In the Middle Ages witchcraft was feared thoughtout Europe, people thought that magic was an illusion created by the devil and was associated with worship of the devil. Some say that their are different types of magic, Black magic and White magic. Black magic was more associated with the devil and had santanic symbols. People thought that witches could cause harm to society by causing accidents, bad luck, illnesses and death. Witches got the blame so if someone fell ill for some unknown cause then witches got the blame for it. White magic had Christian symbolism that had more to do with nature and herbs, White magic was believed to be used in spells such as love, health,goodluck & wealth. Astrology and alcherly which is about potions such as turning metal into Gold and searching for a cure for a deadly illness are considered to be Abe apart of magic.
In the Middle Ages, there were some people who believed in witchcraft, which is not any different than today. What was different was that in the Middle Ages, there were laws about it. Early on, there were all sorts of laws, some of which outlawed witchcraft. Other, very important laws, such as the legal code of the Carolingian Empire, made it illegal to believe in witchcraft because it was a superstition. The the logical conclusion was that executing a witch was murder based on superstition and a capital crime.
As the Middle Ages progressed, ignorant people called on the Church to do something about witchcraft. In time, the Church responded with bulls against the practice. In the late 13th century, when the Renaissance was just starting to begin, and after about 800 years of the Middle Ages were over, there began inquisitions on the subject, with some very uneven application of laws. Some people were prosecuted, but there was no clear understanding of what should be done with them. Some were admonished not to be bad and released. Others said confessions and were told to repent. A few were punished, and a very few punished with death.
After the Middle Ages were all over and gone, people recorded histories about how unenlightened medieval people were, and calling their own period the Renaissance, a rebirth of the high culture of ancient Rome. It was during this age that the Church had professional witch haters write books on how to discover witches. These books were produced on the newly invented printing presses, and used by enthusiastic persecutors of ignorant people. Thousands of people were tortured and executed. Among the most important culprits was King James I of England, who wrote books on the subject and instituted actions against witchcraft, 150 years after the Middle Ages had ended.
Later, historians believed that the Renaissance people were more rational than people of the Middle Ages, possibly because they believed what Renaissance people said about their own greatness. Personally, I think a lot of it was because the Renaissance had linear perspective which meant paintings were much more realistic than medieval art, and this vision was thought applicable to the rest of comparisons of the two times. However it happened, the Middle Ages came to be defined in most people's minds as a time of ignorance, and the Renaissance as a time of rational thinking, so irrational acts were regarded as medieval, regardless of when they were committed, and science was always ascribed to the Renaissance without thought to when it developed.
There is a link below to an article on witch hunts.
Witchcraft was not a common activity for women in the late Middle Ages.
In the Middle Ages (19th Century)Also now.
There were very few people punished for witchcraft during the Middle Ages. I have not read of any in medieval England, though there certainly might have been a few. There were Anglo Saxon laws against witchcraft. On the other hand, the laws of the Carolingian Empire forbade belief in witchcraft as a superstition, and regarded executing a person for witchcraft as murder and punishable by death. The witch hunts we read about were nearly all things that happened after the Middle Ages ended.
The Christian Church did not teach other religions in the Middle Ages. It banned them and persecuted their followers. Even to be suspected of something like witchcraft meant death by drowning or burning at the stake.
There is very little known about the true practices of Witchcraft and Paganism in the middle ages due to that the only historical documentation of the practices were transcribed by Christian clergy whose documenting would have been biased to further their assertions of Witchcraft being evil.
girlhood in the middle ages was AWFUL
The legal codes of the Carolingian Empire, which was the largest nation of Western Europe during the Middle Ages, and was ancestral to both the Holy Roman Empire and the Kingdom of France, defined witchcraft was an unacceptable superstition, and outlawed the belief in witchcraft. These laws concluded that since witchcraft was a superstition, execution of a witch was murder based on superstition and a capital crime. There were other medieval legal codes that outlawed witchcraft, but they did not attempt to define it. The great witch hunts, which so many people associate with medieval superstitions, did not happen during the Middle Ages, but began during the Renaissance, which was not all its writers liked to think it was. There is a link below.
We really do not know much about medieval witches. There were a few people accused of witchcraft in the Middle Ages, but only a very few, and they were accused by ignorant people in a few localities where witch folklore was widespread. There were laws about witches in the Middle Ages. Those that made the practice of witchcraft illegal were not sufficiently specific about what witches did to give use much information. The most important laws, however, were probably those of the Carolingian Empire, which declared that witchcraft did not exist and that punishing a person accused as a witch was itself a crime. The witch hunts we read about did not happen until after the Middle Ages ended. They were a product of the Renaissance. There is a link below to an article on witch hunts.
in the middle ages woman were like a type of cloth and foot wear they were like pointy shoes not like the men were
The relationships in the middle ages were hard. They had to work on the farms and cook for themselves.
Allegations of witchcraft were real enough in the middle ages. In Henry VI Parts 1 and 2 two different women are accused of witchcraft, including Joan of Arc, who was indeed accused of witchcraft and burned at the stake. Shakespeare was only reflecting the truths of history.
The middle ages is called the middle ages because its in the middle of two different time periods, or periods of time, in which things were a certain way for a that period of time.
There was an enormous amount of variation in how witches were punished during the Middle Ages. In some cases, witchcraft was punished by death, but the manner of death was not specified. In some cases, witches were told to stop practicing witchcraft, or they would get into trouble. In one such case I know of, the witch was later accused, prosecuted, found guilty, and hanged. Some legal systems regarded the belief in witchcraft was an unacceptable superstition. Under such systems, there was no punishment for practicing witchcraft, but there was a punishment for punishing witches. Charlemagne's legal code made burning a witch at the stake a capital offense. I would point out that very few witches were punished during the Middle Ages. Witch hunts began after the Middle Ages ended. I have seen an estimate that the average number of people executed for witchcraft per year in medieval Europe was one. That being the case, most people of the time were very likely unaware of executions for witchcraft.
Mike Mignola would know for sure. But it could have something to do with the superstition in the middle ages that associated cats with witchcraft. They were thought to be "agents of the devil" that helped the witches with spell-casting and such.
In many places, such as the Carolingian Empire, they left people thought to be witches alone because there were laws against believing in witches. There were also laws making burning witches a capital crime. In some other places, there were laws against witchcraft, and the laws varied on this. There was an increase in the numbers of people prosecuted for witchcraft in the Late Middle Ages, but the bad witch hunts came later, after the Middle Ages ended. Please see the link below.
Science was stifled by the church. The church saw scientific discoveries as a threat and/or as witchcraft.
Henry C. Lea has written: 'Materials Toward a History of Witchcraft Part 3' 'The Moriscos of Spain' 'A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages Part One' 'A History of the Inquisition of the Middle Ages Part Two'
What they did with witches depended on local law. Some countries had local laws against witchcraft, which were often designed to allow the witches to change their ways and be good Christians. For much of the Middle Ages, and in important countries, such as the Carolingian Empire, belief in witchcraft was illegal because it was an unacceptable superstition, and burning a witch was considered murder. Witch hunts were mostly a thing of the Renaissance and later, which were arguably more superstitious than the Middle Ages. There is a link below to the medieval section of an article on witch hunts.