Mergers and Acquisitions

Mergers and acquisitions are business strategies that deal with selling, buying, and combining of companies. Mergers occur when two or more companies are joined together. When one company buys another, either through friendly or hostile takeover, it is called acquisition.

1,422 Questions
Malaysia
Singapore
Business Finance
Mergers and Acquisitions
History of Singapore
Southeast Asia

Why did Singapore favor a merger with Malaysia?

Singapore favour for merger with Malaysia because for common market and for independence.

  • The PAP felt that Singapore's survival as an independent nation would be difficult.
  • Singapore lacked natural resources.
  • Entrepot trade was declining.
  • Growing population which required more jobs.
  • The Malayan government introduced import and export tariffs on goods which led further decline in Singapore's trade.
  • PAP government felt that a merger with Malaya would bring about rapid economic growth especially with the setting up of common market.
  • The common market would allow goods to be bought and sold freely without being taxed.
  • This would increase trade, expand industries and create more jobs.
  • The PAP saw that Singapore's best hope for complete freedom was through a merger with Malaya.
  • There were some areas like defense and internal security that were still under British control.
  • The British were reluctant to grant full independence to Singapore because they were worried about the communist threat in Singapore.
  • Moreover, When the PAP was formed in 1954, it included moderates and radicals.

Singapore lacked natural resources and faced a declining trade amount. More jobs were needed to meet the demands of the population. The Malayan government imposed import and export tariffs on goods traded between the 2 countries. Singapore also faced Communist threat and that made the British not grant full independence to Singapore. Singapore hence felt that by merging with Malaya, the British would grant Singapore full independence and Malaya would share natural resources and jobs. Trade amounts might also go back up and the tariffs could be removed.

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Human Resources
Industries and Professions
Mergers and Acquisitions

What are 3 examples of corporate mergers?

Horizontal, Vertical, and Concentric Mergers

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Google
Yahoo
Business Finance
Mergers and Acquisitions

List of major mergers and acquisitions in India?

  1. Tata Steel's mega takeover of European steel major Corus for $12.2 billion. The biggest ever for an Indian company. This is the first big thing which marked the arrival of India Inc on the global stage. The next big thing everyone is talking about is Tata Nano.
  2. Vodafone's purchase of 52% stake in Hutch Essar for about $10 billion. Essar group still holds 32% in the Joint venture.
  3. Hindalco of Aditya Birla group's acquisition of Novellis for $6 billion.
  4. Ranbaxy's sale to Japan's Daiichi for $4.5 billion. Sing brothers sold the company to Daiichi and since then there is no real good news coming out of Ranbaxy.
  5. ONGC acquisition of Russia based Imperial Energyfor $2.8 billion. This marked the turn around of India's hunt for natural reserves to compete with China.
  6. NTT DoCoMo-Tata Tele services deal for $2.7 billion. The second biggest telecom deal after the Vodafone. Reliance MTN deal if went through would have been a good addition to the list.
  7. HDFC Bank acquisition of Centurion Bank of Punjab for $2.4 billion.
  8. Tata Motors acquisition of luxury car maker Jaguar Land Rover for $2.3 billion. This could probably the most ambitious deal after the Ranbaxy one. It certainly landed Tata Motors into lot of trouble.
  9. Wind Energy premier Suzlon Energy's acquistion of RePower for $1.7 billion.
  10. Reliance Industries taking over Reliance Petroleum Limited (RPL) for 8500 crores or $1.6 billion.
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Mergers and Acquisitions

What are advantages and disadvantages of mergers?

The disadvantages of mergers and acquisitions are listed below:

Diseconomies of scale if business becomes too large, which leads to higher unit costs.

Clashes of culture between different types of businesses can occur, reducing the effectiveness of the integration.

May need to make some workers redundant, especially at management levels - this may have an effect on motivation.

May be a conflict of objectives between different businesses, meaning decisions are more difficult to make and causing disruption in the running of the business.

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Business Finance
Mergers and Acquisitions

Who are Eastman Pierce Mergers and Acquisitions?

Foreign Shareholders Beware!

This is a very skilled group of con men who are out to rob you from your hard earned money.

They contact unsuspecting shareholders and try and convince them that they have a buyer for their shares and offer very highly inflated amounts for the shares.

This group are currently concentrating on shareholders of Capital Gold Mining Resources Inc. formerly known as Dixon, Perot and Champion.

This is typically known as an Advanced Payment Share Scheme because these criminals always ask for some sort of payment before they can pay you for your shares.

Does that sound like legitimate business to you? Of course NOT!

If you receive a call from these people, HANG UP, do not converse with them.

Contact your local authorities or the FBI in the United States of America. These are highly sophisticated CRIMINALS, if you fall into their trap, you will be sorry.

Hi folks,

ya aware that Capital Gold Mining is the same fake as Dixon Perot was.

If anyone of the former Dixon shareholders believes in a better future and means he can gain his investment back..... good luck.....

The "new connection" is cheating you again.

Uisi71

181182183
Business Plans
Marketing Advertising and Sales
Companies
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Mergers and Acquisitions

What are the three types of mergers?

1)Horizontal mergers: The consolidation of firms that are direct rivals--i.e. firms that sell substitutable products or services within the same geographic market. 2)Vertical Mergers: The consolidation of firms that have potential or actual buyer-seller relationships. 3)Conglomerate Mergers: Consolidated firms may share marketing and distribution channels and perhaps production processes; or they may be wholly unrelated. 4)Congeneric mergers occur where two merging firms are in the same general industry, but they have no mutual buyer/customer or supplier relationship, such as a merger between a bank and a leasing company. Example: Prudential's acquisition of Bache & Company.

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Business Finance
Mergers and Acquisitions

Top10 Mergers and acquisitions in the world?

Vodafone AirTouch acquired Mannesmann for $202.8 billion

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Banking
Companies
Mergers and Acquisitions

What are the main disadvantages of bank merger?

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Telephones
Business Finance
Mergers and Acquisitions

Are Sprint and Nextel customers able to talk together for free since the merger?

You can talk as much as you want whether you are a Sprint customer or a Nextel Customer as long as you have the mobile to mobile option for 5.00.

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Business & Finance
Mergers and Acquisitions
Project Management

What does acquisition strategy means?

Answer 1: There are some golden rules which can be treated as the Strategies for Successful Merger or Acquisition Deal.

Before entering in to any merger or acquisition deal, the target company's market performance and market position is required to be examined thoroughly so that the optimal target company can be chosen and the deal can be finalized at a right price.

Answer 2: What the above means is that you should look at a company carefully so that you don't pay more than it's worth.

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Business Law
Business Finance
Mergers and Acquisitions

What is the definition for mergers and acquisitions?

MERGER MEANS THAT THE TWO MERGING COMPANIES BECAME HISTORY AND A NEW FIRM IS ESTABLISHED WHILE ACQUISITION MEANS ONLY ONE COMPANY BECAME HISTORY WHICH IS THE ACQUIRED COMPANY WHILE THE ACQUIRING COMPANY REMAIN. I NEED A RECOMENDATION OF A GOOD AND SHORT CUORSE ON M@ A
IN A NICE AND ECONOMICAL LOCATION WITH A REASONABLE COST .WHO CAN HELP

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Mergers and Acquisitions
Anti-Virus Software

If you download songs from other countries using LimeWire is it still illegal?

I am a musician and am very happy to have people download my music for free. How else will I ever become known??? Particularly as I write in the alternative genre in a country (Australia) without a huge industry.Way less than 1% of acts ever get signed and of those few earn any money from record sales. In fact it is common practice for companies to sign up bands and NOT promote them in order to stop competition with their existing bands.I could go on and on about the corruption of the recording industry (sony make a lot of money from weapons commmunications sales)I have started to self publish on Limewire to use it as a promotion tool.This is the only future for the recording indusrty, they need to get with it, music is a right not a privilege so yes you may be infringing copyright laws by downloading overseas music ( much like 'dubbing' onto cassettes was in the 80's)but only by lots of people doing it will the laws change....

AnswerDownloading any copywrited material from anywhere that you have not payed for is illegal, unless the artist has approved to free download. It is called stealing.

Correction: It is not always necessarily controlled by the artist, but more often by the licensor, such as ASCAP, BMI, or legal holding entities: attorneys, estates, trusts, etc. The artist in many cases prior to 1975 had/has little or no control over licensing terms. More recently artists have attained more control over licensing and some even promote free sharing of their work, even if limited by restrictions. Some examples include Dave Matthews and The Offspring.

Answeryes it is illegal but so many people do it and its not called stealing its just making the most of technology! lets face it no one goes out and buys every single in a shop - how much would that cost! and its not as if some of the artists need all the money the have anyway.

00st2

AnswerIt's not just other countries, limewire is illegal. We had to get rid of it because it was sending us viruses, and imagine if everybody used it; artists would sing, bring out a single, one person would buy it, make it available to everybody on limewire and then they get it for free. That artist only gets �1.99 after working hard for a year to release that single. How would you feel?Any legal music download company would make you pay for each song you download-if you don't know any of these companies try Napster, Tesco Download store, MSN music, audible.co.UK, Wanadoo jukebox, Packard Bell music station or Tiscalli music. All of these have been aproved of and are definatley legal. If limewire was legel then why would it be such a ridiculous price for all the songs you want...in the world? Also, you could be fined from �1,000 to having your computer taken away. Who wants that.Think about it before you break the law and let down your country aswell as all the song artists out there who have worked hard.
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Business & Finance
Business Finance
Mergers and Acquisitions

Difference between joint ventures and mergers acquisitions?

Basically, a joint venture is when two or more companies make an agreement to do business in one specific area. They can share the insurance, shipping and liability costs and produce higher profits. It is usually a short lived collaboration. A merger is when two companies come together to form a single company. They combine their respective resources. Sometimes there are losses of jobs, but not all. Those decisions are specified in the merger contract well in advance of the deal. An acquisition is when one company is buying and taking over another. If it is friendly, often the seller can stipulate who keeps their job and so forth. If it is unfriendly, the company taking over gets to make all the final decisions. They cannot take away benefits already earned.

656667
Business Law
Business Finance
Mergers and Acquisitions

What are the examples of conglomerate merger?

the definition is: the joining of companies, in completely unrelated products.

A simple example would be, a clothing company, like Aeropostale joining a company that sells jewelry, like Kay Jewelers.

That is not the answer!!!!

The real answer for the definition is

Conglomerate:

Is a giant corporation composed of many smaller corporations.

The first is actually the real answer.

A conglomerate is a combination of two or more corporations engaged in entirely different businesses. It's usually made up of a parent company and many subsidiaries.

you guys are getting a bit mixed up... below is the proper definition

A corporation that is made up of a number of different, seemingly unrelated businesses. In a conglomerate, one company owns a controlling stake in a number of smaller companies, which conduct business separately. Each of a conglomerate's subsidiary businesses runs independently of the other business divisions, but the subsidiaries' management reports to senior management at the parent company.

The largest conglomerates diversify business risk by participating in a number of different markets, although some conglomerates elect to participate in a single industry - for example, mining.

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Malaysia
Singapore
Business Finance
Mergers and Acquisitions
History of Singapore
Southeast Asia

What are the pros and cons of the Singapore - Malaysia merger?

Pros

First there is politcal benefits. Singapore wants to be independent. 1963 federation of malaysia constitution, through merger in 1963 with an independent malaya, singapore achieved full independence from British. Before the merger, British is unwilling to grant singapore independence giving the excuse that singapore is not strong enough and have limited resources to be independet. For malaya, merger was a way to check rising threat of communism in Singapore which might result to a threaten to the safety of malaya. Malaya is very successful in handling communist problems, one example is The Emergency.

Secondly, there is economic benefits. Singapore has limited resources and by merging with malaysia, malaysia acts as a hinterland for singapore and provides singapore with the resource. Furthremore, singapore has a small market and by merging with malaysia, it increases size of market and hence benefit singapore economically. Malysia on the other hand also wants to be benfited by singapore since singapore has more than 2500 firmst and a population of 1.7millon and is the most important port in south east asia.

Cons

However, because of the merger, federak government's fear of PAP's domination in malaysia politics. The failure of Alliance leader in KL to enable the Malays in Singapore to gain more seats in the Singapore Legislative Assmebly during the 1963 elections caused the alliance leader to feel very bitter about the defeat. Tunku even came to singapore and expressed his disappointment,this resulted to tension and bitter relationship. Furthremore, singapore promised not to participate in federal elections but did not keep its promise. Lee Kuan Yew and others participated in the federal election, although they only won a few seats but malays felt threatened by Singapore. Moreover, malaysia keep emphasizing on Malay being a superior race but Singapore felt that everyone is equal. Hence, the fear of Chinese domination in Malysian politics was a dominant threat felt amongst malay leaders. There are many riots for example the Geylang gaswork riot on Prophet Muhamad's birthday which resulted in injuries and the damage of properties.

Singapore did not benefit as much in the common market because the Central government was not convinced to promote new industries in Singapore. When foreign industries want to set up industries in Singapore, the centre government always delay and disagree. Singapore also recieved very few certificats of pioneer status. Singapore leaders felt very frustrated to threatened to boycott british goods. Resulted to upsetting relationship. Tax charges to protect malaysian industry is very frustrating. Singapore's light bulb industries suffered because of the imposition of duty on imports of light bulbs just when light bulb factories are going to be set up and 50000 people are unable to get their jobs because of this.

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Business & Finance
Business Finance
Mergers and Acquisitions

What is an example of a vertical merger?

When a bicycle company and a manufacturer of inner tubes merge.

The one company is different from the other; however it's product is part of the other. Depending on their relative size, a rubber company could also buy the bicycle company as an end user of their products.

Another one you might like: a mattress manufacturer buys companies that make all the parts for the mattresses, a trucking company, a chain of furniture stores and a bank. Now they can make the raw materials, turn them into mattresses, ship them to their own stores and loan people money to buy them. In reality the government would break this up, but that's a vertical merger.

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Famous Quotations
Mergers and Acquisitions

Where does the term pudden tane come from What's your name Pudden Tane aske me again and I'll tell ya the same?

from the little rascals?

Here's another thought on the subject, from www.takeourword.com

From Noah: Thank you for your issues. All are wonderful. OK, I feel I have to defend your grandmother. The quote she gave is not a form of vulgarity (I believe). There was a song from the 60s by The Alley Cats called "Puddin' n' Tain (Ask Me Again, I'll Tell You the Same)". She may have gotten it from there. If that is too late, the original quote is from (I believe) a short story called "The King of Boyville" from the book The Real Issue by William Allen White in 1896. The quote is: When a new boy, who didn't belong to the school, came up at recess to play, Piggy shuffled over to him and asked him gruffly: "What's your name?" "Puddin' 'n' tame, ast me agin an' I'll tell you the same," said the new boy, and then there was a fight. That is the earliest example I found of that expression. It may have been a well-known expression before then. There is an online copy of the story at http://ww.ukans.edu/carrie/kancoll/books/white/index.html Thanks for those quotations, Noah. Those jibe with what we've found. However, think about the phrases puddin' 'n' tame and puddin' 'n' tain: they mean nothing. Where did they come from? Probably from people hearing poont*ng (and perhaps not knowing what it meant) and converting that into something a little more recognizable. That would also explain why the phrase is only used as a proper name in those quotes. No one knew quite what to do with it other than that. (That's our semi-educated guess, anyhow.) FriPilot

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Jobs
Salary and Pay Rates
Mergers and Acquisitions
Accountants

What is an accountants yearly salary?

60000-80000

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Business & Finance
Business Finance
Mergers and Acquisitions

What is merger?

The easiest way I can think of to describe a merger is equate it to a recipe. In cooking, when you want to merge two ingredients you mix them. In business it is the same way. You take two businesses and mix them together in to one, larger business. Sometimes, like mixing oil and water, it doesn't work real well. When that happens the business leader has to come up with a solution. It may be the need for a third party. It might mean parts may need to separated. On the other hand, sometimes, like mixing milk and an egg the result is magic. Frankly, without a great deal of study and hard work, merging two companies can be a crap shoot.

777879
Salary and Pay Rates
Mergers and Acquisitions
Accountants

What is the average accountant salary?

40,000 to 60,000 a year

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Mergers and Acquisitions
Aerospace Engineering

What were the major mergers and acquisitions over the last five years?

"What were the Major mergers and acquisitions over the last five years in all sector of business?list them." can i get mor informationabout the above mergers and acquisition

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Business Finance
Incorporation
Mergers and Acquisitions

What is crossborder merger?

A cross-border merger is a transaction in which the assets and operation of two firms belonging to or registered in two different countries are combined to establish a new legal entity. In a cross-border acquisition, the control of assets and operations is transferred from a local to a foreign company, with the former becoming an affiliate of the latter.

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Business Plans
Economics
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Mergers and Acquisitions

What are the steps for managing a successful merger?

Learn from the best, study Cisco Systems (CSCO). A lot has been written about them in that function. They have acquired hundreds of companies. First dedicate someone to the task of managing the merger, second make sure you understand who's corporate culture will survive. Most fail to be productive, so there are a lot of ways to do it wrong.

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Business Finance
Management and Supervision
Mergers and Acquisitions

Benefits of merger and acquisition?

There are certain benefits that can be derived from merging and acquiring a comany. First off, M&A require a lot less energy and time in getting a company set up as opposed to building a company from the ground up Secondly, it is very expensive to build a company from the ground up so M&A would be less expensive that starting a new company Thirdly, there are trasfers of talents and resources when a company is acquired by another

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Mergers and Acquisitions

What bank did Affinity Financial Corp Buy?

Affinity Financial acquired American Partners Bank in January 2008. In approximately December 2008, Affinity Partners Bank changed its name to Waterfield Bank.

For further information, see Washington Business Journal, December 15, 2008.

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