Both Swami Dayanand Saraswati and Swami Vivekanand have a great place in the Indian rather World History in the fields of spirituality and philosophy. While Swami Dayanand (1824-1883) was a Revolutionary Reformer and a Vedic Sanskrit Scholar, Swami Vivekanand was a disciple of Ramakrishna who appeared on the Indian scene much later (1863-1902), was a philosopher who spoke for Hinduism and worked for infusing energy into the youth of India. Dayanand had sown the seeds for the Indian freedom (Swarajya) in 1876 which were furthered by Naroaji, Tilak, Gandhi and millions of freedom fighters and revolutionaries by their sacrifices. And as such viewed from historical angles and the contribution to the Nation, Swami Dayanand is regarded as senior or greater and is regarded as Rashpitamah.
All of the dates and information provided below are based on the Jewish Torah, Talmud and oral tradition. Note that many hundreds of names and dates have been omitted for the sake of brevity. Early Era:
Here are some of the prominent kings, prophets and events:
One gay soldier, Jean Erasmus, was chemically castrated by Dr Levin at Bloemfontein psychiatric hospital in 1980.
Before he committed suicide last year, Erasmus recorded a tape detailing the broader abuse of homosexuals in the army, including how he was forced by his officers to participate in the gang rape of Angolan women, and how other gay soldiers were given hormone drugs.
"I am quite convinced that quite a few murders of gay people took place which we will never know of, and it was covered up. When people got trigger happy, gays were often the brunt of the bullet."
In practice, the army's treatment of gays was confused. Many found themselves in de facto "gay battalions", according to Mikki van Zyl, a researcher on the Aversion Project report.
"In Uppington, virtually the whole battalion was queer until some general decided this should be broken up. There was one in Grahamstown. There was another in Pretoria. For some of them, these were supportive environments," she said.
Some men joined the army specifically to get a sex change operation. But others were pressured into surgery by military psychologists after other methods failed. The army carried out as many as 50 sex change operations a year.
Lesbians were also offered surgery - one woman is among those left partially altered after the programme was shut down.
The Aversion Project report argues that the doctors concerned broke international law.
"Health workers in the [military] were expected to be loyal first to the state and its ideologies. It meant that some doctors flagrantly ignored terms from the Geneva convention and Tokyo declaration, and certainly showed no accountability to the national professional councils, nor best current practices. The stage was set for human rights abuses of patients under the care of such doctors."
Ms van Zyl says that while the army as an institution should be held accountable, Dr Levin has particular responsibility.
"He left a trail of experiments. He worked in environments where he had captive subjects and he abused them," she said.
Dr Levin emigrated to Canada at about the time he was warned by the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa that he would be named as an abuser of human rights.
Speaking to the Guardian from Canada, where he works at a teaching hospital, he said he left South Africa only because of the high crime rate, and denied the accusations against him.
"Nobody was given electric shock treatment by me. What we practised was aversion therapy. We caused slight, very slight, pain in the arm by contracting the muscles, using an electronic device," he said.
"Nobody was held against his or her will. We did not keep human guinea pigs, like Russian communists; we only had patients who wanted to be cured and were there voluntarily."
Copyright © Guardian Media Group PLC 2000
Some contributions by WikiAnswers contributors: Here are a couple of bits of info about Liver-eating Johnson. Crow Killer: The Saga of Liver-Eating Johnson @ www.codywyomingnet.com: "The grave of Liver Eating Johnston was relocated to Old Trail Town on June 8, 1974. During his colorful career, Johnston, who was born in 1824 and died in 1900, had been a trapper, hunter, wood hawk, army scout, marshal, and Civil War veteran. In recent years he has become well known from the 1972 movie "Jeremiah Johnson," which was based on Johnston's life. Over 2,000 people attended the reburial service for Liver Eating Johnston at Old Trail Town; probably the largest burial service in the history of Wyoming." Consult the book "Crow-Killer: The Saga of Liver-eating Johnston" by Raymond W. Thorpe. Found the following on: http://www.huntershotsprings.com/updates/liver.html Also a fiction book called Mountain Man by Vardis Fisher. John Johnson's obituary: Feb. 10, 1900 -Died in California- "Liver-Eating" Johnson, the Noted Scout Is No More Red Lodge Picket: John Johnson, known the country over as "Liver-Eating" Johnson, died at the National Soldiers' Home at Santa Monica, Cal., on Sunday, Jan. 22, and thus came to an end the earthly career of a trail-blazer and intrepid pioneer whose heroic exploits on the western plains are inseparably connected with the early history of the commonwealth of Montana. See web site: JohnLiverEatingJohnston.com ________ See three recent articles that I have written:
"Perceptions of a Mountain Man: John "Jeremiah Liver-Eating" Johnston at Old Trail Town, Cody, Wyoming." The Rocky Mountain Fur Trade Journal v.1 (2007): 93-106. Published by the Museum of the Mountain Man, Pinedale, Wyoming. "The Abandoned Scout's Revenge: Origins of the Crow Killer Saga of Liver-Eating Johnson," Annals of Wyoming v. 78 n. 4 (Autumn 2006): 2-17. Published by the Wyoming Historical Society. "A Hawken Rifle and Bowie Knife of John 'Liver-Eating' Johnson," Arms & Armour: Journal of the Royal Armouries, v. 3 n. 2 (October 2006): 159-170. Published by the Royal Armouries, Leeds, England. Nathan E. Bender
University of Idaho
The Hebrew Bible talks of many mythological and legendary figures in the early history of the world. The most important of these include Adam, Abraham and Moses.
However, the earliest historical person was probably King David, although many scholars believe he was probably not so much a king as a local warlord with a tribal base near Jerusalem.
Islam has lots of Prophets if that is what you mean by historical figures and there are also lots of events. Allah does not specialize any of his messengers/Prophets but the last Prophet named Muhammed(peace be upon him) was known alot. Each Prophet has a special ability. For example, Dawud(PBUH) had an excellent voice. An event of Islam is Eid and this is celebrated after Ramadan. Ramadan is when us Muslims don't eat till sunset. We do this so we can feel the starvation of the poor and needy. Hajj is also just another wonderful event of Islam. Hajj actually includes a series of activities. First you do Ihram and Neea. Ihram is the certain clothes you wear and the procedure that you do to clean yourself. Comb your hair, shape the beard, trim your mustache, cut your nails.Take a bath with the intention of Ihram otherwise do wudu. Both should wear the flip-flops so that the middle bones of the upper part of the feet are not covered.If it is not makruh (undesirable) time, offer two rakahs of nafl for Ihram by covering your heads.Now uncover your head and declare your intention. It is assumed that you are performing Hajj al-Tammat'u in which Umrah is performed first as described later in the "Kinds of Hajj".Immediately after that utter the words of Talbiyah three times and as often afterwards as possible. If you don't remember it, you can say its translation in English or in any other language but Talbiah or its translation is pronounced in a loud voice by men and in a subdued voice by women.After this recite Darud Sharif and supplicate to Allah Almighty any du'a in Arabic or in your own language.After intention and Talbiyah, you are in the status of Ihram and from this time on you should not do acts that are forbidden in Ihram , for example, here are some of the things a muhrim must not do:
For male they wear two pieces of white cloth covering part of the breast and the lower body. For a female I hram is just the regular everyday clothes that they wear to Hajj. The next part is to Make Tawaf (circumvolution) around Kaaba, seven times while glorifying God
*Walk between Safa and Marwa seven times with occasional trotting, (Sa'i)
This completes the "Umrah" portion of the pilgrimage. The state of Ihram can be either broken or maintained at this point and before proceeding to Mountain Arafat. If the state of ihram is broken, a pilgrim must offer a sacrifice or fast a total of ten days, three of them must be during the pilgrimage (2:196).
(3) GOING TO ARAFAT
*Proceed to Arafat. (Going through or halting at Mena not a mandatory step)
*Stay in Arafat from Fajr till sunset
*Stay in any part of Arafat
*Glorify God, repeat supplication, repent and ask for forgiveness
(4) GOING TO MUZDALIFAH
*Leave for Muzdalifah after sunset
*Observe Night prayers as usual
*Pick up 21 pebbles
*Stay overnight and perform Fajr prayer
(5) PROCEED TO MINA
*Leave Muzdalifah for Mena in the morning
*Spend at least two days there
*On the first morning in Mina, offer an animal sacrifice
*Go to the three Jamarat stations and stone each with 7 pebbles while glorifying God
(6) FAREWELL TAWAF
*Return to Mecca and observe a farewell circumvolution (Tawaf) seven times around Kaaba
*Cut or shorten hair
*All Ihram restrictions are now lifted and Hajj is completed
There are many historical figures in Islam, they advanced in many fields including mathematics, science, religion, and many many more which helped the world come out of the dark ages into the modern era.
You can refer to the related links for more information.
muhammed, moses, Jesus, and Abraham... yes all of the 25 prophets from adam a.s. down to muhammad pbuh are historical figures of islam each of them have contributed to the propagation and establishment of islam and that is why every muslim individual should render love and respect to all these prophets, also the sahabatul kiram of prophet muhammad p.b.u.h., the tabiin, the tabit tabiin, the four madzhab and the ulamas who served islam, some of the historical events of islam are; the first revelation received by the holy prophet at cave of hira, israh wal mi'radz, hijrah, the migration of his sahabat to ethiopia, the battles that was fought by Rasulullah and his sahabat, the signing of the treaty of hudaibiya, the entry of the holy prophet and the muslim to makka and there are many, many more.
Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) Prophet Ibrahim (pbuh) Prophet Moses (pbuh) Prophet Noah (pbuh) Prophet Jesus (pbuh) Imam Ali
Mohammad, NOAH, Abraham, Moses, Jesus
Well there's a lot of historical events and figures in Islam. From the top of my head I can say:
Prophet Muhammad p.b.u.h. and his journeys to Mecca and Madina. Also his journeys to spread the religion of Islam. Omar bin Al Khatab, Ibn Magid...
Anyone, feel free to add more...I'm not so good with spelling in English the names.
He was the third of 12 children.
All of the dates and information provided below are based on the Jewish Torah, Talmud and oral tradition. Note that many hundreds of names and dates have been omitted for the purpose of brevity, and descriptions have been kept to a minimum. See the highlighted Related Links for more complete detail.Creation: 3760 BCE.
The Flood: 2104 BCE.
Era of the Patriarchs:
Era of the Judges: (See also: Who were the Judges?) The era of the Judges was 1244-879 BCE. Here are some of the prominent Judges:
Era of the Kings: The era of the Kings lasted until the destruction of the First Temple in 422 BCE. (See also: Who were the Kings?) Here are some of the prominent kings, prophets and events:
Era of the Babylonian Exile (422-352 BCE):
Second Temple Era (352 BCE-68 CE):
Era of the Mishna and Talmud-sages:
Era of the Geonim (Torah-leaders in Babylonia):
Later Rabbis and events:
They agreed that women should be a part of reform movements. (APEX)
Fumcuat loana- Poet
5. Dong Zhoung
Theres alot more.
William H. Bonney was a robber and murderer of the American Wild West. He lived from 1859 to 1881. He was known as "Billy the Kid".
Charity; giving alms.. Humility; accepting alms...
According to wikipedia Jimmy Hoffa was born in Brazil, Indiana.
You said historical. Sanskrit grammarian Panini, the Vedic commentator Yaska, Emperor Chandragupta Vikramaditya of the Gupta dynasty; Southern Indian Emperors Raja Raja Chola and Rajendra Chola; Hinduism philosophers Adi (the first) Sankara, Madhva, Ramanuja, Nimbarka, Chaitanya; the great devotees Tulsi, Surdas, Meera, Tukaram, Jnaneshwar, Eknath, Azhwars, Nayanars, Gorakhnath, Kabeer, Buddha, Nanak, Mahavira; Emperor Krishna Devaraya of Vijayanagara. Among the recents, Ramakrishna, Vivekananda, Raman Maharshi, Chinmayananda, Shivananda; astronomers and mathematicians Aryabhatta, Brahmagupta, Varahamihira, Bhaskara, Madhava of Samgamgrama, etc.
TAKEN STRAIGHT FROM WIKIPEDIA! DON'T COPY WORD FOR WORD :]
The earliest evidence for prehistoric religion in India date back to the late Neolithic in the early Harappan period (5500-2600 BCE). The beliefs and practices of the pre-classical era (1500-500 BCE) are called the "historical Vedic religion". Modern Hinduism grew out of the Vedas, the oldest of which is the Rigveda, dated to 1700-1100 BCE. The Vedas center on worship of deities such as Indra, Varuna and Agni, and on the Soma ritual. They performed fire-sacrifices, called yajña, and chanted Vedic mantras but did not build temples or icons. The oldest Vedic traditions exhibit strong similarities to Zoroastrianism and other Indo-European religions.
The major Sanskrit epics, Ramayana and Mahabharata, were compiled over a protracted period during the late centuries BCE and the early centuries CE. They contain mythological stories about the rulers and wars of ancient India, and are interspersed with religious and philosophical treatises. The later Puranas recount tales about devas and devis, their interactions with humans and their battles against demons.
Three major movements underpinned the naissance of a new epoch of Hindu thought: the advent and spread of Upanishadic, Jaina, and Buddhist philosophico-religious thought throughout the broader Indian landmass. Mahavira (24th Tirthankar of Jains) and Buddha (founder of Buddhism) taught that to achieve moksha or nirvana, one did not have to accept the authority of the Vedas or the caste system. Buddha went a step further and claimed that the existence of a Self/soul or God was unnecessary. Buddhism peaked during the reign of Asoka the Great of the Mauryan Empire, who unified the Indian subcontinent in the 3rd century BCE. After 200 CE several schools of thought were formally codified in Indian philosophy, including Samkhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Purva-Mimamsa and Vedanta. Charvaka, the founder of an atheistic materialist school, came to the fore in North India in the sixth century BCE. Between 400 BCE and 1000 CE Hinduism expanded at the expense of Buddhism.
Sanskritic culture went into decline after the end of the Gupta period. The early medieval Puranas helped establish a religious mainstream among the pre-literate tribal societies undergoing acculturation. The tenets of Brahmanic Hinduism and of the Dharmashastras underwent a radical transformation at the hands of the Purana composers, resulting in the rise of a mainstream "Hinduism" that overshadowed all earlier traditions.Akshardham Temple in Delhi.
Though Islam came to India in the early 7th century with the advent of Arab traders and the conquest of Sindh, it started to become a major religion during the later Muslim conquest in the Indian subcontinent. During this period Buddhism declined rapidly and many Hindus converted to Islam. Numerous Muslim rulers such as Aurangzeb destroyed Hindu temples and persecuted non-Muslims; however some, such as Akbar, were more tolerant. Hinduism underwent profound changes, in large part due to the influence of the prominent teachers Ramanuja, Madhva, and Chaitanya. Followers of the Bhakti movement moved away from the abstract concept of Brahman, which the philosopher Adi Shankara consolidated a few centuries before, with emotional, passionate devotion towards the more accessible avatars, especially Krishna and Rama.
Indology as an academic discipline of studying Indian culture from a European perspective was established in the 19th century, led by scholars such as Max Müller and John Woodroffe. They brought Vedic, Puranic and Tantric literature and philosophy to Europe and the United States. At the same time, societies such as the Brahmo Samaj and the Theosophical Society attempted to reconcile and fuse Abrahamic and Dharmic philosophies, endeavouring to institute societal reform. This period saw the emergence of movements which, while highly innovative, were rooted in indigenous tradition. They were based on the personalities and teachings of individuals, as with Shri Ramakrishna and Ramana Maharshi. Prominent Hindu philosophers, including Sri Aurobindo and Swami Prabhupada (founder of ISKCON), translated, reformulated and presented Hinduism's foundational texts for contemporary audiences in new iterations, attracting followers and attention in India and abroad. Others such as Swami Vivekananda, Paramahansa Yogananda, B.K.S. Iyengar and Swami Rama have also been instrumental in raising the profiles of Yoga and Vedanta in the West. Today modern movements, such as ISKCON and the Swaminarayan Faith, attract a large amount of followers across the world.
Judaism has three patriarchs: Abraham, Yitzchak, and Yaacov. However, Judaism does not have a single founder.
maby he did maybe he didnt
Israel crossing the red sea
key figures: The Trinity, Father(God) Holy Spirit, and the Son (Jesus)
Abraham- father of Issac who's desendents where Jewish and them later changed into Christianity
historical events: The Flee from Egypt and captivity the search for the promise land the walls of Jericho that fell Jesus' birth "parents" Mary/Joseph (who were not married and were teenagers) Jesus walking on water Jesus feeding the 500 men + women and children who were not counted as "a person" at the time Jesus' death on the cross and resurrection
Jesus Christ is the historical figure of Christianity.
the figures of Christianity is god and Jesus who is the son of god.
Herodotus is considered the father of history because his history of the Persian War was the first narrative in the form that later came out be considered written history.
More importantly, Herodutus was one of the first to disregard the supernatural in his writings. You get this more when you get to Thucydides, but Herodutus, in general, tends to leave out things that are credited to the gods. Or he tries to find a logical explanation for them.
Although Herodotus may not have been the first to record history, his accomplishment was very admired by Greek authorities in Athens where he was provided temporary residence. The Athenians called him the "Father of History." The word for history at the time, was "inquiries." The book he wrote is called "The Researches or The Inquiries." Herodotus appears to have drawn on an Ionian tradition of storytelling, collecting and interpreting the oral histories he chanced upon in his travels. These oral histories often contained folktale motifs and demonstrated a moral, yet they also contained substantial facts relating to geography, anthropology and history, all compiled by Herodotus in an entertaining style and format. Sometime after his death, the Alexandrians properly formatted the book into 9 books and called it the "9 Muses."
He was the first person to collect 'historical' material and test the accuracy of the material. As a result of his inquiries a new word passed into Latin (historia) and this became 'History' in the English language
John Buchan was born on August 26, 1875.
Confucianism is a doctrine of philosophical and ethical teachings founded by Confucius. Other notable figures of Confucianism are Menciu, Zengzi, Xun Xi and Zhu Xi.
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