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Chromatography

Parent Category: Chemistry
Chromatography is a set of techniques used to separate mixtures in a chemistry lab setting. The word chromatography means "color writing" and some of the first experiments in chromatography involved separating chlorophyll in plants.
  == The different types of chromatography are: ==   gas   liquid   affinity   paper   ion exchange
Chromatography means colour writing.   it was first of all invented by TSWET in 1906.
Rx = Distance travelled by solute from original line / Distance travelled by standard substance x from original line
 finding concentrations   gas chromatogram of gasoline  ion chromatogram of orange juice      each peak corresponds to a separate component in the mixture  area of each peak is proportional to concentration      chemical fingerprinting   species identification   ...
some applications are;   "Separations of inks, amino acids" from a mixture , blood and urine  anlysis, from a mixture
On the basis of their solubility in particular substances.
Chromatography can be used in the food industry to check the quality of the food, quantifying the trace amount of harmful molecules.
It depends what sort of solution and what sort of chromatography.    Assuming it's something simple like ink you'd usually use a piece  of paper or filter paper. You'd apply a spot of your analyte (the  solution being analysed) at a short distance from the bottom of the  paper, then put the...
A single colured candy is composed of many colours.
on the basis of mobile phase Which be either liquid or  gas, chromatography is classsified into two categories.  1)Liquid  chromatography 2) Gas  chromatography.   Stationary phase in relation to liquid chromatography may  be solid or liquid.
so that the atmosphere in the jar becomes saturated with solvent.
- a material such as activated charcoal which absorption can occurs.
the stationary phase in paper chromatography is the blotting paper or the filter paper which is held on a suitable support
i think mechanism is that,,thin layer chromatography is basically separation of mixture,and sample might adsorb on silics surface.here is adsorption mechanism
if a forensic scientist wanted to see if two different writing samples were written using the same pen. He would then use chromatography to separate the substances/chemicals that make up each ink to see if they are the same.
Some drawbacks of gas chromatography include:   The samples analysed are limited to those that are volatile or  can be made volatile (reaction to form a volatile derivative).  The samples must be thermally stable to prevent degradation  when heated.  Cannot be used to prepare samples for...
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There is no such thing as grass chromatography. there is only High Performance Liquid Chromatography, Gas Chomatography, and Paper Chromatography.
See related link below for a better explanation than mine..I am not to familiar with Rf values, but I have an idea. Rf values are the ratio between the distance traveled by the spot of the analyte to the distance traveled by the solvent used. This is used in paper chromatography and thin layer...
  Chromatography is used to analyze, identify, purify and quantify the compounds.
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what i8 peak to valley ratio in HPLC
Chromatography is the use of a mobile phase and stationary phase to separate molecules of a sample being analyzed. The sample is injected into the mobile phase and then run through the tubes of the HPLC (High-Performance Liquid Chromatography-this is the machine that does all this) and the mobile...
Ethanol has much better properties than water at chromatography
High performance liquid chromatography is used to separate non volatile compounds
it is the process in which mixtures of substances are separated into their compounds because some chemicals are heavier than others.
In paper chromatography n-butanol:acetic acid:water mixture in the ratio 4:1:1 is used as a solvent whereas in case of thin layer chromatography(TLC) petroleum ether and acetone in the ratio 9:1 is used as a solvent. Also, in some cases, DCM(dichloromethane is used as a solvent.
TLC is used to monitor Organic chemistry reactions. This way you can see the phases of the reaction that occur.See related link for the source and more info
the factors which can affect thin layer chromatography are: polarity and pH of the solvent and the temperature under which it is conducted
A technique would be to use the certain solvent and make the TLC plate dip down in the solvent at just the right hieght.read more at the related link below
normal chromatography based on polarity and non polarity principle If mobile phase is polar, compound is non polar,then non polar compound first elutes as peak and then followed by polar compound reverse chromatography is if the mobile phase is polar, the polar compound first elutes and then...
Thin-layer chromatography consists of a stationary phase immobilised on a glass or plastic plate and a solvent as mobile phase. The sample, either liquid or dissolved in a volatile solvent, is deposited as a spot on the stationary phase. The constituents of a sample can be identified by...
Chromatography refers to a set of techniques used to separate different compounds. The word comes from the Greek chromatos (color) and graphein (to write). So, as one might guess, chromatography involves separating chemicals and identifying them by color.Chromatography has many uses. It is commonly...
The objective of this project is to use paper chromatography to analyze ink components in permanent black markers.
1) for uniform development 2) proper elution of sample
thin layer chromatography uses alumna spread thinly on aluminum plates which can be made to any size that is needed,paper chromatography as the name suggests uses paper as its stationary phase and its applications are somewhat limited when compared to other forms of chromatography.the only time ive...
The purpose is to separated the candy colors and identify them.
  identifying constituents of a substance
Particles present in the dye to be separated is dissolved by the solvent and then carried throught the chromatographic paper, the extent to which each die will travel will depent on the amount of that die is present in the sample die.
  The solvent rises up the chromatography paper (blotting paper) by capillarity. When the solvent reaches the "spot" it dissolves the mixture of coloured chemicals. There is now a solution; this is a mixture of solutes dissolved in the solvent. The molecules of these different chemicals are all...
  Chromatography is used to analyze, identify, purify and quantify the compounds.
The principle is found in "Counter Current Extraction"
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Paper chromatography is primarily a forensic method to determine the ink and therefore pen used in a given crime. It can be used to confirm or deny the use of a given pen, by comparison.
because it is separated based on its boiling point, which means that for the majority of the time the sample is in the vapor phase.
In 1906, Mikhail Tswett, a Russian botanist, published a paper in which he described the separation of pigments, extracted from green leaves, by washing the mixture with petroleum ether (similar to lighter fluid) through a glass tube packed with powdered calcium carbonate (chalk). As the mixture of...
How do you change from reversed phase chromatography to normal phase chromatography? answer:Water -------> Ethanol ---------> Acetone -----> Ethyl acetate ------>Chloroform ------->HeptaneHow to Change from normal phase to reversed phase chromatography?Heptane ------->Chloroform -...
There are two types of paper chromatography: 1. Ascending Chromatography2. Descending Chromatography.
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vWe all know that green plants are green because they contain chlorophyll; we know that chlorophyll is green. Hang on; why are plants different shades of green if they all contain the same green pigment? Well, perhaps it is not quite as simple as you were told by your biology teacher. In fact there...
  con-- solvent usage high
Chromatography is a technic where separation of molecules is carried by using chromosorbs packed in a column. Ion Chromatography is a technic where separation is achievd by using ion chromosorbs packed in a column. Adsorption chromatography is a technic where separation is achieved by using...
Moblie phase is that phase in chromatography that moves the analyte components along with it. Stationary phase remains static during chromatography.
there are different types of chromatography e.g., thin layer chromatography, paper chromatography, gas chromatography, HPLC etc.TLC - THE PROCEDURE TO DO TLC IS GIVEN BELOWFirst of all a microscopic slide is taken and slurry made up of different components to make solid phase is poured on to the...
Ingredients separate since oil & vinegar don't mix.
Chromatography separates a mixture of pigments, usually in inks. You can separate colours in food and felt tips. The different solubilities of the different ink pigments, make some rise above others so you can see them clearly.
Chromatography is used for separating coloured mixtures into their original colours.
chromatography is very important in chemistry,it is used to analyse unknown compounds to determine there structure and much other information,it is also possible to use chromatography to separate mixtures and check for side products in a syntheses.NMR spectroscopy is important in telling how many...
That mainly depends on what kind of L.C. (Liquid Chromatography) is meant: GLC = gas L.C. (Liquid as stationairy phase)LLC = counter current liquids chromatographySLC = Solid L.C. (Solid as stationairy phase, e.g. TLC = 'Thin layer' L.C. or Paper L.C. )
  == The components of the mixture must be soluble. ==   == It's just qualatative and not quantatative. ==   Rebecca
there is no difference between high pressure and performance chromatography  
  gas chromatographt (GC) and High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) are different , and to understand why you must think about what chromatography is: Chromatography in its simplest form is like putting ink on blotting paper and watching the colours separate. Liquid chromatoraphy uses...
  A series of solvents with an increasing degree of polarity, generally used to explain solvent strength in liquid-solid or adsorption chromatography. A nonpolar solvent such as pentane would be at one end of the scale; dichloromethane would be an intermediate solvent; a strongly polar solvent,...
Ion-exchange chromatography is a process that allows the separation of ions and polar moleculesbased on the charge properties of the molecules.
physical change causes the reaction in chromatography!
It can help in the purification of substance that are soluble in any solvent and also this helps because every substance has a different retention factor so they will all appear on different levels in the chromatogram this is used in the field of medicine to obtain extremely pure chemicals for the...
The ink spreads out because compounds that make it up may be stickier than the others.
They move on the principle of chromatography which is as follows: Rate of migration of a component is directly proportional to the rate of interaction of the component with the mobile phase.
Normal Phase: It has a polar stationary phase and a non-polar mobile phase.Reverse Phase: It has a non-polar stationary phase and a moderately polar mobile phase
make sure that the solvent front does not go above the top of the paper.
An advantage of column chromatography is that is has both  preparative as well as analytical applications. A disadvantage is  the technical skill required to properly set up the column.
stationary phase is the solid called the filter paper and mobile phase is the liquid or organic solvent present in the developing tank or beaker by ayesha zulfiqar
it means that the solvent dissolves the solute.
The pressure is the mobile phase. Follow on twitter... Www.twitter.com/funnyandinspire
  == Answer ==   The name Chromatography is coming from the Greek "Chromos" ("colour") and "grafein" (" to write") so chromatography is "writing with colours". This refers to the first chromatographic experiments with plant pigments were the sample was put on a filter paper, dried and the...
Colorless compounds can be made visible by bing allowed to react  with other reagents.
High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) is used to separated  components in a mixture, identify them, and quantify them. Pumps  push pressurized liquid solvent w/ mixture though a column with  adsorbent. Each component will interact with adsorbent differently  and have different flow rates...
Difficult to reproduce, spots are often faint and not typicallyautomated spots are often faint, and TLC is difficult to reproduce. NOTtypically automated more points on liquid chromatography: . Over-large Spots . Uneven Advance of Solvent Front . Streaking . Spotting
Paper Chromatography is a slow technique as compared to others. It is not sensitive as Thin Layer Chromatography. The components tend to streak out as the solvent reaches the front.
in industrial application
Chromatography in which separation is based mainly on differences be-tween the solubility of the sample components in the stationary phase (gaschromatography), or on differences between the solubilities of the compo-nents in the mobile and stationary phases (liquid chromatography)
to be sure that solvent is below it.
in isocretic system we use only single mobile phase but in gredent system we use two or more mobile phases.
1906 by Mikhail Semyonovich Tsvet
To separate or divide all the components of a mixture which consists of different substances. It can then be used to identify each and every component.
Because photon gravitation differs to the light travel...Ps. future technologies will be used to capture photon gravitation with the precision of laser and crystal mirrors. This helps to accelarate present time or slowdown time captured in mirrors view.
RF value is the distance travelled by a component of a mixture relative to the solvent. That is, it is the distance travelled by the component divided by the distance travelled by the solvent. RF value for any component has a fixed value less than unity. By calculating RF value for a component and...
Dyes and inks are used to color things we use (eg. colors for food,  clothes and pens) The point of chromatography is to find out if the  color in a felt pen is pure or a mixture of dyes.
THERE ARE MANY FACTORS DEPENDING UPON THE TYPE OF ANALYSIS such as column length, flow rate, gradient shape, temperature and buffer pHResolution depends not only on the column, but also on the mobile phase composition and flow-rate, the gradient rate and the size and composition of the peptides...
The substance moves according to the solubility of the substance. For example, dye a's solubility is water is high, it will reach the top of the chromatogram. If the dye is not soluble in water or low solubility in water, it will stop half way on the chromatography paper and/or will separate from...