WW1 Air Warfare

War that takes place in the air. The craft, pilots, services and tactics of war airfare during the period 1914-1918.

2,690 Questions
World War 1
History of Germany
WW1 Air Warfare

How many aces did the red baron have?

An "ace" was an Allied pilot who shot down five or more enemy planes. The German equivalent was a "Kanone", but a German pilot had to shoot down ten or more to be considered a "Kanone". This was all the invention of newspaper writers.

The Red Baron eventually ran his score up to 80 enemy planes destroyed. Most of his victims were two-seater recon planes. These were not necessarily easy targets, because the observer in the back seat had a machine gun to use in fighting off attacks from the rear. But they were generally slower and less maneuverable than single-seat fighter planes. A true dogfight was between single-seat fighter planes.

One of the Baron's hard-fought victories came over British ace Lanoe Hawker, who had around 11 kills to his credit when he fell before the Baron's guns.

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World War 1
Germany in WW2
WW1 Air Warfare

Who was the first country to use war planes?

Italy

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WW1 Air Warfare

Where was the red baron shot?

In his back. Earlier in the war he was wounded when a bullet grazed his head. One biography also said that he was first assigned to fly 2-engine bombers/observation planes and he pointed out the cockpit and his finger was struck by a propellor blade.

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Wrestling
Sports Memorabilia
WW1 Air Warfare

Are there any wrestling collectors shows?

There are currently no wrestling collector shows, however there are many, many companies (online and otherwise) selling autographed memorabilia and other wrestling paraphernalia sure to please any fan.

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American Revolution
WW1 Air Warfare

Who was the Lafayette Escadrille named after?

jean lagetyeuisy

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Wrestling
WWE World Wrestling Entertainment
WW1 Air Warfare
Picture and Image Searches

Are there any pictures of Eddie Guerrero's funeral?

Yes. There was also a camera video taping the entire service., His niece.

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WW1 Air Warfare
WW1 Trench Warfare

What do you call a mixture of fog and smoke?

A mixture of smoke and fog is called smog.

During the Industrial Revolution Smog became a major health concern in some European cities such as London (predominantly lung disease and breathing disorders).

Smog can cause deterioration of structures and historical landmarks as the chemicals in the fog are slightly acidic (or sometimes alkaline), this can cause the structures to start to decompose and become stained.

In modern times there are still many large industrialized cities which are faced with the continual problem of smog, particularly areas in South East Asia and China

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World War 1
Definitions
WW1 Air Warfare
WW1 Trench Warfare

What does tactics mean?

* A procedure or set of maneuvers engaged in to achieve an end, an aim, or a goal. * Tactics is a term used to describe the art of fighting on or near the battlefield

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History of England
History of Maritime
WW1 Air Warfare

Who is Len Zeppelin?

"he" is a misspelling of a popular '70's rock band.

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World War 2
World War 1
US in WW2
WW1 Air Warfare

Where did the 111th Infantry serve during World War 1?

The 111th Infantry Division went to France.

AnswerThe 111th Infantry, currently part of the 56th SBCT, Pennsylvania Army National Guard earned WWI campaign credit for: Champagne-Marne Aisne-Marne Oise-Aisne Meusse-Argonne Champagne Lorraine AnswerI have a photo of my great grandfather (Archie L. Jenkins)taken durning WWI. the sign the soldiers are holding up says "H company, 111th INF AEF. LE MANS France" there are approx 200 soldiers in this photo. the photo is about 1 foot tall and 4 feet wide. my Great Grandfather is in the top row near the center. All of the soldiers in the front row are sitting on the ground and are carrying 1917 enfield rifles, except 1 soldier has a 1903 springfield. AnswerCindy - The 111th Regiment was part of the 28th Infantry Division, in the 56th Brigade with the 112th Infantry Regiment and some smaller units. They first fought on the Marne and then pushed up to the Vesle River at Fismes and then on to the Aisne River.

I am writing a book partially on a very serious battle that the 111th took part in at Fismette, just north of Fismes. I can give you good sources if you wish to study this in detail.

Do you know the company he was in? Then I could tell you more. For example, Co. B went into Fismette 8/25/18 with 120 effectives and 48 hours later they had only 8 effectives left, only one officer, who was gassed and shot.

Consider e-mailing me as I don't see this site often if you have more questions. Bob

AnswerI am looking for information on Private Frank Hughes who served in the 111th infantry, Company G. He was killed in action on Oct 21,1918. I have his picture and plaque with the above information, as a (now closed) VFW hall was named in his honor, in Chicago, Illinois. I would like to know the circumstances of his death and why he was the VFW named a hall after him. Answerbonjour , je vous �crit de France , je viens de trouver 2 plaques d'identit� de soldat US du 111 r�giment dans une f�ret en Lorraine (France)entre Saint Mihel -verdun - et Nancy , si cel� vous interresse donnez moi votre adresse email je vous enverrai photo et plan , amiti� Patrick AnswerI'm not sure whose 111th you mean, but here's what I found on the Pennsylvannia's Nation Guard 1st Batallion 111th Mechanized Infantry.

WORLD WAR I: Champagne-Marne, Alse-Marne, Olse-Alsne, Meuse-Argonne, Champagne 1918, Lorraine 1918

Regarding locations, I don't know if this is of any help to anyone but a relative of mine serving with Company G 111th Infantry died in the Base Hospital, Argonne Forest, France on the 28th September 1918.

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World War 1
WW1 Air Warfare
WW1 Trench Warfare

What was the Battle of the Somme?

During the First World War, which lasted from the 28th July 1914 to 11th November 1918, the Battle of the Somme became notorious for the slaughter inflicted on opposing forces between 1st Jul 1916 – 18th Nov 1916. It was fought by the armies of the British and French against the German forces. More than three million men fought in this battle and one million men were wounded or killed. It went down in history as one of the bloodiest battle of all time - it was simply a slaughter of a generation of young men on both sides.

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World War 2
World War 1
WW1 Air Warfare

What is a World War 2 fighter Ace and how did a pilot become an Ace?

An "ace" is a fighter pilot who shoots down 5 enemy aircraft during aerial combat.

Each country had a slightly different set of rules for claiming an enemy aircraft "kill". For example, the rule may require that another pilot or person on the ground witness the event. Or some will allow two pilots take share the credit for a kill, thus each would get credit for 1/2. In World War 2, some U.S. commands also credited aircraft destroyed on the ground as equal to aerial victories. Soviets distinguished between solo and group kills, as did the Japanese.

The Allies (US) began to mount gun cameras on the aircraft that could help confirm an enemy aircraft shot down. Of course, if the enemy a/c dove out of the camera range before exploding then it was still in doubt.

During World War 1, the "Blue Max" was awarded to German pilots upon downing 8 enemy aircraft. That number was later raised, so that a pilot became an "ace" first and then later received the Blue Max.

Also in World War 1, some pilots would fly solo sorties. So, to ensure they would get credit for an enemy aircraft, sometimes they landed and cut the tail number off of the downed aircraft in order to validate their claim.

AppendixGerman "aces" were called "experts" or Experten. Only single air-victories were attributed (and only if somebody else could affirm it). This is a "by the way..." remark. Just because the best German experts scored much more victories than any other pilot of any other nation (I counted the Austrian Nowotny in this case as German), i.e. E. Hartmann (352 victories), G. Barkhorn (301), G. Rall (275), etc, etc, etc, ... about 100 pilots scoring more than 100 victories at least.
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World War 1
Germany in WW2
WW1 Air Warfare

Did Manfred von Richthofen have children?

Yes, he has two children, Thomas Von Richtofen and Edward Von Richtofen.

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WW1 Air Warfare

What were Gotha and Giant bombers?

Gotha and Giant bombers were very similar.

Answer

The Gotha bomber were the large bombers used by Germany to bomb parts of England, Paris and other long-range targets behind the Allied lines.

The Germans built several different types of bombers or Giant bombers and Gotha was only one manufacture name.The Zeppelin-Werke Staaken also built large bombers powered by 5 engines.

British also built large bombers. The largest bomber was probably the Russian one called Sikorsky Ilya Murometz.

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World War 1
WW1 Air Warfare
WW1 Naval Warfare

What new weapons were invented or first used in World War 1?

Here is a list of those weapons and military items which were invented either during the course of the war (1914-1918), or which were invented shortly before (roughly 1900-1914) and saw their first military action during WW1:

  • Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR)
  • ASDIC & Hydrophones
  • "Hedgehog" anti-submarine weapon
  • Depth charges
  • Poison gases - the first military use of Chlorine, Phosgene, Cyanide, and Mustard gas
  • Aircraft - very minor experiments in aerial bombing had occurred prior to WW1, but WW1 was the "coming out" party for air power, even if the overall impact of airplanes on the war was minor.
  • Armored Tanks
  • Portable Flamethrowers
  • "Trench" mortars
  • Motorized transport - while not technically a weapon, WW1 saw the introduction of gas- and diesel-powered tractors and trucks, which replaced a good deal of the logistical transport that horses and mules had provided for millenia. It revolutionized logistics in the same manner that railroads had.
  • Lightweight machine guns - guns which could be used on the move, rather than require a fixed firing position - for instance, the Lewis gun. This is the beginning of the squad fire-support role, rather than company-level fire support as provided by heavy machine guns.

These are a list of weapons which, while neither invented during or first used in a military setting during WW1, nonetheless had their first significant use during the war - that is, the real effectiveness of the weapon was first demonstrated to a large audience of military

  • Submarines - while submarines had been invented in the mid-1800s, they were not technologically advanced enough to be usable as a weapon of war until the maturation of the Whitehead torpedo and reliable diesel engines, which mean that the first militarily-useful submarine was not build until close to 1910.
  • Hand grenades - small hand-thrown "bombs" date to antiquity, but the modern fragmentation grenade saw its large-scale debut in WW1.
  • Semi-automatic pistols - WW1 was the first time that the large-scale use of semi-auto pistols by militaries; however, trench warfare's hideously dirty environment made for a relatively poor debut, with revolvers remaining the favorite sidearm.
  • Modern steel helmet - while not technically a weapon, and while helmets were thousands of years old in design, what we now recognize as an essential part of a soldier's gear was re-introduced with a whole new design.
  • Amphibious infantry assaults - WW1 saw the first attempts at very large-scale combined-arms assaults from the sea across a beach.
  • "Special Forces" teams - while militaries always had had elite units, and sometimes picked small groups for special assaults, WW1 saw the first organizational creation of small assault groups which used tactics, weapons, and equipment different than the traditional infantry. That is, these units were distinguishable from the ordinary infantry. The German strosstruppen were leaders in this new field.

Finally, here is a list of weapons which, while commonly associated with use in WW1, were nonetheless widely used before the war, and the military strategists either knew or should have known of their impact:

  • machine guns - the Maxim machine gun (the first gas-recoil automatic gun) was designed in the 1880s, and was deployed by all armies well before WW1. It was notably used in the British Colonial Army during various colonial wars in Africa. Sadly, military circles severely underestimated the defensive power of this weapon when used in Europe.
  • Whitehead Torpedo - the first practical modern torpedo was demonstrated in 1870.
  • Wireless Radio - radio was a late 1800s-invention, but was only beginning to be deployed to naval vessels before WW1, and was not fully utilized well by land-forces (mostly due to the large physical size and power requirements of radios at the time).
  • Efficient Diesel Engine - particularly in submarines and small naval vessels, compact, powerful, and long-range diesel engines changed the balance of naval architecture.
  • Large-scale Siege Artillery - the use of massive-size artillery ( 300mm+ bores) firing indirectly was well known.
  • Artillery barrages - the scale to which massive numbers of artillery would fire continuously upon an opponent's fixed position was wholly new to WW1, where the volume and scale of such bombardments dwarfed anything prior.
  • Barbed wire - while barbed wire had been used in several smaller wars before, the extensive use of wire to restrict large-scale unit movement was entirely new to WW1
  • Shotguns - these had been used since the early 1800s, and were in declining use in militaries by WW1. However, trench warfare brought back their popularity (particularly by the Americans).
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WW1 Air Warfare

How many missions did the red baron fly in before his death?

100

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World War 2
US in WW2
WW1 Air Warfare

US Air Force Losses World War I?

Literally speaking there was NO USAF during World War One. There was a United States Army Air Service which eventually evolved into the USAF. However that doesn't answer your question. 235 airmen (pilots) were killed in action, 130 were wounded and 145 captured. 654 Air Service members (not pilots) were killed or died due to illness. This figure includes balloon pilots and aircrew.

Some casualties will not appear on the USAAS roles. Americans joined the French military before the US entered the war. Check out Escadrille Lafayette for details. A good starting point is: http://www.wwiaviation.com/aces/laffeyette.shtml.

Americans also joined the RFC - Royal Flying Corp of the British Army. The RFC evolved into the various air services in England, Canada - RAF, RCAF. I don't have any statistics on how many American casualties there were from either the RFC or Escadrille Lafayette. I'll check some of my books to see if there are figures.

If you wish to do more reading on the role of the Air Service during WW1 make sure you don't type in USAF or US air force. You may eventually find info, but it will take a long time. Some key words are USAAS or US Army Air Service, WW1 pilots, United States Army Air Corps, AEF Air Service and American pilots WW1. Don't confuse WW2 or WWII with WW1 when you type in any search or again you will get lots of info, which will be interesting but won't help you.

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World War 1
War and Military History
WW1 Air Warfare

Who is Billy Bishop?

He was Canada's premier WW-1 Ace with 72 kills, and he won the Victoria
Cross for the solo "Dawn Attack" on a German airfield on 2 June 1917.
William Avery Bishop, VC, DFC, DSO, MC acheieved the rank of Air Marshall
during WW-2 and died in Florida in 1956.

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World War 2
War and Military History
WW1 Air Warfare
US Army

When was the P-39 first used in combat?

October 1941 The British Royal Air Force was desperately in need of aircraft to use in the Battle of Britian. They placed an order for 675 Bell P-39 Aircobras. When the P-39 finally came off the assembly line, they were not as good as promised. However the RAF did use the P-39 in combat in October 1941. But the P-39 had problems with armament and serviceablity and poor high-altitude performance. So, when Germany attacked the Soviet Union, the planes ordered by the British were sent to USSR. Then after Pearl Harbor, the US Army Air Force requisitioned some 200 of these aircraft designated to ship to USSR and sent them to the Pacific Theater. In May 1942, two squadrons of P-39s from the 8th Fighter Group. Their first mission was a low-level attack on the enemy airfields at Lae and Salamaua on New Guinea's northern coast. Answer: 1st was RAF in Oct 1941; 2nd USSR in 1941 and 3rd USA in May 1942.

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WW1 Air Warfare

Red baron quotes?

Manfred von Richthofen,The Red Baron, had many memorable quotes.These are among them,..1. Now I am within thirty yards of him. He must fall. The gun pours out its stream of lead. Then it jams. Then it reopens fire. That jam almost saved his life.

2. The English had hit upon a splendid joke. They intended to catch me or to bring me down.

3. There were sometimes from forty to sixty English machines, but unfortunately the Germans were often in the minority. With them quality was more important than quantity.

4. My dear Excellency! I have not gone to war to collect cheese and eggs, but for another purpose.

5. It is a pity that my collection of trophies contains not a single Russian.

6. One can become enthusiastic over anything. For a time I was delighted with bomb throwing. It gave me a tremendous pleasure to bomb those fellows from above. --------------------------------------------------------

There are a few others,but this is enough to get an idea of the Baron's mind set.

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Camels
WW1 Air Warfare
Exotic Farm Animals

How many humps does a Bactrian camel have?

A Bactrian camel has two humps.
The Bactrian Camel has 2 humps.

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WW1 Air Warfare
Central Powers
WW1 Trench Warfare

What was a major factor in the decision of the US to enter World War 1?

Germany's unrestricted submarine warfare

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WW1 Air Warfare
WW1 Allied Forces

Did the Australian troops have any victories in World War 1?

A bit of a difficult question to ask as ANZAC troops ( let us not forget the Sheep fanciers) seldom fought as a specific unit but as a formation in a general command.

Individual Aussies peformed several heroic actions. It was an Aussie who shot down down the red baron--Harry Popkin of the 24th Australian Machine gun Company is the most likely candidate.

Then there were the Australian air aces Robert Little -47 kills, Spike Howell-45 kills, Roderic Dallas-35 kills.

The Australian cruiser HMAS Sydney destroyed the German commerce raider Emden in the cocos island and Aussie and New Zealand forces quickly captued German possession in New Guinea and the Pacific Islands

We all know of Gallipoli being a disaster, but not of the Anzac's making. But one can't be too hard on the British high command either--no one had ever attempted a seaboune invasion of an occupied coast against modern weapons before-- but Gallipo was a victory of sorts--it turned ANZACS into their own people, not just colonial cannon fodder as they had been in the Boer War.

Aussies participated in the 1918 actions at Mont St Quentin and Péronne and to the capture of the Hindenburg Line, but sadly were on refit and rest when the Germans actually surrendered

Perhaps a specific victory and by far the most romantic one was the charge of the Australian light Horse in Palestine against Turkish machine guns. The unit was supposed to be Mounted Infantry using horses for mobility and dismounting for action. They had no Sabres, but they used their bayonets instead and scared the Turks witless

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Travel & Places
Germany in WW2
Germany
WW1 Air Warfare

What American state is Germany closest to in size?

At 147,046 square miles Montana is closet to Germany's 137,847 square miles. Next in size would be New Mexico at 121,593 square miles.

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Famous People
WW1 Air Warfare
WW1 Allied Forces
Helen Keller

What did Helen Burrey's 1917 journal say?

people were dying all around and she couldn't do anything about it

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