History of Europe
Eastern Orthodoxy

When and how did the Great Schism begin?

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2016-07-11 16:39:14

The "Eastern Schism" (as it is known in the Roman Catholic

Church) or "Great Schism" (as it is known in the Orthodox Church)

can be dated to 1054, when Cardinal Humbert and two papal legates

delivered a bull of excommunication against Patriarch Caerularius

of Constantinople (as well as Leo of Achrida and their adherents);

other sources give the date of the schism as 1056. However, things

are not really that simple. There were fractures before 1054

between Eastern and Western Christianity, and there were temporary

reconciliations afterwards. For a more thorough coverage of the

schism, from both the Orthodox and Roman Catholic viewpoints, see

the first two links below. There was also a Western Schism

(referenced in the previous answers listed here) which lasted from

1378 to 1417, but this was a division within the Roman Catholic

Church and had nothing to do with Eastern Orthodoxy. See the other

link below for more information on this event. Answer The Western

Schism or Great Schism lasted from A.D. 1378 until A.D.1417 and

began when the Roman mobs forced the College of Cardinals to elect

an Italian as a pope. The cardinals declared the election invalid

saying that they had voted under a lot of pressure. Later they

elected a second Italian pope who refused to resign and the church

faced the problem of being led by two popes. This problem became

known as the Great Schism.

Answer This happened soon after the Great Schism of 1054 AD. The

year 1054 AD is generally regarded as the final date of the split

in the Universal Church, which began in the year 800 AD when

Charlemange set himself up as a rival king to the Eastern Roman

Emperor in Constantinople. The year 800 marks the beginning of the

separation between the Latin West and the Orthodox East, which

concluded in 1054 with the mutual excommunications by Cardinal

Humbertus and Patriarch Michael I of Constantinople in the Church

of Hagia Sophia. From 1054 onwards, the Western Christians became

known as Roman Catholics and the Eastern Christians became known as

the Orthodox Church. first of all, it is when did the great schism

begin and i dont know

Answer2: As time passed, efforts were made to translate the

Bible into the languages that people commonly spoke. Few could read

the Bible in the Hebrew or Greek in which it was written. Almost

300 years before Jesus lived on earth, work began on translating

the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek. That translation is known as the

Greek Septuagint. Some 700 years later, Jerome produced a famous

translation known as the Vulgate. This was a rendering of the

Hebrew and Greek Scriptures into Latin, which was the common tongue

of the Roman Empire of that time.

Later, Latin began to fade as a common language. Only the

well-educated maintained familiarity with Latin, and the Catholic

Church resisted efforts to translate the Bible into other

languages. Religious leaders argued that Hebrew, Greek, and Latin

were the only suitable Bible languages.

In the ninth century C.E., Methodius and Cyril, Thessalonian

missionaries acting on behalf of the Eastern Church in Byzantium,

promoted the use of Slavic as a church language. Their goal was to

enable the Slavic peoples of Eastern Europe, who understood neither

Greek nor Latin, to learn about God in their own language.

These missionaries, however, met with fierce opposition from

German priests, who sought to impose Latin as a defense against the

expanding influence of Byzantine Christianity. Clearly, politics

were more important to them than people's religious education.

Increasing tensions between the Western and Eastern branches of

Christendom led to the division between Roman Catholicism and

Eastern Orthodoxy in 1054.

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