharmaceutical company and is legal doesn't necessarily mean it's the best option for dealing with an attention span problem. in fact, it's probably the worst way to deal with the problem in most cases.

1:07 am

How do you guys sleep at night??? I am 22 years old and I work full time and am taking 3 night classes. I am on 10 mg not extended release and I am still awake doing school work (psychology, that hpw I cam across this) I would just like to say that 20mg of XR is way to much for a 12 year girl plus she is going through puberty and this combination could really bring on bulemia, addiction, and other bad influences. I am no doctor, but I was prescribed to 20 XR adderall at 13 It helped, but not as much as it helped me lose weight, I grew an addiction to it and became bulemic because when it wore off I would be starving so I would stuff and barf. Then I picked up a ciggrette habit because I like the way i felt when smoking on adderral and it helped my throw up. I am just placing my concern. Like i said before Im no doctor and the truth is everyone is diffrent. Please just watch for her weight change, make sure she is busy with good activity so that she is not taught bad influences like cigrettes. i am fine now and I do not smoke cigerretes, but I would have been better off without it

a survey of U.S. middle schools, grades 6-8, found that one in eight students were experimenting with some form of tobacco such as cigrettes, cigars, and chewing tobacco. -Visualizing Pschology - Carpenter, Siri and Huffman, Keri

Research on here( Wiki s): Can you smoke cigarettes while on Adderall XR

Eating Disorders affect up to 24 million Americans and 70 million individuals worldwide.

The Renfrew Center Foundation for Eating Disorders, Eating Disorders 101 Guide: A Summary of Issues, Statistics and Resources, published September 2002, revised October 2003, http://www.renfrew.org.

90 % of those who have eating disorders are women between the ages of 12 and 25.

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, The Center for Mental Health Services, offices of the US Department of Health and Human Services.

its not unusual.

___________________

I wouldn't recomend it but i haven't seen her to be sure myself, it is between the doctor and the girl on the dose of the drug and cannot be told by weight and age. But in my opinion, i wouldn't give her that much.

187188189
Medication and Drugs
Adderall
Psychostimulants

If a child takes Adderall XR during the school week are there any side effects of withdrawal on the weekends?

Not Taking Adderall on WeekendsHi, I'm a 12 year old girl. I took adderall XR during every school week last year, and didn't on the weekend. There were no side effects for me. I know you probably won't trust me but I'm not lying or anything.
  • no side effects if you skip a day...besides the fact that you will be your silly, spontaneous, distracted self. (but this is just me)

I just wanted to add that when my doctor prescribed adderall to me, he said I wouldn't have to take it every day. If there are days where I knew I wouldn't need to focus, then he told me I can just skip it and it's not like the medication that you have to take every day.

That's entirely subjective. Seeing as Adderall contains amphetamine, withdrawal symptoms like irritability, fatigue, and overall moodiness are common, more so than the complete lack of symptoms that the 12 year old girl above describes.

175176177
Medication and Drugs
Adderall
Drugs and Grapefruit
Psychostimulants

Can you eat grapefruit while taking Adderall?

No, you should not drink Grapefruit juice while on adderall, or any other juices high in Vit. C. Although it is safe and won't hurt you at all, you may start to feel bad because it will lower the affects of the Adderall.

Adderall, Dexedrine, and Dextrostat, and couple others can all be "washed out" of your system if you drink or eat any acidic juice or fruit. It alters the pH balance of your stomach and causes the Adderall to be excreted through your urine much faster than it normally would.

Taking Adderall or Dexedrine and then drinking Orange juice basically cancels out much or most medication benefit. However, if you ever want to cancel out medication-induced side effects like insomnia or a headache, then now you know what to do.

Juices with high acidity:

Orange

Grapefruit

Cranberry

Lemonade

Cranapple

V-8

Tomato

and a few others

Alkaline foods have the opposite effect.

Well actually, when we EAT/metabolize grapefruit, it has a significant ALKALIZING effect. They have a PRAL value of around - 6 and although they are citrus fruits and therefore acidic in their native form, the pH of their "ash" (when they have been metabolized by the body) classifies it ( tomatoes too, for example) as an alkalizing food.

161162163
Medication and Drugs
Adderall
Psychostimulants

Can sudden withdrawal of Adderall cause harmful side effects?

This is kindly individual, regular users of Adderall (daily user) should not suddenly stop taking Adderall without first talking with the prescribing doctor. It's not something that one should do with ANY medication. Not recommended by any doctor, you should really be under doctors care when decreasing your dose. Making sure that your body is adjusting well. Since we are all different, react different, adjust different this is between patient and doctor.

168169170
Medication and Drugs
Illegal Drugs
Psychostimulants
Ritalin

What is the recreational use of Ritalin and its price?

Ritalin (null, null, null, or null) is a null drug that is usually prescribed mainly for ADHD (Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) and is also approved to be prescribed for prevention of narcolepsy (a disorder in which the patient needs help because they experience too much fatigue and/or have the tendency to fall asleep at times they do not intend to.) In some cases Ritalin has been approved to be given to patients who suffer from POTS (Postural null Tachycardia Syndrome, which is a disorder in which patients can suffer a very abnormal increase in heart rate as they make the transition from a lying down face up supine position to an upright position.) Ritalin is also prescribed occasionally as a resistance treatment to lethargy and depression, as well as the "Epidemic of America's Youth," Obesity. It is part of a group of drugs known as "amphetamine analogues," meaning "amphetamine-like."

Now that we know what Ritalin is medicinally used for, we can get into its recreational uses and the street value usually placed on the drug. Ritalin is know by many names in the recreational field; names such as "Kiddie Cocaine", "R-Ball", and "Vitamin R", to name a few. The recreational uses of this drug vary. Some users abuse the drug to get the "energy rush" that it gives them. They describe that after using Ritalin they lose any fatigue or tiredness and become wide awake and full of energy. Although many others have explained this effect as well, they say they take the drug because it is very helpful for concentrating. Ritalin is widely used in the academic arena of colleges because of this concentration boost. Users have described that while on Ritalin they are able to concentrate better and in a way that enables them to understand things easily while learning more as well as give them the effort to apply themselves more. College users acknowledge that they sleep less that is probably needed for proper learning, they also conclude that with after school activities, jobs, and a social life, that they are unable to sleep and rest to the extent needed to be helpful or conducive to being able to learn. These users explain that Ritalin, as well as other drugs of the order, is a drug that allows them to work better, more efficiently, and more successfully. The reasons given for why it does this is that they don't have to worry about fatigue, physical or mental, that would hinder then in being able to perform their gauntlet of daily activities, allowing them to give their foremost effort. Ritalin has basically given them a means to a fountain of infinite energy that helps prevent mental fatigue that could slow them down or not allow them to perform at their highest level. It is commonly accepted by most abusers that it is not bad for them because it is know that Ritalin is predominantly prescribed to young adults and children. Recreational users usually stick to one of the three means of transference into the body; 1.) Injecting (by dissolving the null in water, and then using a syringe to suck up the liquid and inject it into a vein) 2.)Snorting (by breaking apart the capsule/pill and crushing it into a powder, then rolling up a dollar bill or other apparatus that can be used to snort the powder using the users nostril.) 3.)Ingestion (In this case ingestion would only be considered abusing the drug if the user was taking more than recommended dose and/or taking someone null prescribed medication.).

Now comes a few interesting facts about Ritalin that i will share with you before I conclude with the known street value of the different size (mg.) and forms of Ritalin. Contrary to what most believe, Ritalin is not a pure amphetamine but is derived from amphetamine, this is a small difference between Ritalin and its twin sister null drug null due to null being a pure amphetamine. Although Ritalin possesses structural similarities to amphetamine, it pharmacological effects are even more closely related to cocaine. There is another slight difference between the closely related drugs, Ritalin works by causing brain cells to discontinue their intake of null and dopamine (chemicals associated with pleasure, concentration, and motivation) , due to the lack of intake this allows a build up of these chemicals in the space between cells resulting in a buildup of dopamine levels in the synapse. null modifies this process slightly by not only deterring the intake of dopamine and null, but by also contributes to the pumping out of more dopamine. These 2 facts, being that null is known as a straight up amphetamine and that Ritalin is not, as well as, Ritalin only blocking the intake of dopamine to create build up, while null slightly modifies the process by also aiding in the production of more dopamine, has made people pick a favorite of the two drugs. Although on most levels they are basically the same, most prefer null because of it being slightly stronger. Some also prefer null because compared to null it is less likely to carry the side effects of anxiety and agitation, although it has a higher risk of causing insomnia.

Street prices vary for Ritalin based on what part of the world or country your in, as well as the availability of the drug, as well as the knowledge of those selling or buying it. It seems that the preference of null over Ritalin for the reasons mentioned above also makes it more expensive, showing that a drugs popularity and preference also can effect its price.

Ritalin usually costs between $0.20 and $0.50 a mg. (this converts to $2.00 to $5.00 for a Ritalin 10mg with $5.00 being slightly expensive.) Ritalin comes in 5, 10, and 20mg tablets, with null also making a 30mg. These tablets come in IR (immediate release) as well as ER/ XR/ CR (extended or controlled release.) Ritalin Is are said to be better for users who only ingest by swallowing, whereas those who abuse the medication through snorting claim that it doesn't make a difference which is used, stating that some have a time coating you must wash or lick off before crushing, and that this nullifies the extended release. Ritalin also comes in the form of capsules with doses of 10, 15, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60mg. The capsules are all either suspended or controlled-release. Another once-daily extended-release null capsule is available under the name null. The size range of null is 18, 27, 36, and 54mg. The price of Ritalin in the form of null is a little cheaper with the price range being between $0.13 and $0.18 a mg. (this converts to $2.00 to $5.00 for a null 27mg. with $5.00 being slightly expensive.) The null capsules usually run cheaper because they are harder to crush because of the time release on them.

null is slightly more expensive than Ritalin. null usually costs between $0.30 and $0.60null. (this converts to $3.00 to $6.00 for a null 10mg.) null comes in immediate release tablets, 5mg, 7.5mg, 10mg, 12.5mg, 15mg, 20mg, and 30mg. null XR produces extended-release capsules, 5mg, 10mg, 15mg, 20mg, 25mg, 30mg. The capsules can sometimes run $0.03 to $0.05 more per mg due to the easy access to the tiny balls of null inside the capsule that can be crushed easier than the tablets.

Dexedrine is the same drug type as Ritalin and is another drug that is known to produce the same effects as Ritalin. It is a much stronger drug though and usually costs between $0.80 and $1.00pm. ( $4.00 to $5.00 for a Dexedrine 5mg). Dexedrine, or null, comes in instant release strengths of 5mg, 10mg and 15mg, and also has extended release capsules of the same size.

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Medication and Drugs
Adderall
Psychostimulants

What happens if you are caught with unprescribed Adderall?

Each State may have it's own laws, however there was a federal convention which set out some uniform drug laws that State's could adopt and use as they saw fit. Most State's seem to be using laws mostly or entirely based upon that convention. Here is the MICHIGAN take on the adderall, and it's a pretty safe bet that it is similar to most other states.

333.7403(2)(e) A prescription form is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 1 year or a fine of not more than $1,000.00, or both.

If you read the entire statute (1) sets out that you shouldn't have a drug in your possession. (2) sets out the different penalties for different drugs. So (2)(a) is for narcotic drugs (which are only opiates (such as heroin) under a legal definition) and cocoa leaves (cocaine) get you into this category, which carries some pretty hefty penalties depending on how many grams you have. (2)(b) carves out a spot for having meth and one other drug that I didn't bother looking at because it wasn't in the schedule II listings for drugs, so it doesn't apply to adderall. This section also provides the penalties for any drugs not described in 2,c,d or e. (2)(c) list some drugs, non of which are amphetamine (adderall). (2)(d) is for marijuana and you have 2(e) at the top, which is the penalty for adderall.

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