Research Methodology

Research methodology is the analysis of the various methods used in certain fields of study. It does not actually study the field, but finds the best ways to do the studies themselves for each situation.

1,417 Questions
Research Methodology

MBA question Concept of research methodology?

I need to know, what the "research methodology" chapter in the MBA dissertation may content and which aspects should be addressed therein

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Research Methodology

Why is secondary research so boring?

Because it follows from the data. The liveliest, most vivid, and most poignant statements are based on humanistic understanding (i.e. subjectivity) and, while usually tacitly based upon empirical forms, freely wander outside the mechanisms of "scientific research" and into the bosom of experience.

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Animal Rights and Abuse
Research Methodology

Should experiments on animals be illegal?

(*As the question asks an opinion, there are several responses listed. )

It is definitely something that should not be legal, I don't think any way you look at it it's an okay thing to do, most animals die, or become sick and very ill, deformed, or loose hearing, site, voice, and fur. They think it's okay to test on animals because they are merely animals and have no say. They don't choose to be test objects, they breathe, eat and sleep just like normal people. They feel, they have feelings. Things hurt them - you wouldn't want to be going through strange, painful testings, so why would you let some innocent animal do it? It's unfair and cruel. It should most definitely be illegal because they never did anything to us. Killing animals and abusing them, testing on them, is just as bad as anything else. They don't do anything to deserve this cruel, cruel thing. So I definitely agree that it is something that should have never even started in the first place. And below were it says facts about animal testing, they're referring to medicine testing, and like physical/mental testing. Animals involved in cosmetic, beauty product testing are usually hurt or become ill in some way.

I think that sometimes it can be cruel, but without testing on animals it could be a bad thing! What if one of your favorite pets, lets say your dog for instance, breaks a leg or gets sick, and it needs some kind of medicine to help him/her. Or if you wanna get something for him/her, like a dog treat or some thing like that. I don't necessarily like animal labs but they help at the same time.

Testing on animals and whether or not it should be illegal is more of a personal opinion. Many people have different opinions on the subject and all of them are valid.

What people have to remember is that very little is tested on animals now, for cosmetics or other uses. What individuals who wish to make it illegal tend to forget is that the tests are for treatments doctors use to save lives. Cancer treatments tested on animals have cured fatal illnesses, and given people many more years with their families. Tests on polio and other neurological conditions have given so many sufferers new hope. Almost no cosmetics are tested on animals anymore. Almost all testing on animals is done in the name of medical research. It would be difficult to ban it altogether because of the significance of the cures it provides.

Most life saving medications, surgeries and techniques were tested on animals before being tested on people. Researchers now use computers to test the outcome, but in some cases still require a live creature. Very few are hurt.

Animal testing is a very careful process now, and include life-saving drugs and procedures. Animals are no longer treated cruelly. They receive physical and mental stimulation, human interaction, plenty of room and the best health care, as is now required by law. Some animals are able to be adopted such as dogs and cats and some lab rats once the experiments are finished.

Animals that have given their lives to perfecting medical treatments and that have helped save and improve lives, should be honored and respected for saving our loved ones. Experiments with animals shouldn't be illegal. While cosmetics experiments on animals aren't necessary, many of the experiments for medical research are beneficial to your daily life. (Insulin for diabetics is one example.) There is a perfectly good reason why experiments on animals are done. And why many of the tests are legal, if inhumane. Yet, it should not be acceptable to hurt or kill animals for cosmetic reasons.

Tests on animals provide direct information on how chemicals, drugs, and procedures affect living tissue. Laboratory rats have died by the untold millions to tell us what is safe for people. The extreme injuries and potential fatalities are justified by their value in medical research. These must be tested before use on an ailing human being.

I think it should be illegal because the animals don't like it and we wouldn't like it if it were us. I definitely think its cruel and mean! I think it should be illegal because many of the animals die. OK some animals live, but some don't, so it should be!

There are many experimental procedures that are not justified by the scant information gained, and should be outlawed because they inflict needless suffering. As advances are made in computer analysis and modeling, many tests will be obsolete.

Yes it should be illegal. Animals have feelings. Just because they stand on four legs doesn't mean they don't feel what humans feel. They feel what we feel; it would be like doing experiments on humans. Some people even treat an animal as their own child, so it would be like abusing your own child. Just because they hold back the urge to cry out in pain, that doesn't mean they aren't suffering.

Animals have five freedoms : The freedom from discomfort, the freedom to shelter, the freedom to food and water, the freedom to proper hygiene, and most importantly the freedom to be loved. Experiments on animals should be illegal because they can feel things too. How would you like to be tested on?

No, because by doing experiments on animals, people can come up with medications and other things which could also save the lives of more animals.

My opinion is (no testing) because I sort of think it's inhumane- Animals NEED to be free... not in a cage. Like the person above said "How would you like to be tested on?". I certainly wouldn't like it... would you like it if YOU were put in a cage or be tested on? No matter how much they reproduce, it will never be the same for them.

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Some lucky chimps will be able to retire from being used in research to the Chimp Haven sanctuary, built in Shreveport, Louisiana, thanks to a law signed by President Clinton in 2000

(see the section below Facts about Animal Testing)

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Well, if we tested on humans, that would be kinda stupid. We wouldn't know what would happen, and they might die. It all depends on how you look at it. If we tested on humans and they die, the dead persons family might sue the testers. But a lot of animals are going extinct. i think we should test things on the most populated animals. Most people think we should test things on monkeys, but they are very low in population compared to like birds, and rats and mice. It will help if we didn't test so many things on animals. Maybe a couple every four to five months!

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Animal testing is used merely to help animals. Would you rather have a few animals die, and a few other go through slight discomfort, or a million animals die, and many of them will have children crying for "their doggie"? I am not saying testing for makeup, perfume, etc is good, but as far as I know, it's not a common practice anymore. I believe we should start focusing our time more on things much more serious, like slavery in India. In fact, there are three-yearolds that all they do all day is stitch baseballs, which usually are shipped to America, to you. You, in a way, are a slave owner, paying companies that buy supplies from slave owners. Animal testing maybe should be regulated, but stopped completely? Not a good idea. Animals help us try to treat things like cancer, and just by studying behavior we are attempting to decode autistic behavior. Animal testing is almost necessary. But also, shouldn't we be focusing on something bigger? Like wars that are raging around us without our knowing, slavery that we support, or even global warming? A few companies, yes, do horrible testing, but should we let a few of those bad apples spread maggots to the rest of the pile? If we want to fight for some animal cause, however, why don't we fight against puppy farms, cock fighting, or poaching?

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Facts about Animal Testing (doSomething.org)

  1. It's impossible to know exactly how many animals are being used in research because U.S. laws do not require scientists to report how many mice, rats, or birds they use, but it's estimated that 90% of lab animals are mice and rats. The animals that scientists do have to report using in experiments include dogs, cats, sheep, hamsters, guinea pigs, and primates. Of the animals that the USDA collects numbers on, 1,438,553 were used in research in 2002.

    Since more than 1.4 million mammals other than rats and mice were used in research, and since mice and rats probably make up 90% of the animals in labs, we can guess that about 14 million rats and mice were used in research in 2002.

  2. In labs, small animals, like hamsters, rats and mice, are usually kept in clear or white plastic boxes about the size of a shoebox. Animals a bit bigger, such as guinea pigs, live in larger boxes about twice the size of a shoebox. Usually, more than one animal lives in a box. Larger animals like dogs, cats, and primates usually live in wire cages. Most animals stay in their cages all the time except when they are being used in experiments.
  3. Living in cages can be a big problem for intelligent animals like dogs, cats, pigs, and primates who become tremendously lonely and bored unless they have things to play with or ways to get more exercise.
  4. More than half of the 1.4 million animals counted by the USDA that are used in research were "not involved in experiments that caused pain". There is no way of knowing how many rats and mice were involved in studies that were not designed to cause pain.

    489,262 animals that were used in research in 2002 (not including mice, rats, and birds-no one knows how many of these animals are used in research) were used in research that was either painful, distressful, or both. Most of these animals were given something that either helped take the pain away or helped them get over the pain quickly.

    103,764 of the animals made to feel pain were not given anything to reduce their pain and suffering. Although some of this pain was slight-like getting an injection with a needle-some of it was extremely severe.

  5. Most of these animals are only used in one experiment, but sometimes the same animal will be used in more than one experiment. Most are euthanized shortly after being used in an experiment.
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Research Methodology

What is it called when you draw a conclusion based on your observation?

It's an inference or infer
Inference is the conclusion drawn which is based on observations and prior knowledge. It involves the mental process of combining what is read or seen with relevant prior knowledge.

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Research Methodology

When is it advisable to adopt the field research method of inquiry?

Our over-riding concern is that the research we undertake should be both

relevant to our research question, as set out in Chapter One, and rigorous in its

operationalisation.

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Research Methodology

Analyze research methods used for uncovering basic emotions?

Emotion and passion

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Jobs & Education
Research Methodology

How can a researcher obtain correct information?

namangkot ko pamangkuton mo man ko liwat ambot aah

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Research Methodology

What is research methodology and research design?

Research methodology is where you describe the how you're going to gather information (your planned methods); this can be survey, interview, literature review etc. And then you explain each method: what are they, what you will do in each method, and other necessary information.

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Animal Rights and Abuse
Research Methodology
Animal Testing

Should animals be used for medical research?

I think that it's wrong since they can do a lot of other things to test medicine. They can make pieces of skin without using real skin. Science has come far and there are alternatives. But it's more expensive so most companies don't want to.

I think it isn't right ,however sometimes it has to be done:(

I am for that. I would want items tested on animals before humans. Animals are not equal to humans. The idea that we can not use them for research is appalling to me. It cheapens the value of us as a species.

Personally I wish it wasn't so, but as far as I know they don't have alternatives other than humans themselves which isn't always permitted.

Personally I feel that people should volunteer to do it despite the risks, as were more capable of communicating pain and side effects, of course some medical research is real raw and would undoubtedly kill but I still belive people would volunteer. I expect theres wide opinion on this question so keep an eye on the discussions board! X

As stated earlier personaly I wish it wasnt done however with that said I can understand that testing af drugs procedures e.t.c gets done with animals. and saves more animals and peoples lives then are lost. However I think it is absolutely wrong for cosmetics and similar vanity rubish to be tested on animals.
Personally I wish it wasn't so, but as far as I know they don't have alternatives other than humans themselves which isn't always permitted.

Personally I feel that people should volunteer to do it despite the risks, as were more capable of communicating pain and side effects, of course some medical research is real raw and would undoubtedly kill but I still belive people would volunteer. I expect theres wide opinion on this question so keep an eye on the discussions board! X As stated earlier personaly I wish it wasnt done however with that said I can understand that testing af drugs procedures e.t.c gets done with animals. and saves more animals and peoples lives then are lost. However I think it is absolutely wrong for cosmetics and similar vanity rubish to be tested on animals.
Animals are used for research for ethical reasons. Animals are first used in medical research so that humans are not harmed. Animals are used in other research to understand their physiology such as why do bears hibernate and how.
No, they should not. Nowadays humans have much greater scientific breakthroughs and research and do not need to still use animal tests as much as they once believed they did. True - as it is, some animal experiments have benefited us and some also have not, e.g. cigarettes were tested on rabbits and were deemed to be safe BUT what the scientists didnt know was that humans are NOT like rabbits and we can't break down nicotine like they can. They can break it down 60 times faster than humans and this dramatically reduces the amount of nicotine Dependent receptors in their brains, meaning they don't get addicted to it any where near as badly as we do. There are many more of those kinds of stories.

Basically, rationality begs the question: why would you do that when it is not always reliable and will probably need human tests anyway?

It is a fact that we would not have most of the medical knowledge we do today if we hadn't done it in the past, but again I see no reason for it to continue other than humans trying to keep their 'control' at what they seem to think is the top of the chain.

Only you can decide whether you agree or not but being informed is necessary for your decision to be right for you.

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Research Methodology

Using basic research methods the outcome of the research is applied to a business problem?

Applied Research

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Research Methodology

5 primary research methods?

Questionnaires Interviews Surveys Observations and testing

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Research Methodology

Importance and scope of research methodology?

The scope of research methodology are as follows:-

1. Marketting research

2. For making government policy

3. Operational research

4. Motivational researh

5. Stimulation research

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Research Methodology

What is the meaning of instrument in research method?

A research instrument is what you use to collect the information in a qualitative field study or observation. It helps you keep track of what you observe and how to report it. It must be both valid and precise.

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Research Methodology

Example of a descriptive research method title?

give some examples of descriptive reseach titles give some examples of descriptive reseach titles

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Research Methodology

Is phenomenology a qualitative or quantitative research method?

Qualitative. Here's one website that may help: http://www.staff.vu.edu.au/syed/alrnnv/papers/bev.html

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Sociology
Research Methodology

First sociologist to write a research methods book?

Harriet Martineau was the first sociologist to write a research methods book.

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Research Methodology

Is a flame test qualitative or a quantitative analysis?

A flame test is a qualitative analysis because you are not working with numbers and data, as in a quantitative analysis, but you are working with colours.

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Research Methodology

What is the difference between research design to research method?

research design is the blue print showing the structure of the research process, while research method is the means of gathering evidences for a particular research design.

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Academic Writing
Research Methodology

Is a picture a primary or secondary source?

primary

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Educational Methods and Theories
Research Methodology

What are the advantages and disadvantages of open and closed ended questions?

Advantages of Open-Ended Questions

• Open-ended questions allow respondents to include more information, including feelings, attitudes and understanding of the subject. This allows researchers to better access the respondents' true feelings on an issue. .

• Open-ended questions cut down on two types of response error; respondents are not likely to forget the answers they have to choose from if they are given the chance to respond freely, and open-ended questions simply do not allow respondents to disregard reading the questions and just "fill in" the survey with all the same answers (such as filling in the "no" box on every question).

• Because they allow for obtaining extra information from the respondent, such as demographic information (current employment, age, gender, etc.), surveys that use open-ended questions can be used more readily for secondary analysis by other researchers than can surveys that do not provide contextual information about the survey population.

Disadvantages of Open-Ended Questions

• If open-ended questions are analyzed quantitatively, the qualitative information is reduced to coding and answers tend to lose some of their initial meaning.

• Because open-ended questions allow respondents to use their own words, it is difficult to compare the meanings of the responses.

• The response rate is lower with surveys that use open-ended question than with those that use closed-ended questions.

Advantages of Closed-Ended Questions

• Closed-ended questions are more easily analyzed. Every answer can be given a number or value so that a statistical interpretation can be assessed. Closed-ended questions are also better suited for computer analysis.

• Closed-ended questions can be more specific, thus more likely to communicate similar meanings.

• In large-scale surveys, closed-ended questions take less time from the interviewer, the participant and the researcher, and so is a less expensive survey method.

Diadvantages of Closed-Ended Questions

• Closed-ended questions, because of the simplicity and limit of the answers, may not offer the respondents choices that actually reflect their real feelings.

• Closed-ended questions also do not allow the respondent to explain that they do not understand the question or do not have an opinion on the issue.

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Research Methodology

Field research methods for starting up a business?

The most common method for the field reseach is sample survey method among the target audience.

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Research Methodology

What is Experimentation Research Method?

Experiments are studies involving intervention by the researcher beyond that required for measurement. the usual intervention is to manipulate some variable in a setting and observe how it effects the subject being studied.

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Market Research
Internet Research
Research Methodology
Definitions

What is applied research?

Applied research is a form of systematic inquiry involving the practical application of science. It accesses and uses some part of the research communities' (the academy's) accumulated theories, knowledge, methods, and techniques, for a specific, often state, business, or client driven purpose. Applied research is compared to pure research (basic research) in discussion about research ideals, methodologies, programs, and projects.

Applied research deals with solving practical problems and generally employs empirical methodologies. Because applied research resides in the messy real world, strict research protocols may need to be relaxed. For example, it may be impossible to use a random sample. Thus, transparency in the methodology is crucial. Implications for interpretation of results brought about by relaxing an otherwise strict canon of methodology should also be considered.

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Research Methodology

When might a scientist use a model as research method?

to get a bona

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Research Methodology

The first step in the scientific research method is?

Make a hypothesis.

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