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Purim

Purim is one of the most celebrated Jewish holidays. It commemorates the victory of the Jews against the annihilation plan of Hamman the Agagite, as recounted in the Biblical Book of Esther.

547 Questions
Judaism
Tanakh and Talmud
Purim
Persian Empire

How long was Esther Queen of Persia?

The Book of Esther places Esther during the reign of Xerxes, who was king of Persia from 486 to 465 BCE. However, scholars say there are good reasons to believe that the story is fictional and that there never was a Queen Esther of Persia. There is no historical record of either Vashti or Esther, and Queen Amestris is accepted by historians as Xerxes' only wife for the first several years of his reign.

  • Answer 2
According to Jewish tradition, Esther was queen for about 11 years.

(The Book of Esther makes it clear that this was not in the early part of Xerxes's reign.) *************** Esther was the heroine and central figure in the Biblical book of Esther. She was crowned about 60 years after the destruction of the First Temple, and ten years before the Second Temple was built. The Jews were in the Babylonian exile. A few of them, such as Nehemiah, Mordecai and Daniel, rose to positions of prominence under the Babylonian kings.

The last of the Prophets of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) were still living.

King Cyrus had recently made his famous proclamation (2 Chronicles 36:22-23) allowing the Jews to resettle Judea (Israel), and some had gone up with Zerubavel, but the enemies of the Jews had then slandered them (Ezra ch.4), causing the Babylonian king to put a stop to the rebuilding and resettlement of Judea. This last event was around the same time that Esther became Queen.

According to tradition, the book of Esther was written in the mid-4th century BCE, and was made part of the canon which was sealed a couple of decades after.

The name of Mordecai is the Judaised pronunciation of Marduka, which is attested in the Persepolis Texts as the name of officials in the Persian court during the period of Xerxes I. One of these officials was the biblical Mordecai.

The grave of Mordecai and Esther still stands in Hamadan; and the Jews of Iran, to this day, are referred to as "the children of Esther."

**********

How reliable is the Hebrew record?

"Although critics contended that the Hebrew Bible is unhistorical and untrustworthy, time and time again, the archaeological record supports places, times, and events mentioned in Scripture. We now have archaeological information about a number of patriarchal towns mention in Scripture, including Bethel, Shechem, Jerusalem, Mamre, Gerar, Beer-sheba, and Dothan" (Professor John Arthur Thompson, The Bible and Archaeology). The personal names Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are names of the time and area mentioned in the Bible (ibid).

"One city after another, one civilization after another, one culture after another, whose memories were enshrined only in the Bible, have been restored to their proper places in ancient history by the studies of archaeologists" (Prof. Gleason Archer, A Survey of Old Testament Introduction).

No parchment, scroll, or inscription has ever been found that would support the Bible-critics' JEPD (different sources) hypothesis, which remains a set of postulates. And those ancient writers who mention, describe, summarize or translate the Torah (Josephus, Samaritans, Targum, Septuagint etc.), describe it in its complete form.

Archaeological finds, such as the Ugarit documents and those of Nuzu, Mari, Susa, Ebla, and Tel el-Amarna, have repeatedly caused the critics to retract specific claims. The entire social milieu portrayed in the Torah, once criticized as anachronistic, has been shown to be historically accurate, including customs of marriage, adoption, contracts, inheritance, purchases, utensils, modes of travel, people's names and titles, etc. Professor Gleason Archer states: "In case after case where historical inaccuracy was alleged as proof of late and spurious authorship of the biblical documents, the Hebrew record has been vindicated by the results of excavations, and the condemnatory judgment of the Documentary theorists have been proved to be without foundation."

355356357
Judaism
Hanukkah
Passover
Purim
Sukkot

What are Hanukkah Purim Pesach and Sukkot?

These are four Jewish holidays.

Purim takes place on the 14th of Adar which normally falls some time in March or April. This holiday is when we read the book of Esther. It is a joyous holiday where everyone dresses up in costume, people give gifts of cookies, sweets, and fruit, carnivals are held, and adults are supposed to get tipsy.

Pesach takes place on the 15th to 22nd of Nisan, again some time in March or April. This holiday is when we read the story of the Jewish Exodus from Egypt. The first night in Israel and the first 2 nights outside of Israel are observed with a religious service called a 'seder' that is held in the home. No leavened products are eaten during the whole of this holiday.

Sukkot takes place on the 15th to 20th of Tishrei, some time in September or October. This holiday is in remembrance of HaShem's protection during our 40 years in the desert. It's celebrated by constructing a 4 walled temporary shelter outdoors called a 'sukkah', at least 2 of the walls must be temporary and we should be able to see the sky through the roof. At a minimum, all meals should be eaten in the sukkah and where climate permits, people will also sleep in it.

Hanukkah takes place on the 25th of Kislev to the 3rd of Tevet, either the end of November or some time in December. Hanukkah is when we remember our victory over invaders who attempted our forced assimilation and is one of the least of the various holidays. It's celebrated by lighting candles each night of the holiday, starting with one plus a helper and adding an additional candle each night. Traditionally, foods cooked in oil and dairy foods are eating. The best known foods eaten during this holiday are potato latkes (pancakes) and sufganiyot (jam buster doughnuts).

289290291
Judaism
Purim

What nationality was Haman?

Persian.

Answer:

According to tradition, Haman was of Amalekite descent (Esther ch.3).

207208209
Judaism
Purim

How did haman die?

The king had him hanged, as recorded in the book of Esther. See also:

The story of Purim

103104105
Tanakh and Talmud
Old Testament
Purim

What was involved in Queen Esther's purification process?

The six months of oil of myrrh and the six months of sweet spices and other things was the purification used during the time of the book of Esther. (Esther 2:12). There is a book called Esther's Days of Purification that explains the medicinal and emotional healing of the oil of myrrh and spices used then and how they are used now. Good resource for Women's Bible Studies.

116117118
Judaism
Tanakh and Talmud
Purim

Who was Esther's husband?

Esther ended up becoming queen, in other words, marrying King Acheshveros.

114115116
Religion & Spirituality
Tanakh and Talmud
Purim

What unusual feature does the Book of Esther have?

A:The Book of Esther is unusual in that an important part of Jewish belief and ritual is based on it, yet many biblical scholars say that it was written as a second-century-BCE novel.
105106107
Halloween
Costumes
Purim

What are some good yellow costume ideas?

Some good yellow costume ideas are a crayon, a banana, a golden ticket,a block of cheese .These are good ideas to me because i am only a kid.

Banana, pumpkin, yellow color rose

798081
Purim

How is Purim similar to other questions?

Purim is a festival that commemorates the deliverance of the Jewish people living throughout the ancient Persian Empire from a plot by Haman the Agagite to annihilate them, as recorded in the Biblical Book of Esther.

According to the story, Haman cast lots to determine the day upon which to exterminate the Jews.

737475
Religion & Spirituality
Judaism
Tanakh and Talmud
Purim

What was Esther's relationship with God?

Actually, even though the name of God is never mentioned in the book of Esther, His presence and divine providence are evident. He allowed Esther to become the Queen of Persia, even though, as a Jewess she was an unlikely candidate. God also gave her protection and favor with the King when she asked to enter his presence, because in those days you could very well be killed for seeing the King without being asked to be seen. And thirdly, the circumstances by which Haman's plot was discovered and he was brought to justice show evidence of a God who was very much concerned with and involved in the situation of Esther.

272829
Old Testament
Judaism
Tanakh and Talmud
Purim

Why is Esther in the Jewish Bible but the Maccabees is not?

It is believed that the Council of Jamnia, meeting around 96 CE, decided on the books to be canonised in the Jewish Bible. Although the Book of Esther was included, all the material recognised as not being original to the earliest version of the book was excised from the accepted version.

Although Esther is obviously not a religious book and does not even mention God (although later additions used in the Catholic version do), it does portray the Jews in a very flattering light. It was therefore not very difficult for its supporters to gain the necessary votes for inclusion of Esther.

1 Maccabees and 2 Maccabees were written at about the same time by two different authors regarding an earlier period in Jewish history. Although the Catholic Church seems to have had no problem reconciling the two books, the Jewish sages could perhaps have found it difficult to do so. 3 Maccabees is clearly a book of the Common Era.

Jewish answer:

According to Jewish tradition, prophecy ended two or three decades after the book of Esther was written. The books of Maccabees were composed centuries later, making them non-prophetic, non-Biblical material for Jews.

575859
Judaism
Tanakh and Talmud
Purim

Who is Esther in the book of Esther?

Esther was the heroine and central figure in the Biblical book of Esther. She was crowned about 55 years after the destruction of the First Temple, and fifteen years before the Second Temple was built. The Jews were in the Babylonian exile. A few of them, such as Nehemiah, Mordecai and Daniel, rose to positions of prominence under the Babylonian kings.
The last of the Prophets of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) were still living.
King Cyrus had recently made his famous proclamation (2 Chronicles 36:22-23) allowing the Jews to resettle Judea (Israel), and some had gone up with Zerubavel, but the enemies of the Jews had then slandered them (Ezra ch.4), causing the Babylonian king to put a stop to the rebuilding and resettlement of Judea. This last event was around the same time that Esther became Queen.

When she became orphaned, she was adopted by her cousin Mordecai.

Later, when Queen Vashti refused to appear before Ahasuerus (in Esther ch.1), Memuchan, a Persian royal adviser, advised King Ahasuerus (Xerxes I) to remove Vashti from being Queen of Persia, and King Ahasuerus agreed to his advice.

In Esther Chapter 2, royal eunuchs advised Ahasuerus to look for a new queen. Esther was the best-looking woman, and Ahasuerus picked her to replace Vashti as Queen.


Esther and her cousin Mordecai (who had once saved the king's life) later persuaded the king to cancel an order for the extermination of the Jews in his vast realm, which had been plotted by the king's chief minister, Haman. Instead, Haman was hanged on the gallows he had built for Mordecai, and the Jews were given permission to destroy their enemies. The Jewish festival of Purim celebrates this event.


According to tradition, the book of Esther was written in the mid-4th century BCE, and was made part of the canon which was sealed a couple of decades after.

Esther was queen for about 11 years.
The name of Mordecai is the Judaised pronunciation of Marduka, which is attested in the Persepolis Texts as the name of officials in the Persian court during the period of Xerxes I. One of these officials was the biblical Mordecai.


The grave of Mordecai and Esther still stands in Hamadan; and the Jews of Iran, to this day, are referred to as "the children of Esther."

For the name of Esther, a number of etymologies are possible.
1) Esther comes from the Persian "setareh," meaning "star".
2) Esther comes from the Aramaic "istahar," meaning "moon." Beautiful as the moon (Talmud, Megillah 13a).
3) Esther comes from the Semitic root ath-tar, "morning star." There is support for this too in the Talmud (Yoma 29a).
4) Esther comes from the Median "astra," meaning "myrtle." The book of Esther (2:7) states that she had both names, Esther and Myrtle (Hadassah in Hebrew).

See also:

More about the Hebrew Bible

Jewish history timeline

373839
Tanakh and Talmud
Judaism
Purim

Who was queen esther's cousin?

Mordecai is the one cousin whose name is recorded.See also:

More about Esther and Mordecai

373839
Judaism
Tanakh and Talmud
Purim

How old was Esther?

Another answer from our community:

According to Jewish rabbis, referencing: Bereishet Rabba , Queen Esther was either 40, 75, or 80. The ages are a combination of three opinions

131415
Judaism
Tanakh and Talmud
Purim

What did Esther do for the Jews?

She saved them. Esther was the heroine and central figure in the Biblical book of Esther. She was crowned about 55 years after the destruction of the First Temple, and fifteen years before the Second Temple was built. The Jews were in the Babylonian exile. A few of them, such as Nehemiah, Mordecai and Daniel, rose to positions of prominence under the Babylonian kings.
The last of the Prophets of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) were still living.
King Cyrus had recently made his famous proclamation (2 Chronicles 36:22-23) allowing the Jews to resettle Judea (Israel), and some had gone up with Zerubavel, but the enemies of the Jews had then slandered them (Ezra ch.4), causing the Babylonian king to put a stop to the rebuilding and resettlement of Judea. This last event was around the same time that Esther became Queen.

When she became orphaned, she was adopted by her cousin Mordecai.

Later, when Queen Vashti refused to appear before Ahasuerus (in Esther ch.1), Memuchan, a Persian royal adviser, advised King Ahasuerus (Xerxes I) to remove Vashti from being Queen of Persia, and King Ahasuerus agreed to his advice.

In Esther Chapter 2, royal eunuchs advised Ahasuerus to look for a new queen. Esther was the best-looking woman, and Ahasuerus picked her to replace Vashti as Queen.


Esther and her cousin Mordecai (who had once saved the king's life) later persuaded the king to cancel an order for the extermination of the Jews in his vast realm, which had been plotted by the king's chief minister, Haman. Instead, Haman was hanged on the gallows he had built for Mordecai, and the Jews were given permission to destroy their enemies. The Jewish festival of Purim celebrates this event.


According to tradition, the book of Esther was written in the mid-4th century BCE, and was made part of the canon which was sealed a couple of decades after.

Esther was queen for about 11 years.
The name of Mordecai is the Judaised pronunciation of Marduka, which is attested in the Persepolis Texts as the name of officials in the Persian court during the period of Xerxes I. One of these officials was the biblical Mordecai.


The grave of Mordecai and Esther still stands in Hamadan; and the Jews of Iran, to this day, are referred to as "the children of Esther."

For the name of Esther, a number of etymologies are possible.
1) Esther comes from the Persian "setareh," meaning "star".
2) Esther comes from the Aramaic "istahar," meaning "moon." Beautiful as the moon (Talmud, Megillah 13a).
3) Esther comes from the Semitic root ath-tar, "morning star." There is support for this too in the Talmud (Yoma 29a).
4) Esther comes from the Median "astra," meaning "myrtle." The book of Esther (2:7) states that she had both names, Esther and Myrtle (Hadassah in Hebrew).

See also:

Why was Esther chosen as Queen?

More about the Hebrew Bible

Jewish history timeline

313233
The Bible
Judaism
Tanakh and Talmud
Purim

Why is God not mentioned in the Book of Esther?

Another answer from our community:

Because the story is about God's unseen involvement in the world - everything works out for the Jews in the story even though there are no open miracles. It is a message for a time where God is not openly revealed to us, to know he is still there even though we can't see him.

Scholars regard the Book of Esther as a second-century-BCE Jewish novel that was not originally intended as a religious text, so it contains no mention of God. A later version of the Book of Esther, still in use by the Roman Catholic Church, contains additions that do mention God.

91011
Purim
Yiddish

How do you say happy Purim in Yiddish?

If you really want to try it, say "Ah FRAY-lakh'n POO-rim."

You'll always get points for trying.

474849
Tanakh and Talmud
Purim
Persian Empire

What is one quality of Esther Queen of Persia?

The story of Esther holds a very important role in the teachings of Judaism. Contrary to what many people mistakenly believe, she was not the most beautiful woman, rather, the reason she was chosen by King Achashveros was because of her modesty. The king provided the best of garments, jewels, perfumes, etc to the women participating in the beauty contest, however, Esther eschewed these gifts and chose to dress very modestly without jewels, etc.

In all of her actions, Esther was motivated by pure love for both HaShem (The Creator) and her fellow Jews. Despite her situation (thinking she was going to lose her place in the world to come), she never lost faith or hope. Esther had a pure mind.

789
Tanakh and Talmud
Judaism
Purim

How old was Queen Esther when she died?

The Bible doesn't say when she died.

ANSWER

Although the Bible does not give many details of Esther's life, Persian records do. Esther was born about 492BC and was 14 when she became Queen. She was the wife of the Persian King Xerxes [aka "Ahasuerus" in many Bibles] who ruled Persia from 486 to 465 BC.

She had one son with King Ahasuerus, named Darius, who became King Darius II. Esther had brought him up to be favorable to the Jews and he later rebuilt the holy Temple in Jersusalem. It is believed that Esther's life extended into the reign of her stepson, Artaxerxes. but the date of her death is not known. However, just because you don't know when someone died doesn't mean they didn't exist. Jewish and Persian tradition is that Queen Esther's tomb is in Hamadan, also known as Ecbatana, located in what is now western Iran.

789
Tanakh and Talmud
Judaism
Purim

When was the Book of Esther written?

Tradition places the writing of Esther in 350-340 BCE. See: Accuracy of Hebrew Bible-tradition


Esther was the heroine and central figure in the Biblical book of Esther. She was crowned about 55 years after the destruction of the First Temple, and fifteen years before the Second Temple was built. The Jews were in the Babylonian exile. A few of them, such as Nehemiah, Mordecai and Daniel, rose to positions of prominence under the Babylonian kings.
The last of the Prophets of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) were still living.
King Cyrus had recently made his famous proclamation (2 Chronicles 36:22-23) allowing the Jews to resettle Judea (Israel), and some had gone up with Zerubavel, but the enemies of the Jews had then slandered them (Ezra ch.4), causing the Babylonian king to put a stop to the rebuilding and resettlement of Judea. This last event was around the same time that Esther became Queen.

When she became orphaned, she was adopted by her cousin Mordecai.

Later, when Queen Vashti refused to appear before Ahasuerus (in Esther ch.1), Memuchan, a Persian royal adviser, advised King Ahasuerus (Xerxes I) to remove Vashti from being Queen of Persia, and King Ahasuerus agreed to his advice.

In Esther Chapter 2, royal eunuchs advised Ahasuerus to look for a new queen. Esther was the best-looking woman, and Ahasuerus picked her to replace Vashti as Queen.


Esther and her cousin Mordecai (who had once saved the king's life) later persuaded the king to cancel an order for the extermination of the Jews in his vast realm, which had been plotted by the king's chief minister, Haman. Instead, Haman was hanged on the gallows he had built for Mordecai, and the Jews were given permission to destroy their enemies. The Jewish festival of Purim celebrates this event.


According to tradition, the book of Esther was written in the mid-4th century BCE, and was made part of the canon which was sealed a couple of decades after.

Esther was queen for about 11 years.
The name of Mordecai is the Judaised pronunciation of Marduka, which is attested in the Persepolis Texts as the name of officials in the Persian court during the period of Xerxes I. One of these officials was the biblical Mordecai.


The grave of Mordecai and Esther still stands in Hamadan; and the Jews of Iran, to this day, are referred to as "the children of Esther."

For the name of Esther, a number of etymologies are possible.
1) Esther comes from the Persian "setareh," meaning "star".
2) Esther comes from the Aramaic "istahar," meaning "moon." Beautiful as the moon (Talmud, Megillah 13a).
3) Esther comes from the Semitic root ath-tar, "morning star." There is support for this too in the Talmud (Yoma 29a).
4) Esther comes from the Median "astra," meaning "myrtle." The book of Esther (2:7) states that she had both names, Esther and Myrtle (Hadassah in Hebrew).

See also:

Why was Esther chosen as Queen?

More about the Hebrew Bible

Jewish history timeline

789
Judaism
Tanakh and Talmud
Purim

Which feast of the Jews was instituted by Esther?

Purim.

Esther was the heroine and central figure in the Biblical book of Esther, which is the source of the Jewish festival of Purim. She was crowned about 55 years after the destruction of the First Temple, and fifteen years before the Second Temple was built. The Jews were in the Babylonian exile. A few of them, such as Nehemiah, Mordecai and Daniel, rose to positions of prominence under the Babylonian kings.
The last of the Prophets of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) were still living.
King Cyrus had recently made his famous proclamation (2 Chronicles 36:22-23) allowing the Jews to resettle Judea (Israel), and some had gone up with Zerubavel, but the enemies of the Jews had then slandered them (Ezra ch.4), causing the Babylonian king to put a stop to the rebuilding and resettlement of Judea. This last event was around the same time that Esther became Queen.
When she became orphaned, she was adopted by her cousin Mordecai. Later, when Queen Vashti refused to appear before Ahasuerus (in Esther ch.1), Memuchan, a Persian royal adviser, advised King Ahasuerus (Xerxes I) to remove Vashti from being Queen of Persia, and King Ahasuerus agreed to his advice. In Esther Chapter 2, royal eunuchs advised Ahasuerus to look for a new queen. Esther was the best-looking woman, and Ahasuerus picked her to replace Vashti as Queen.
Esther and her cousin Mordecai (who had once saved the king's life) later persuaded the king to cancel an order for the extermination of the Jews in his vast realm, which had been plotted by the king's chief minister, Haman. Instead, Haman was hanged on the gallows he had built for Mordecai, and the Jews were given permission to destroy their enemies. The Jewish festival of Purim celebrates this event.
According to tradition, the book of Esther was written in the mid-4th century BCE, and was made part of the Hebrew Bible canon which was sealed a couple of decades after.
Esther was queen for about 11 years.
The name of Mordecai is the Judaised pronunciation of Marduka, which is attested in the Persepolis Texts as the name of officials in the Persian court during the period of Xerxes I. One of these officials was the biblical Mordecai. The grave of Mordecai and Esther still stands in Hamadan; and the Jews of Iran, to this day, are referred to as "the children of Esther."
For the name of Esther, a number of etymologies are possible.
1) Esther comes from the Persian "setareh," meaning "star".
2) Esther comes from the Aramaic "istahar," meaning "moon." Beautiful as the moon (Talmud, Megillah 13a).
3) Esther comes from the Semitic root ath-tar, "morning star." There is support for this too in the Talmud (Yoma 29a).
4) Esther comes from the Median "astra," meaning "myrtle." The book of Esther (2:7) states that she had both names, Esther and Myrtle (Hadassah in Hebrew).

567
Judaism
Tanakh and Talmud
Purim

Who is Esther in the biblical Book of Esther?

Esther was the heroine and central figure in the Biblical book of Esther, which is the source of the Jewish festival of Purim. She was crowned about 55 years after the destruction of the First Temple, and fifteen years before the Second Temple was built. The Jews were in the Babylonian exile. A few of them, such as Nehemiah, Mordecai and Daniel, rose to positions of prominence under the Babylonian kings.
The last of the Prophets of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) were still living.
King Cyrus had recently made his famous proclamation (2 Chronicles 36:22-23) allowing the Jews to resettle Judea (Israel), and some had gone up with Zerubavel, but the enemies of the Jews had then slandered them (Ezra ch.4), causing the Babylonian king to put a stop to the rebuilding and resettlement of Judea. This last event was around the same time that Esther became Queen.
When she became orphaned, she was adopted by her cousin Mordecai. Later, when Queen Vashti refused to appear before Ahasuerus (in Esther ch.1), Memuchan, a Persian royal adviser, advised King Ahasuerus (Xerxes I) to remove Vashti from being Queen of Persia, and King Ahasuerus agreed to his advice. In Esther Chapter 2, royal eunuchs advised Ahasuerus to look for a new queen. Esther was the best-looking woman, and Ahasuerus picked her to replace Vashti as Queen.
Esther and her cousin Mordecai (who had once saved the king's life) later persuaded the king to cancel an order for the extermination of the Jews in his vast realm, which had been plotted by the king's chief minister, Haman. Instead, Haman was hanged on the gallows he had built for Mordecai, and the Jews were given permission to destroy their enemies. The Jewish festival of Purim celebrates this event.
According to tradition, the book of Esther was written in the mid-4th century BCE, and was made part of the Hebrew Bible canon which was sealed a couple of decades after.
Esther was queen for about 11 years.
The name of Mordecai is the Judaised pronunciation of Marduka, which is attested in the Persepolis Texts as the name of officials in the Persian court during the period of Xerxes I. One of these officials was the biblical Mordecai. The grave of Mordecai and Esther still stands in Hamadan; and the Jews of Iran, to this day, are referred to as "the children of Esther."
For the name of Esther, a number of etymologies are possible.
1) Esther comes from the Persian "setareh," meaning "star".
2) Esther comes from the Aramaic "istahar," meaning "moon." Beautiful as the moon (Talmud, Megillah 13a).
3) Esther comes from the Semitic root ath-tar, "morning star." There is support for this too in the Talmud (Yoma 29a).
4) Esther comes from the Median "astra," meaning "myrtle." The book of Esther (2:7) states that she had both names, Esther and Myrtle (Hadassah in Hebrew).

252627
Judaism
Passover
Purim
Rosh Hashanah

What are the countries of origin for Judaism?

Some believe that Judaism originated with Abraham, while others say Moses, giving a range of possibilities for the country or region of origin for judaism. However scholars say that monotheistic Judaism was really introduced by King Josiah of Judah, during the Deuteronomistic reforms of the seventh century BCE.

567
Ancient History
Tanakh and Talmud
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Purim

Who was king Ahasuerus?

King Ahasuerus was the king of 127 provinces stretching from India to Ethiopia (Esther ch.1). In the Hebrew Bible his name is vocalized as Achashverosh. He is the "Chshiarsh" of the inscriptions, which was pronounced "Charchash" (Xerxes) in Greek.

He ruled from his throne at the fortress of Susa (Ancient Iran; aka Persia). He was a fickle king, at first agreeing to Haman's request to kill all the Jews but later having Haman hung.

454647
Tanakh and Talmud
Judaism
Purim

Is Queen Esther a saint?

An explanation of Jewish concepts is warranted prior to answering the question itself.

When discussing Jewish religious concepts, the preferred language is Hebrew as the Tanach (Jewish Bible) is in Hebrew. In Hebrew, there is the title 'Tzadik', a Tzadik is a righteous person. The root of 'tzadik' is 'tzedek' which means justice or righteousness. Therefore, the title Tzadik is refers to a person who seeks justice.

Sometimes, when discussing a subject with English speakers, English words will be used. In this case, the title of 'saint' is used in place of the word 'tzadik'. Obviously though, in this context, the word 'saint' does not have the same meaning as the Christian use of the word.

Now, to answer the question itself. Although Queen Esther is a prophet in Judaism, she was not a tzadik. It was her uncle Mordechai who was a tzadik.

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