Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

Baking soda (or sodium bicarbonate, or sodium hydrogen carbonate) is a chemical compound, its formula is NaHCO3. It is a white crystalline that appears to look like a fine powder. In baking, baking soda reacts with acids such as buttermilk or yogurt to produce carbon dioxide, forcing dough to rise. Other uses for baking soda include teeth whitening, body exfoliants, treating insect bites and cleaning tough stains. It is also used in some fire extinguishers as the carbon dioxide given off helps to suffocate fires.

Asked in Science, Ingredient Substitutions, Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

What is an alternative to bicarbonate soda?

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Depends on what reciepe you are using and what the purpose is: I often use yeast but in some recipes depending on the fluffiness of the cake I will sometimes use baking soda. A friend of mine uses "fizzy water" (carbonated water) as an alternative. Yeast is only used in bread related recipes, whereas bicarb can be used n cakes ~ Baking Soda in a recipe is to help with 'spreadability of the cookie or cake. You don't use it in pancakes so you want the batter to 'stay put'. In a cookie, you want it to spread out a bit, in the cake, you want it to fill in the space of the pan. Baking Soda and Baking Powder CAN be used for each other in a subbing situation. They are both considered leavening agents. In choosing to substitute one for the other you have to know the ratio AND the fact the flavor WILL be DIFFERENT. 1 TSP of Baking Soda needs 3 TSP of Baking Powder. OMIT all SALT. Reverse it to use soda instead of baking powder. You can also use 2 tsp soda and 1 tsp cream of tarter to create BAKING POWDER. Again, omit the salt from the recipe. AGAIN, any substitutions of ingredients, expect flavor change to happen.
Asked in Vinegar, Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

How do you explain the chemical reaction of baking soda and vinegar to kids?

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Baking soda and vinegar are both made of many small little pieces. When you mix these two, the pieces dance and become one, something new, that is different than either baking soda or vinegar. The new thing is a gas, like the air around us. This gas is trapped in the bubbles.
Asked in Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

What kind of bond holds baking soda together?

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Baking soda is sodium hydrogen carbonate (sometimes called sodium bicarbonate) Na HCO3. This is an ionic compound consisting of a sodium cationion and a hydrogen carbonate anion. Its a white crystalline powder. It works in baking because it decomposes above 700 C into carbon dioxide, water and sodium carbonate. 2 NaHCO3 → Na2CO3 + H2O + CO2
Asked in Care of Rabbits, Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

Can you put baking soda in a rabbits litterbox to not make it smell?

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No, baking soda is not safe for rabbits! Baking soda can lead to serious illness (e.g. respiratory problems and gastric problems -- see the related link below). Also, baking soda just isn't a good way to reduce bad rabbit smells: (1) It might mask the smell a bit, but it won't remove the ammonia -- and ammonia is toxic: it can lead to respiratory problems. (2) It won't work as well as white vinegar. Scoop the litter box every day or two, and clean it with vinegar once every month or two. Vinegar works best for cleaning up dried urine, and it also kills bacteria and eliminates the smell of rabbit urine and hormones. If there's a lot of dried urine build-up, soak the litter box in vinegar for a few hours and then wash it in hot water. Spaying/neutering also usually leads to limiting smells in your rabbit, and some litter materials (like aspen wood chips) work better at limiting smells than others (like newspaper). Rabbits don't smell as bad as cats, so just change the litter more often and the litter won't smell anymore.
Asked in Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate), Banana Bread

Can I use cornstarch instead of baking soda or powder in banana bread?

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No, cornstarch has nothing in it to cause the bread to rise. It is for thickening and that's all.
Asked in Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

What if you forgot the baking soda in the recipe?

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In baking, baking soda acts as a 'leavening agent', meaning that it's what makes your baked goods light and fluffy. Leaving out the baking soda is like leaving out the yeast in bread--you're going to end up with a flat, not very airy, probably pretty crunchy final product.
Asked in Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

What is the difference between different brands of baking soda?

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Brands like Arm & Hammer (and other similar brands) use a chemical process that turns trona ore into soda ash and then combines carbon dioxide with the soda ash to produce baking soda. This is not necessarily bad, per se, but it's not the same as Brands like Bob's Red Mill and Frontier. They procure sodium bicarbonate directly from the ground, in its natural state. There are no chemical reactions, nothing added or fiddled with. It's just pure sodium bicarbonate, the way the earth made it.
Asked in Hair Loss and Treatment, Hair, Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

Does baking soda make your hair grow faster?

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No, Noting can but there ARE ways to prevent hair from falling out. ( On average you will lose 70 hairs a day but you should grow more ) . . .(ASHLEYHD) No a baking soda cnt help you to grow your hair faster. you must get byour hair trimmed in 6-8 weeks,avoid heat and colour to the hair as this damages the hair and makes it look and feel unhealthy and try not to wash it very often - the natural oils help repair the hair, i go about 3/4 days between washes also a healthy diet and lots of water would be helpful..
Asked in Cooking Techniques, Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

Can you bake with Arm and Hammer?

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ya, arm and hammer is a BAKING soda Yes they are food ingredients too.
Asked in Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

Explain how baking soda is basic?

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Baking soda is sodium bicarbonate. In small amounts the bicarbonate ion (HCO3-) reacts with water to produce hydroxide ions. HCO3- + H2O --> H2CO3 + OH-
Asked in Vinegar, Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

What happens when baking soda and vinegar are combined?

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When Baking soda and vinegar are combined, it makes a fizzing reaction when the Acetic acid in the vinegar reacts with Sodium Bicarbonate (the chemical name for baking soda). The result is some water, Sodium Acetate and Carbon Dioxide gas (the bubbles). What actually happens is this: the acetic acid (that's what makes vinegar sour) reacts with sodium bicarbonate (a compound that's in baking soda) to form carbonic acid. It's really a double replacement reaction. Carbonic acid is unstable, and it immediately falls apart into carbon dioxide and water (it's a decomposition reaction). The bubbles you see from the reaction come from the carbon dioxide escaping the solution that is left. Carbon dioxide is heavier than air, so, it flows almost like water when it overflows the container. It is a gas that you exhale (though in small amounts), because it is a product of the reactions that keep your body going. What's left is a dilute solution of sodium acetate in water. Chemical reactions: Acetic Acid: CH3COOH -> CH3COO- + H+ Sodium Bicarbonate: NaHCO3 -> Na+ + HCO3 - H++ HCO3- -> H2CO3 Carbonic Acid H2CO3 -> H2O + CO2 It will "explode" in a way that most kids with those materials to hand could tell you about.
Asked in Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

Can baking soda be used to tenderize steak?

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NO! U only use baking soda for only baking things. i would use salt and pepper for the steaks. Actually, the above answer is completely wrong. Sodium bicarbonate, also known by its common name of baking soda, is a weak alkali. By itself it does nothing, but when it is mixed with water it is mildly caustic and it will react to any acid. Since meat is made up of amino acids it will react to baking soda. As a result it will tenderize the meat.
Asked in Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

Chemical reaction of baking soda and ammonia?

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It gets thick and crumbles up like cookie crumbs.
Asked in Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

Why is baking soda considered a base?

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It reduces the acidity of any acidic solution - which is part of the definition of a base.
Asked in Cats (Felines), Pest Control, Fleas, Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

Can baking soda kill fleas on cats?

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No, you need to get the pet to a vet to get a "flea bath" to kill the larvae and adult fleas
Asked in Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate), Baking Powder

Can you bake cookies without baking soda or baking powder?

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Of course! There are many recipes that don't contain raising agents, it just depends what type of cookies you are making. Shortbread has no raising agents, and neiter do sugar cookies and the kind that you cut shapes out of and ice with frosting. You probably could but they would be really flat because baking powder and baking soda makes them rise.
Asked in Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

Why does baking soda make water turn blue?

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I cannot see how. Sodium salts are normally colorless when dissolved in pure water; baking soda is basically NaHCO3, a sodium compound. Blue is normally a color from dissolving copper salts, like CuSO4. Contamination with copper ions?
Asked in Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

How would baking soda react to water?

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Not much to say. Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) dissolves in water, turning it basic. Any other kind of reaction will only occur if the baking soda (solid or dissolved) contacts an acid.
Asked in Volcanoes, Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate)

Who made the first baking soda volcano?

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Mark Wayne Lee Jr. invented the baking soda/vinegar volcano in 1978. As a 10-year old, he built the first volcano out of wire mesh and paper mache. He brought this model to Meadows Elementary School in Valencia, California and demonstrated the volcanic eruptions in front of several classes. He went on to obtain a Ph.D. in chemistry from UCLA and is now a Professor of Radiology and Chemistry at the University of Missouri.
Asked in Baking Soda (sodium bicarbonate), Baking Powder

Does baking powder or baking soda make things thicker?

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If your talking about food i would use flour to make things thicker not baking powder and definitely not baking soda...you use that to make CRACK...