Polio

Polio or more correctly Poliomyelitis is a highly infectious disease caused by a virus which attacks the nervous system. This category is for questions about the disease, its history, its symptoms, its treatments, the vaccine created to combat/eradicate it and the continuing studies of not only the virus,and its treatment, but its sociological impact and the people who survived it.

2,076 Questions
Health
Polio

Why is it hard to eradicate polio?

In general it is nearly impossible to completely eradicate a disease.

Even the plague have been found in London as late as 1992 "Correct me if I'm wrong on the exact date"

There is a lot of country's that do not have the funds needed to do a widespread vaccine, and even a single victim can end up spreading the disease further.

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Franklin D. Roosevelt
Polio

Did jfk have polio?

No, Franklin Roosevelt is generally believed to have had polio

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Conditions and Diseases
Polio

What was used to prevent polio?

Polio is a virus. if you have that virus there is no stopping it unless removing it from the body. Polio could be prevented on the other hand by getting a vaccine thus making it not a hazard for not many people to have it(:

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Polio

Is polio curable at late stage?

Polio is not curable at the last stage.... it can only be prevented and not cured.

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Doctors
Polio

What did Jonas Salk invent?

Dr. Jonas Salk invented a vaccine against polio; shortly after that, Dr. Albert Sabin developed a similar one. He also made a vaccine for influenza.

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Health
Doctors
Polio

Who was Jonas salk and what did he do?

Jonas Salk created the first effective immunization for polio.

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What is the date for pulse polio in September 2011?

In Delhi it is 25th Sept 2011

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Polio

What discovery made Jonus Salk famous?

Dr. Jonas Salk discovered a medicine that could prevent people from getting polio. It did not cure those already affected with the disease.

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Conditions and Diseases
Polio

How pulse polio programme has helped in reducing polio in India?

yahan pe koi answer nhi milta....ye bakwas site hai...

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Vaccinations
Polio

Why is polio vaccine prepared in injection form?

There are still two types of polio vaccines available. One of those is administered PO ("per os" ~ Latin for "by mouth") known as OPV (oral polio vaccine) and the other is the injected form IPV (inactivated polio vaccine). Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) is a live attenuated (weakened) vaccine. As the name implies, IPV is a vaccine made with inactive/"dead" virus particles.

The polio virus is still in the environment in some places and usually gets into the body by way of the intestines, so the oral vaccine is especially effective against the "wild" viruses through gastrointestinal immunity. The wild viruses are not as prevalent as in the past due to the long term use of polio vaccines, and are currently seen in only some areas of the world without that history of vaccinations.

There are no preservatives in the live attenuated oral polio vaccine, but there are some traces of some antibiotics used in the purification of contaminates that may get in the vaccine during manufacture. Those people with antibiotic allergies need to talk to their health care professionals about any allergic reaction risks, as you would for any prescriptions in allergic individuals.

The live virus also presents some extra difficulty with handling and storage, and is more difficult to preserve in hot areas or over long transport to out of the way locations. This is compounded by strong regulations about the storage and preservation of the OPV that adds costs to maintain compliance and so can make IPV more preferred.

The OPV produces immunity to three poliovirus types. Three doses can produce immunity in 95% of those who receive oral polio vaccine. One dose is effective in 50%.

There can be some "secondary immunization" provided to others by those who receive the oral vaccine and pass the virus through their feces. This gives, in a sense, a vaccination to the others exposed to their feces and the minute doses of the vaccine it contains. This is a plus in the more remote and economically deprived locations.

There is also the injected IPV (inactivated polio vaccine) that mostly prevents the virus from getting into the body through the nervous system. This is what is seen used most often in areas of the world that do not still have wild polio in the environment (like in the US). However, the live vaccine is still used in areas of the world where there is more incidence of the disease in the "wild". This is because any concerns about an increase in the virulence of the weakened live virus that could potentially cause infection are offset by the increased effectiveness, need for fewer doses, and often life long protection that a live vaccine produces.

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Conditions and Diseases
Child Health
Polio

What impact has polio on people?

I have answered this question as the impact of the illness on the physical health of the person who has contracted it, based on information provided from the Health and wellness Resource Centre database. Other resources are available on the web at:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) http://www.cdc.gov/

World Health Organization (WHO) 2 http://www.who.int/ (http://www.who.int/)

There are two forms of polio illness:

Minor poliomyelitis (also called abortive poliomyelitis), which occurs primarily in young children, is the most common of the two. The illness is mild, and the brain and spinal cord are not affected. Symptoms appear three to five days after exposure to the virus and include slight fever, headache, sore throat, vomiting, lack of appetite, and a general feeling of illness and discomfort.

Major poliomyelitis (also called paralytic and non paralytic polio) is a more severe illness that develops approximately 7 to 14 days after exposure to the virus. Symptoms include fever, severe headache, stiff neck and back, and deep muscle pain. Some people experience temporary abnormalities of skin sensation. Muscle spasms and a tendency to retain urine are common. Muscle weakness and paralysis may develop rapidly or gradually during the time fevers are occurring, but paralysis does not continue to get worse afterwards. The disease most commonly affects the muscles of the legs, but the areas affected depend on what portion of the spinal cord is damaged and can include the arms, abdominal muscles, chest, neck and throat muscles. Respiratory failure occurs if the virus infects the nerves in the spinal cord that control the respiratory muscles of the chest or the parts of the brain involved in respiration.

Recovery from minor polio occurs in about three days. The fever and other symptoms of major polio can go away within days, but paralysis can be permanent. Some muscle function may return during the first six months after the acute illness, and improvement can continue for two years.

People with minor illness and nonparalytic forms of polio recover completely, and most people with major illness who were paralyzed also recover completely. Less than 25% of people with polioare disabled for life.

Even though you can recover completely from polio symptoms, poliodoes leave behind some damage. As you age, your nervous system may become less able to compensate for the damage that polio has caused, so symptoms may gradually reappear. If this occurs, it can happen 15 or 30 years after the polio infection was active. Recurring symptoms from polio are called post-poliosyndrome.

* This information about Polio was obtained from the Health and Wellness Resource Centre. This is a database that can be accessed through some Public library services for free. For further information contact your local library.

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Polio

Is polio a bacteria or a virus?

The organism that causes polio is a virus.

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Conditions and Diseases
Polio

When did polio first appear?

Poliomyelitis' first recorded outbreak was around 1843.

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Polio

What organs does polio affect?

polio affects the central nervous system

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Conditions and Diseases
Polio

Where is polio prevalent?

Parts of Africa.

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Franklin D. Roosevelt
Polio

At what age did Franklin D. Roosevelt get Polio?

On August 10, 1921 at the age of 39, Franklin D. Roosevelt was strickened with the first symptoms of Polio. However, modern scientists believe that was a misdiagnosis. For one thing, Polio was a childhood disease. Second, Polio does not start at the feet and gradually work its way up the legs like Mr. Roosevelt's ailment did. It is far more likely that FDR sufferred from Guillain-Barré syndrome, but there is currently no way to confirm that because at this time the only method for testing for Guillain-Barré syndrome requires a spinal tap. All of Pres. Roosevelt's spinal fluid dried up many years ago.

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Conditions and Diseases
Polio

Can polio be fatal?

Yes.

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Conditions and Diseases
Polio

How does polio lead to paralysis?

poliovirus invades the nerve cells of the spinal cord and kills the motor neurons. When the motor neurons are destroyed, the muscles they connect to become damaged and weaken. The result is varying degrees of paralysis, including difficulty swallowing

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What is the date for pulse polio programme for Jan 2011?

Jan 23 Sunday pulse polio in India

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Conditions and Diseases
Polio

What is the color of the polio virus?

purple

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Polio

What is Polio?

It is a disease that causes your nerve cells to inflate in the brain cells and spinal cord.

É uma doença que provoca o seu células nervosas para inflar em células do cérebro e da medula espinhal

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Conditions and Diseases
Vaccinations
Polio

Was the polio vaccine mandatory by law?

Yes

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Polio

What should be minimum duration between two doses of pulse polio vaccine?

one month

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Polio

What is the fullform of P-U-L-S-E?

Pathways Universal Life Support Education

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Polio
Slogans and Mottos

What were slogans for the polio eradication campaign?

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