Cuban Missile Crisis

In October 1962, the world teetered on the brink of nuclear war as the two Super Powers stared each other down over the placement of nuclear missiles in Cuba by the Soviets.

2,490 Questions
War and Military History
Cuban Missile Crisis

How was nuclear war averted during the Cuban missile crisis?

During that time, tension rise to the top. Kennedy ordered low-level reconnaissance missions once every two hours but tensions finally began to ease on October 28 when Khrushchev announced that he would dismantle the installations and return the missiles to the Soviet Union, expressing his trust that the United States would not invade Cuba. Further negotiations were held to implement the October 28 agreement, including a United States demand that Soviet light bombers be removed from Cuba, and specifying the exact form and conditions of United States assurances not to invade Cuba.

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Cuban Missile Crisis

Who was involved in the Cuban Missile Crisis?

Kennedy, EXCOMM, and the CIA were involved on the side of Democracy, and the USSR and Cuba were involved on the side of communism.

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Cold War
Hungary
Cuban Missile Crisis
Soviet Union (USSR)

Did the Hungary uprising against the soviet domination fail?

Yes

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Cuban Missile Crisis
Missiles

Why was the US so concerned that the Soviets were placing missiles in Cuba?

So Cuba can shoot them at us because Russia was to far away.

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Cuban Missile Crisis

How did Cuba's location and political system contribute to the Cuban Missile Crisis?

Cuba is within firing range of the US. The communist dicatator is friendly to Russia's commnist dictator. The Russians used CUba to get back at the US for planting Warheads in Turkey.

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Cuban Missile Crisis

What was the Cuban Missile Crisis?

Cuban Missile CrisisBasically, through photographic evidence convened through U-2 flights over Cuba, the US discovered that the Soviet Union was deploying nuclear missiles in Cuba. The crisis began on October 14th, 1962, and lasted for 38 days. It is regarded as the time when the Cold War came the closest to an actual nuclear confrontation between the US and the Soviet Union; it could have developed into WWIII.

With the news of this confirmed evidence, President Kennedy called together a special group of senior advisers to meet secretly at the White House to help him come to a strategy as to avoid nuclear destruction of the United States. At this point in time, at the Cuban missile base, the Soviets were capable of hitting any city in the United States sans the far reaches of Washington state. This group created by Kennedy came to be known as the ExComm, or Executive Committee of the National Security Council. These officials discussed the various options, such as an immediate bombing strike or an appeal to the United Nations, both of which were dismissed early on. The real options for ExComm were only military- either a naval blockade and an ultimatum, or a full-scale invasion. The blockade was eventually chosen, even though a few of the officials of ExComm, notably Paul Nitze and Generals Curtis LeMay and Maxwell Tayler, pushed for more aggressive actions.

In the end, it came down to the wire. Soviet ships threatened to break the blockade and, at the last moment, turned back. The Soviets removed the missiles- under the condition that the US removed their own missiles from Turkey. President Kennedy ordered an end to the quarantine of Cuba on November 20th.

More information from WikiAnswers' contributors:

  • Cuba was afraid that, after the bay of pigs (in which US-backed rebels attacked Cuba and failed) the US would try to topple the Communist party there. So they went to Khrushchev, an ally, and asked for help, and received some missiles. The Americans, who happened to be spying on Cuba at the time, discovered the missiles and raised a fuss, blockading the island. Khrushchev responded by telling his commanders that they could launch the missiles at the US if the Americans made any aggressive move. The world was sitting on the brink of nuclear war. Khrushchev realized this and, knowing that nuclear war would probably kill all human life, gave the order to remove the missiles.
  • The Cuban Missile Crisis occurred in October 1962. When the Soviet Union secretly put nuclear missiles on the island of Cuba, it nearly started a nuclear war between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. The missiles were discovered by routine spy-plane surveillance. The missiles were still in the process of being made launch-ready. However, President Kennedy had very little time to make a decision regarding what to do about it. His military advisers all but demanded a full-scale air strike, followed by an invasion of the island. Instead, President Kennedy order the U.S. Navy to "quarantine" the island by not allowing any Soviet ships to travel to Cuba. This, combined with diplomacy, forced Soviet Premier Khrushchev's hand, and the missiles were withdrawn.
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Japan in WW2
China in WW2
Graduate Degrees
Cuban Missile Crisis

Why did America interested to invade C uba?

The Americans invaded cuba because they though that's where the biggest collection of nuclear weapons were being stored by russia during the cold war.

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Cuban Missile Crisis

What happened during the Cuban Missile Crisis?

In the Cuban Missile Crisis, the soviets had nuclear base on the island of Cuba, and was in the process of supplying it with more arms.

The USA surrounded the island with ships, and said to the USSR leader, if you cross our ships you will be shot.

so at first, the USSR responded to all ships to carry on course and it looked as if war was going to kick off, however about 500 yards away, at the last minute, all ships were told to halt, and the USSR tried to negotiate, however the USA simply ignored the 2nd negotiation, and pretended that it did not arrive, therefore they politically won this face off.

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Cuban Missile Crisis

Impact of Cuban missile crisis?

The world had been at 'the brink of war' and both super powers (US and the Soviet Union) knew they had to improve relations and so Détente started. Détente is a French word meaning the easing of tension. During this period of time. the US and the Soviet Union attempted to improve relations to stop a anything like the Cuban Missiles Crisis happening again. They achieved this by setting up a telephone line between the White House in Washington DC and the Kremlin in Moscow. Also they began many negotiations and signed treaties such as the Non-Proliferation Treaty which banned countries from sharing nuclear know-how, The Strategic Arms Limitations Treaty (SALT) which cut the number of missiles the two super powers possessed and produced, and the Helsinki Agreement which forced the Soviet Union to provide some human rights for it people and 'satellite countries'. Détente came to an abrupt end in 1979 when the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan.

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Cuban Missile Crisis

How did the Cuban missile crisis end?

It was in this Quarantine zone that the Essex Carrier Group was patrolling to prevent ships carrying Soviet missiles from reaching Cuba and also to prevent Soviet Submarines from passing by either.

we might have seen the beginnings of World War 3 there, as the Soviet Submarines which patrolled that area were loaded with nuclear-tipped torpedoes and the missiles which were located on Cuba were also short to medium range nuclear missiles. But even so, after a ridiculous amount of correspondence between the two superpowers, Nikita Khrushchev agreed to remove his missiles from Cuba as long as JF Kennedy agreed to not invade Cuba. Agreeing to these terms Kennedy swore by everything holy not to invade, and Khrushchev did remove his missiles. The crisis was over.

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Cuba
John F. Kennedy
Cuban Missile Crisis

Why did Kennedy blockade Cuba?

Two were established, an economic boycott in February of 1962 and the Missile Crisis to prevent the introduction of Soviet weapons in October of the same year.

While it is not completely perfect, I suggest seeing the Costner film (based on books about and tapes of the administration) titled Thirteen Days. It is the quickest way to get a good idea of the tension and the situation.

The blockade (quarantine) during the missile crisis was because Cuba was (viewed as) a pawn of the USSR and they placed rocket-powered nuclear warheads on Cuban soil aimed at the USA. The blockade was a compromise measure by the Kennedy administration between invading Cuba and thus setting off a likely nuclear exchange with the USSR due to treaties and (being seen to be) doing nothing and being an appeaser to the USSR. Bobby Kennedy worked very hard to handle the politics in the USA and to get buy-in from the cabinet and other stakeholders in the government to avoid military action. The Blockade prevented further buildup of offensive arms aimed at the USA in the western hemisphere and gave the USA and USSR time to negotiate and it gave the USSR time to dismantle the in-place missiles and to save face. Essentially it was a strategic response to an aggressive move by the USSR in the cold war.

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History of the United States
Cuba
Cuban Missile Crisis

What was the Bay of Pigs invasion?

The Bay of Pigs was the invasion of Cuba in April, 1961 by anti-Castro forces trained in the US. The purpose of the invasion was to overthrow Castro. It was a total failure because it was meant to be a surprise attack but Cuba became aware of it and Cuban forces were there waiting when the forces landed.

The CIA had helped plan the invasion but the inclusion of US air power was called off while the plan was underway, resulting in the defeat of the invading forces. Some critics blamed President Kennedy for its failure, as it was planned during the Eisenhower presidency with an eye to avoiding direct US military involvement. This would later occur anyway during the Cuban Missile crisis of October, 1962.
The bay of pigs was an unsuccessful invasion on Cuba by Cuban exiles, which was supported by the US government.

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Cuban Missile Crisis

Can you define the Cuban Missile Crisis?

The Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 was the closest the USA and Soviet Union ever came to nuclear war. A US spy plane took photographs of Russian missiles in Cuba. Cuba is 90 miles off the coast of Florida. President Kennedy told Nikita Krushchev, the Russian Prime Minister to remove the missiles. Krushchev refused to do so. Kennedy ordered a naval blockade of Cuba - nothing in or out. In response, The Soviet Navy headed towards Cuba to take on the US Navy. Kennedy left the blockade in place,. Krushchev backed down and had the Soviet ships return to the Soviet Union. Dean Rusk, the American Secretary of State stated"We are eyeball to eyeball with the enemy and he just blinked." The way Kennedy handled this crisis led historians to believe it was Kennedy's finest hour. The Soviets removed the missiles from Cuba and as a show of good faith, Kennedy had American missiles removed from Turkey.

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Philosophy and Philosophers
Cuban Missile Crisis
Past Tenses
Adverbs

What is an existensial crisis?

This is a crisis relating to, or dealing with existence.

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Cuban Missile Crisis

Who was the President of US during Cuban Missile Crisis?

John F. Kennedy was the President in October, 1962 when the Russian ships carrying missiles turned by upon meeting the US blockage of Cuba.

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Cuban Missile Crisis

What country was responsible for the Cuban missile crisis?

The answer might be found in the resolution of the crisis. During secret talks between Robert Kennedy and the Russian ambassador, an agreement was reached whereby the United States would remove it's Turkish based missiles pointed at Russia and the Russians would stop trying to put missiles in Cuba. Part of the agreement, however, was that the above actions would not be linked publicly and the United States would not be made to look like the instigator.

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Cuban Missile Crisis
Missiles
Soviet Union (USSR)

How did the US react to Soviet missiles in Cuba?

Kennedy responded to Soviet missiles in Cuba by a naval quarantine of Cuba to prevent the shipment of new missiles coupled with nuclear threat. When soviet ships carrying missiles were near to Cuba, the were stopped by American ships and ordered to turn back. No one in the US knew what the Soviets might do, but they turned back peacefully.

There have already been tensions between Cuba and the US ever since Castro came to power in the late 1950s. Cuba became communist and began negotiations with the Soviet Union (The US's enemy during the Cold War). The Soviet Union wanted to counter the US missiles in Turkey by sending intermediate ranged missiles into Cuba. This action caused panic within America and President Kennedy was forced to promise that he would no longer attempt to overthrow Castro or the Cuba government and he would take his missiles out of Turkey if the Soviet Union took their missiles out of the Cuba.
He ordered a Quarantine on cuba and stopped the soviet ships from bringing any missiles to cuba. This was due to concerns that the soviets can attack the west.

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Cold War
Cuban Missile Crisis

How well did Kennedy handle the Bay of Pigs invasion?

Very poorly as the mission was a complete failure that would enrage the Fidel Castro and led to the Cuban Missile Crisis.

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Cuban Missile Crisis

What were some causes of the Cuban missile crisis?

One of the causes of the Cuban Missile Crisis was that the USSR was afraid that they have might have gotten hit by a missile first so they secretly hid a missile in Cuba. Another cause would be that and Nikita were afraid to lose Cuba in an invasion from the U.S.A, so they agreed to put missiles on their island because of protection. There were also many tensions with the USSR and the States with the peace program that Russia wanted to start. Then the U.S.A said that they would be tougher on Russia to end the Cold War. The USSR wanted all the power and so did the United States. Only one could have all of the power so the USSR acted first.

the reason the misil crisis started was because they were both scared of eachother!!!

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History of the United States
Cuba
Cuban Missile Crisis

Why did the US feel they needed to invade the Bay of Pigs?

The invasion of the Bay Of Pigs was not an official U. S. government action, although there were elements of the government who were aware of the invasion, and had helped to prepare for it. During the early part of the 20th century, a great deal of money was invested in Cuba by U. S. interests, including Mafia families. Hotels, casinos, resorts, plantations, and other infrastructure was built to make Cuba a tourists paradise. However, the native people of Cuba were not allowed to reap the rewards of this investment, instead being treated nearly as slaves. This created a political environment that was ripe for revolution, and, in 1959, Fidel Castro led a popular revolt that threw out the American installed government led by Fulgencio Batista. Many Cubans with ties to the United States fled their homeland at that time, emigrating en masse to Florida. A group of Cubans who wanted to remove Castro from power approached the U. S. government seeking military intervention in Cuba, but could not find high officials willing to go against what had been a very popular uprising. However, certain members of the military were able to channel arms and other military equipment to a band of Cubans who also received the benefit of training by military personel. This private army went ashore at the Bay Of Pigs, only to encounter much stiffer resistance than they had anticipated. They contacted their friends in the American government, and requested that the American military launch airstrikes against the revolutionaries. This request was the first thing that President John F. Kennedy had heard of the counter-revoltution, and he denied the request. The counter-revolutionaries were soundly defeated, which they blamed entirely upon President Kennedy. There are those who believe that Kennedy's refusal to support the invasion was partially to blame for his assination, but there is no proof of this.

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John F. Kennedy
Cuban Missile Crisis

Did the Sandinistas have control of Cuba during the Cuban Missile Crisis?

No. In November, 1962, Cuba was being ruled by Fidel Castro, who led the the Marxist revolutionary overthrow of Cuba in 1959 with his "26th of July Movement" (MR-26-7). Cuba became a client state of the Soviet Union (Russia), and allowed them to build missile bases on the island. The Missile Crisis resulted from the potential for offensive nuclear missiles to be launched at the US from just 70 miles off its southern border. After a confrontation that nearly sparked a nuclear war, Russia dismantled the bases.

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Cold War
Cuban Missile Crisis
Fidel Castro

What was Fidel Castro's role in the Cold War?

Fidel Castro and the cold warFidel Castro held weapons in Cuba for Russia.
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Atoms and Atomic Structure
Cuban Missile Crisis
Dentists

What is involved in interpreting EMG results?

The interpretation of EMG results is not a simple matter, requiring analysis of the onset, duration, amplitude, and other characteristics of the spike patterns.

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Cuban Missile Crisis
Nuclear Weapons

Did the US launch a orbital nuclear warhead platform in 1968?

no

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Cuban Missile Crisis

What was the significance of the Cuban Missile Crisis?

The Soviet Union was testing President Kennedy by having nuclear weapons only 90 miles from Florida. Kennedy reacted by placing a blockade around Cuba and forcing the Soviets to remove their bombs.

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