Taekwondo originated and was named in Seoul, South Korea, but Taekwondo schools and organizations exist in North Korea today.
Many of the roots that influenced the development of modern Taekwondo have their origins in the entire peninsula of Korea between the 1st century BC, and the later part of the 19th century AD, prior to the Japanese occupation of Korea, and before the split of North and South Korea. Back then, Korea was one country, and the citizens were one people sharing a single culture.
After WWII, a political struggle resulted in some political leaders choosing to side with the communist influences of China, with others choosing a democratic system of government. This led to the Korean war (1950 - 53), which was halted with a cease-fire agreement, and a heavily guarded zone was established at the 38th parallel separating the Communist North Korea from the Republic of South Korea.
Taekwondo was named as the official Martial Art of Korea on April 11, 1955 in Seoul, South Korea. The first organization unifying the various Kwans (schools), the Korea Taekwondo Association (KTA) was established in Seoul in 1961, and the national academy, the Kukkiwon, serving as the World Taekwondo Headquarters was completed in 1972 in Seoul, South Korea. The World Taekwondo Federation (WTF) was established in 1973, and serves as the sport governing body, and the International Federation for Olympic Taekwondo.
Taekwondo has since spread to most countries around the world, including North Korea, and each country has member National Associations recognized by the WTF, and teams that compete in international competitions, world championships, and the summer Olympic Games.
Taekwondo first became a medal sport at the 2000 Games in Sydney after having been a demonstration sport at the 1988 Games in Seoul and the 1992 Games in Barcelona.
Taekwondo made its Olympic debut in 1988 at the Seoul, Korea Games (appropriately enough). It continued as a demonstration sport at 1992 Games in Barcelona, Spain. Taekwondo was not part of the 1996 Atlanta Games. The International Olympic Committee voted against inclusion of demonstrations sports. Taekwondo became a medal sport at the 2000 Sydney, Australia Games. It continued as an Olympic sport in 2004 at the Athens, Greece Games and in 2008 at the Beijiing, China Games.
Following several controversial scoring decisions and upsets and the very unsportsmanlike behavior of the athlete from Cuba, there was fear that taekwondo would be cut from the roster in 2012, but taekwondo has been confirmed as an Olympic sport for the 2012 Games in London and also for the 2016 Games in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
At first, the Olympic Games contained one event: the stadion race, a short sprint measuring between 180 and 240 metres, or the length of the stadium.
The diaulos, or two-stade race, was introduced in 724 BC, during the 14th Olympic games. The race was a single lap of the stadium, approximately 400 metres.
A third foot race, the dolichos was introduced in 720 BC. The length of the race was 18-24 laps, or about three miles (5 km). The event was run similarly to modern marathons-the runners would begin and end their event in the stadium proper, but the race course would wind its way through the Olympic grounds.
The last running event added to the Olympic program was the hoplitodromos, introduced in 520 BC and traditionally run as the last race of the Olympic Games. The runners would run either a single or double diaulos (approximately 400 or 800 yards) in full or partial armour, carrying a shield.
Over the years, more events were added:boxing, wrestling, pankration (regulated full-contact fighting), chariot racing, as well as a pentathlon (consisting of wrestling, stadion, long jump, javelin and discus).
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You basically do not need any equipment to start training in Taekwondo. Once you are sure that you wish to continue to train you will need a uniform (dobok) which are compulsory for official events such as competitions and gradings. It is possible that when you start light contact work you may have to buy some protective equipment such as a head guard, body guard, forearm guard, shin guard and groin guard. This is definitely needed when carrying out contact work of any description. Ask your instructor for more information on equipment.
First of all karate starts with respect and ends with respect etc.. But you should not consider them as rules, they are merits which can make your life better and consequently make you better.
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1988 Summer Games in Seoul, Korea as a demonstration sport.
2000 Summer Games in Sydney, Australia as a full medal sport.
Taekwondo was also a demonstration sport in 1992 in Barcelona, Spain. The announcement was made in 1994 that Taekwondo would be included as a full medal sport in 2000, but in accordance with the rules of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), was only permitted as an exhibition for the 1996 games in Atlanta, Georgia. Taekwondo has continued as an Olympic event of the Summer Games every four years since 2000.
It should be noted that the Korean National sport of Taekwondo is based on the Korean National Martial Art, but is a different activity which is modified and limited in many aspects. The Martial Art of Taekwondo remains active in many Dojang (schools) world-wide for the purposes of self improvement, and a highly effective method of self defense.
10m x 10m is the full ring, however the match is played on 8m x 8m competition area with the extra 1m all around is the boundry line. Crossing this with either one foot or 2 feet results in a kyongo (warning)
I don't know that history has recorded the first woman to compete in the Olympics. History has recorded that the first woman to win a gold medal was Charlotte Cooper of Great Britain who won gold in ladies singles tennis in the 1900 Olympics in Paris. The 1900 Olympics were the second Olympics of the modern era and the first that women were allowed to compete in. Women were not allowed to compete in the first modern Olympics held in Greece in 1896.
There were 8 events in Taekwondo. There were not playoffs for the loser of the semi finals and Bronze medals were won by two individuals for each event. The winners went on to compete for the gold and silver medalsWomen's events
Flyweight (49 kg Chanatip Sonkham Thailand (THA) Lucija Zaninović Croatia (CRO)
Lightweight (57 kg) Marlène Harnois France (FRA) Tseng Li-Cheng Chinese Taipei (TPE)
Middleweight (67 kg) Paige McPherson United States (USA) Helena Fromm Germany (GER)
Heavyweight (+67 kg) Anastasia Baryshnikova Russia (RUS) María Espinoza Mexico (MEX)Men's events
Flyweight (58 kg) Aleksey Denisenko Russia (RUS) Óscar Muñoz Colombia (COL)
Lightweight (68 kg) Terrence Jennings United States (USA) Rohullah Nikpai Afghanistan (AFG)
Middleweight (80 kg) Lutalo Muhammad Great Britain (GBR) Mauro Sarmiento Italy (ITA)
Heavyweight (+80 kg) Robelis Despaigne Cuba (CUB) Liu Xiaobo China (CHN)
There isn't an answer because you need to practice to become a better typer .I had to practice to become a better typer myself.
No one - sadly, taekwondo did not become an Olympic sport until 1988.
4 - Australians have won four (4) olympic gold medals in taekwondo. Two (2) in 1992 at the Barcelona Games and two (2) in 2000 at the Sydney Games.
As far as I know, when a sport is a "demonstration sport" medals are awarded by the International Federation governing that sport, and not by International Olympic Committee (IOC). A demonstration sport has not yet achieved "full medal" status, therefore the athletes are not competing for official Olympic medals. For example, in 1988 (Seoul, Korea) and 1992 (Barcelona, Spain), Taekwondo was a demonstration sport, and I believe the medals (Gold, Silver, and Bronze) were provided by the World Taekwondo Federation.
By 1994, the IOC had approved Taekwondo as a full medal sport, but not until the 2000 Summer Games (Sydney, Australia). In 1996 (Atlanta, Georgia, USA), Taekwondo had reached its allotted two times as a demonstration sport, and was only allowed to participate as an "exhibition," therefore I do not believe they had any medals awarded above the National level of competition in each country (not sure about that).
"Taekwondo" ("Tae Kwon Do" or "Taekwon-Do") began in Korea. The Korean art is a combination of thousands of years of culture, history, warrior spirit, and combat skills that were unique to the people of the Chosen peninsula (early Korea). During the 1st Century B.C. and into the 1st Century A.D. three distinct and separate kingdoms were forming. It was during this time that native fighting skills were developed and used under such names as subak and taekyon. Most of these skill were likely influenced by warriors of China, Mongolia and surrounding areas where the early Koreans had migrated from, and continued to exchange cultures with. Japan also had a small amount of influence on the early pioneers of Korea, but it was the formation of the Hwarang Youth Group in the 6th Century that established a well-documented school of education for young warriors who combined philosophy of life, poetry, appreciation of art, and various warrior combat skills. From their code of conduct, much of the modern day Korean Martial Art is based. During the WWII occupation of Korea by Japan (1910-1945) the Korean culture, language and combat arts were banned, thus anyone studying Martial Art skills were limited mostly to Japanese influences. However, ancient skills of Subak and Taekyon were still taught in secret to a select few. As WWII came to a close, one school of Martial Art was authorized to be open under the direction of a Korean college professor, Won Kuk Lee. He called his school "Chung Do Kwan" (school of the Great Blue Wave). From this, many Korean students became Black Belts, and opened their own post-war Kwans (schools). By 1955, it was decided that the kwans needed to be organized under one leadership, and a new name would be chosen to replace many of the Japanese terms forced upon them during the occupation. General Hong Hi Choi, a former student of Taekyon, Shotokan Karate, and of the Chung Do Kwan, suggested the term "Taekwon-Do" and it was chosen. Over the next several decades, Taekwondo would prove itself to be a unique Martial Art of Korean design and philosophy that set itself apart from any other country's Martial Art. The term Taekwondo would come to represent many things, including some limited viewpoints of those interested only in sports, those who focus on family fitness and children's classes, and those who are not properly trained or certified to offer Taekwondo. The term "Taekwon-Do" as offered by General Choi would also become known as another name for his own brand of teaching which was reflected in his "Oh Do Kwan" ("Gym of My Way"). As for national Martial Art of Korea, Taekwondo has become one of the most popular Martial Art world wide, one of the most well-rounded and effective systems of combat training used by the feared ROK Army during the Korean War and Vietnam War. Taekwondo has also been represented as an international sport which was introduced to the Olympics as a demonstration in 1988, and a full medal sport as of the 2000 Summer Games. Some people confuse the Sport of Taekwondo with the self defense combat skills of traditional Taekwondo, and feel that Taekwondo is changing to become softer, and more sport oriented. However, it is a fact that many "old school" masters, Korean as well as other nationalities, are keeping both aspects of Taekwondo alive. Taekwondo began in Korea, but now it is shared by the world.
It is growing in popularity. Taekwondo was first introduced as a demonstration sport back in Seoul 1988 and again in Barcelona in 1992. Since Taekwondo has been introduced as a full Olympic sport it has grown rapidly and become a lot more recognized in the modern world. The rules of sport Taekwondo are constantly being changed to make the sport safer and more spectator orientated.
They are two very different activities. They require different sets of training. taekwondo sparring requires intense levels onf energy in short bursts (like sprinting). A triatholon requires a great deal of endurance (like a marathon). It's a matter of personal preference.
Sixty (60) countries participated in the taekwondo events at the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens, and sixty-four (64) countries participated in the taekwondo events at the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing.
The nature of the specific characteristics of the sport of Taekwondo is rooted in the Asian philosophy of balance between mind, body, and spirit. Rules of Taekwondo competition are geared toward promoting safety, fair play, and a display of positive Taekwondoistic attitude. The nature of the strategy and tactics of the sport are intended to promote the notion that the legs are the longest, and strongest weapon of the body, and while the rest of skills which can be useful in self defense should not be ignored, striking takes precedence, and kicking becomes the primary tool. The athlete must demonstrate good match management to show that they are in control of the fight. They must be aware of their surroundings to avoid being manipulated into a vulnerable position. The student must train to be in good physical condition so that they do not become fatigued, and lose because of poor health, rather than a lack of skill.
The primary strategy is to avoid being struck by a blow that would render you unable to defend yourself, while at the same time, attempting to deliver such a blow to your opponent that would likely disable an attacker in real-life self defense. Since the kicks and hand strikes of Taekwondo are potentially deadly, they must be restrained to some degree in sports, therefore it is futile to continue a match into throws and grappling (like judo, jujitsu, and wrestling), because the goal is to destroy your opponent by dislocating joints, breaking bones, and striking deadly vital spots before you even get to the point of close contact. While self defense training in Taekwondo class can cover these additional elements, the sport does not need to proceed beyond what is considered the desired results.
In general terms, the nature of Taekwondo as a sport is three-fold: Entertainment, Education, and Promoting popularity.
As a form of Entertainment, sports gives us the unique opportunity to enjoy fun and games with a skill that we have learned. Most of Taekwondo training is serious, and requires years of dedication and hard work. Some levels of Taekwondo competition can be hard work and demanding in preparation as well as performance, but many tournaments are geared more for the average student to have fun, and play a game based on martial skills, under rules of safety and fair play. Tournaments are also a form of entertainment for the spectators who are watching, but do not participate in the sport.
As a method of education, the sport of Taekwondo helps to teach things that are not available in daily class. We are placed in an unfamiliar environment, meeting unknown opponents, and being challenged to perform at our best within a specific time frame with many distractions going on. All of this can stimulate the adrenaline, and induce a number of mental processes and emotions similar to real-life combat. Students learn to stay focused, control adrenaline responses, quickly analyze new opponents, and adapt to the opponent's skills and strategies. Athletes learn the value of a coach or Instructor who has years of experience that the student should heed. They also learn the importance of training, and being prepared for the moment BEFORE you actually come face-to-face with an attacker. In competition, we learn where we are lacking in some of our skills, and when we return to the classroom we can address those issues with better clarity and understanding. Students should also learn that competition, under a specific set of rules, is not the same as real-life self defense, and it is important to balance your training with sports and reality training.
Finally, sports have always been a way of increasing the popularity of an activity, and can have a wide range of supplemental affects. Besides making both the sport, and the art of Taekwondo more popular, which helps increase the enrollment of Taekwondo businesses, there are financial gains to entire communities where tournaments are held. As athletes and spectators travel to events, gas is sold for cars, hotel rooms are rented, local restaurants and other shops are visited. With larger events, millions of dollars are poured into the local economy. In the case of Taekwondo, an entire country has its popularity, image, and economy enhanced because South Korea sponsors Taekwondo as its national Martial Art, and national sport. With the inclusion of Taekwondo in the Olympic Games (since 1988 as demonstration, and 2000 as full medal sport) Taekwondo has changed the lives of many people, and promoted the entire country of South Korea in a positive light.
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You have got to say it at the beginning of each Olympic games.
Taekwondo was a demonstration sport for the first time at the 1988 Summer Olympic Games in Seoul, South Korea.