The picture that you are citing, was based on European concepts of dining. In the Middle East, food was eaten reclining around a central table, and thus it was likely that Jesus sat in a central position, and the disciples were on the sides of that central table.
Calvin tried to avoid what he considered two major errors. First, that the wine and bread were supernaturally turned into the essence of the body and blood of Jesus (Roman Catholic belief) and second that the Supper was a memorial to someone who died a long time ago. Therefore, he emphasized that the Lord's Supper was a remembrance of Christ, held in obedience to Christ's command, and that the risen Christ is fully present with the celebrants and that they do receive spiritual nourishment from Him through this sacrament.
From Wikipedia (see link)
Calvin defined a sacrament as an earthly sign associated with a promise from God. He accepted only two sacraments as valid under the new covenant: baptism and the Lord's Supper (in opposition to the Catholic acceptance of seven sacraments). He completely rejected the Catholic doctrine of transubstantiation and the treatment of the Supper as a sacrifice. He also could not accept the Lutheran doctrine of sacramental union in which Christ was "in, with and under" the elements. His own view was close to Zwingli's symbolic view, but it was not identical. Rather than holding a purely symbolic view, Calvin noted that with the participation of the Holy Spirit, faith was nourished and strengthened by the sacrament. In his words, the eucharistic rite was "a secret too sublime for my mind to understand or words to express. I experience it rather than understand it."
It is in the Santa Maria delle Grazie abbey in Milan, Italy. It is painted directly on the wall opposite of where the monks sit for their meals.
He gave us the sacrament of Eucharist in the last supper. He also gave the sacrament of Penance on holy Thursday before the washing of feet.
Here is the Scriptural answer:Mark 14:22-25New King James Version (NKJV)
Jesus Institutes the Lord's Supper
22 And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them and said, "Take, eat;[a] this is My body."
23 Then He took the cup, and when He had given thanks He gave it to them, and they all drank from it. 24 And He said to them, "This is My blood of the new[b] covenant, which is shed for many. 25 Assuredly, I say to you, I will no longer drink of the fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new in the kingdom of God."
All true followers of Christ will celebrate the Lord's Supper on Passover evening.
Jesus washed his disciple's feet to prove to them that you need to learn to be a servant before you lead. He was showing that humility means nothing on Earth because no human has a right to judge each other.
Matthew21:28-32, Luke 15:11-32.
It depends upon the English version in use. Here is the New King James Version:
Barabas didn't have a mission until after the death of Jesus. From murderer to Christian, Barabas was a driving force behind the Christian movement in the days just after Jesus died.
To the Mount of Olives
Power to be bold.
They are the closest to the real thing.
"Holy Thursday is the most complex and profound of all religious observances, saving only the Easter Vigil" (link added). Every Holy Thursday there is a special Chrism Mass in every cathedral in which the sacred oils used for Baptism and Confirmation in that coming year are blessed. At every Mass, however, a washing of feet takes place. Here, the priest washes the feet of twelve other priests or parishioners, preferable male, as this ritual symbolizes the institution of the priesthood. After Mass, the consecrated Hosts are taken to the Altar of Repose in which they will stay until the communion service held on Good Friday. There is Eucharistic Adoration throughout the night on Holy Thursday to symbolize Jesus' disciples staying with Him the night before He died during His agony in the Garden of Gethsemane. However, this too is eventually "entombed" in the Altar of Repose. After the evening Mass on Holy Thursday, no Mass is celebrated until the Easter Vigil Mass.
After the last supper Jesus went to Gethsemane to pray and then to be betrayed.To
Notre Père, qui es aux cieux,
que ton nom soit sanctifié,
que ton règne vienne,
que ta volonté soit faite sur la terre comme au ciel. Donne-nous aujourd'hui notre pain de ce jour.
Pardonne-nous nos offences
comme nous pardonnons aussi à ceux qui nous ont offensés.
Et ne nous soumets pas à la tentation,
mais délivre-nous du mal, car c'est à toi qu'appartiennent le règne,
la puissance et la gloire, aux siècles des siècles. Amen.
The Last Supper took place on Mt. Zion in Jerusalem, Israel.
They were celebrating the Passover.
It celebrated on Maundy Thursday, the day before Christ was crucified (Good Friday) which precedes Holy Saturday and Easter day ion the Sunday.
There were 13 people who took part i n the last super.
It symbolizes the miracle of the oil in the menorah of the Temple. More information:
The Seleucids (Syrian-Greeks) under Antiochus Epiphanes (2nd century BCE), at the instigation of the Hellenizers, had forbidden various Torah-practices such as Sabbath-observance and circumcision, rededicated the Jewish Temple to a Greek idol, and pressed the Jews to offer up sacrifices to the idol. One of the leading elder Jewish sages called upon the people to keep observing the Torah anyway; and if necessary, to use force in resisting the decrees.When a Hellenized Jew offered a sacrifice to the Greek idols in a nearby village, the sage killed him as well as the Greek overseer. This brought a violent reaction from the Greeks; and the loyal Jews, led by the Hasmonean family, were forced to retreat from their towns and strike out at the Greeks in an attempt to oust them from the Holy Land and to enable the people to once again observe the Torah. The Torah-Jews were heavily outnumbered by the attacking Greek armies, but God gave them miraculous victories again and again.
After three years of struggle, the Greek armies retreated from Jerusalem, and the Hasmoneans (also called Maccabees) entered the Holy Temple which the Greeks had defiled, reconsecrated it to God, and began the Temple service once more.
Among other things, they wanted to relight the olive oil candelabrum (Exodus ch.25), but could only find one day's supply of undefiled oil - and it would take eight days to make and bring some more. Miraculously, the menorah stayed lit for eight days (Talmud, Shabbat 21b), allowing enough time for new oil to be prepared and brought.
The significance of the miracle is that it demonstrated that God's presence was still there. The Torah-community was overjoyed, because God's presence meant everything to them. This is what Hanukkah represents: the closeness to God; and the avoidance of Hellenization (assimilation).
The Torah-Sages instituted the festival of Hanukkah at that time (Talmud, Shabbat 21b), to publicize the miracle (Rashi commentary, ibid). This is why we light our Hanukkah-menorahs. (The Hanukkah-menorah, or hanukkiyah, is a special form of the original seven-branched menorah. Our Hanukkah-menorahs have eight spaces for oil, or candles, to mark each of the eight days for which the oil lasted, and a ninth to hold the shamash, a candle used to light the others.)
The Al-Hanisim prayer which we recite during Hanukkah centers around the Hasmoneans' victory and rededication of the Temple, while the candle-lighting commemorates the miracle of the oil. Though the military victory is prominently mentioned in the prayers, it wouldn't have been celebrated if not for the miracle of the oil.
It should also be noted that the main goal for which the Maccabees fought was not political independence. They fought to enable the people to observe the Torah's commandments; as we say in the Al Hanisim prayer: "The Greeks sought to cause us to forget Your Torah and leave Your statutes."
John 13:6-9 - Then He came to Simon Peter. And Peter said to Him, "Lord, are You washing my feet?" Jesus answered and said to him, "What I am doing you do not understand now, but you will know after this." Peter said to Him, "You shall never wash my feet!" Jesus answered him, "If I do not wash you, you have no part with Me." Simon Peter said to Him, "Lord, not my feet only, but also my hands and my head!" [NKJV]
The word "maundy" comes from the Latin word mandatum (commandment) which is the first word that Jesus spoke to His apostles after He washed their feet (John 13:34):
• "Mandátum novum do vobis dicit Dóminus, ut diligátis ínvicem, sicut diléxi vos."
• "I give you a new commandment: Love one another as I have loved you." The feast of Maundy (or Holy) Thursday commemorates the institution of the Eucharist (Holy Communion) at the Last Supper. The biblical the events of the first Holy Thursday were:
• The eating of the Easter lamb or the paschal meal
• The washing of the disciple's feet
• The institution of the Most Holy Eucharist
. • The first Mass at which Jesus Christ is the eternal high priest
. • The first Communion of the apostles
. • The first conferring of Holy Orders
• The foretelling of Judas' betrayal and Peter's denials
• The farewell discourse and priestly prayer of Jesus
• The agony and capture of Jesus in the Garden of Olives
This is called Transubstantiation. In the Catholic Church it is believed to be a literal transformation, although the bread and wine do not change in appearance or physical properties. Since the wine does not change in appearance or physical properties, it is a matter of faith alone that the wine has been transformed in any way, spiritual or otherwise.
In the Protestant Churches it is generally believed to be symbolic.
In the last supper Judas was sitting near Jesus. then only was it possible for him to dip into the same bowl of food.
Matthew 26: 21: And as they did eat, he said, Verily I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me. 22And they were exceeding sorrowful, and began every one of them to say unto him, Lord, is it I?
23And he answered and said, He that dippeth his hand with me in the dish, the same shall betray me. 24The Son of man goeth as it is written of him: but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! it had been good for that man if he had not been born.
25Then Judas, which betrayed him, answered and said, Master, is it I? He said unto him, Thou hast said.
26And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body. 27And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it; 28For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins. 29But I say unto you, I will not drink henceforth of this fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father's kingdom.
what about the old testament?
About 45 times
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