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Persian Empire

Parent Category: Ancient History
At different times, under different ruling families, there were several different Persian Empires. Usually, the term refers to the Achaemenid dynasty empire founded by Cyrus the Great (559BC - 530BC) which was eventually conquered by Alexander the Great. To rule such a large empire, new groundbreaking systems were set up which influenced all who came after.
The Greek who wrote about the Persian was was Herodotus in 'The Histories'. Also Thoukydides wrote about this war.
Cyrus the Great and Darius the Great.
After 50 years of warfare trying to enforce peace amongst the Greek  city-states, the Persians agreed in 449 BCE to peace and left the  Greek cities to go back to destroying each other, and turned their  full attention to maintaining peace and prosperity within their  empire. They intervened 60...
The Greek city-states within the Persian Empire in Asia Minor were  restive, and two of their mother-cities in Mainland Greece, Eretria  and Athens, provided military support to them. During this in 498  BCE, forces from the two cities over-reached by burning down  Sardis, the Persian provincial...
Principally Herodotus of Halicarnassus.
They fought in the Persian war because the Persians wanted Spartas Land. & The spartens won.
The Persians put down a revolt of Greek city-states in Asia Minor. Other Greek cities joined in and the limited war spread over the eastern Mediterranean, lasting 499-449 BCE. The effects were the usuual outcomes of war - death and destruction on the battlefields and to the residents of the areas...
The Persians had part of the Greek world within its empire, andthese cites were restive and called in their mother-cities inpeninsular Greece to intervene. Persia decided to incorporate thesemainland cities within its empire under friendly local tyrants torestore peace. Some of the mainland cities...
First explain what this third Persian war was then it might be possible to answer.
Both wer Greek city-states with a broadly-based oligarchic system of government, and were allies when it suited them.
The Delian League, an alliance of the Greek city-states.
The Greek hoplites used bronze-pointed spears, iron swords. Their light infantry used bows, javelins and rocks. Their cavalry used bows and javelins.   The Persians used a variety of similar weapons.   The warships used rams, javelins, bows and other assorted missiles.
Please ask a sensible question if you want a sensible answer.
Greece. There were two Persian Wars. The First Persian War in 490 BC had only one major battle (Marathon). The Second Persian War in 480-479 BC had three major battles (Thermopylae, Salamis, Plataea). Salamis was a sea battle. The sites can be found on a map of ancient Greece, and possibly even on a...
The Persian Empire took control of Asia Minor in the 6th Century BCE. Included in this were the Greek cities which dotted the Mediterranean and Black Sea coast. Mainland Greek cities supported revolutions of those 'daughter' colonies in Asia, and the Persians looked to punishing this interference,...
First, Second, Third wars are an unrealistic modern construct of some less-than-informed people. The phases of the Persian War were: Ionian Revolt 499-493 BCE. Persian punitive expedition against Eretria and Athens 490 BCE. Persian invasion of peninsular Greece 480-479 BCE. Delian League...
The Greek city-states in the eastern Mediterranean.
It ran for 50 years, was destructive, and ultimately achieved none of its objectives. Sound familiar about all wars?
Themistocles. He persuaded the people to use a large strike ofsilver In the mines to pay for the fleet rather than dividing it upamongst themselves, foreseeing the increasing threat of a Persianinvasion in retaliation for the defeat inflicted at Marathon.
Persia and its associate Media expanded the Empire to stretch from  today's Libya in the west to Pakistan in the east. It held this  empire together for two centuries by maintaining internal and  external security by mobilising local forces, reinforced by  Persian-Median central forces. It also...
Susa, Persepolis, Babylon, Susa, Memphis, and a hundred Greek  cities in Asia Minor.
Along the Mediterranean Sea from today's Libya in the west, through  Egypt, the Middle East and Central Asia to today's Pakistan at the  Indus River to the east.
The provincial Governors called Satraps, and his central  councillors.
It was begun by Persian King Cyrus the Great from 550 BCE, and  taken over by the Macedonian King Alexander the Great from 331 BCE.
Athens led the anti-Persian alliance of Greek city-states after the Persians were driven back. They used this position, and the revenue fron the war fund, to doninate the cities in the alliance, and after peace was made with the Persians, they kept control of the allies, using the war fleet...
Its called ''the Persian wars'' or the ''Greco-Persian wars''.
Athens organised an Anti-Persian confederation, known in madern terminology as the Delian League as its treasury was initially located on the island of Delos. There were about 180 city-states in the League at its height - minly around the Aegean Sea. The other several hundred Greek city-states did...
It depends on how the question is intended.    If the question is about the borders of the Empire, you can get a  map of the Eastern Hemisphere and look at Egypt and Turkey in the  west and Central Asia and Pakistan in the East. That area spanned  the Persian Empire. Please see the Related...
2.6 million square miles, from today's Libya through Egypt, Asia  Minor, the Middle East, to central Asia.
None - it was a sideshow in centuries of warfare.
Persian armies: Mardonius, Datis, Artaphernes. Greek armies: Aristagoras, Pausanias, Xanthippos, Cimon.
It began in 550 BCE and was consolidated over the next 50  years. 
It did not devastate Egyptian civilisation. Egypt had been in  decline for centuries and been previously taken over by Libya and  Nubian kings and then Assyria. Internal problems followed when  Assyria lost control. The Persian takeover was a step in  re-establishing order until Macedonia took...
In the absence to today's methods of communication, it established a system of roads with posting houses along the way which provided horses and messengers to pass information rapidly. It also used sea transport transmission to areas with water access.
It brought an end to the Persian expansion west through the Greekworld.
There was no Spartan-Persian War, unless you are talking about Agesilaus' efforts in Asia Minor during the 390s BCE. He didn't defeat them and they didn't defeat him. He was recalled with his forces for urgent business at home.   If you are talking about Thermopylai, The Persians invaded mainland...
It continued to extort the war contributions from the Delian League cities after the war ehded. This money it spent on maintaining its fleet to take the money, and spent it on glorifying the city, supporting its culture and lifestyle, and keeping half its own population on the public payroll. The...
They were both city-states which contributed sea and land forces to the Greek coalition which opposed the Persians.
It put a limit on Persian expansion westwards.
Horrific death and dsetruction. It is a mater of how they were different: - the Persian War was an attempt by Persia to include the Greek cities within its empire to enforce peace. - the Peloponnesian War was attempt by Athens to dominate the Greek world.
Bows and Arrows, Spears, Shields, and Swords
Soldiers were paid in cash and kind. Even volunteer armies had to  be paid to enable them to feed and sustain themselves. The Persians  were a mix of standing and conscripted soldiers and their money and  sustenance came from foraging, looting and the treasury of the  Persian government.
Ionia - the Greco-Persian Wars was a result of the Ionian revolt .
The one of 480-479 BCE.
a few of the natural borders of the Persian empire is the middle east, Mesopotamia, Babylonia, Persepolis, etc. another is that he reunited Athens and Sparta, but didn't conquer them.
the Persian empire was much bigger and a lot more powerful.
Persian Empire mounted a punitive expedition against the Greek cities of Athens and Eritrea for their support of the Ionian Revolt.
They were the largest, but couldn't control all their land.
The Greek and Persian War started in 499 B.C.
The infantry component of their expeditionary force. The cavalry  was embarked in their ships headed around the coast for Athens,  hoping to capture the city, with traitors opening the gates for  them, in the absence if the Athenian army at Marathon.    It was the absence of the Persian...
Athens converted the Delian League, which it had led against Persiain the latter stages of the war, into an empire of its own, andlived high on the proceeds mulcted from those city-states.
it became overconfident of its own strength and the Delian Leagueit led, and interfered in the affairs of other cities includingthecity-states of the Peloponneian League led by Sparta, leading tothe disastrous 27-year Peloponnesian war which ravaged Greece.Athens lost and was stripped of its empire.
Mainly Herodotos of Halicarnassos.
Their forces were defeated, they were split politically, and had Persian rule over them confirmed.
Immortalised? It is commemorated by the Marathon athletic run of 26 miles, replicating in a way the run of 9,000 Athenian warriors who, after beating the Persian infantry at Marathon, had to run back to the city to defend it against the Persian cavalry which was being rowed around to attack the city...
The Persian Empire agreed to stay away from the Greek cities in Asia Minor. The Athenians turned the anti-Persian alliance into an empire of its own and lived high on the proceeds.
Miltiades the Younger helped to defeat the Persians at the Battle of Marathon .
There was none under Cyrus. is successor Darius introduced Aramaic  as the lingua franca for the empire.
The war between the Greeks and Persians was 499-494 BCE. Marathon was in a Persian amphibious raid against Eretria and Athens 490 BCE. The wars with Persia ent on sporadically for fifty years. It is hard to divide them up into First, Second ... etc.
Ruler of what? Ask an answerable question if you want an answer.
Alexander the great helped the Greeks take out the Persians
The Greek city-states. Which group of people are you asking about.
Yes, his father Philip II planned to do it but was assassinated  before departure, so Alexander took over the expedition and carried  his father's plan out successfully. 
It was not the Greeks, it was the Macedonians, who used Greek and  other mercenaries to support them.    Alexander the Great king of Macedonia, spent ten years taking over  the Persian Empire. He did this in three major battles which broke  coordinated Persian resistance, and then dealt with...
Xerxes, who actually led the invasion. His father Darius I did not lead the first invasion of Greece ten years earlier, but rather sent two of his generals to do it.
Pentecontaetia = Fifty Years - the 'Athenian half-century'.
Athens, together with its ally Eretria, brought the attention of Persia towards mainland Greece by intervening in the Ionian revolt of Greek cities in Asia Minor against their Persian overlords. Persia attemped to stop this intervention into its empire by raiding Athens and Eretria, intending to...
He was assassinated just before his departure for the conquest, and  his son Alexander took over and succeeded.
Currently, the main Persian religion is Islam. Refer to related  questions below for more details.    Historically, Zoroastrianism was Persia's official religion. The  Avesta is the holy book of the adherents of Zarathustra, the  Zoroastrians, the supreme god Ahuramazda.
It depends on what "other" means, since no point of reference is  given. However, during Persian rule, Jews mostly contained  themselves to Mesopotamia, the southern Levant region, and some  areas of central Persia (like Persepolis). The real Diaspora would  be caused later by the Romans.   ...
A Persian Empire existed in various forms from ancient times until the early twentieth century when it was renamed the Empire of Iran. The Empire of Iran was replaced with the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979. At it's greatest extent the Persian Empire under Darius the Great ruled all of modern Iran...
Alexander the Great was a great Macedonian leader who conquered the  entire Persian Empire.
It ended Persian attempts to control Greek war-making, leaving theGreek city-states to increasingly destructive wars with each other.
The Persian War(s) took place in Asia Minor, the eastern  Mediterranean islands, peninsular Greece and Egypt.
Read it here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Greco-Persian_Wars
  Alexander the Great invaded and conquered the Persian Empire in the year 334BC
Golden Age, when it lived off the proceeds of the empire it opportunistically established over its erstwhile allies against the Persians.
The Persians were unable to wear down the resistance of the Delian League which opposed their attempts to reimpose rule on the Greek city-states in the eastern Mediterranean. They agreed in the Peace of Callias in 449 BCE to stay away from the cities and so ended 50 years of warfare.
A coaalition of southern greek city-states led by Sparta.
Asia. There were also elements in Africa (Libya, Egypt) and Europe  (Thrace and other very temporary parts like Macedonia).
Athens opportunistically organise an anti-Persian league, provided most of its naval defence at the cost of the league members, and continued to collect and use that money to maintain that naval power which was used to dominate Greek affairs even after Persia agreed to peace.
The wars were spread over 50 years 499 to 449 BCE.. Although somepeople give them numbers, this is a false division as so manydifferent of Greek cities were involved over that time. It isbetter to think of it as phases - first the Ionian Revolt; then thepunitive expedition against Eretria and Athens...
Persia itself is now Iran. The Persian Empire embraced many present  countries in North Africa, the Middle East, Central Asia and  Pakistan.
Yes he used the extra war fund to build Parthenon