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Forensic Science

Criminal cases are very dependent upon evidence to prove or disprove the facts of the case. The analysis of evidence requires a wide breadth of scientific knowledge and the latest scientific techniques as well as proper evidence procedures.

500 Questions

Who was the first person to apply the principles of forensic science to a working crime laboratory?

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Dr. Edmond Locard, a French criminologist, was the first person to apply the principles of forensic science to a working crime laboratory. He established the world's first forensic laboratory in Lyon, France in 1910. Locard is known for his exchange principle, which states that every contact leaves a trace.

Are forensic scientist and forensic detective the same thing?

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No, forensic scientists analyze physical evidence in a laboratory setting, while forensic detectives investigate crime scenes and gather evidence in the field. Both roles work together to solve crimes, with scientists providing analysis and detectives conducting investigations.

What is forensic expert?

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A forensic expert is a trained professional who uses scientific methods to investigate and analyze evidence in legal cases, such as crimes or accidents. They often provide expert testimony in court to help clarify complex evidence and assist in the pursuit of justice.

Who is the father of forensic ballistic?

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The father of forensic ballistics is Calvin Hooker Goddard, who is credited with pioneering the field by using a comparison microscope to analyze bullets and firearms. His work laid the foundation for modern forensic ballistics analysis.

How do you collect and label things from a crime scene?

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To collect and label items from a crime scene, use proper tools like gloves and evidence bags. Each item should be carefully documented with descriptions, photographs, and notes about its location. Labels should include the case number, item number, description, date, and initials of the person collecting the evidence.

What are the two phases in a forensic scientist's analytical scheme?

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The two phases in a forensic scientist's analytical scheme are identification and comparison. Identification involves determining the nature or category of evidence collected, while comparison involves comparing the evidence with known samples to establish possible links or associations.

How is white powder collected from a crime scene?

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White powder found at a crime scene can be collected using a clean, dry tool such as a spoon, spatula, or brush. The powder should be carefully gathered and placed into a clean container, such as a paper bindle, to preserve any evidence for further analysis by forensic experts. Protective gear, like gloves and a mask, should be worn during collection to avoid contamination.

If you want to pursue a career in forensic science is it a good idea to get a Bachelor's Degree in Forensic Science?

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It can be beneficial to earn a bachelor's degree in forensic science as it provides a solid foundation in the field. However, other degrees in related fields like chemistry, biology, or criminal justice can also be suitable for entering the field of forensic science. It's important to consider the specific requirements of the job you are interested in and tailor your education accordingly.

A bear wandered into town and died apparently of natural causes and forensics lab wants to determine the types of food the bear ate just before it died When the contents of its stomach are analyzed?

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By analyzing the contents of the bear's stomach, the forensics lab can look for recognizable food items such as plant material, bones, or seeds to determine the types of food the bear ate before it died. They may also conduct tests to identify any remnants of specific food items or proteins that could indicate the bear's diet prior to its death. This information can help paint a picture of the bear's recent dietary habits, shedding light on its behavioral patterns.

What type of print is created when fingers touch against some material such as a newly painted surface?

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The print created when fingers touch against a material like a newly painted surface is called a fingerprint. It is a unique pattern of ridges and valleys on the skin of a finger.

Who was the first to use forensic science?

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The first known use of forensic science dates back to ancient China, where fingerprints were used for identification purposes as early as the 6th century. However, the modern development of forensic science is often attributed to Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's fictional detective Sherlock Holmes, who popularized the use of deductive reasoning and forensic techniques in solving crimes.

Who discovered forensic science?

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The application of scientific principles to solving crimes can be traced back to the 19th century when pioneers like Alphonse Bertillon and Francis Galton made significant contributions to the field. However, forensic science as a distinct discipline emerged in the late 19th and early 20th centuries with the work of pioneers like Edmond Locard, who established the first forensic laboratory in Lyon, France.

Who is known as father of Forensic science?

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Dr. Edmond Locard is often credited as the father of forensic science. He was a pioneer in the field of forensic science and is known for Locard's Exchange Principle, which states that every contact leaves a trace. His work laid the foundation for modern forensic investigation techniques.

How should charred debris at an arson scene be collected?

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Charred debris at an arson scene should be carefully collected using tools such as tongs or tweezers to avoid contamination or destruction of potential evidence. Each piece should be individually packaged in clean, dry containers to preserve any trace evidence that may be present. The debris should be labeled, documented, and stored in a secure and controlled environment to maintain chain of custody.

How much does finger print capturing machine cost?

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The cost of a fingerprint capturing machine can vary depending on the brand, model, and features. Basic models can range from $100 to $500, while more advanced models with additional functionalities can cost $1,000 or more. It is recommended to research various options and consider factors such as accuracy, durability, and user-friendliness before making a purchase.

If a scientist discovered a fossiled shark. What could the scientist infer about the type of food that this fish ate and how it obtained its food On what evidence is this inference based on?

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The scientist could infer the type of food the shark ate by examining its teeth and jaw structure. Sharp, pointed teeth suggest a diet of fish, while flat teeth indicate a diet of mainly crustaceans or mollusks. The way the teeth are arranged can also hint at how the shark caught its food, whether by slicing through flesh or crushing hard shells.

What are solvability factors?

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Solvability factors refer to characteristics or conditions that affect the ability to solve a problem or reach a solution. These can include the complexity of the problem, the availability of relevant information, the skills and knowledge of the problem-solver, and the time and resources allocated to solving the problem. Understanding these factors can help improve problem-solving outcomes.

Do a forensic toxicologist work with dead bodies?

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Yes, a forensic toxicologist analyzes bodily fluids and tissues to determine the presence of drugs, alcohol, or other toxic substances in deceased individuals. This information can help in determining the cause of death in cases where toxicological analysis is required.

Scientist and their contribution about cells?

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  1. Robert Hooke: discovered and coined the term "cell" while observing cork under a microscope.
  2. Matthias Schleiden: proposed that plants are composed of cells.
  3. Theodor Schwann: proposed that animals are also composed of cells.
  4. Rudolf Virchow: established the idea of cell division and stated that all cells come from pre-existing cells.

How is distillation used in forensic science?

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Distillation is used in forensic science to separate and analyze volatile organic compounds in evidence samples to determine their chemical composition. Forensic scientists use distillation to isolate and purify substances such as drugs, explosives, and accelerants for further examination and identification. This technique helps in providing valuable evidence in criminal investigations.

What do forensic texicologists do?

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Forensic toxicologists analyze bodily fluids and tissues for the presence of drugs, alcohol, and other toxins to determine their role in contributing to a person's death or behavior. They provide expert testimony in court cases and work closely with law enforcement agencies, medical examiners, and coroners to help with investigations.

Where does scientist work?

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Scientists work in a variety of settings, including laboratories, universities, research institutions, government agencies, and private companies. Their work can involve conducting experiments, analyzing data, writing reports, and collaborating with other researchers.

How does the British system of forensic laboratories differ from that of the US?

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In the UK, forensic laboratories are typically part of the police service, ensuring seamless integration with law enforcement agencies. In the US, forensic laboratories are often operated by government agencies or private organizations, leading to a more decentralized approach. Additionally, the accreditation process and quality standards may vary between the two countries, impacting the reliability and admissibility of forensic evidence in court.

What TV show welcomed us to the most fascinating sphere of police work the world of forensic medicine?

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The TV show "CSI: Crime Scene Investigation" welcomed us to the world of forensic medicine, showcasing how forensic evidence is used to solve crimes through detailed analysis and investigation of crime scenes.

What factors effect the rate of cooling of a dead body?

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Factors that affect the rate of cooling of a dead body include the environmental temperature, clothing worn at the time of death, body size and weight, and presence of any insulating materials such as blankets or soil. Additionally, factors such as humidity, air movement, and the position of the body can also impact the rate of cooling.