Ancient Wars

The Ancient period is generally accepted as being 600 BCE to 500 CE, before which was the Archaic period, and after which began the Medieval period. However as there is not an Archaic Wars category, it is acceptable to post pre-500 BCE military questions in this area.

4,708 Questions
Ancient Wars
Roman Empire

How did Gannicus one of Spartacus leader dies?

In the winter of 71 BC Gannicus along with Castus broke off from Spartacus taking a large number of Celts and Germans with them marking the second break off of the rebellion. Gannicus and Castus met their end in Lucania near Mount Soprano (Mount Camalatrum) where Marcus Licinius Crassus, Pomptinus and Rufus entrenched their forces in battle and defeated them.

397398399
Ancient Wars
The Iliad

What does Achilles do after he kills hector?

Achilles cuts holes in Hector's heels, laces a girdle Ajax gave him through them and fastens Hector's body to his chariot. He drives around the city and all through the Greek camp with Hector in tow. For twelve days he abuses Hector's body, but Aphrodite and Apollo keep the body from being damaged.

Eventually the gods intervene and Thetis asks her son to allow Priam to retrieve his son's body. Priam is protected by Hermes as he enters the Greek camp and Achilles, moved by a father's devotion, allows Hector to return to Priam and offers a truce of twelve days for Hector's funeral. This is the end of the Iliad.

431432433
Ancient Wars
Roman Empire

Why was Commodus assassinated?

While Commodus was generally popular with the army and the lower classes, he alienated the upper class, leading to a series of plots against him.

He was little interested in public affairs, preferring the thearte, arena and his private life, leaving administration to appointees who abused their positions, with the odium flowing to Commodus.

This included alienation of the populace over a food shortage in Rome and then a fire which devastated parts of the city. He responded with obsessive self aggrandisement which solved nothing and accelerated the conspircies to dispose of him, one of which was successful. The Senate then declared him a public enemy.

307308309
Ancient Wars
Roman Empire
Julius Caesar
The Colosseum

What year did the Colosseum break?

After the collapse of the Roman Empire it fell into disuse and disrepair, though still standing. During the Middle Ages it was used as housing and for churches. During the Renaissance it was pillaged by the good citizens of Rome who stripped it to use the marble on their own homes.

The upper part of the southern side of the Colosseum collapsed in an earthquake in 1349 because the soil under that side is less stable.

285286287
Ancient History
Ancient Wars
Roman Empire

Who led Carthage over the Pyrenees Mountains?

Hannibal Barca. He led a Carthaginian army, not Carthage which was a city in North Africa. He crossed both the Pyrenees and the Alps to attack Italy in 218 BC at the beginning of the Second Punic War.

275276277
Ancient Wars
Ancient Greece

Who was the Persian king who vowed revenge against the Greeks?

Not against the Greeks, who were hundreds of independent city-states spread all around the Mediterranean and Black Seas.

Darius I of Persia vowed to exact revenge against the cities of Athens and Eretria for supporting the city of Miletus in Asia Minor - his territory. They went too far and burnt his provincial capital Sardis, which is what really focussed his ire against them.

He sent an expedition in 490 BCE against the two cities, Eretria was captured and enslaved, but it was defeated by Athens at Marathon and in front of Athens. Darius then determined to incorporate mainland Greece in his empire to stop this cross-sea meddling. He died and his son Xerxes tried to finish it off in 480 but this too failed.

245246247
Ancient Wars

What year was the battle of Red Cliffs?

208-209 AD.

229230231
Ancient Wars
Military Equipment
Roman Empire

Which metals did the ancient Romans use for swords?

Romans swords were made of steel.


235236237
Ancient Wars
Roman Empire
Julius Caesar

Why was Julius Caesar such a great commander?

Julius Caesar had a lot going for him that made him a great commander. He had a good grasp of strategy and the Roman determination to succeed at all costs. He took chances and won. The most important element he had was his rapport with his men. He was known to march on foot right along with them and to personally lead them in battle. He used the experience and wisdom of his centurions, in battle conferences, which other commanders never did. He liked to move and strike quick.

227228229
Ancient Wars
Roman Empire

Who were the auxiliary troops in the Roman army?

Auxiliaries were troops supplied by Rome's allied peoples. From the 4th century BC most of of these allies were Italic peoples. These were peoples which Rome did not annex during her expansion into central and southern Italy in that century. Rome let them remain independent. In exchange they had to supply soldiers at their expense. This worked because Rome shared the spoils of war with them. The booty from victorious battles could be considerable.

Their troops were auxiliary troops which supported the Roman legions. With this system Rome more than doubled the military manpower available to them.

From the 3rd century AD most of the allied people were Germanic peoples Rome had came in contact with when they had reached Germany.

The Latin names for the allied peoples were socii and foederati.

217218219
Ancient Wars
Ancient Greece

During the Peloponnesian War the Athenians massacred the men of?

Melos

205206207
Ancient Wars
Ancient Rome
Sparta

What are the ways Lycurgus eliminated luxury and wealth in Sparta?

Lycurgus of Sparta instituted military and egalitarian reforms e.g. one Spartan household had the same things as the next Spartan home .

169170171
Ancient History
Ancient Wars
Ancient Greece

Who took over Athens after the Peloponnesian War?

It was at first in the hands of a clique of 400 upper class citizens under Spartan patronage, but they were expelled in favour of a return to democracy.

165166167
Ancient Wars
Roman Empire

What is the best Roman battle to write about?

The Battle of Cannae for it was one of the most significant military defeats in military history or , perhaps , the Battle of Alesia where Caesar had besieged (circumvallation) Vercengetorix and while he maintained the siege he , Caesar , was in turn besieged (contravallation) by a relief force led by the cousin of Vercengetorix whose name was Vercassivellaunos . The latter battle was chronicled in Julius Caesar's book entitled 'Commentaries on the Gallic War' .

147148149
Ancient Wars
Roman Empire
Ancient Rome

How long ago were the Romans around?

The City of Rome has existed until the present day from it's founding in around 753 BC .

The Roman Empire began to fracture when it was split, to make it easier to administer, into the Western (based originally in Rome) and Eastern (based in Byzantium, which was expanded and renamed Constantinople) Roman Empires in 285 A.D.

The last Roman Emperor to rule over both the Western and Eastern Empires was Theodosius I, who died in 395 A.D. After this point, the empire ruled by Rome was attacked by many tribes and reduced in power until it was finally taken over by a barbarian king, Odoacer, in 476 A.D. This is often taken as the end of the Western Roman Empire. By this point, Rome was not even in control of all of Italy. Taking this as the end point, the last Romans were around until just under 1550 years ago.

137138139
Ancient Wars
Ancient Greece

What were the Peloponnesian Wars?

The Peloponnesian War , 431 to 404 BC , was a series of conflicts between colaitions of city-states - Athens and its allies and Sparta and its allies.

143144145
Ancient History
Ancient Wars
Ancient Greece

Was defeated by the Greeks at the Bay of Salamis?

Persian naval forces were defeated by a Greek naval coalition under the command of the Spartan Admiral Eurybiades.

139140141
Ancient Wars
Greek and Roman Mythologies
Ancient Greece

What happened to Patroclus?

Patroclus was Achilles cousin and was killed in the Trojan War by Hector. He was killed while wearing Achilles armour.

133134135
History of India
Ancient Wars

What influenced Ashoka the Great after the Kalinga war to become a Buddhist?

He felt remorse and guilty after seeing the devastation and the bloodshed the Kalinga war had created.

127128129
Ancient Wars
Latin to English

What does Delenda est Cartago mean?

"Cartago delenda est" means "Carthage must be destroyed" in Latin.

It was the phrase used by Marcus Cato at the end of each speech he made in the Senate, whatever the subject, in an effort to bring about the total destruction to Rome's rival in the Western Mediterranean, which continued to show resilience and continued strength after two defeats. A call for a 'Final Solution'.

125126127
Ancient Wars
Roman Empire

What are three conflicts between rome and Carthage?

The Firdt, Second and Third Punic Wars.

012
Ancient Wars
Ancient Greece
Athens

What Persian king set Athens afire?

Xerxes I.

107108109
Ancient History
Iran
Ancient Wars
Ancient Greece

What was the significance of the wars between the Greeks and the Persians?

It temporarily stopped the movement of peoples from east to west, and ensured the entrenchment of Graeco-Roman culture as the later dominant factor in Europe and the Americas.
Maylene

979899
Ancient Wars
Roman Empire
Ancient Rome

What happend at the battle of Munda?

The battle of Munda was the last battle that Julius Caesar had to fight to put an end to that phase of the civil war. It was in Spain and Gnaeus Pompey, the son of Pompey the Great, was captured and executed.

939495
Ancient Wars
Ancient Greece
Persian Empire

What happened at the Battle of Thermopylae?

The Greeks had determined that, due to the threat of the Persian fleet and its amphibious capacity to attack and defeat the independent cities one by one, and as it also protected the Persian sea supply lines, that they had to defeat that fleet. As it was superior in size and numbers, they had to catch it in narrow waters to neutralise its superiority, so they set up a small blocking force in the narrow pass at Thermopylai to hold up the Persian army plus its accompanying fleet in the narrow strait nearby. The blocking force had to hold on long enough for the Greek fleet to defeat the Persian fleet. After three days of naval engagements, the Greek fleet came off worst and withdrew to Salamis near Athens.

The 7,000 Greek force at Thermopylai held on for two days against the 180,000 strong Persian army, while the naval battle went on, and then had to hang on for a third day for the deciding naval battle. Meanwhile the Persians had sent an outflanking force to attack the pass from the rear. Warned that this was happening the Greek commander Leonidas sent off most of his force to seek protection in the walls of friendly cities, and so that the Persian cavalry could not rush through and catch them in the open, held the pass with his force of 2400 Spartans (300 hoplite infantry and 2,100 helot light infantry), 700 Thespians who demanded to stay, and 400 Thebans he forced to stay because Thebes was suspected of secretly going over to the Persians. After the main body had got away, the outflanking Persian force joined in the fight, and the attack from both sides overwhelmed the remaining defenders.

With the failure of the naval battle, this sacrifice at Thermopylai was unfortunately without any military effect. It did however provide a morale boost and a lesson that reinforced the Marathon experience - the Persian infantry could not stand up to armoured warriors without their cavalry.

The Greek fleet subsequently defeated the Persian fleet at Salamis. The Persian supply fleet was now open to interdiction, and faced with winter in a poor countryside, Xerxes had to take half his army home, and the following year, the other half, with its Greek allies, had to face the full forces of the southern Greek states, as without the threat of amphibious invasion they could leave their cities and concentrate at Plataia. The depleted Persian ground forces were defeated at Plataia and the remaining rump of their naval forces at Mykale.
A coalition of Greek city states blocked the pass to force the Persians to try to bypass it by sea, with the Greek fleet waiting to pounce on the Persian one. The Greeks lost the sea battle, as as the blocking force at Thermopylae no longer had a use, it was withdrawn. The Spartan and Thespian contingents remained to cover the withdrawal, and were annihilated.

939495

Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.