Jihad

Jihad (جهاد) is a tenet of Islam and a religious duty to strive in the way of God. There are two general ways to do this, the Greater Jihad and the Lesser Jihad. The Greater Jihad is an introspective journey to conquer your internal demons and follow the Divine Laws more closely than previously; this kind of jihad should be entirely peaceful. The Lesser Jihad refers to conflicts and confrontations between Muslims and Non-Muslims or other Muslims, which often erupt in war, but can also be performed through non-violent protests, debate, and advocacy.

1,135 Questions
Islam
Palestinian Territories
Terrorism
Shiite Islam
Jihad

Is Hamas a Shiite organization?

Hamas claims that they are a SUNNI Jihadist organization. It is the Palestinian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood (Ikhwan al-Muslimin) and, as a result, has the same religious policies as the rest of the Brotherhood, which is Sunni-oriented. While Hamas continues to be primarily made of Sunni Muslims, but the largest percentage of their funds comes from the Shiite Islamist government of Iran.

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Jihad

What does jihad mean to Muslims?

Jihad is a tenet of Islam and a religious duty to strive in the way of God. There are two general ways to do this, the Greater Jihad and the Lesser Jihad. The Greater Jihad is an introspective journey to conquer your internal demons and follow the Divine Laws more closely than previously; this kind of jihad should be entirely peaceful. The Lesser Jihad refers to conflicts and confrontations between Muslims and Non-Muslims or other Muslims, which often erupt in war, but can also be performed through non-violent protests, debate, and advocacy. It is the Lesser Jihad which is often cast as a Holy War.

345
Quran (Koran)
Islam
Heaven and Hell
Jihad

Do Muslims kill to get to heaven?

Does it occur? Yes, there are incidents of Muslims committing acts of violence with the intent to get to heaven. However, it is not the prevailing way that Muslims try to enter heaven as most Muslims try to gain entry through piety. There is also some argument as to whether or not terrorism is Islamically acceptable for entrance to heaven.

According to Islam, the only guaranteed way to get to heaven is to die defending Muslims from Non-Muslims in war. This is mentioned in the Hadith collections, specifically Sahih al-Bukhari 1:2:36 (referenced below). However, scholars have noted that killing non-combatants is generally unacceptable and that committing suicide intentionally in order to achieve Paradise voids this benefit. There are salient minority opinions on both points, primarily espoused by the leaders and supporters of Jihadist organizations.

While entrance from piety is not guaranteed, it is not a difficult bar to meet and most Muslims believe that they will go to Paradise if they live honest and pious lives.

Sahih al-Bukhari 1:2:36
Narrated Abu Huraira:
The Prophet said, "The person who participates in (Holy battles) in Allah's cause and nothing compels him to do so except belief in Allah and His Apostles, will be recompensed by Allah either with a reward, or booty (if he survives) or will be admitted to Paradise (if he is killed in the battle as a martyr). Had I not found it difficult for my followers, then I would not remain behind any sariya going for Jihad and I would have loved to be martyred in Allah's cause and then made alive, and then martyred and then made alive, and then again martyred in His cause."

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Israel
Palestinian Territories
Terrorism
Jihad

What is the name of a rocket which Hamas uses against Israel presently?

The dominant kind of rockets that Hamas uses are Qassam Rockets -- Saarukh Qasaam (صاروخ قسام‎).

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Jihad

How can the Muslims adopt jihad in the modern world of today?

Jihad has two types::1-passive: it is a basic right for any creature to defend itself from threats they call it a defensive war.2-active:: it is somehow a Liberating war most of clerics shia and sunni thinks that this kind of war is just allowed under a God messenger like saint Muhammad or Mahdi in the end of world when Jesus also returns to fight against evils. muslim believe that Jesus will follow Mahdi and will want Christians to join him.

the above statements is about Tiny Jihad! the great Jihad is that you correct yourself and become a good human.

moreover Jihad is completely extendable to any issue that you do it only for God pleasure for example working to earn money to please your family and ofcourse for donation!

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Jihad

Who started the first jihad?

No one

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Jihad

Why was the jihad movement started?

To spend hate is what Islam does

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Jihad

What does jihad mean and who were the warring fractions?

There are two questions here:

1) What is a Jihad?

Jihad is a tenet of Islam and a religious duty to strive in the way of God. There are two general ways to do this, the Greater Jihad and the Lesser Jihad. The Greater Jihad is an introspective journey to conquer your internal demons and follow the Divine Laws more closely than previously; this kind of jihad should be entirely peaceful. The Lesser Jihad refers to conflicts and confrontations between Muslims and Non-Muslims or other Muslims, which often erupt in war, but can also be performed through non-violent protests, debate, and advocacy.


2) Who were the Warring Factions?

If this is referring to the original jihads, these were the wars by Meccans, lead by the Polytheistic Qoreish Tribe against the Medinan Confederacy of Muslims and other tribes (both Polytheists and Jews). As time has gone on there have been innumerable jihads against numerous enemies. In the Middle Ages and up to the modern day (like in the Iran-Iraq War) Muslims will even declare jihad against other Muslims if it suits them politically.

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History of Ireland
Palestinian Territories
Terrorism
Jihad

Why do Americans support the Irish Republican Army but don't support the IRA's pals Hamas or Hezbollah?

First, it is worth distinguishing the US government from the acts of independent American citizens. The US government has not supported the IRA in any serious capacity, but Irish Americans have. Additionally, the United States has listed the RIRA (the militant successor to the Provisional IRA in 1997) as a terrorist organization and has blacklisted them. Irish Americans supported the IRA for sectarian reasons, namely to free Ireland from British rule.

In the case of Hamas and Hezbollah, there are far fewer Americans of Arab descent to support these organizations, but there is such support. This has ended up in a number of court cases concerning the money-trails that lead to these organizations, most notably the Holy Land Foundation Trials. The reason that the United States government goes after supporters of Hamas and Hezbollah is that both organizations are directly hostile to the United States.

As a final note, Hamas and Hezbollah are not "pals" of the IRA. Not all paramilitary/terrorist groups have warm (or even extant relationships).

123
Religion & Spirituality
Jihad

Did God sanctify jihad?

That depends upon whom you ask, and how you define jihad. Dictionaries define it as "the duty of Muslims to maintain Islam, through striving, struggling, and perseverance."

Muslims will, clearly, see jihad as Divinely sanctified, since it is an Islamic duty. The only remaining issue would be how to carry it out.


Non-Muslims will be divided among:

a) those who sympathize with Islam or are influenced by it;

b) those who are neutral concerning Islam; and

c) those who are hostile to Islam, or believe that it is not a true religion.


If jihad is carried out through methods that are legal under international law, then group "a" may see it as Divinely-sanctified, or at least a positive thing. Group "b" might not have formulated an opinion on the matter. Group "c" would not see jihad as Divinely sanctified.


If jihad is carried out by means that are not legal under international law (such as through violence), then many Muslims (and their sympathizers) would not see that form of jihad as sanctified; and non-Muslims of groups "b" and "c" also would not.

123
Al-Qaeda
Jihad

Why are the Mujahedin viewed as the start of Al-Qaeda?

moedjaheddin is what you calll people that fight in the name of Islam. So Al-Qaeda are

moedjaheddin. But after the Soviet war in Afghanistan themoedjaheddin splinter cells eventually formed Al-Qaeda.

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Jihad

How long has jihad been around?

In Islamic concept, Jihad means "to strive against". It is divided into three parts; Jihad against one's own soul and temptations, Jihad against ignorance in the form of verbal communication and Jihad against non-believers in the form of physical violence.

If we read the above-mentioned paragraph closely, one can assume that Jihad has been in this world ever since man has been; conquering his lust, fighting wars, arguing against one another in the advocacy of his religion.

It is however, a common misconception, to believe that Jihad comprises only of "wars".

123
Islam
Jihad

Why do all Muslims wage holy jihad?

Assuming that you are referring to Jihad exclusively in the sense of warfare, which excludes the Greater Jihad of Introspection and the Lesser Jihad of Intellectual Discourse and Public Policy changing, it is completely incorrect to say that "all Muslims" wage holy jihad.

If all of the various Muslim-led terrorist, paramilitary, and jihadist organizations' membership are added, even bearing in mind that this includes groups whose primary motives may not be exclusively religious (like the PKK) and individuals in those organizations who perform no military action (like Hezbollah-employed welfare-coordinators), we reach less than 1% of the worldwide Muslim population. Of course, this in no way makes striving against militant Jihad and Jihadism any less important, but to argue that this is an act that the entire Muslim population engages in is the height of fantasy.

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History of the Middle East
Palestinian Territories
Terrorism
Jihad

What are Hamas Fatah and Hezbollah?

All three of these groups are Jihadist terrorist organizations with a number of discernible characteristics. The most common and identifiable Muslim terrorist action is the suicide bomber who blows himself up to take out some enemies as well as himself. Muslim terrorist organizations tell their membership that the fight in which they are engaged is part of the holy Islamic struggle of Jihad and anyone who opposes them is not properly guided. Therefore, Muslim terrorist organizations will identify what sect of Islam they belong to and whether or not they oppose the other sects. Most Muslim terrorists wish to inspire fear in their enemies and therefore primarily attack civilians, considering them part of the enemy. Some "moderate" non-associated clerics have defended these activities claiming that the civilians represent part of the group that "is opposed to Islam". Since Muslim terrorists exist in countries with a weak internal support structure, in many cases such as with Hezbollah, Hamas, or Fatah, they will use their own funds to build schools, parks, hospitals, and other social services in the communities they occupy. It provides goodwill with the local inhabitants and allows them to more effectively spread whatever messages they may wish to say. Finally, Muslim terrorist organizations like Hezbollah, Hamas, and Fatah have all actively engaged in elections (Hezbollah in Lebanon, Hamas and Fatah in Palestine) with their own political parties. If the governments formed after these elections were not desirable to these parties, they engaged in military actions to force the national government to capitulate to their desires. In the case of Hezbollah this created a violent stand-off in Beirut and in the case of Hamas and Fatah, this prompted a Palestinian Civil War in Gaza and the West Bank.

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Islam
Terrorism
Jihad

Why is it that while most Muslims are not terrorists most terrorists are Muslim?

The answer is simple enough, Islam's holiest book the Quran teaches muslims that it is their duty to subdue the world and implement Sharia. Some muslim's who I call fundamentalist's take it and run with it, they support jihad and other forms of subduing the world. Other muslims just don't, they say they interpret the Quran differently. However, if you read the Quran (as I have) it is not that subjective and clearly it is the most hateful book ever written.

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Palestinian Territories
Terrorism
Jihad

What are the beliefs of Hamas?

Hamas is an Arab Muslim Terrorist and Paramilitary Organization. Hamas operates out of the Gaza Strip and Qatar. (Prior to 2011, Hamas operated out of Syria, but their Anti-Assad position during Arab Spring got them evicted from Syria.) Some particular elements of Hamas Ideology include:

Jihadist Ideology
In terms of politics, Hamas is a Jihadist organization. Jihadism is a political ideology whose goal is to bring a particularly repressive version of the religious tenets of Islam into the daily functioning of a government and its laws. Additionally, it believes that violence in defense of the faith is the preferred way to do this. Jihadism is a political ideology rooted in Islamic religious concepts, but not part of the Islamic religion per se. Hamas argues that its Jihadist struggle is part of the holy Islamic struggle of Jihad and anyone who opposes them is not properly guided (in Islam). Because of the religious sectarian orientations, Hamas identifies itself as avowedly Sunni, but accepts Shiites because of Iranian funding.

Anti-Israel Sentiment
In the Jihadist conception, only Muslims should be in power in the State and any non-Muslim minorities should have a secondary role if they should have one at all, whereas Jews are too "uppity" in having created a state where they are in the dominant position. Second, Israel is situated in territory which used to be governed by Muslims for nearly 1300 years (with a century-long break under the Crusader States). As a result, Israel is considered a usurpation of historical Islamic authority whereas European countries (for example) never had Islamic authority before.

Anti-Semitism (Jew-Hatred)

Hamas is a virulently Jew-hating Organization. Not only do they oppose Israel's very existence, they have references in their charter to the elimination of all Jews throughout the world. While Islam is not inherently Anti-Semitism, its doctrines are easily to meld to an Anti-Semitic world vision and historically have been melded in such ways. Islam has several Anti-Semitic thrusts. In addition to the crucifixion of Jesus the Messiah (which is not deicide in Islam since Jesus is not God in Islamic theology and because Jesus eluded the attempt to crucify him), Muslims have made the argument that Jews are the killers of the Prophets plural, even though Jesus was the only one of the 35 prophets in the Qur'an who Jews attempted to kill (per Islamic teachings). Additionally, Muhammad and the early Muslims had negative political and military relationships with Arabian Jews which led to Anti-Semitism having a greater prominence in the early Islamic tradition. Hamas has endorsed and promoted all of these Anti-Semitic Views.

Terrorism and Attacking Civilians
The most common and identifiable Hamas terrorist action is the suicide bomber who blows himself up to take out some enemies as well as himself, but Hamas has increasingly used missiles and rockets. Most Muslim terrorists wish to inspire fear in their enemies and therefore primarily attack civilians, considering them part of the enemy.

Palestinian Nationalism

Hamas argues that the Palestinians are the indigenous people of the southwest Levant and Hamas is aggrieved that people from abroad would come to the land that their people's parents, grandparents, and great-grandparents had lived on and worked for as long as they could remember. Hamas refuses to help settle Palestinian Refugees and encourages the children and grandchildren of refugees to remember where in current-Israel they came from: the exact village and street. The point is to create an emotional and intractable grievance to push for Palestinians having the right to go back to their homes in contrast to more realistic solutions.

Welfare for Public Support
Since Hamas exists in Palestine, which has a weak internal support structure, it will use its own funds to build schools, parks, hospitals, and other social services in the communities it occupies. It provides goodwill with the local inhabitants and allows them to more effectively spread whatever messages they may wish to say.

Irreverence Towards Democracy
Hamas has actively engaged in elections in Palestine with its own political parties. However, the engagement is a farce, because if the governments formed after the elections were not desirable to Hamas, Hamas has engaged in militant actions to force the national government to capitulate to their desires. As a result of Hamas's discontent there was a Palestinian Civil War in Gaza and the West Bank. Hamas continues to murder Fatah militants and politicos in the Gaza Strip as a method of securing power.

Charter
You can read more about Hamas's beliefs and ideals in the Charter of Hamas, linked here, which explains in Hamas' own words the main points and views of the organization.

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Jihad

What are the different meanings of jihad?

The Arabic word Jihad literally means struggle. This term, especially in Islam, is applied to the struggle or work done in the way of Almighty Allah (God). Unfortunately, this word is confused with the word Qitaal that means Armed fight against enemies of Almighty Allah. The greatest Jihad is against one's own self, one's wicked passions, lust, selfishness etc. An armed fight is the last resort which not only the Muslims but also the other nations/religious followers adopt when their existence is in danger. Islam is a peace loving religion. It does not aim at killing any innocent human being.

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Quran (Koran)
Hadiths, Sharia, and Fiqh (Islamic Law)
Jihad

What does the Qur'an say about committing Jihad?

The Arabic word Jihad literally means struggle. This term, especially in Islam, is applied to the struggle or work done in the way of Almighty Allah (God). Unfortunately, this word is confused with the word Qitaal that means Armed fight against enemies of Almighty Allah. The greatest Jihad is against one's own self, one's wicked passions, lust, selfishness etc. An armed fight is the last resort which not only the Muslims but also the other nations/religious followers adopt when their existence is in danger. Islam is a peace loving religion. It does not aim at killing any innocent human being. The Qur'an orders its followers to take up arms and fight against the enemies of Islam if they attack the Muslims. It, however, does not allow the Muslims to fight against peaceful people belonging to any religion.

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Islam
Quran (Koran)
Jihad

Does the Qur'an say that God commands a Jihad on nonbelievers?

There are certainly contexts given in the Qur'an for fighting holy wars (jihads) against Non-Muslims, usually those relate to (1) Non-Muslim groups who oppress Muslims, (2) Non-Muslim groups already in conflict with Muslims, or (3) Non-Muslim groups who do not permit Islam to spread in their lands. However, the Qur'an does not argue that all or most Non-Muslims should be violently targeted.

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Political Theory
Jihad

What is Jihadism?

Islam and Jihad vs. Islamism and Jihadism
We should first split off Islam and Jihad from any discussion about Islamism and Jihadism. Islam is a religion and Jihad is a religious concept within Islam about how to strive both for better morals and a more Islamic world. This kind of Jihad is discussed in the Community Answer. Islamism and Jihadism, however, are political ideologies. The goal of Islamism is to bring the religious tenets of Islam into the daily functioning of a government and its laws.

Jihadism Definition and Actions
Jihadism not only wishes a particularly repressive version of Islamic Law to be instituted (Islamism), but believes that violence in defense of the faith is the preferred way to do this. Jihadism, like Islamism, is a political ideology rooted in Islamic religious concepts, but distorted. The distortion here is that there are many ways to advocate on behalf of Islam and the choice to exclusively use violence is a misinterpretation of the doctrine. Terrorism and attacks against civilians are methods commonly used by Jihadists as a method to instill fear and acquire more power.

Scriptural Support for Jihadism
While Islam does not necessarily lead to or support Islamism and Jihadism, there are certainly Qur'anic verses that can be read by those seeking to be intolerant and violent of good grounds to do so. Q: 3:19 claims that the only religion that is acceptable to God is Islam. Q: 3:110 claims that Muslims are the best people in all history. Q: 8:55 claims that those who disbelieve are the worst of animals. Q: 9:29 argues for the repression and inequality of Jews and Christians before Muslims. Q: 2:216 argues for fighting against "enemies" even if you would prefer not to. There are numerous other verses that support this connection. While it is only a minority (between 10-20%) of Muslims who are Islamists and a far smaller number (<3%) who are Jihadists, almost all Islamists and Jihadists are Muslims and these small percentages still translate into millions of people. It is important to note that the validity of Islamism and Jihadism exist as only one reading out of many possible readings of the Qur'an, which is why there are many legitimate readings that condone secularism.

More Information
Please see the below Related Questions for more information on Jihadism:

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Jihad

What is the meaning of Jihad to Muslims?

Jihad is a tenet of Islam and a religious duty to strive in the way of God. There are two general ways to do this, the Greater Jihad and the Lesser Jihad. The Greater Jihad is an introspective journey to conquer your internal demons and follow the Divine Laws more closely than previously; this kind of jihad should be entirely peaceful. The Lesser Jihad refers to conflicts and confrontations between Muslims and Non-Muslims or other Muslims, which often erupt in war, but can also be performed through non-violent protests, debate, and advocacy. It is the Lesser Jihad which is often cast as a Holy War.

012
Islam
Political Theory
Terrorism
Jihad

What is the difference between Islamism and Jihadism?

There is nothing in Islam religion called Islamism or jihadism. There is Islam and jihad. The difference between them is that Islam is a religion per Qur'an revelation by God to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) through the angel Gabriel (or Jibril). However, jihad is the struggle ; practiced by Muslims and one Muslims; to get life requirements, raise up families, practice good morals and religion teachings as well as struggle to defend lands, homes, families, and religion against military attacks. When Islam interferes with politics it is called political Islam. When jihad is directed ti fulfill political goals it is called political jihad. Refer to related questions below.

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Religion & Spirituality
Palestinian Territories
Terrorism
Jihad

What is the religion of Hamas?

Hamas claims that they are a SUNNI MUSLIM Jihadist organization. It is the Palestinian branch of the Muslim Brotherhood (Ikhwan al-Muslimin) and, as a result, has the same religious policies as the rest of the Brotherhood, which is Sunni-oriented. While Hamas continues to be primarily made of Sunni Muslims, but the largest percentage of their funds comes from the Shiite Islamist government of Iran, which has led to a small amount of conversion to Shiite Islam among its ranks.

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Afghanistan
Jihad

What was the Mujahideen's mission in Afghanistan?

They claimed that they wanted to establish a Muslim government in Afghanistan. They wanted to push the foreign forces out of Afghanistan.

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Jihad

How do you say jihad in arabic?

Translation: jihaad (جهاد)

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