History of US Immigration

The history of US immigration is viewed in four periods: the colonial period, the mid-19th century, 20th century, and post-1965 eras. Each era has brought different races and ethnicities to the US.

6,570 Questions
History of Ireland
History of US Immigration

Where can you find an Irish history timeline from 1700 to 1900?

For a timeline of the history of Ireland that begins in 10,000 BC, please go to the link to the right. 'Irish History Links' also provides a detailed timeline for this period. You can find a comprehensive Timeline of Irish history on Wikipedia. The BBC offers a Timeline of Key Events in Northern Irish history...

Here's a concise Irish History Timeline from 10,000 BC/BCE to 1998 AD/CE...

10,000 BC Earliest settlers arrived in Ireland in the Mesolithic or Middle Stone Age period

The first settlers crossed by land bridge from Scotland

600-150 B.C. - Celtic tribes settled on the island

100 BC Arrival of the Gaels

432 AD - Arrival of St. Patrick to help convert pagan Irish Gaelic Kings to Christianity

800 Ireland attacked by Viking Norsemen

920 Vikings established settlements at Limerick

940 Brian Boru was born who was the son of a leader of one of the royal free tribes of Munster

Brian Boru defeated Vikings in 999

1167 Arrival of Normans at Baginbun in Co. Wexford which initiated the struggle between the English and the Irish

Reign of Rory O'Connor who was the last native High King of Ireland (1166-1175)

The Statutes of Kilkenny of 1388 forbade Irish/

History of India
History of US Immigration

When did Indians from India come to America?

Indians were the ancient most habitants of America called Paataal.

When Christopher Columbus took his first voyage to America he met Indians only there but the European Nations especially the British distorted the History and those Native Indians were named Red Indians.

It is all a distortion of history manipulated by the European nations though all historians agree and believe that Indians (Aryans) travelled on a land route via Beiring Bridge to Alaska and were settled in North America.

Columbus while on the death bed kept on saying that he had gone to Indies only that he wrote in his book 'A NEW WORLD REVEALED' but these new migrants from Europe destroyed all the material to wipe off the opinion of that Great Voyager.

History of Ireland
History of US Immigration
US Army

Why did most Irish immigrants of the 1830s and 1840's initially settle in port cities?

Because they landed in the port cities of the US and didn't have money to travel far. Also, the port cities offered many opportunities for employment and a community of fellow Irish immigrants.

History of the United States
New York City
History of US Immigration

Tania is writing a paper for her history teacher about living conditions of immigrants in urban tenements during the 19th century what sources would be the best for her to quote in?

The Gangs of New York: An Informal History of the Underworld, by Herbert Asbury

Gotham: a history of New York City to 1898, By Edwin G. Burrows, Mike Wallace

A city of immigrants: dreams and realities of life in New York, 1840-2007, By LaGuardia Community College. LaGuardia and Wagner Archives, Richard K. Lieberman

German New York City, By Richard Panchyk

The Promised City: New York's Jews, 1870-1914, by Moses Rischin

Shutting Out the Sky: Life in the Tenements of New York, 1880-1924, by Deborah Hopkinson

Tenement: Immmigrant Life on the Lower East Side, by Raymond Bial

(Some of the books I took off this list are very good books on their topic, but are not relevant to the 19th century experience.)

Also see the link below.

History of Australia
History of US Immigration

What problems did German immigrants face when they came to Australia?

When the original German immigrants came to Australia in the 1830s, they faced the sense of loss and displacement any cultural group would feel when they have been forced from their homeland by persecution. In the case of the first Germans, they were forced to flee from the religious persecution of King Friedrich Wilhelm III. Mixed in with the displacement and loss of their homeland was an intense relief that they were now free to worship in the way of their choice. They were (and are) a stalwart, hard-working and adaptable group, quickly establishing their farms and crops. There was no discrimination where these first Germans chose to settle. On the contrary, they had the support of wealthy Scottish businessman and chairman of the South Australian Company, George Fife Angas.

More problems were faced later during the first and second world wars. Not just German immigrants, but members of long-established German families faced persecution as a result of the distrust felt towards Germany for its part in both world wars. Germans were rounded up and placed in civilian internment camps within Australia, simply for having a German name.

During World War I, many Germans were held at internment camps around Australia. There was fear that seemingly innocent German immigrants could be spying for the German government. This paranoia extended to some German-speaking peoples whose families had been in Australia since the 1840s. German clubs were closed, businesses were shut down, many Lutheran schools were closed (all of the Lutheran schools in SA were closed), and the leaders of the community, including Lutheran pastors, were interned. (Six of the Qld pastors who were interned were British naturalised subjects, and two of them had actually been born in Australia). The Germans were often ferried for long distances by rail, during which they were subjected to harsh treatment, including unnecessary handcuffing and general abuse. Their luggage was searched, or just stolen and/or destroyed.

Some Germans avoided internment by anglicising their names.

In all, during World War I, 6,890 Germans were interned. Of these, 4,500 were Australian residents before the war began. Others were sailors from German navy ships or merchant ships who were arrested while in Australian ports when the war broke out, while others still were merely visitors.

Again, in World War II, many German civilians and soldiers were sent to internment camps and Prisoner-Of-War camps in Australia.

History of the United States
Puerto Rico
History of US Immigration

Why do Spanish people leave Puerto Rico to come to America?

Most for greater economic advantage and employment.

And they're not Spanish. The Spanish are from Spain, which is in Europe.

San Francisco
History of US Immigration

What was the time period of angel island?

1910-1940! construction started in 1905 and it began in 1910. In 1940, the government decided to abandon the Immigration Station on Angel Island

History of China
History of US Immigration

What did Chinese immigrants call US?

Story of Maccanas Gold



History of US Immigration

What racism did Cubans immigrants face?

Many were accused of being criminals due to the result of the Mariel boatlift in 1980 were Fidel Castro had released many inmates from Cuba's prisons and jails to reduce repeat offenders in his country by putting them off on us. So everyone assumed that they were all criminals.

United States of America
History of the United States
History of US Immigration
United States

Where were German immigrants allowed to work in America?

They were not restricted to a specific geographical area at any time.

America is a vast country with great resources for settlement and all European settlers tried to occupy one area or the other whatever available without much of opposition from the Natives.

It is true that there was a tendency to establish their own communities just as the other ethnic groups did but it was done for their convenience and not as a government mandate.

Germans are a conservative nation who do not like to mix up so easily.

Different groups settled among those with whom they had a common language, religion and customs. It was efficient to share the cost of building a church or guild hall if they clung together until they all learned the same language.

History of US Immigration

Approximately how many immigrants came to the US between 1865 and 1910?

Over 25 million

History of the United States
History of US Immigration

What have immigrants done to benefit the US?

America since, as discovered by Christopher Columbus who called it Indies, as revealed in his book A NEW WORLD REVEALED, has been a country of immigrants who brought cultural diversity, new traditions, languages, knowledge experience etc. etc. from their respective countries to develop America into a strong Nation.

New York City
History of US Immigration

How do you find US immigration records?

Immigration records for major U.S. ports have been kept on a regular basis since 1820. These include: Boston, New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, and New Orleans. Others, such as Mobile and Galveston began keeping records later in the nineteenth century, while western ports (San Francisco and Seattle) began in the last years of the 19th century.

These passenger arrival records include the name of every passenger on the ship, including those who were born or who died during the voyage. Generally, the lists include the full name, age, sex, place of origin, and destination, so they are great genealogical resources.

These records can be found on microfilm at the National Archives in Washington, DC, and the Mormon Church in Utah.

Most of these records are available online through, but they charge for access. (Under $20 for a month.) also has emigration records from many European ports.

You can also try and search their database. Sometimes you can view the signed manifest and even see a picture of the ship they came over on.

Many towns also have a historical society that keeps such information too for families that orginated out of that area. They also may have more data on who accompanied them on the ship as well that you may not know of currently.

History of the United States
Politics and Government
History of Europe
History of US Immigration

What social forces were responsible for the new imperialism that began in the late 19th century?

Some social forces were evolutionary teachings like social darwinism. It justified competition and struggle between European countries. These countries each thought they were the best, the 'fittest' and deserved most of the world.

History of the United States
History of US Immigration

Where did most people from Europe move to in America?

Europeans moved to the Eastern Seaboard at first, before the American Revolution. Afterwards some moved to Canada, depending on their loyalty to Britain. Later waves of Europeans came to America due to conditions in their native lands.. Economic opportunity, religious freedom, famine in Ireland, political upheavals in Russia, pograms against Jews were among the reasons people came. Once the move west began in the 1800s, land grants and sales enticed populations of Germans and other Europeans to promises of ownership of productive farmland by homesteading in the midwest (Nebraska, Texas, Dakotas.

There were several large "waves" of immigration, where people from a certain country (or, a small region) formed the majority of folks immigrating to the US. Most notable of these was the Irish migration in the mid 19th century, but there were big waves of Italians, Germans, Scandinavians, and others. However, the U.S. experienced a fairly high level of total immigration on a steady basis, with the "waves" being only exceptionally high totals; it's not as if immigration was ever restricted (until the 20th century, that is).

Generally speaking, most European immigrants came to the United States, with a much smaller fraction going to Canada. For the most part, this had to do with both good "PR" (i.e. the United States was seen as more "welcoming" of immigrants than Canada, regardless of the actual circumstances), but also due to significantly better conditions in the United States for immigrants. Not only did the United States have very large immigrant populations already (making it much easier for a new immigrant to feel at home), but also, there was simply more and better land available. Additionally, the vast majority of shipping to North American went to the U.S. coastal cities (Boston, New York City, Philadelphia, and Charleston), with very little destined for Montreal (the sole major Canadian city with an Atlantic port). So, by default, if an immigrant was looking to catch a ship to the New World, he or she almost always ended up on one destined for the United States.

The vast majority of immigrants from Europe arrived in New York City, with Boston being the next most likely destination. I'd estimate that over 90% of all immigrants came through one of those two ports, with most of the rest coming into Philadelphia.

Where they ended up afterwards depends very much on which time period they arrived in. Early on (18th century), most stayed either in the city, or close by, where economic opportunities still existed. Starting in the 19th century, most eventually moved out of their arriving port area, and to whichever region was currently being opened to settlement. At the opening of the 20th century, the rail network made it possible for immigrants to get off their ships and directly onto trains, to be transported throughout the entire country.

Consequently, you have various areas of the country with heavy concentration of a a certain European region's ethnic group. Which areas and which groups were dependent on what regions of the U.S. were being opened at the time. It's impossible to be more specific - you should specify a particular ethnic group if you want more details. Overall, at least some European ethnic group eventually settled in large numbers around any given location in the U.S. - that is, at some time in the past 300 years, a large number of some European immigrants came to virtually all cities in the U.S.

History of US Immigration
Industrial Revolution
John D. Rockefeller

Who were John Rockefeller and Andew Carnegie?

John D. Rockefeller founded Standard Oil and utilized American railroads to maximize profits through the use of horizontal monopoly building (which is now unlawful), while Andrew Carnegie worked in steel and began what would eventually evolve into the U.S. Steel cooperation.

See Course Notes for additional information:

History of US Immigration
History of the United States

Why did immigrants come to US during 1870 to 1924?

America is a vast country of good natural resources and great scope to work.

People from all over the world, who wanted a better style of life than what they could have in their own country for good life and education, tried to migrate to U S.

History of Ireland
History of Europe
History of US Immigration

What hardships did Irish immigrants face on the Journey to America?

The Irish immigrants faced many hardships on their journey to America. One of them would be the form of transportation. You see, back then the only way to immigrate was aboard a boat. But those boats were in the worst condition imaginable. There is a reason they were called, "Coffin Ships." The name pretty much explains itself though, huh? Well, on those ships were thousands and thousands and millions of people. They were all crammed together, it was hard to breath. When you're this close to another person, its normal that disease spreads quickly. So many people died. Not only because of disease, but because of starvation, and the horrible condition the boats were in. Their lifeless bodies were just tossed overboard too! Now, you can look up on google some pictures so you can see how packed they were. Also, some people died as soon as the boat had docked in America!! Another hardship they faced was lack of food. Many started their journey weak, and didn't have food to bring. Because the trip was pretty long, they had to go a couple of days without food.

History of US Immigration

In Canada the 1978 immigration act?

The Immigration Act of 1978 passed by Pierre Trudeau and the Liberal Govt. had 3 main objectives.

1. Reunite families that had been separated for any reasons.

2. Accept the displaced and persecuted for humanitarian reasons

3. Attract people who promote the domestic and international needs of Canada, assessed by a point system.

Info found in Spotlight Canada 4th Edition Oxford Gr. 10 History textbook.

New York City
History of US Immigration

When did the Chinese immigrants arrive in New York City?

Chinese immigrants first began arriving in New York City in the mid-1700s, but they did not start immigrating in significant numbers until the mid-1800s.

History of US Immigration

Which group most strongly supported the Chinese Exclusion Act?

Workers in the West

History of the United States
New York City
History of US Immigration
Ellis Island

What did the Dutch originally call Ellis Island?

They called it Little Oyster Island. It was one of three islands that the Dutch named "the Oyster Islands."

History of US Immigration

Where did the first settlers in Hawaii come from?

New England followed by Japanese in 1885, Puerto Ricans in 1900 and Koreans from 1903 to 1924 and again in 1965.

History of US Immigration
Cesar Chavez

What Cesar Chavez demonstrated a commitment to American principles and traditions by doing what?

By fighiting in the navy to help us get freedom.


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