Chile

The Republic of Chile is on the west side of the South American Andes Mountains from Argentina. It has the world's driest desert and the world's largest Greek overseas community. Typical contributions include questions about the country's ancient artifacts and stone petroglyphs, Croat and German immigrant heritage, Mapuche indigenous culture, Pacific Ocean island possessions, sophisticated city life, stabilized politics, and vast mineral resources.

History, Politics & Society
Chile
History of South America
US Foreign Policy

Why did the US support the Chilean Coup against Allende in 1973?

The 1970s were times of great change in South America, with peasants and workers organizing for what they thought was a better life, looking up to communism. This was a severe threat to American corporate interests, and Salvador Allende, (Chile's President before the coup d'état) was a socialist on the side of the workers.

Allende supported the strike of copper miners, and nationalized the copper mines. These were controlled by American corporate interests, and they did not take this threat lightly. Allende was also a strong supporter of Fidel Castro.

The US accused the Allende government of promoting Soviet interests in Latin America as Allende nationalized US companies. Investors from the US company International Telephone and Telegraph (ITT), who owned 70% of the Chilean Telephone Company (Chitelco) thought that the Chilean government would nationalize its assets there, and pressured ITT to put the US government through their connections and lobby groups.

Export income fell due fell in both production and price on international markets of copper, the most important export of Chile.

From Wikipedia: "Chilean politics ascended to a state of civil unrest amid strikes, lockouts, economic sanctions, CIA-sponsored propaganda, and a failed coup in June 1973".

There was a annual inflation rate of over 900%. Some people think Allende would have been overthrown by the Chilean army with or without US support.

According to the CIA, although they supported the military Junta, after the overthrow of Allende they had reservations about Pinochet being President. However, he ruled Chile for 17 years. Later it was recognized worldwide he was a brutal dictator and attempts were made to prosecute him in courts.

For further information check the declassified documents from the US Government in the George Washington University Webpage (See related links)

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Chile
Santiago (Chile)

What is the capital city of Chile?

The capital and largest city in Chile is Santiago.

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Chile
Mining
Coal (fuel source)

When did the coal miners in Chile get out?

The first miner that got out was Florencio Ávalos, on October 13, 2010 at 00:10 (CLT). The last one rescued was Luis Urzúa at 21:56 (CLT) that same day.

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Chile

What are facts about Chile?

The capital of Chile is Santiago.

It is a Spanish speaking country

Chile borders three different countries; Argentina to the east, Bolivia to the northeast and Peru to the north.

Chile is the world's 38th largest country. It is about twice the size of Japan. The area of Chile is almost twice the size of Montana.

Chile has an unusual ribbon shape. It is 4300 km long and just 175 km wide (on average)

Chile has a broad spectrum of growing climates. These climactic variations favor diversified production of fruits and prolonged harvest seasons. In the past 16 years, fresh fruit exports from Chile to North America have increased over 700 percent. Chile is the primary wintertime source (over 95 percent) of fresh grapes for the US and Canada.

Chile's coastline stretches about 2,700 miles long, running from the Atacama; the world's most arid desert in the north, through forests, valleys, mountains, lakes, glacier fields, the Tierra del Fuego and the Antarctic Circle in the south.

Chile is never more than 110 miles wide east to west.

There are more than 2,000 volcanoes in Chile, of which 50 are actually active. The highest volcano in the world, 'Ojos del Salado', is in Chile. It is also the 2nd highest peak in South America.

Chile is the largest producer of copper in the world, and the second-largest producer of salmon in the world.

The population of Chile is 16,888,760 and is expected to be about 20.2 million by 2050.

About 10% of the Chilean population consider themselves indigenous to the region. However, according to the 2002 census, only about half of these people still speak a native language or practice a native culture.

There are an estimated 840,000 Chileans living abroad. More than half of these live in Argentina. 2% of these live in Australia.

The most popular sport in Chile is football (soccer to Australians and Americans).

The Chilean football team won a bronze medal at the 2000 Sydney Olympics. Tennis is the second most popular sport in Chile, with Fernando González the last Chilean to reach a Grand Slam singles final.

The Chilean fruit-growing season is opposite that of the US, so marketing is complementary rather than competitive. Chile provides North America with almost 15 percent of all its fruit sales during the months of November through April.

Chile had to endure a 17 year military dictatorship between 1973-1990 that left more than 3000 people either dead or missing.

Michelle Bachelet was the first woman president ever in Chile and was elected for the period 2006 - 2010.

One traditional dish is curanto, a stew that combines seafood, meat and vegetables. Another popular meal is beef steak with chips, onions and eggs, called 'Bistec a lo pobre' (Poor man steak). Pebre, a hot sauce, is eaten with meat dishes, bean and corn chowder (porotos granados) is another traditional dish.

Chile is the home of two Nobel Prize winning poets, Gabriela Mistral (1945), and Pablo Neruda(1971).

David Selkirk, immortalized as Robinson Crusoe, survived a shipwreck and lived for several years on a desert island off the coast of Chile, no doubt thriving on the nutritional benefits of fresh fruit. There are two islands called 'Robinson Crusoe' and 'Alejandro Selkirk Island', respectively, in Chile.

It is believed that Native Americans settled in Chile about 10,000 years ago. They settled along the coast as the most fertile land was found there. They also found the oldest mummy in Chile.

The national game of Chile is soccer.The Atacama Desert is the driest and coldest desert in the world.Chilean wines have won numerous awards and are now ranked #3 in the world .
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Family Travel
WWE World Wrestling Entertainment
Chile

What is the name of the country where Chileans live?

Chileans are the people who live in Chile.

Chile is a country in South America. It is long and thin and runs down the West coast of the continent.

The capital of Chile is Santiago.

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Chile

What countries are around Chile?

Argentina, Bolivia, and Peru border Chile.

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Chile
Flags

What do the colors on the Chile flag stand for?

White stand for the snow covered Andes. Red stands for the blood of patriots that fought for indpendence. Blue stands for the blue sky and sea. The white five-pointed star stands for a guide to progress and honor.

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Chile
Public Health and Safety
Santiago (Chile)

Is it safe to drink local water in Santiago?

In most places in Santiago there is potable, free of harmful germs drinkable water. However, it is better to drink bottled water, known as "Agua Mineral" as the water contains too much chloride and minerals that make it untasty (Specially for coffees and teas).

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Chile

What is America Chile's state bird?

The Condor is the national bird of Chile.

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Chile
Flags

When was Chile founded?

Chile was founded in October 26, 1540. When Pedro de Valdiva took posesion of Copiapó Valley in the name of the Spanish king, after crossing the Atacama desert with 1200 men. Luis de Cartagena acted as notary and certified this.

However, it was February 12th, 1541 when the capital Santiago was founded by Pedro de Valdivia.

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Chile

What kind of houses do people in Chile mainly live in?

Really old houses are made from adobe.

Most of the houses are made of wood, concrete and rigid panels. The most common material for roofs are zinc sheets.

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Travel & Places
Chile
World Currencies

What currency do they use in Chile?

They use the Chilean Peso.

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Argentina
Chile
South America

What are Cape Horn Rollers?

They are ocean waves formed between Tierra Del Fuego the tip of South American and Antarctic peninsula.

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Chile
Airports

Where are the international airports in Chile?

The international airports in Chile are listed below:

  1. Antofagasta (Cerro Moreno International Airport)
  2. Arica (Chacalluta International Airport)
  3. Concepcion (Carriel Sur International Airport)
  4. Iquique (Diego Aracena International Airport)
  5. Isla de Pascua (Mataveri International Airport)
  6. Punta Arenas (Presidente Carlos Ibáñez del Campo International Airport)
  7. Santiago (Comodoro Arturo Merino Benítez International Airport)
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Chile
Bodies of Water

What are Chile's bodies of water?

The South Pacific Ocean, of course, and the Bay of Penas.

The five biggest lakes are as follows:

1General Carrera Lake970 km² of the lake's total 1,850 km² are inside Chilean borders2Llanquihue Lake860 km²3O'Higgins Lake529 km² of the lake's total 1,058 km² are in Chile4Ranco Lake442 km²5Presidente Ríos Lake352 km²

Five biggest rivers, by drainage basin area:

Loa River33,570 km²440 kmBaker River26,726 km²170 kmBío-Bío River24,264 km²380 kmMaule River20,600 km²240 kmBueno River15,367 km²130 km

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Distances and Travel Times
Chile
Mexico

How many miles from Mexico City to Chile?

There are 6617 Km (4112 miles) between Mexico City and Santiago, capitals of Mexico and Chile, respectively.

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Languages and Cultures
Chile

What languages are spoken in Chile?

Chile has no official language. Spanish is the de facto language, however. English is widely spoken throughout the country, however, and many students are taught English as early as 5th grade.

Mostly Spanish

Spanish is the only major Language. However, There are several indigenous languages spoken in Chile: Mapudungun, Quechua, Aymara and Rapa Nui.

German is also also large minority language.

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Economics
Chile

What the size of Chile compared to the US?

In terms of area, Chile is slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana.

Chile: 756,102 km2

US: 9,826,675 km2

(Montana: 380,850 km2)

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Argentina
Chile
Deserts

Which deserts are located in Chile and Argentina?

Chile as well as Argentina share parts of both the Atacama and the Patagonian Deserts.

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Chile
Earthquakes
Bhopal

What happens in the classical case if an earthquake destroys a great part of counties production capacity?

there will be a great danger

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Chile
North America
South America

Where is Chile located on a map of south America?

Chile is a narrow stip of land that runs along the Western side of South America.

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Economics
Chile
Importing and Exporting

What is the main export in Chile?

Chile's main export is copper.

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Chile
Bus Travel

How much is the bus from Santiago Chile to Valparaiso Chile?

one way Santiago - valparaiso is around US $7

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Chile
Political Office Holders

Who is the President of Chile?

Verónica Michelle Bachelet Jeria is the President of Chile. She was the first female President of Chile from 2006 March 11 to 2010 March 11, and was re-elected for the 2014 - 2018 term. Chile's presidents are not re-electable immediately.

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Chile
Earthquakes
Plate Tectonics

What caused the Chilean earthquake on the 27th of February 2010?

Chile is on the western coast of the continent of South America, this is the boundary between two tectonic plates, the Nazca plate (which is an oceanic plate) and the South American plate (a continental crustal plate).

In this region the Nazca plate is moving eastwards towards the South American plate. The dense oceanic crust of the Nazca plate is being forced under or subducted beneath the less dense continental crust of the South American Plate.

The Nazca and South American plates are converging at a rate of approximately 80mm / year. This causes stress to accumulate resulting in elastic strain which stores elastic potential energy. Once the stress exceeds the strength of the rocks in the crust a brittle failure occurs, causing in this case thrust faulting to occur. The stored elastic strain energy is released in the form of seismic waves.

This form of thrust faulting usually results in the most powerful earthquakes and in the past Chile has experienced a magnitude 9.5 earthquake caused by the same tectonic plate motions - the most powerful ever recorded.

Please see the related question for further information.

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