Emergency Preparedness

Questions in this category should focus on planning for the eventuality of fires, natural disasters and other emergencies.

2,474 Questions
Emergency Preparedness
Disability Issues
Product Recalls

Why is water so precious?

Water is precious because it is the main source of human needs. Without water we dehydrate and in the long term it causes death. - you can do many more things with water - you need water to survive - water is not renewable

Emergency Preparedness
Natural Disasters

The role of NCC in disaster response?

The National Coordinating Center (NCC) handles the day-to-day operations and response activities triggered by emergencies and disasters affecting the telecommunications infrastructure up to major disasters where the Federal Response Plan (FRP) is not activated.

NCC functions:

  • Receive damage reports, reports of service outages and estimates of restoration capabilities from affected government and industry entities.
  • Monitor the status of the telecommunications industry and Federal Government response.
  • Maintain contact with FEMA regarding the emergency or crisis.
Hurricanes Typhoons and Cyclones
Emergency Preparedness

What do you do before during and after a cyclone?

Emergency Management Queensland's website offers the following advice for basic action before, during and after a cyclone:


  • Have a list of emergency phone numbers in an easily accessible position
  • Determine which is the strongest, most secure room in your house
  • Pack an Emergency kit which includes items such as first aid, torch and portable radio with spare batteries, gloves, candles, matches, copies of important documents e.g. birth certificates, essential medications, canned foods
  • Have an evacuation plan ready, including evacuation routes, spare fuel, and listen to Community Service Announcements so you are familiar with what is happening
  • Ensure all garden furniture and loose items outside are secured so they cannot become flying torpedoes
  • Plan ahead of time what will happen with your pets, especially if you cannot take them with you in the event of an evacuation
  • Check your roof condition beforehand, and ensure all loose tiles, iron sheeting, etc is secured and repaired
  • Trim overhanging branches to keep them well away from the house
  • Fill buckets and bath with water in case the drinking water supply is compromised
  • Have sufficient cash on hand for emergencies
  • Tape windows in criss-cross fashion using strong packing tape if you do not have shutters


  • Turn off electricity, gas and water, and unplug all appliances
  • Ensure everyone, including pets, are inside
  • Move your family to the strongest room
  • Keep your emergency kit with you at all times
  • Keep listening to the radio for updates
  • If your house begins to break apart, shelter under a really strong table or a mattress
  • During the calm eye, do not venture outdoors. Stay where you are, as the other side of the cyclone is often more intense than before the eye. Wait for the all-clear announced on the radio.

After a cyclone has passed, you are advised to stay indoors or in your shelter, waiting for the signal for "all clear" before venturing out. Naturally, once you are outside, you must be aware of the likelihood of fallen power lines. Only go out if it is necessary, as cleanup crews will be working to ensure the area is safe.

If you wish to download the safety information yourself, click on the link below, and go to "Preparing for Cyclones".

Emergency Preparedness

Can you use AED child pads for an adult victim?


First Aid
Emergency Preparedness

An emergency first aid kit should include?

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question as what you need in your first aid kit depends on what sort of setting you will be carrying it in. A meat-processing plant would need very different things than a bank, for example.

There are a few things I would recommend all kits to have, though:

  • A small, up-to-date, first-aid guide, with pictures
  • Band-aids
  • Tape (medical or duct)
  • Triangular bandage(s)
  • Gauze Pads
  • CPR breathing barrier
  • Disposable, non-latex gloves
  • Antiseptic solution

Again, this is at a minimum. Tailor your kit to your situation.

Science Fiction and Fantasy TV Shows
Hurricanes Typhoons and Cyclones
Emergency Preparedness

What are the best things to do during typhoon?

The best thing to do during typhoon is to ensure that an adequate supply like food, water, first aid kit, and other valuables are prepared. During the typhoon, listen to mobile radio to help you assess the situation. A mobile communication is also important during these times. Luckily some mobile phones are equipped with emergency response system, a built in radio, flashlight for blackouts and a means of communication which can be operated even on blackouts, that is usually a common scenario during typhoons.

Emergency Preparedness

How do you treat refrigerant gas burn?

All refrigerant burns should be treated by a doctor regardless of severity. I have been in the HVAC business as a technician for almost a decade and am now out of the field from injuries and nerve damage from downplaying what I thought and appeared to be a minor injury. Just think about it , depending on the refrigerant it reached temps close to saturation at atmosphere. with most refrigerants this temp. would be in excess of -30*F. Which means the water in your cells and around your nerves probably reached -20*f or lower. SEEK PROFESSIONAL HELP! and always use 2 hands while removing your hoses. One to apply pressure to maintain positive seal until threads are free.

Emergency Preparedness
Natural Disasters

What should you do when a tornado strikes your area?

Go to the basement or the center part of your house on the lowest floor. Stay away from windows. Abandon mobile homes or vehicles for a sturdy building. If you are driving and cannot get to shelter move away from the approaching tornado at right angles, if possible. If there is not enough time to move or find a suitable shelter, leave your car and lie flat in a ditch or depression. Avoid large trees, metal poles and other electrical conductors as lightning can also be a hazard.

Emergency Preparedness

What does AVPU mean in first aid?

AVPU refers to a patient's Level of Consciousness (or LOC)

A - Alert - the patient is alert, able to communicate and responsive

V - Verbal - the patient only responds to you when you speak to them

P - Pain - The patient only responds when you apply a painful stimulus (such as pinching the trapezius muscle)

U - No response at all. The patient is unconscious (or dead)

Emergency Preparedness

In the event of a tornado the most effective social media platform to use to warn citizens would be?

Traditionally, the most effective platform has been a battery-powered weather radio. Recently, however, smart phones have also become effective at relaying information.

Local Laws
State Laws
Extreme Sports
Emergency Preparedness

How far away from a house do you have to be to fire a paintball gun?

Paintball guns do not qualify as firearms, and as such you can fire it as close to the house as your heart desires. To be safe however, be sure to fire AWAY from the house and towards a target that will stop the paintball before it exits your yard. Shooting into someone else's yard WILL be considered as a criminal offence if reported.

Aging and Life Extension
Emergency Preparedness

What do you do when you burn your hand?

If the burn happened within the last minute or two, immerse the hand in cold (but not freezing) water. This is to reduce the temperature of the hand -- it might still be burning. Hold it in the cold water for a few minutes, then dry by patting with a clean cloth. If it's just reddened but the skin isn't hurt, that's a first degree burn -- there's really not a lot you need to do. Treat it delicately, if you want to use a burn cream, especially one with a topical painkiller, go ahead. If you have blisters, this is a second degree burn. If one or two fingertips are blistered, and there's nothing else wrong with you, you can probably handle this at home. If they entire hand is blistered, this is a job for the ER. Somewhere in between, you'll have to make your own decision. You can always call your doctor or ER when in doubt. If you decide to treat this at home, DON'T pop the blisters. Nature will take care of that. Wrap the hand loosely and gently in clean or sterile gauze. This is to protenct the hand. Don't move the hand in such a way that flexes the burned areas. When the blisters pop, get out the sterile gear. Gently dab the wound dry, and trim away any dead skin -- and ONLY dead skin. If you have silvadene (Silver sulfazine), this is a good time to apply it. If not, gently apply betadyne to the raw, new skin, and let it air dry, then sover with a sterile gauze in order to protect and keep it clean. Some folks like antimicrobial creams. They keep the wound moist. I personally don't -- they act as adhesives for micbrobes and dirt. However, this is a matter of opinion, and there are good arguments on both sides. Keep this wound dry. Check it and re-bandage every time it gets wet or every 1-2 days. If you've burned your hand so badly that most of the surface skin is gone, and the wound has a blackened look, or the well-known "fried chicken skin" appearance, that's a 3rd degree burn. Wrap the burn very gently in sterile (if you have em) gauze or clean cloth (if you don't have sterile), and head for the ER. If you're a distance from help, and have very clean or sterile water, you can wrap the 3rd degree burn in damp strips of bandage, then in guaze. Start heading for help ASAP. Treat the victim of third degree burns for shock. Do not apply butter or oil. Except as noted above, do not apply creams. all this stuff will have to be cleaned off at the ER, and that can HURT.

Emergency Preparedness

True or false under a unified command there are multiple incident commanders who work together to establish the incident objectives?

It is true that under a unified command there are multiple incident commanders who work together to establish the incident objectives.

Emergency Preparedness
Fire Prevention and Protection

How does heat move from a fire up to a fire sprinkler?

Since hot air is lighter than cool air, heat, especially the high heat from a fire, moves up to the fire sprinkler heads on the ceiling the ceiling rapidly. When the heat gets too great, heat sensitive bulbs contained in the sprinkler heads burst and release pressurized water from behind the bulbs.

Emergency Preparedness

How does the body cool itself down?

Body temperature regulation, we need to get rid of the haet generated by our internal reactions. when body temperature rises, dermal blood vessels dilate and the sweat glands are stimulated into vigorous secretory activity. Evaporation of sweat from the skin surface dissipates body heat and efficiently cools the body, preventing overheating.

Emergency Preparedness

Is there a tornado season?

Yes. Tornado season typically occurs in the spring.

Emergency Preparedness
Survival Tips

How do you use nokia 5800 flashlight as torch?

e.g. with PhoneTorch app, which is a useful app to to use the LEDs in the phone like a torch (flashlight).

Child Safety
Emergency Preparedness

Should a 4-year-old who is fascinated with fire and has set a house fire that caused damage be psychologically evaluated?

Get in touch with your local fire department and see if they have a juvenile firesetter program or if they can refer you to one. I was a firesetter interviewer as a fire fighter, and found that most of these children lack a stable family environment. they seek attention and act out without really understanding the consequences. many times it is the absence of a father or other situation that causes stress for the child and they feel they have no control in their lives. A sudden move away from friends, for example. Sure fire curiosity is normal, and it was hopefully an accident and not intentional. However, children playing with fire are the cause of over 50 % of the fire deaths in America -so be careful with this one and please have him evaluated.

Job Training and Career Qualifications
Emergency Preparedness
Hazardous Materials Training

An individual assuming the role of deputy incident commander must do what?

Deputy Incident Commanders must be qualified as Incident Commanders and are appointed by the Incident Commander. They must be able to perform all functions of the Incident Commander if the need arises. In addition, they must be able to:

  • perform specific tasks required by the Incident Commander
  • perform the incident command function in the relief capacity
  • represent an assisting agency that shares jurisdiction
Food & Cooking
Emergency Preparedness
Fire Extinguishers

How do you put out a grease pan fire?

To put out a grease pan fire carefully shake baking soda on it. Not baking powder, baking soda. Bicarbonate of soda, the same stuff used to keep refrigerators smelling fresh.

Another suggestion...

If you have a lid that fits onto the frying pan, or whatever the pot or pan is that contains the grease, place the lid as tightly/closely as possible over the top. A grease fire should be suffocated that way. If you don't have a lid, try using another pan a little larger than the one that's on fire.

Never ever pour water onto a grease fire.

If you can't do any of the above, leave the room immediately, alert any other people in the house and call the fire brigade.

Another answer:

One of the most important pieces of kitchen equipment is a good, thick, pure-cotton, large (around 140cm x 70cm - 55in x 30in) bath towel, kept on a rack in a central area.

In the case of a pan fire, a grill (broiler) fire, or similar emergencies the towel can easily be thrown over the fire source at arms' length. It's highly dangerous to attempt placing a lid over a burning pan or other fire source once flames are beginning to rise; apart from time lost in finding an appropriate lid, even if you do find one the fire can flare up in a micro-second and you won't be able to control it, call emergency, or even warn the household, if you've just had your face and hands severely burned because you're standing over a fiery pan trying to put a lid on it.

Remember, firefighters wear protective gear and observe strict safety rules to prevent this kind of thing happening: emergency service personnel are no good to anybody if they injure themselves in the first moments of response. Amateur firefighters facing a domestic fire need to understand why this is so, and avoid placing themselves in danger.

The versatile thick towel shouldn't ever be used to wipe surfaces or greasy utensils; it should be kept clean.

It might seem to some an extravagance to put a good bath towel in the kitchen. It isn't. Once you've had it there for a week you'll wonder how you ever managed without it. I have two on rails fixed to work areas, near the ovens and sink, and near the fridge and stovetop; one of their great uses is they can be quickly flipped up onto the bench to take hot or wet dishes, or to drain washed fruit and vegetables, glassware, and so on. I clip mine to the rails so they stay in place, but a quick tug releases them. They're great for drying hands after washing up, and always to hand in case of a large water spill; you just throw a towel over the liquid so nobody's going to slip before you can mop it up. And we've all had those kitchen moments when we need to quickly move a pan that's hotter than expected and the oven gloves or trivet aren't immediately to hand: this is where the kitchen towel is a great friend.

Emergency Preparedness

What section is responsible for handling claims related to property damage injuries or fatalitites at the incident?

The Finance/Administration Section
Finance/Administration Section

Emergency Preparedness

What is the difference between a tornado watch and warning?

A tornado watch is when general conditions may lead to a tornado forming. A tornado warning is when a tornado has been spotted in the area or indicated by radar.

More Information:

In the United States, both the tornado watch and the warning are issued by the Storm Prediction Center in Norman Oklahoma for every location in the country. They are typically issued for 6-10 hour periods and also usually in advance of the anticipated weather. It is left to local National Weather Service offices to detect severe thunderstorms and tornadoes and issue the appropriate warnings. It should be noted that a tornado warning does not necessarily mean that a tornado has been spotted - in fact, the majority of tornado warnings do not pan out as such. Most of these warnings are issued based on a radar signature, i.e. the meteorologist sees something on the Doppler radar that suggests strong rotation and a potential tornado, however more often than not a tornado will not form. However, a tornado warning should still be treated as if a tornado is imminent simply due to the severity of the situation. The last thing meteorologists want to do is not issue a warning when a tornado is in fact on the ground. If there is good evidence that a tornado could be on the ground, the warning is issued and emergency management personnel proceed as such, as the public should follow.

Some tornado safety links can be found in the related links.

A tornado warning means that a tornado has been spotted by Trained NWS or other Emergency Services Personel , or that Doppler radar indicates a thunderstorm circulation which can spawn a tornado. When a tornado warning is issued for your town or county, take immediate safety precautions. local NWS offices issue tornado warnings.

Cruises and Ocean Liners
Personal Safety and Security
Emergency Preparedness
Survival Tips

What are some poolside survival tips for cruises?

During the day, especially when the vessel is 'at sea', the pool is THE place to hang out. During the summer months and holidays, expect many families to be poolside with their kids running amuck. If this isn't your thang, you may wish to utilize the pool while the ship is in port or at off-peak times such as when the dining rooms are open. Same goes for the jacuzzis. Also, remember that the pool water on ships is held to a much higher public standard than that of any neighborhood pool you've ever used. Because the United States Public Health department requires all pools to use a much higher chemical level, you may find that colored hair and swimsuits may turn a different shade even with minimal exposure. Oh, and it should go without saying, but don't ingest the pool water. Gross. Outside of the pools, you may have your heart set on bikini-clad women and hunky men to be walking around. Remember the demographic for most cruises are "newly wed" and "nearly dead". You may be a bit surprised that your fellow cruisers are in a completely different demographic than yourself. Use the nightclub to find the single guys and ladies, along with the 'singles activities' planned by the Cruise Staff. Lastly, as the old saying goes, "Wait an hour after eating before you enter the pool." This rings true on cruise ships more than anywhere else. Not only could jumping into the icy pool after hitting up the nearby buffet cause cramping (and drowning), but the ship is at motion, which (as stated below) causes the water in it to be sloshing around. Outside pools are often filled with salt water, in rough seas the water can resonate with the waves and splash out of the pool and onto the deck. If you like whale watching, it is often better on the pool deck than in the sea.

Conditions and Diseases
Public Health and Safety
Emergency Preparedness

What to do after someone fell and hit their head?

===IMPROVED ANSWER=================


If their is swelling from a head injury then you must seek professional medical advise from your GP or the hospital without delay; a swollen head injury can be representative of damage and simply MUST be checked out to be safe.


The human skull is one of the most protected area's of the human body, but that said it is also highly vulnerable to kinetic shock. (Meaning, if you bang your head it can do more damage than is apparent)

If someone bangs their head. The first thing you should do is check their level of consciousness. If that is unconscious, an ambulance must be called without delay.

If however the person is awake, it is ideal to check their alertness. A simple way to do this is to ask them their name, where they live and the last three digits of their telephone number. If the answers come quickly and clearly then the probability of any "damage" is very low.

However, if the answers are slow or slurred or if they can not answer any such basic questions as exampled above then an ambulance is required.

Once these basic questions have been asked. Place a single finger around 40cm from their face and ask the person to follow it with both eyes as you move it up, down, left and right. Then repeat the above with only one eye open. If this is done without problem then again, their is likely no damage.

The final thing is to ask if the person feels dizzy or sick. Also ask if the person has any apparent numbness in their faculties or weakness of the joints. Symptoms can represent concussion.

With any head injury it is advisable to have it checked out. However, I understand that is not always a practical step due to delays of being seen and convenience. Although officially advisable to seek medical assurance, the above steps are simple ways to ascertain if any likely hood of damage.

I hope this helps,


Military Terminology
Emergency Preparedness
Hazardous Materials Training

If the community already has an emergency operations plan the emergency manager should?

Coordinate a unified effort with all those responsible to keep the plan updated.


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