great poverty after his father died when Confucius was 3 years old.
Confucius was perhaps the greatest ancint Chinese philosopher. His writings are still read in today's world.
Confucianism focuses on the development of good society where peace and order are preserved between individuals and the government.
Originally Confucianism could have been described as an ethical and philosophical system developed from the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Confucius who lived around 551-479 BCE. Later developments took confucianism into metaphysical and cosmological areas of understanding.
that humans were all evil.
It's possible to view Confucianism as a religion or a philosophy. Scholars debate its nature to this day. With that said, there is no one "holy book" of Confucianism. There are nine books, but whether or not they are holy is questionable -- since holiness implies divinities. There are: The Confucian Classics (5 books) and The Four Books (4 books).
Confucius (551-479 B.C.E) was a well educated man who enjoyed the archery and music. When he realized he couldn't make a living enjoying his hobbies, he tried to sell himself as a moral philosopher. After being turned down for government service, Confucius became China's first professional teacher. It was in Confucius' school that the Confucian Classics were compiled and edited by Confucius and his students.
Later, during Song Dynasty (960-1260 C.E), a scholar named Zhu Xi embraced and reinterpreted the teachings of Confucianism as a political philosophy. Zhu combined elements of Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism to create Neo-Confucianism, a broader more encompassing form of Confucianism. With the creation of Neo-Confucianism, Zhu Xi promoted texts that became canonical to Confucianism. These four texts were called simply The Four Books.
The Confucian Classics
The Four Books
1. If one book must be the "holy book" of Confucianism it would be Analects of Confucius.
The 'Four Books and Five Classics' were the authoritative books of Confucianism in China, written before 300 BC.
The Four Books are Great Learning, Doctrine of the Mean, Analects of Confucius, and Mencius. The Five Classics are Classic of Poetry, Classic of History, Classic of Rites, Classic of Changes, and finally, Spring and Autumn Annals.
The analects and the 5 classics
also the 4 books
Analects of Confucius.
Analects of Mencius.
Doctrine of Mean.
Classic of Rites.
Classic of Poetry.
I Ching is sacred to Confucianists too.
Confucius was a philosopher, not a religious figure.
There are many writings that set forth his philosophy, his views on ethics and politics and society in general.
As Confucianism is not properly speaking a religion, it does not have sacred texts as such. However there are books which have a high profile within Confucianism and which are important to Confucianists.
The Confucian Analects (Lun Yü)
The writings of Mencius, (who along with Confucius (properly known as K'ung-tzu, 551-479 B.C.E.) ), 'founded' Confucianism.
The Great Learning (Ta Hsüeh)
The Doctrine Of The Mean (Chung Yung)
The Shu Ching or 'The Book of Historical Records.'
The Shih Ching or 'The Book of Odes.'
The I Ching or 'The Book of Changes.'
The Li Ki Part I ; The Li Ki Part II or 'The Book of Rites.'
The Hsiao Ching or ' The Book of Filial Piety.'
Analects of Confucius.
Atheist There are two in-use definitions of the word 'atheist':
1.) A person who lacks belief in a god or gods. People who use this definition categorize atheists as either negative (or implicit or weak) atheists or positive (or explicit or strong) atheists. Negative atheists, while they don't believe in a god, do not positively assert that no gods exist. Positive atheists, however, do.
2.) A person who believes that no god or gods exist.
Those who consider themselves atheists (who are usually positive atheists) tend to define 'atheist' using the former definition, and those who believe in a god or gods tend to define 'atheist' using the latter. In both cases, this seems to be a demagogic practice intended to classify either as many or as few people as atheists as possible. Negative atheists are usually referred to as agnostics.
While neither definition of atheism entails any personality traits of atheists or of those who do believe in a god or gods (sometimes referred to as 'theists'), both atheists and theists tend to believe that certain traits apply to all atheists/theists. Common myths about atheists include: all atheists are arrogant, immoral, rebellious, and/or intolerant; all atheists really believe in (the Christian) God and are simply in denial; all atheists are depressed and believe life is meaningless. Common myths about theists include: all theists are naive and/or intolerant; all theists don't really believe in their god(s) and just pretend to because they're afraid that if people realised that no god exists, there will be complete chaos; all theists are weak and look to their god(s) for comfort. It hardly needs to be said that while these myths apply to a select few individuals in each group, the claim that they apply to every atheist or every theist is false.
Negative atheists justify their lack of belief in god(s) by pointing out that no evidence exists for the existence of god(s), and justify their lack of disbelief by pointing out that no evidence exists for the nonexistence thereof. Positive atheists often assert that while no evidence for god(s) exists, it should be by default assumed that they do not, until evidence is found. Some also try to use logic to prove that God does not exist, but this is often attached by theists and weak atheists as being mere wordplay. Some theists and weak atheists also assert that logic is superficial and meaningless (which is an easily refutable claim), and that only one's inner feelings can lead them to truth. Some positive atheists (and deists), however, are led to their stance through their feelings. Some feel that because the world is filled with evil and malice, and all-loving, benevolent god cannot exist. Those who are led to their stance through this feeling, however, cannot justify their disbelief in a malevolent god in the same way. Some reject the idea of the Christian God because the Bible states that non-Christians are condemned to Hell, and reject the idea as being too disturbing. While the same argument can also be made against the gods of various other religions, including Islam and Zoroastrianism, it cannot be made against every god (in Judaism, for example, Hell does not exist).
"Do you believe in God?"
"No, I don't."
"Then you're an atheist?"
"I suppose. I don't believe God doesn't exist, so I could probably be called an agnostic instead. Some atheists may consider me a 'negative atheist', though."
"Don't you think atheists.. er, would I call them 'positive atheists'? Don't you think they're intolerant?"
"Yes, you'd call them 'positive atheists', and no, I wouldn't say they're all intolerant. While some may come off as arrogant, they're just unable to understand how you can believe in God; you probably come off as arrogant to them, also, because you're unable to understand how they can disbelieve in God. People on both sides really need to make an effort to be more tolerant, and to discuss their stance on religion without using childish, immature insults."
They are all the dominant religions of China.
A Confucian scholar criticized the emperor.( Chin )
It is different because Confucianism promotes that all men with talent get a government job and Daoism just promotes peaceful society.
Orderly and stable human relationships.
Monotheistic, although Confucianism does not believe in God in the same way that other monotheistic religions such as Christianity or Sikhism do. Rather it sees Him more in the same way that a Deist would view Him.
5. Dong Zhoung
Theres alot more.
The religion is based on beliefs based on the book of Confucianism. The man himself, Confucianism wrote his own boook based on what Confucianism is all about. They all had spiritual religions but Confucianism had lots of religions and beliefs. I hope this was enough information for school or something. I am 12 years old in school and this was my question. I answered it finding it not on this website but learning it in my head. I hope you liked!
The three core values of Daoism are; 1) Simplicity 2) Compassion 3) Humility These things are said to be only achieveable by constantly practicing the state of "Wuji" or "no mind" or "emptyness" during meditation. The more a person practices "Wuji" or "no mind" the more and more these virtues manifest themselves of their own accord. [[User:126.96.36.199|188.8.131.52]]stardingo747
Yin and yang are part if the taiji, and refer to the intrinsic unity of opposites within a greater whole. Symbolically there is an empty circle (called wuji), and some kind of movement in that emptiness gives the appearance of separate elements - one rising (yang), one falling (yin) - which as a whole are bound together (the yin elements filling the voids that the yang elements leave behind). The traditional metaphor is sunlight on a mountain: as the sun moves across the sky, some things are brought into light and other drop into shadow, giving an impression of motion where in fact everything is perfectly still. A lot of natural dichotomies are cast as yin and yang (female and male, cold and hot, moist and dry, diffuse and concentrated, low and high) in order to highlight that they are in fact unified at a more basic level.
Filial piety and loyalty are some characteristics, but the main idea of Confucianism is the five bonds. The five bonds also relate to family ties.
The Duke of Chou (twelfth century B.C.) is regarded as one of the greatest statesmen in Chinese history. Also known as the Yellow Emperor, he is considered to be the architect of the Chou dynasty and the true founder of the Confucian tradition. Confucius looked to the Duke for his model and believed it was his mission to reestablish the principles and culture of the early Chou era, considered to be a golden age.
The Duke of Chou was a legendary figure whose life is surrounded in the mists of ancient history, though accounts of his personal life and achievements do remain. The Duke of Chou is credited with the writing of the I Ching and with the founding a new form of classical Chinese music. Some historians also credit him with the founding of traditional Chinese medicine. In addition, he was instrumental in the invention of the calendar and forms of martial arts that are beneficial for health as well as self-defense. His wife, Luo Zu, is said to have taught the Chinese to weave silk from the cocoon of domesticated silkworms.
The Duke of Chou is said to have lived to be 100 years old. Of his 25 children, 14 were boys. All of the noble families of the first three dynasties of China are reputed to have been descendants of these sons. When the Duke's long life was over, he arranged his affairs with his ministers and prepared for his journey to heaven. Some Chinese believed that he flew to the heavens on the back of a dragon and became an immortal.
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Sonnet Grandmaster Jose Rizal M. Reyes' Poetry Appreciation Club
'''The Confucian Classics''' (five books) and '''The four books''' (four books)
it's either social success, good government, scholarship or human-heartedness. Sorry i couldn't tell you which one.
In an air compressor, there are devices that automatically stops the compressor from compressing air. A mechanical unloader is sometimes installed in large air compressors such that air valves are open when the set pressure is attained. When this happens, the drive motor continues running but no air pressurre is pumped to the receiving tank during the unloading period. When the pressure in the tank is reduced to a set level, the air valves in the compressor automatically closes and air pressure is again developed, this called pressure loading. In many oinstances, compressors are contolled only by pressure switches to automatically stop the drive motor at a set pressure and restart at a lower pressure.
Beliefs: Confucian ethical teachings include the following values: Li: includes ritual, propriety, etiquette, etc. Hsiao: love within the family: love of parents for their children and of children for their parents Yi: righteousness Xin: honesty and trustworthiness Jin: benevolence, humaneness towards others; the highest Confucian virtue Chung: loyalty to the state.
Sidd-har-tha that was the fourth Buddha (or) or our Buddha right now
Sikhism was founded in India in the 16th Century.
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