Emergency Medicine

Emergency Medicine is a branch of medicine that deals with patients in need of immediate medical attention. Those who study emergency medicine often work in the emergency room (ER) of a hospital.

514 Questions
Medical Supplies
Senior Citizens
Emergency Medicine

How much does Life Alert cost?

There is no singular price for Life Alert.

There are different packages available, depending upon the specific needs of the member.

The "classic" package includes only the Life Alert button and the Master Unit (the 2-way speaker). The monthly monitoring fee is $29.95.

Life Alert has additional protection packages to suit one's needs regardless of living situation. These packages may include a monitored smoke detector, a monitored carbon monoxide detector and two types of emergency cell phones, which provide mobile protection on the go. The monthly monitoring fees for these packages range between $29.95-$59.95. It is recommended to call Life Alert for a quote.

There is a one time set-up and programming fee of under $99. This includes:

  • Professional installation and testing (to make sure there is no chance of error)
  • Programming of all medical and emergency contact information
  • Lifetime maintenance for all equipment (free equipment and battery replacement includedd

(For more information, please see the Related links.)

First Aid
Medical Definitions and Word Differences
Emergency Medicine

What does AVPU stand for in first aid?

The acronym AVPU is used to determine the alertness and level of consciousness of a patient. It is commonly taught in first aid courses and used by triage personnel, first aiders and emergency medical technicians.

Alert - is alert and responsive; eyes open spontaneously when approached.

Voice - responds to voice.

Pain - responds to a painful stimuli.

Unresponsive - does not respond to a painful stimuli.

AVPU is pivotal to medical staff as it outlines the mental capacity of the patient in light of their accident. Once the level of AVPU is established, the medical personnel can work through the priority action and treatment plan.

Usually, medical or first aid personnel will circle the relevant letter. For example, if the patient responds to voice, the V on the AVPU is circled or highlighted.

Emergency Medicine

What is the ratio for 2 man CPR?

As of the 2010 ECC updates:

  • For ADULT CPR, the ratio is the same (30:2) for 1-person and 2-person CPR, but you should incorporate switching at least every 2 minutes/5 cycles
  • For CHILD/INFANT CPR, the ratio CHANGES from 30:2 (1-person) to 15:2 (2-person), along with the compressor adopting a modified hand position in infant CPR. Switching should also be utilized.
First Aid
Emergency Medicine

What is the basic life support test like?

Poisons and Toxins
Emergency Medicine

How much rubbing alcohol is deadly and what do you do for ingestion?

EMT and Paramedics
Emergency Medicine

Why do ambulances have sirens?

They have a siren so that they can alert motorists to the fact that they have to get past traffic to get to their destination as fast as possible. Motorists are suppose to pull to the side of the road to get out of the way for them.

Job Training and Career Qualifications
Emergency Medicine

What special skills and talents are needed to be an emergency medicine doctor?

Once you have obtained a degree in medicine, you may wish to specialise in emergency medicine.

The most important skill thereafter is the ability to work in urgent and stressful scenes where time is of the essence. You must be able to adapt quickly to fast paced scenarios when treating patients who required emergency medical care. Multitasking and making quick and appropriate medical decisions is an important skill.

Another important skill to have is the ability to work in a team. Teamwork is important when working in emergency medicine as you cannot always treat a patient by yourself. You may require the help of nurses and a surgeon.

Emergency Medicine

Model question for haad for nurses?


First Aid
Emergency Medicine

What do you do if a pencil pierces your skin?

The treatment for a pierce caused by a pencil depends on whether the object is still impaled or if it has been removed.

The most important action in any first aid or medical emergency is to ensure that the patient does not have any immediate life threatening conditions and that their vital signs (airway, breathing and circulation/pulse) are sound. Thereafter, any severe bleeding must be controlled through direct or indirect pressure and by elevation.

If the pencil is still impaled, do not attempt to remove it yourself. Go to the Emergency Department where the surgeon or doctor will remove it appropriately without causing more damage on the way out. Pad around the pencil with sterile gauze dressings and bind it on with a crepe bandage.

If the pencil was just a pierce, wash the area thoroughly with saline wound irrigation solution and control any bleeding. Refer the patient to a medical practitioner for evaluation if they have not received a tetanus immunisation injection. The danger of pencil piercings is the risk of lead poisoning. However, nowadays, pencils are made from graphite posing a mild risk of infection.

The risk of infection with a pencil pierce is fairly high. Ensure it is washed thoroughly with an antiseptic solution and seek medical aid if the condition worsens or you are in doubt.

Emergency Medicine

Does an epi pen hurt?

when you get an epi pen you jab it through your leg and it hurts so much as hell but it goes away hold it there for ten seconds but the doctor will show you how and then when you done go the hospital really quickly

Emergency Medicine

What is epi pen short for?

Epinephrine Pen

Emergency Medicine

How long do you leave a tourniquet when drawing blood?

no longer than a minute and a half to two minutes once you get the needle into the vein you should tell the person to relax the fist first then remove the tourniquet if left on too long you can obliterate the blood supply and cause tissue damage

Vital Signs
Immune System
Emergency Medicine

What is the first stage of the wound healing process?

Hemostasis or inflammatory, some don't consider hemistasis a phase.

Emergency Medicine

What is alteplase?

Alteplase is the trade name for recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-tPA), a medication given to certain patients with ischemic stroke, pulmonary embolus, or myocardial infarction.

Emergency Medicine

What is the past tense of tourniquet?

It doesn't have a past tense as it's a noun.

Emergency Medicine

How does a tourniquet affect blood test?

Venous blood sampling is usually performed using a tourniquet to help locate and define peripheral veins to achieve successful and safe venipuncture. Despite widespread usage of tourniquets for venipuncture by medical and laboratory staff, very few are aware of the effects of tourniquet application on laboratory parameters. In addition, definitive guidelines regarding when and how to use a tourniquet for blood sampling are lacking.

It can cause the blood to pool and negatively affect any results including:

cholesterol levels




to name a few

Also it can be affected by posture i.e. if sitting for 30 minutes before or lying down.

Emergency Medicine

What does intubate mean?

It simply means placing a breathing tube into someone's airway so that they can breathe with assistance. It is an advanced airway done by licensed medical care givers and goes into the trachea.

Most tubes used for intubation of adults are cuffed, meaning they have an inflatable cuff at the end of the tube. In small children and infants, we typically use uncuffed tubes because the airways are small enough to prevent much air leak without a cuff.

There are different methods by which one can intubate. The most common is direct laryngoscopy, by which a lighted laryngoscope is used to directly visualize the glottic opening and pass the tube through the vocal cords. Indirect laryngoscopy is another method of intubation, typically with the assistance of a fiber-optic video device. A common one is called the Glidescope. Using a Glidescope is a fiber-optic camera device that gives you a view on a small screen instead of looking directly at the glottic opening.

Emergency Medicine
Internal Medicine

What does code 4 mean in a hospital setting?

Code 4 means no other assistance is needed.

Emergency Medicine

How do you apply a combat action tourniquet?

Cloth, rod or stick to collapse the bleeding vessel

Emergency Medicine

How long to leave a tourniquet on in severe bleeding?

You should never remove a tourniquet after it has been applied unless you are qualified in advanced medical treatment. That said, tourniquets shouldn't be applied in the first place if the bleeding can be stopped with the application of direct pressure and should only be used on the arms or legs (and below - ie. hands, feet, etc.).

Medication and Drugs
Emergency Medicine

Is it safe to use Adderall if you are taking Naltrexone?

It is always best to seek medical advice before taking a mixture of different medicines. Consult your local pharmacist, doctor or check with a medical advice line.

Salary and Pay Rates
Emergency Medicine

How much money does an emergency medicine resident earn?

In general, ANY residency position in this country, at the moment, begins around $40,000, with a +/- of around 3,000. There are some exceptions, but this is the normal range. In general, this salary goes up around $1,000 to $2,000 dollars per year until the end of fellowship training. Remember, though, that residency is a time of relatively low income, but remember when residency is over there is a HUGE pay raise.

Ask someone at the reference desk of your local public library for the Occupational Outlook Handbook. It lists all kinds of information you would need to know,(including the salary) of just about any occupation you can think of.

Emergency Medicine

Would a patient with bilateral femur fractures be considered critical?

A femur fracture is critical, period. To have two femur fractures doubles their chances of possibly having a severed artery, and bleeding out.

Emergency Medicine

Do you do two minutes of compressions after the pulse returns during CPR?

No. Once signs of life return, you should turn the patient onto the recovery position to maintain a patent airway.

If you feel any sort of resistance while doing chest compressions, it could mean that the patient has recovered. Stop CPR and check for their breathing and pulse.

If there are NO signs of life, carry on with CPR.

If the patient has a pulse AND is breathing adequately, put the patient onto the recovery position.

If the patient has a pulse BUT no breathing, continue mouth to mouth breathing/bag masking only.

Gurgling, gasping or any other signs of abnormal breathing should not be taken as signs of life. In this instance, assume they have no breathing and carry on with the Patient Action Plan.

Emergency Medicine

What does an epi pen do to your body?

Helps you when having an allergic reaction


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