What became of the empire of Austria-Hungary after World War I?
After World War 1, Austria-Hungary was broken into pieces, roughly along ethnic lines. Austria, Hungary, Czechoslovakia all became independent states. Land was given to Romania (Transylvania, the Banat and most of Bukovina) and Italy. The Austrian Province of Galicia was combined with the former German-Polish lands, and the Russian-Polish lands taken by Germany at the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk, to reestablish the republic of Poland. Dalmatia and Croatia and Slovenia all merged with the formerly independent Bosnia to create Yugoslavia.
At the end of World War 1, the Austrian-Hungarian Empire had collapsed into ethnic violence following the death of Emperor Franz Joseph.
At the end of World War 1, the Austrian-Hungarian Empire had collapsed into ethnic violence following the death of Emperor Franz Joseph.
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Yes they did. After the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie had taken place by a Black Hand member, Austria started war against Serbia. Yes, but becauser Serbia refused the ultimatum sent. Austria-Hungary did not start WWI. They all had their part in it, because simply p…ut, its all about inevitability. All the way from the time of the Napoleonic Wars up to WWI, everything was pretty much calm. Not too many wars happened, and when they did they didn't last too long and there weren't many killed. Anyhow, during this period, all these European countries became more powerful. Bascially, they all got very rich and what better place to invest all that money but the army. So therefore, by the late 1800s and the early 1900s, all of these European countries such as Germany, France, Italy, Russia, Austria-Hungary, England, and others were very wealthy, and they all had a powerful military. So, four sources of tension came up: nationalism, political and family rivalries, military buildups, and the alliance systems. So basically, all of Europe could be viewed as a lake full of gasoline, just waiting for that match to fall in a cause the explosion. WWI was inevitable and was going to happen weather Gavrillo Princep killed Ferdinand or not. Austria started conflict and later the world war 1 because they had always wanted to crush Serbia who had helped and encouraged the Serbs living in Bosnia, Austria to uprise against the Austrian government and break free from their rule. Austria feared that if the Serbs succeeded then the other nationalities in Austria like the Poles, Croats, Ukranians would also break off and make their empire weak. They therefore decided that it would be best to crush Serbia, and so when the Serbian terrorist group "Black Hand" shot the heir to the throne Franz Ferdinand on June 28 1914 Austria sent an ultimatum to Serbia expecting it not to be accepted because they thought that this assasination would be a perfect excuse to crush Serbia once and for all. And when the Serbia accepted all but one of Austria's ultimatum demands ( which were brutal and hard to comply with) Austria declared war against Serbia (as it had always wanted) And so, I guess you could say that Austria did begin major conflict and was the very first nation to proclaim war. I totally agree with you Austria pretty much just wanted a reason to start a war and when it got support from Germany it didn't think twice about negotiating some other punishment for Serbia but it declared war not understanding that the Russian were going to support Serbia and France would support Russia and so it would become something much bigger. Comment The Serbs *argreed* to most of the points in the ultimatum from Austria-Hungary, and the latter came very close to accepting. However, the German General Staff, which was the key actor and manipulator, immediately used its influence to strengthen the hawks in Vienna. All that talk what about Austria did and didn't want to do is based on the notion that its politicians were operating in some kind of vacuum. Life isn't that simple! (MORE)
\n. \n Answer \n. \nBy the end of WW1 civilians in some of the big cities, especially Vienna, were close to starvation. Their condition was utterly wretched.\n. \nIn Hungary conditions were somewhat better, but the country was sliding towards a Bolshevist revolution, bloodshed and foreign int…ervention. (MORE)
Answer . Austia-Hungary did not exist anymore in WW2. It became Austria and Hungary, two separate nations. Austria was annexed to Germany in March of 1938. Hungary became a German ally..
Because Franz Josef I's (the ruler at the time) son was assassinated by Serbians. TehGrunt's Longer Story Austria-Hungary entered WW1 because of long withstanding reason to believe Serbia was uniting the Balkans against it. Also, Archduke Franz Ferdinand (Franz Josef I's son) was indeed assas…sinated, but few of the assassins were Serbians. An ultimatum was sent to Serbia, but this ultimatum was written so as to be rejected, This ploy worked and Serbia began mobilization. Russia began partial mobilization, and thus the war began . Correction - Franz Ferdinand was not Emperor Franz Josef's son. Franz Josef had one son, Crown Prince Rudolf , who committed suicide in 1889 (however, there are conspiracy theories that he may have been murdered). Franz Ferdinand was the son of Karl Ludwig , who was Franz Josef's younger brother. After Rudolf's death, Karl Ludwig was the new heir to the throne, however, he quickly abdicated his claim to the throne (he was already around 60 years old, and died of typhoid a few years later). This left Franz Ferdinand, as Karl Ludwig's oldest son, the new heir to the throne. Franz Ferdinand had three children who you would think would have been in line to take the throne. But the Habsburg family that ruled Austria had a rule that the Emperor had to be married to a woman who was a member of the ruling family in another country. Franz Ferdinand fell in love with a countess whose family did not rule a country; Franz Josef refused to accept their marriage, and only eventually did allow it after other emperors and kings convinced him, and Franz Ferdinand had to agree that his children would not be allowed to inherit the throne. So now it gets even more complicated... after Franz Ferdinand was killed to start World War I and his kids were unable to inherit, the throne should have passed to Karl Ludwig's second son, Otto . However, Otto had already died in 1906. So that meant that Otto's oldest son, Karl , became the new Emperor when Franz Josef finally passed away in 1916- Franz Josef was 86 and had ruled Austria Hungary for nearly 70 years! Karl ruled for almost 2 years before the Austro-Hungarian Empire dissolved at the end of World War I. Karl did not outlive his Empire for long, and died in 1922. Karl's son, Otto von Habsburg, was considered the "pretender" to the Austrian throne until just a few years ago; the current pretender is Karl von Habsburg, who is now an Austrian businessman. If he were emperor, he'd be Karl II. (MORE)
Answer . Both Austria-Hungary and Germany feared Russia, the Ottoman Empire was also an old enemy of Russia. Also, Germany had been diplomatically isolated pre-WWI by contesting France's takeover of Morroco so that it could demand more colonial territory. Austria-Hungary was one of the few nation…s it could rely on, and so, although Austria-Hungary was highly aggressive in an unstable area (the Balkans), Germany felt it needed at least this powerful ally. Germany had also been heavily investing in the Ottoman Empire pre-WWI. The Ottoman Empire probably also was angry at Britain for forcing it to make Kuwait autnomous. Bulgaria came into the war after it had started, but it had for a long time desired Macedonia, then a part of Serbia, as part of its country. Bulgaria's royal lineage can also be traced back to the Germany during the time of the war. (MORE)
What were the effects of World War 1 on Germany Great Britain France Austria-Hungary Russia the United States and the Ottoman Empire?
Five great empires entered World War One, and only one emerged. Germany, Austro-Hungary, Russia and the Ottomans all lost their empires as a result of the war. Germany was shorn of its colonies at the Versailles Peace Conference and a republican democracy was created. The Kaiser abdicated and the… Hohenzollern throne was no more. The Hapsburgs had ruled in central Europe for hundreds of years, and their "Dual Monarchy" in Austria-Hungary was broken up into smaller nations. The Ottoman Empire had ruled Asia Minor and the Middle East for four hundred years. The Middle East was taken away and divided into new nations, and mandated territories under the League of Nations under French and British control. All that remained of the once vast and powerful Ottoman Empire was Turkey, and the Sultan was dethroned. The Romanov dynasty in Russia did not survive even until the war was over. The Soviets took over Russia, ending hundreds of years of Czarist rule, and imposed a communist regime that lasted for seventy years and forced the Cold War upon the rest of the world. . Germany was forced to "admit" at Versailles that it was solely responsible for World War One, a judgment which is not entirely accurate but which was in accord with French feelings and a vindictive desire to punish the Germans. The harsh terms imposed on Germany, the reparations demanded, ensured that German resentment would simmer and the world would be treated to a sequel, which came to pass within a generation. . Britain managed to hang on to its empire but was vastly weakened. The nation was bankrupted by the immense expenditure of treasure in fighting the war. . France was similarly devastated. As in Britain, an entire generation of young men was in the cemeteries or maimed for life, with spirits broken by the horrific ordeal of the western front. The Treasury was empty. Most of the fighting on the western front had taken place in France, and the land was ravaged, pocked with craters, poisoned with gas and full of metal shell fragments. Cities, towns and villages were insignificant heaps of rubble. To this day there exists a "Zone Rouge" in France where the land is uninhabitable, though it shrinks every year, the soil so poisoned by the war that it cannot support life. Farmers in parts of France and Belgium require armored tractors to plow their land, so they will not be killed when their plows strike and detonate long-buried unexploded artillery shells from the Great War. Someone is still killed every year from this menace, though efforts have been continuous over the last ninety years to find these explosives. For a generation after the war people made a living gleaning metal shell fragments from the battllefields for scrap metal recycling. . The United States was deeply disillusioned by its experience. The people of the US had thought to settle this horror between "civilized" people so that the rule of reason could return and peace be nourished. The bitter, greedy squabbling of the peace process and the vulgar grasping that went on there convinced most in the US that the effort had been wasted, and that Europe was irredeemable. Most people in the US wanted to go back to the way things had always been, with the US minding its own business, taking little part in international affairs, and certainly none in the incessant bloodbaths of Europe, which , after all, many of their ancestors had crossed the ocean to escape. The United States wanted only a "return to normalcy" and isolationism. . Northern France after the war was in receipt of clothing from England . For a period of time most of the affected nations were involved in the formation of the League of Nations, proposed and spearheaded by the United States under the aegis and will power of President Woodrow Wilson. (MORE)
Emperor Franz Josef I was the ruler of Austria-Hungary during World War 1. He was the uncle of the assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand, who had been his designated heir. Franz Josef gave titular command to Archduke Friedrich von Ãsterreich-Teschen, but the real authority was held by the head …of the General Staff, Count Franz Conrad von HÃ¶tzendorf . (MORE)
Answer Yes , though at the time of WW2 Austria and Hungary were two separate countries.
Eric 1 of Austria-Hungary was assinated by a Serbian nationalist. this started a conflict between the Serbs and Austrians.The Germans came to the aid of their Austrian cousins, just as the Russians came to the aid of the Serbs.This started a war between The Germans and the Russian Empire.Germany kne…w that Russia had formed an alliance with France, and that the French were obligated to enter the war on the side of the Russians against Germany.Since the Germans knew they couldn't fight a two-front war and win,and since France- that had a more mobile and modern army than the Russians posed the greater threat-Germany invaded France first.On their way to invading France, the Germans took a short-cut through Belgium, without the Belgian's permission.The British could not let the Germans get away with this, and declared war against Germany and it's allies. From there we we're off to the races, and it all began with a head-of-state being assinated by a radical. Answer After the assassination of franz ferdenand (an Austrian duke and heir to the throne) a/h offered an ultimatum to Serbia ,which, in the extent of its demand that the assassins be brought to justice effectively nullified Serbia's sovereignty. Austria-Hungary's expectation was that Serbia would reject the remarkably severe terms of the ultimatum, thereby giving her a pretext for launching a limited war against Serbia. thus causing the large chain of decalrations of war. (MORE)
The main role that the Ausrian-Hungary Emipre played in WW1 was the most significant. It chaged the world after the war because they just found a most plausible answer they could find to start a war. After the alliances were formed with Germany and Italy they only had imperailistic ideals. Thus bran…g forth the the revolution of WW1. It's simple to see why its all started in the first place. Every country wanted more power to call there own and no one country would back down in there quest. (MORE)
Their empire had collapsed into several new countries, the most obvious being Austria and Hungary, that comprised much of what is known as the Balkans. The same had happened to their ally, the Ottoman Empire.
Just before the start of World War 1 the population of Austria-HUngary was a little over 48 million.
The ruler of the Austrio-Hungarian Empire during WWI was Franz Joseph I, his son, Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assiasinated by a Serbian nationalists Society,the mans last name was Princip; and thus lead to the begining of WWI. at first it was Franz Josef until his death in 1916
The Austro-Hungarian Forces in World War I (1): 1914-16 . By Peter Jung, Darko Pavlovic This book has the answers to this question supposedly. There is also a second volume to it covering the years 1916-1918.
They used the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand as an excuse to end the conflicts they had been faced with by Serbia in the Balkans (ex Pig Wars, nationalism within Austria-Hungary). They really wanted to go to war with them because they thought that with Germany as an ally, they could easil…y defeat Serbia and discourage the raging nationalism threatening to tear Austria-Hungary apart (as demonstrated in the 1848 Revolutions and the Budapest Uprisings). But also they wanted to solidify their position as a power now that Germany was unified (1885 or something ... the date slips my mind at the moment) and was becoming a strong power, over powering Austria (seen in the Austro-Prussian War). (MORE)
Austria-Hungary was allied with Germany (and Italy just before the war, but Italy changed sides once the war started). Their enemies were France, Russia, and Great Britian.
Hungary lost 3/4 of her territory and 2/3 of her people. Croatia was given to Yugoslavia, Transylvania to Romania, and Ruthenia and Slovakia to Czechoslovakia. \n. \nPunishment was also a bit too much for Hungary. Firstly, much of the land ceded by Hungary contained many Hungarians. About 3 million… Hungarians (Magyars) lived in the neighboring states as a result of the Treaty. In Transylvania and in some other places, more than half of the population were Hungarians. Secondly, a severe blow was dealt to her economic progress because most of her industrial areas were lost and her concessions to Yugoslavia deprived her of access to the Adriatic and the Mediterranean Sea. Like Austria, she became a landlocked state. Thirdly, she had to pay her reparations and limit her armed forces. (MORE)
Austria-Hungary didn't join the war, they were basically the ones who started it as well as Serbia. On June 28, 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to throne of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire and his wife are assassinated in Sarajevo, Serbia by a secret Serbian organization called the "Black Hand". …7 assassins were sent out to do the job. Austria-Hungary immediately calls war against Serbia, who has an alliance with Russia etc. (MORE)
The communists had their form of government on one side, and we had our form of government on our side.
How would the world be different if the Greeks had lost the war and became part of the Persian Empire?
Since this asks for conjecture, you will likely get differentanswers. Answer 1 Very little different - the Greeks were resilient and would haveended up expelling the Persians. After all, half the Greek citieswere already part of the Persian Empire, and threw off Persianrule. Answer 2 Much of t…he development of Athenian democracy came out of thestruggles against Persia and the period just afterwards. While Iagree with Answer 1, that there would be minimal differenceconcerning the survival of the Greek city-states, I am lessinclined to believe that Greek modes of governance would havesurvived the Persian satrapi system which was more effective interms of creating a unified action-process. As a result, there is astrong possibility that the Greek academic and philosophicaltradition that developed after the Greco-Persian Wars would nothave developed. Since this tradition formed the basis for modernscience, philosophy, and governmental practice, many of thedevelopments that occurred later using this information aslaunchpad may have been similarly delayed or may not have startedat all. Comment: Some of the most advanced development of Greek philosophy, scienceand arts came from the Greek cities of Asia Minor, much of itduring periods of Persian rule there. The Persians were tolerantand did not interfere with the Greek cities as long as theyremained peaceful. In fact the Persian capitals in Persia itselfhosted a strong element of Greeks, who hung around the Persianking's court. There is no reason to believe that Persia wouldstifle Greek development, in fact the peace and prosperity whichPersia encouraged promoted development. (MORE)
The political leader of Austria-Hungary during World War 1 was Franz Josef. Extra info: His only son killed himself because he didn't want to marry this princess from another kingdom because she was UGLY so Franz Josef's nephew Franz Ferdinand became the Archduke (the heir) but he was assassinated …by a Serbian member of a group called the Black Hand at a parade in Bosnia (Serbia and Bosnia are neighbors and REALLY hated each other) and that is what started World War 1. (MORE)
It broke up the monarchy and Hungary lost nearly half of its land through the Treaty of Trianon.
Austria-Hungary fought in the Battle of Ginghames during World War One. This battle was between Austria-Hungary and Italy.
Gain? Austria lost its empire, Hungary lost 3/4 of its land. The latter one is widely considered to be the biggest loser of the war.. The only gain these two had from the war is the end of the Habsburg monarchy, and their independence from a greater empire.
There was no Austria-Hungary after WWI it was broken up after the first world war
The British Empire, the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the German Empire, the Russian Empire,, the Ottoman Empire and the Japanese Empire.
One of their top diplomats was visiting a country it had control over and was killed. They declared war on this country causing a cascade of war declarations that engulfed the planet
ANSWER Austria-Hungary was the second major Central Power. This Empire was allied to the Germany (the first major Central Power), Turkey and Bulgaria. Its strategical jobs were: To hold the eastern Front from the Austrian Poland up to Romania, facing the Russian Armies. To hold the Italian Front at …its western border, facing the Italian Army. To hold the Balkan Front, facing the Serbian Army. To control the Adriatic Sea keeping at bay the Italian Fleet. (MORE)
Allied by Germany & Turkey: Fought against by Russia & on the Italian/ Balkan fronts. The Brusilov offensive was devastating, though not sustained, by Russia.
Austria-Hungary was part of the triple alliance along with Germany, Italy and the Turkish Empire. This alliance was against the Triple Entente which consisted of France, Great Britain and Russia although Russia later pulled out because of it's revolution later replaced by America in 1917.
They weren't afraid of anything. They knew that war would start eventually and wanted to get it over with. They wanted more land and power. If they were afraid they wouldn't have tried to takeover country's
World War 1 became a world war basically from the beginning because both Britain and France brought their colonial troops to war with them. Indian, African, and Asian colonial forces fought in Europe and in their home countries against opposing forces. When the Ottoman Empire entered the war, all of… the middle east became involved and fighting ranged from Egypt to Iraq. Additionaly, Canadian, New Zealand, and Australian troops fought for Britain from the beginning of the war. (MORE)
The British, German, Austro-Hungarian, Russian, Ottoman and Japanese Empires were all involved in the First World War. NB: China was briefly an empire between 1915-16, but that was a failed attempt by Chinese statesman Yuan Shikai to reinstate the monarchy with himself as "Great Emperor of China".
Yes, WWI was fought in Austria-Hungary. Britain, France, Russia, and the United States fought againstGermany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy.
austria Hungary was allied with Germany and the ottoman empire during world war one. they mainly fought the Russians on the eastern front as they did not share a border with France
The question is incomplete. You need to supply a clearer idea of what you are trying to ask
on June 1928 a 19 year old Serbian student shot and killed archduke Franz Ferdinand the heir to the throne of Austro-hungry. the student thought his act would start a revolution among the salves in the Austro-hungry . like many other salves he wanted Serbia to become the homeland for salves this enr…aged the king and the war began (MORE)
The conflicts increased the polarization of Europe, as Britain's perennial rivals (Spain, France, and the Netherlands) became involved in helping the Americans achieve independence.
Franz Joseph I was emperor for two years into the war -after his death in 1916 his grandnephew, Charles I took over.
During world war one, Austria and Hungary were one and was known asAustria-Hungary. Austria-Hungary was allied with Germany and Italyand they made up the Triple Alliance, made in 1882. However, as soon as the war started, Italy left the alliance; theysaid that since Austria-Hungary was technically …declaring war onSerbia (because Serbians had murdered the heir to the Austrianthrone), it was not a defensive war and Italy did not have to fight(Italy also had always disliked Austria-Hungary anyway, so thatdidn't help). The Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria wound up joining the Germany andAustria-Hungary instead. Italy would go on to join the Allies in1915 and fight against Austria-Hungary. (MORE)
Germany imposed communism and the hungarian people were forced to fight and maintained their portion of the country.
Austria-Hungary was allied with Germany, Bulgaria, and the Ottoman Empire during World War 1. The Austrian Army was confined to the Eastern Front and Italian Front of the war hence forth it fought against the Russian Army in the east and the Italian Army to the southwest. In the beginning of the war… Austria briefly invaded Serbia but was repelled within months. In 1915 they tried again with their allies of Germany and Bulgaria, only then did they conquer Serbia. Austria declared war on Belgium and Portugal but never fought them. In 1918 the Serbian, Greek, French, and British launched an offensive from their Macedonian Front, Austria therefore fought these armies as well but at this point Austria-Hungary was nothing more then a rag army. In the Mediterranean the Austrian Navy engaged British transport ships and in 1918 briefly fought the Italian Navy resulting in the loss of two Austrian ships. (MORE)
It first started off with just Germany and Austria-Hungary, forming the Dual Alliance. When war broke out, Bulgaria and the Ottoman Empire joined the side they thought would win. They did this to gain more land in the Balkans once the war was over. Bulgaria had gone to war with its former Balkan all…ies over land and lost, and Turkey had practically lost all of the Balkans to the same wars, an area they used to fully control. (MORE)
Austria and Hungary were carved out of Austria-Hungary after WWI. Most of Czechoslovakia was former territory of Austria-Hungary, as well as much of Yugoslavia (known then as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes).
Four days after the Austrian-Hungarian Empire declared war, the German Empire declared war. The Triple alliance was made between the Austrian Empire, German Empire and Italy in the 1870's as a defensive treaty. Italy didnt join because the treaty stated they would help each other under the condition… that a country declares war. But the German Empire had strong economic ties with Austria, as a result they declared war. The Ottoman Empire was the "sick man" of Europe. After the 1600's the empire slowly declined in power and wealth. Early victories in France and Russia by the central powers gave the Ottomans the belief that the central powers would in the end be victorious. They desired part of Serbia or Romania and once again be an European power. In addition they were still bitter after there loss in the Crimean War by the Russian Empire. Therefore the declared war secreatly in September of 1914 and openly in October when the launched a massive airstrike across the Russian Black Sea ports. In 1876, Bulgaria, Albania, Serbia, and Romania united and rebelled against the Ottoman rulers. They emerge victorious, however they wanted more land from Romania and Serbia on the grounds that they lost more troops in the war for independence and also they bordered the Ottoman Empire, which was a larger threat to them. Thus the First and the Second Balkan Wars occured in which Bulgaria lost both. As a result when WWI broke out, the German Empire and the Austrian-Hungarian Empire pressured the Kingdom of Bulgaria to join the war on their side and in return would give Bulgaria part of Romania and Greece, thus Bulgaria joine the war in 1915. So basically the Allies of the Austrian-Hungarian were; the German Empire, the Ottoman Empire, and the Kingdom of Bulgaria. (MORE)
Austria-Hungary entered the First World War, aka the "Great War" of 1914-1918 due to the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, heir to the Habsburg throne of Austria-Hungary, by Serbian nationalist Gavrillo Princep. As a result, Austria-Hungary deliverd an ultimatum to Serbia, which was accepte…d by the Serbians, and should have created a peace. However, due to territorial ambitions, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia, and Russia was compelled to assist their ally. The alliance systems brought the other combatants into the war. I hope this helps...sorry if it isn't specific enough though, as I am not a thoroughly learned historian. (MORE)
How did the surrender of the ottoman empire and Bulgaria and the revolution in Austria-Hungary lead to the end of World War 1?
When all of these things happened, Germany was all alone against the Allies. It chose to capitulate rather than fight an unwinnable war
Women did not want to give up jobs they had while the men were atwar
During world war 1 the central powers consisted of germany the ottoman empire austria hungary and which of these countries-?
During World War 1, the Central Powers consisted of Bulgaria inaddition to these other powers.
There already existed an offensive/defensive alliance betweenAustria-Hungary and Germany since well before WW 1. Germany wasbrought into the war because of this alliance when Austria-Hungarydeclared war on Serbia in retaliation for the murder of crownprince Francis Ferdinand. It should be noted that… Germany wasn't exactly 'dragged' into thewar by the Austrians. Germany had been prodding the Austrians allalong to start the war and they were only too happy to join in. (MORE)