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Harry Truman

Harry Truman was the 33rd President of the United States (from 1945 to 1953). Major historical events happened during his term, including the use of the atomic bomb against Japan and the end of World War II.

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Why did Truman support civil rights?

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President Truman did the following to further civil rights in the United States:

1946: issued Executive Order 9808 which established the President’s Committee on Civil Rights

1948: issued Executive Order 9980 which established a fair employment board to eliminate discriminatory hiring within the federal government

1948: issued Executive Order 9981, which desegregated the U.S. armed forces.

These were steps forward, but Truman's record was not perfect. During the Lunch Counter Protests, Truman supported the notion that these were "orchestrated by the Communists" and not protests demonstrating racist practices. Later, Truman also stated that “If anyone came into my store and tried to stop business I’d throw him out. The Negro should behave himself and show he’s a good citizen,” souring his relationship with leaders like Martin Luther King.

Civil Rights have been a long and complicated road of steps forward and backwards. Truman was complicated. Although he was openly racist when among his Senate peers, he lobbied for an end to legalized racial discrimination because it violated basic American ideals.

Was President Truman a Democrat?

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Yes, President Truman was a Democrat. He served as the 33rd President of the United States from 1945 to 1953 and was a member of the Democratic Party throughout his political career.

What are some character traits of Truman burbank?

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Some character traits of Truman Burbank in the movie "The Truman Show" include curiosity, determination, and resilience. He is curious about the world around him and begins to question his reality, leading to his determination to uncover the truth. Despite facing numerous challenges and obstacles, he displays resilience in his pursuit of freedom and finding his own identity.

Why was Harry Truman called Mr Citizen?

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Harry Truman was called "Mr. Citizen" because he portrayed himself as an ordinary citizen who was thrust into the presidency. He came from a humble background and emphasized his down-to-earth nature and relatability during his time in office. This nickname highlighted his image as a regular person who was serving as the leader of the country.

What did president Truman believe after meeting with the soviet and british leaders?

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After meeting with Soviet leader Joseph Stalin and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill at the Potsdam Conference in 1945, President Harry Truman believed that maintaining a strong stance against the Soviet Union was necessary. He saw the Soviets as a potential threat and wanted to contain their influence and expansion through a policy known as containment, which later became a cornerstone of his foreign policy approach during the Cold War.

What were the foreign and domestic policies of Harry Truman?

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Harry Truman's foreign policy was shaped by the onset of the Cold War. He implemented the containment policy to prevent the spread of communism and supported the creation of NATO. Domestically, Truman focused on domestic reform and economic policies. He introduced the Fair Deal, which aimed to expand social welfare programs and promote civil rights, and pushed for the desegregation of the armed forces.

What did the United States do under the Truman doctrine to help Greece?

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Under the Truman Doctrine, the United States provided financial aid and military assistance to Greece. The U.S. government allocated economic aid to Greece to support its economy and rebuild infrastructure, as well as to help combat the threat of communist insurgency. Additionally, the U.S. sent military advisors and equipment to assist in the defense of Greece against communist forces.

Was Harry S. Truman impeached by congress?

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No, Harry S. Truman was not impeached by Congress. While there were calls for his impeachment during his presidency, particularly due to his controversial firing of General Douglas MacArthur during the Korean War, these calls did not result in impeachment proceedings.

What was Philip randolph an instrumental in?

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A. Philip Randolph was instrumental in the civil rights movement and labor organizing. He founded the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, the first predominantly African American labor union, and helped organize the 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom, where Martin Luther King Jr. delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech. Randolph's activism paved the way for significant advancements in both racial equality and workers' rights in the United States.

How did a Phillip Randolph get president Truman to change the way military treated its black soldiers?

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A. Philip Randolph threatened President Truman with a mass march on Washington, D.C. by 100,000 African Americans in 1941 if the military did not desegregate. Randolph's plan put pressure on Truman and convinced him to issue Executive Order 9981 in 1948, which called for the integration of the armed forces and prohibited discrimination based on race, color, religion, or national origin.

True or false the fair deal was an ambitious economic program proposed by president Truman?

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True. The Fair Deal was an ambitious economic program proposed by President Truman in 1949. It aimed to address issues such as expanding Social Security, providing affordable housing, increasing the minimum wage, and advancing civil rights. However, many of Truman's proposals faced opposition and were not fully implemented.

Why did harry s trueman's parents give him the middle name s?

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Harry S. Truman's middle initial "S" did not actually stand for anything. His parents named him with the middle initial "S" to honor both of his grandfathers, Solomon Young and Anderson Shippe. The "S" was simply meant to represent both of their names without favoring one over the other.

Why did it take so long for Truman to proclaim the end of the war?

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It took Truman several months to officially proclaim the end of World War II because there were ongoing negotiations and agreements being made with Japan. The formal surrender of Japan occurred on September 2, 1945, after the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and subsequent military pressure. Truman wanted to ensure that all loose ends were tied up before making the official announcement.

Was Harry Truman's funeral big?

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Yes, Harry Truman's funeral was a big event. It took place on December 28, 1972, in Independence, Missouri, and was attended by thousands of people, including several world leaders and dignitaries. The funeral procession was over a mile long and included military units, bands, and distinguished guests.

WHAT WAS EO9981?

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EO9981 refers to Executive Order 9981, which was signed by President Harry S. Truman on July 26, 1948. This executive order called for the desegregation of the United States Armed Forces and paved the way for racial integration within the military. It prohibited discrimination based on race, color, religion, or national origin within the military, marking a significant step towards civil rights reform.

How many states did Truman travel through on his whistle stop tour?

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Truman's whistle stop campaign tour in 1948 took him through a total of 28 states. During the tour, he traveled over 31,000 miles and made hundreds of speeches from the rear platform of his campaign train.

What years was Harry Truman involved in the Vietnam War?

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Harry Truman was not directly involved in the Vietnam War as it occurred after his presidency. The Vietnam War took place from 1955 to 1975, and Truman's presidency ended in 1953. However, the United States' involvement in Vietnam escalated during the presidencies of John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson.

Anti-lynching bill during Truman's administration?

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During Truman's administration, an anti-lynching bill was proposed in 1946 and again in 1948. However, despite Truman's support for the legislation, both bills failed to pass due to strong opposition from southern Democratic senators. It wasn't until the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 that lynching was finally made a federal crime.

What was Truman's position on domestic issues?

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Truman was generally supportive of progressive domestic policies. He advocated for the expansion of social security, increased funding for education, and the integration of the military. He also pushed for civil rights reforms, including anti-lynching legislation, fair employment practices, and desegregation.

Why was the executive order 9981 important?

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Executive Order 9981, signed by President Harry S. Truman in 1948, was important because it mandated equality of treatment and opportunity in the United States Armed Forces, regardless of race or color. It marked a significant step towards ending racial segregation in the military and set an example for desegregation in other sectors of American society. The order paved the way for the integration of the military and became a catalyst for the broader civil rights movement.

What war did Harry S. Truman end?

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Harry S. Truman did not end any war. However, he was the President of the United States during the end of World War II and made the decision to drop atomic bombs on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, ultimately leading to Japan's surrender and the end of the war.

How long did it take Harry Truman to drop the bombs?

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Harry Truman authorized the use of atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and August 9, 1945, respectively. The actual decision to use the bombs was made by Truman in July 1945. Therefore, the timeframe from the decision to the actual dropping of the bombs was a matter of weeks.

Did Harry S. Truman have bad eyesight?

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Yes, Harry S. Truman had poor eyesight. He was nearsighted and had to wear glasses for most of his life. In fact, he was the first president to wear glasses while serving in office.

Was Trumans investigation of federal employees justified?

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The investigation of federal employees by Truman, known as the Loyalty Review Program, was aimed at identifying and removing any potential security risks within the government. While some argue that it was necessary to protect national security during the Red Scare, others criticize it as a violation of civil liberties. The justification of the investigation depends on one's perspective on the perceived threat and the need for measures to safeguard national security.

An act that Harry Truman did NOT get passed under his Fair Deal was the?

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National health insurance program. Despite Truman's efforts to pass comprehensive health care legislation as part of his Fair Deal agenda, the proposal faced strong opposition from conservative lawmakers and interest groups. The bill failed to gain enough support to be passed into law.