Answer The Internet was originally developed by DARPA - the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency - as a means to share information on defense research between involved universities and defense research facilities.
Originally it was just email and FTP sites as well as the Usenet, where scientists could question and answer each other. It was originally called ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency NETwork). The concept was developed starting in 1964, and the first messages passed were between UCLA and the Stanford Research Institute in 1969. Leonard Kleinrock of MIT had published the first paper on packet switching theory in 1961. Since networking computers was new to begin with, standards were being developed on the fly. Once the concept was proven, the organizations involved started to lay out some ground rules for standardization.
One of the most important was the communications protocol, TCP/IP, developed by Vint Cerf and Robert Kahn in 1974. Robert Metcalfe is credited with Ethernet, which is the basic communication standard in networked computers.
Tim Berners-Lee, who perhaps specified technological applicability and/or linguistic construction of HTML while working at CERN, is chiefly credited for the ease of use and wide public adoption of the web. His website is: w3.org.
Al Gore really did have a substantial part in the US legal framework and governmental issues related to the Internet; he never said he invented it.
There wasn't just ONE person who invented the Internet. The Internet is just a way to view files and information that someone puts onto a server. The Internet is just a way to access the information.
Leonard Kleinrock was the first person to write a paper on the idea of packet switching (which is essential for the Internet to work. He wrote this idea in 1961.
Others who were essential to what we now call the Internet. (Without these guys, the Internet wouldn't exist):
Larry G. Roberts created the first functioning long-distance computer networks in 1965 and designed the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET), the seed from which the modern Internet grew, in 1966.
Bob Kahn and Vint Cerf invented the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) which moves data on the modern Internet, in 1972 and 1973. If any two people "invented the Internet," it was Kahn and Cerf - but they have publicily stated that "no one person or group of people" invented the Internet.
Radia Perlman invented the spanning tree algorithm in the 1980s. Her spanning tree algorithm allows efficient bridging between separate networks. Without a good bridging solution, large-scale networks like the Internet would be impractical. Answer
Like most things, the internet has many fathers. But the Americans Bob Metcalf and Dave Boggs at Xerox PARC in 1974 should get most of the credit. There is a hilarious memo on the www from Metcalf's Xerox boss dismissing the idea as foolish. But Tim Berners-Lee in about 1992 invented the world wide web. This was adapted from other search engines like Gopher, but was chiefly responsible for the ease of use and wide adoption of the WWW+Internet.
Tim Berners-Lee is the inventor of the World Wide Web, commonly expressed as 'the internet'.
A single person did not create the Internet that we know and use today. Below is a listing of several different people who've helped contribute and develop the Internet.
The initial idea is credited as being Leonard Kleinrock'safter he published his first paper entitled "Information Flow in Large Communication Nets" on May 31, 1961.
In 1962 J.C.R. Licklider becomes the first Director of IPTO and gave his vision of a galactic network. In addition to the ideas from Licklider and Kleinrock, Robert Taylor helped create the idea of the network, which later became ARPANET.
The Internet as we know it today first started being developed in the late 1960's.
In the summer of 1968, the Network Working Group (NWG) held its first meeting chaired by Elmer Shapirowith the Stanford Research Institute (SRI) with attendees: Steve Carr, Steve Crocker, Jeff Rulifson, andRon Stoughton. In the meeting the group discussed solving issues related to getting hosts to communicate with each other.
In December 1968, Elmer Shapiro with SRI released a report "A Study of Computer Network Design Parameters." Based on this work and earlier work done by Paul Baran, Thomas Marilland others;Lawrence Roberts and Barry Wessler helped to create the final version of the Interface Message Processor (IMP) specifications. Bolt Beranek and Newman, Inc. (BBN)was later awarded the contract to design and build the IMP sub network.
Introduction of the Internet to the general public
UCLA puts out a press release introducing the public to the Internet on July 3, 1969.
First network equipment
August 29, 1969 the first network switch and the first piece of network equipment called "IMP", which is short for (Interface Message Processor) is sent to UCLA. On September 2, 1969 the first data moves from UCLA host to the switch.
The first distributed message and network crash
On Friday October 29, 1969 at 10:30 p.m., the first Internet message was sent from computer science Professor Leonard KleinRock's laboratory at UCLA, after the second piece of network equipment was installed at SLI. This connection not only enabled the first transmission to be made, but is also considered to be the first Internet backbone.
The first message to be distributed was "LO", which was an attempt at "LOGIN" by Charley S. Kline to log into the SLI computer from UCLA. However, the message was unable to be completed because the SLI system crashed. Shortly after the crash, the issue was resolved and he was able to log into the computer.
E-mail is developed
Ray Tomlinson introduces network e-mail in 1972. The first messaging system to send messages across a network to other users.
TCP is developed
Vinton Cerf and Robert Kahn design TCP during 1973 and later publish it with the help of Yogen Dalaland Carl Sunshine in December of 1974 in RFC 675.
First commercial network
A commercial version of ARPANET known as Telenet is introduced in 1974 and considered by many to be the first Internet Service Provider (ISP).
Ethernet is conceived
Bob Metcalfe develops Ethernet idea in 1973.
TCP/IP is created
In 1978 TCP splits into TCP/IP driven by Danny Cohen, David Reed, and John Shoch to support real-time traffic. This allows the creation of UDP. TCP/IP is later standardized into ARPANET in 1983 and is still the primary protocol used for the Internet.
DNS is introduced
Paul Mockapetris and Jon Postel introduce DNS in 1984.
In 1990 Tim Berners-Lee develops HTML, which made a huge contribution to how we navigate and view the Internet today.
Tim Berners-Lee introduces WWW to the public on August 6, 1991.
It sets the standard for it. ARPANET adopted TCP / IP on January 1, 1983, and from there the researchers began collecting “ Network of Network ” which became the modern Internet. The online world took a more recognisable form in 1990 when computer scientist Tim Berners-Lee invented the World Wide Web.
Larry and Sergey decide that the BackRub search engine needs a new name. After some brainstorming, they go with Google a play on the word "googol," a mathematical term for the number represented by the numeral 1 followed by 100 zeros. The use of the term reflects their mission to organize a seemingly infinite amount of information on the web.
How did Google get its start? It started with a couple of college students who didn't get along. Larry Page and Sergey Brin met at Stanford University, Sergey was in with a group of students who were assigned to show Larry around. The two graduate students in computer science argued about everything and anything. The two never agreed on anything, no matter what the topic was. The pair had strong opinions and divergent viewpoints, which would later lead them to solving one of computing's biggest challenges. Larry and Sergey retrieved information from a massive set of data.
Larry and Sergey begun collaboration on a search engine in January 1996 called BackRub. The name came from its unique ability to analyze black links, pointing to a given website. Larry who loved machinery gained notoriety for building a working printer out of Lego's. Larry also took on the challenge of creating a new server environment that used inexpensive computers. The pair was low on cash so they started tracking down loading docks to see if they could borrow these newly arrived computers. They needed these computers so they could start working on their new network. A year later news started spreading around campus about Larry and Sergey. Their approach to link analysis with BackRub was earning them publicity among those who have seen it.
The pair continued working to improve their technology throughout the first half of 1998. Following a path that would soon lead then to Google, they bought some disks at bargain prices. Larry and Sergey then went on to build their own computer housing in Larry's dorm room. They had no interest in building a company bases on their own technology they had developed. They called a friend, Yahoo founder David Filo and he liked their technology and was impressed. Filo advised Larry and Sergey to grow the service by themselves and start a search engine company. Filo also advised them that when they had fully developed the search engine, they would talk again. Unable to get the attention of other portal players, the pair decided to make a go at it own their own. All they needed now was some money so they could move out of the door and pay off credit cards they had maxed out due to investing in their technology.
The pair designed their business plans and headed out to find an investor. They found Andy Bechtolsheim of Sun Microsystems. After going over Larry and Sergey's business plan Andy knew Google had a lot of potential. Andy was very busy that day and had to rush off during his meeting with Larry and Sergey. Before they had even discussed all the details Andy wrote out a check for $100,000. The check was made out to Google Inc, and was handed over to Larry and Sergey. Although the pair was excited, there was only one problem; Google Inc. had no legal entity, making it impossible to deposit the check. They put the check in a drawer and headed out to find other funders and set up a corporation. After finding funders within family and friends, their initial investment rose to almost $1 million dollars.
In September of 1998, Google Inc. opened its door in California. Their new office was a garage equipped with a washer and dryer, a hot tub, and parking for Googles new corporation's staff, which had three employees. One of Google Inc. first employees was Craig Silverstein, who is now the director of technology for Google Inc. Now Google.com, still in beta they were receiving publicity for their search results. Google Inc. was answering 10,000 search queries daily. Articles started appearing in USA TODAY. That December, Larry and Sergey's new Google Inc. was named one of the top 100 web sites and search engines. In 1998 Google Inc. was moving up in the world.
In 1999 Googles employees had tripled and the crew moved into an office with eight employees. Now they were answering 500,000 queries daily. Google received its first sign on commercial search customer with Red Hat. June 7th the company had secured funding of $25 million. Google Inc. was now answering 3 million searches daily and on September 21, 1999, they removed the beta label from their website. Google Inc. continues to expand; today Google has the largest search engine.
The development of what we now call the Internet started in 1957 when the Soviet Union launched Sputnik 1, the first satellite, beating the United States into space. The powers behind the American military at the time became highly alarmed as this meant that the USSR could theoretically launch bombs into space, and then drop them anywhere on earth. In 1958 the concerns of people in the US military triggered the creation of the Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
DARPA's initial role was to jump start American research in technology, find safeguards against a space-based missile attack and to reclaim the technological lead from the USSR. After only 18 months after the creation of DARPA, the Defence Advanced Research Projects Agency had developed and deployed the first US satellite. DARPA went on to have a direct contribution to the development of the Internet by appointing Joseph Licklider to head the new Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO).
It was the job of the IPTO to further the work previously done by members of the "SAGE" (Semi-Automatic Ground Environment) program and develop technologies to protect the US against a space-based nuclear attack.
Licklider envisaged the potential benefits of a countrywide communications network, influencing his successors to implement his vision and to hire Lawrence Roberts who at that time was carrying out research with networks which was also being funded by DARPA.
Roberts led development of the ARPANet network architecture, and based it on the new idea of packet switching. A special computer called an Interface Message Processor was developed to realise the design. The ARPANet first went live in October 1969, with communications between the University of California in Los Angeles and the Stanford Research Institute.
The first networking protocol used on the ARPANet was the Network Control Program. In 1983, it was replaced with the TCP/IP protocol, which is still the standard used today.
In 1990, the National Science Foundation took over management of what was then called the NSFNet, and significantly expanded its reach by connecting it to the CSNET in Universities throughout North America, and later to the EUnet throughout research facilities in Europe.
Thanks in large part to the NSF's free-thinking management, and the growing popularity of the web, the nature of the Internet changed quickly in 1992, when the U.S. government began pulling out of network management and commercial entities offered Internet access to the general public for the first time. This change marked the beginning of the Internet's astonishing expansion. According to a survey conducted by CommerceNet and Nielsen Media Research in 1997, the number of users worldwide was believed to be well into the tens of millions. The so called Internet explosion coincided with the advent of increasingly powerful yet reasonably priced personal computers with easy-to-use GUI's (Graphical User Interfaces). The result was an attraction of recent computer converts to the Internet, and new multimedia capabilities, the size, scope and design of which allows users to:
Today, the Internet is not owned or funded by any one institution, organisation, or government, it is a self-sustaining widespread information infrastructure accessible to hundreds of millions of people world-wide. The Internet is, however, directed by the Internet Society (ISOC), which is composed of volunteers. ISOC appoints the IAB (Internet Architecture Board) sub-council, the appointed members of which decide on standards, network resources, and network addresses. The day-to-day issues of Internet operation is taken care by of curtsy of a volunteer group called the IETF (Internet Engineering Task Force).
In brief a small number of governing boards work to establish common standards, few rules or single organisation bind the Internet, essentially the Internet is in the most part an ungoverned global network of networks.Other s
Of December 29, 2009 Pandora is working. It Maybe your computer. Or even your sound system connected to your computer or mobile phone.
Google first began in March of 1996. It started as a project by 2 students at Stanford. The students that created google were Larry Page and Sergey Brin, and they were in a Ph.D. program at the university, working on the Stanford Digital Library Project.
Are you interested in how the Internet has developed, and have you wondered who created Google? Google is a multinational public computing and Internet search technology corporation. It's used as a search engine, for mail, for calendars, and for a variety of different applications. However, what is the history behind this important corporation? When was it created, how was it created, and who created Google?
Google first began in March of 1996. It started as a research project by two students at Stanford. Who created Google? The students were Larry Page and Sergey Brin, and they were in a Ph.D. program at the university, working on the Stanford Digital Library Project.
While Page was attempting to come up with a dissertation topic, he considered writing about the mathematical properties of the World WIde Web and how the link structure can be actually understood as a huge graph. His supervisor liked the idea and encouraged Page to follow up on it.
While researching for the topic, Page focusing on discovering what web pages link to specific names, and the number and design of the backlinks for the information on a certain page. The research project was named "BackRub" and it soon caught the eye of Sergey Brin, a fellow student of Larry's. Brin joined the project.
Together, Brin and Page developed the Pagerank algorithm to convert the backlink data that measured the importance of any given webpage. While they were analyzing the results from this, they realized that a search engine would in fact produce more efficient results than the current technologies.
The duo began to create the foundation for search engine, and by 1997, they had created the beginnings of Google. When it originated, it only used the Stanford website as a domain. The domain name was "google.standford.edu." On September 15, 1997, the domain name "google.com" was registered. On September 4, 1998, they incorporated their company "Google Inc." at a friend's garage in California.
Google quickly grew as a company and as a search engine. By the end of 1998, Google had an index of approximately sixty million pages. Even though the home page was still marked "BETA," leading magazines were arguing that Google was more accurate and efficient than other leading search engines.
It was considered more innovative than some competitor sites, such as Yahoo, Hotbot, or Excite.com. In 1999, the company was able to move into an office building in California. In fact, the company's address at the end of 1999 has remained its address throughout the last decade.
Why Was Google Successful?
Google became popular because users appreciated the search engine's simple design. Then, in 2000, Google had the idea to sell advertisements associated with different search keywords.
To ensure that the simple design of Google was not compromised, the ads were text-based. Keywords were sold based on a number of different factors, such as price bid and click-throughs. The bids started at .05 per click.
Thus, Google was able to outlast other dot-com rivals, and its revenue rapidly increased. At its peak, in 2004, Google handled over eighty percent of all search requests on the World Wide Web through the Google website.
Google was also able to become successful because it was able to acquire funding throughout its startup period. In 1998, it secured one hundred thousand dollars in funding from Andy Bechtolsheim. Then, in 1999, Google was able to acquire twenty-five million dollars from different venture capital firms such as Sequoia Capital and Kleiner Perkins Caufield and Byers. In January of 2004, Google announced that it was hiring Morgan Stanley and Goldman Sachs Group to arrange an IPO. This IPO raised almost four billion dollars.
Thus, Google is an important company because of its innovation and its growth. Google was able to outlast the majority of other "dotcom" companies of its time and continue to grow as a company. Today, it continues to put out innovative and breakthrough products for its users.
the make a website to hacked the game and scam acc.
TECHNILOGIES which gives conribution to the succss of WWW are:
(Standard Generalized Markup Language) An ISO standard for defining the format in a text document. Widely used in the publishing industry, an SGML document uses a separate Document Type Definition (DTD) file that defines the format codes, or tags, embedded within it. Since SGML describes its own formatting, it is known as a "meta-language." SGML is a very comprehensive language that also includes hypertext links. HTML is an SGML document that uses a fixed set of tags, while XML is a simplified version of SGML.
(EXtensible Markup Language) An open standard for describing data from the W3C. It is used for defining data elements on a Web page and business-to-business documents. XML uses a similar tag structure as HTML; however, whereas HTML defines how elements are displayed, XML defines what those elements contain. While HTML uses predefined tags, XML allows tags to be defined by the developer of the page. Thus, virtually any data items, such as "product," "sales rep" and "amount due," can be identified, allowing Web pages to function like database records. By providing a common method for identifying data, XML supports business-to-business transactions and has become "the" format for electronic data interchange and Web services
(HyperText Markup Language) The document format used on the Web. Web pages are built with HTML tags (codes) embedded in the text. HTML defines the page layout, fonts and graphic elements as well as the hypertext links to other documents on the Web. Each link contains the URL, or address, of a Web page residing on the same server or any server worldwide, hence "World Wide" Web.HTML 2.0 was defined by the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) with a basic set of features, including interactive forms capability. Subsequent versions added more features such as blinking text, custom backgrounds and tables of contents. However, each new version requires agreement on the tags used, and browsers must be modified to implement those tags
RSS (an abbreviation for Really Simple Syndication) is a family of webfeeds formats used to publish frequently updated works-such as blog entries, news headlines, audio, and video-in a standardized format An RSS document (which is called a "feed", "web feed" or "channel") includes full or summarized text, plus metadata such as publishing dates and authorship. Web feeds benefit publishers by letting them syndicate content automatically. They benefit readers who want to subscribe to timely updates from favored websites or to aggregate feeds from many sites into one place.
The technologies that contribite to success of the World Wide Web includes: SGML, XML, HTML, and RSS.
While it is unclear exactly when the idea of inter-machine communication was first conceived, the first experiments in early computer networks took place in the 1940s.
The inception of the Internet (ARPANET) was 1969.
The World Wide Web (WWW) as we know it, which is effectively the graphical front-end that (depending on your viewpoint) sits atop or is contained within the Internet, was created circa 1994.
Go to W3C and look for 'A Little History of the World Wide Web' for more detailed information.
The World Wide Web (WWW) was created in 1989 by Sir Tim Berners-Lee. Robert Cailliau later joined in 1990.
The name "World Wide Web" was given in May 1990. The first communication over the Internet between an HTTP client and HTTP server (now more popularly known as a web server) was successfully tested on December 25th, 1990. The first Web site was publicly announced on August 6th, 1991. The first web server in the US went online at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center in December 1991. There were 26 web servers in the world by November 1992. By October 1993 there were over 200 web servers. Tim Berners-Lee founded the World Wide Web Consortium (also called 'W3C') in October, 1994. The W3C organization maintains the official standards for communication between web servers and web browsers.
It was not actually invented. It more of just came about. Mainly hackers started it when accessing other computers.
Tim Berners-Lee invented the World-Wide Web in 1989, while at CERN, in Switzerland. The WWW is NOT the same thing as the Internet; it RIDES on the Internet (the Internet was started after the 2nd World War, the first project was called ARPANET)
there are more than 1000000000000000 email websites in the world wide web
NuvaRing was first approved in The Netherlands on February 14, 2001, then by all 14 other countries then in the European Union on June 12, 2001, and in the United States by the FDA on October 3, 2001. NuvaRing was first marketed in the United States in July 2002, followed by several other European countries in late 2002. In March 2007, Organon announced the market launch of NuvaRing in Australia, bringing the total number of countries where NuvaRing is available to 32. NuvaRing is currently used by approximately 1.5 million women worldwide.
I can't answer your question exactly, but the company that invented it is Organon, and it first received FDA approval in 2001, so it is a relatively new contraceptive method. I can say that most of the women I have seen in clinic who have tried it do give it positive reviews, after getting over the initial stigma of how to place and use it properly. NuvaRing is the trade name for a vaginal ring prescription contraceptive sold by Organon. It is a flexible plastic ring that administers a low dose of a progestin and an estrogen over the course of 3-4 weeks. NuvaRing was first approved in The Netherlands on February 14, 2001, then by all 14 other countries then in the European Union on June 12, 2001, and in the United States by the FDA on October 3, 2001. NuvaRing was first marketed in the United States in July 2002, followed by several other European countries in late 2002. In March 2007, Organon announced the market launch of NuvaRing in Australia, bringing the total number of countries where NuvaRing is available to 32. NuvaRing is currently used by approximately 1.5 million women worldwide. Modern Inventions of 2001 * AbioCor artificial heart invented by Abiomed - the Abiocor represents groundbreaking medical miniaturization technology. * Nuvaring birth control invented by Organon.
It was DARPA, which stands for Defense Advanced Researh Projects Agency.
"The first web server was nxoc01.cern.ch, later called info.cern.ch, and the first web page http://nxoc01.cern.ch/hypertext/WWW/TheProject.html" Note that this was the first HTML website - not the first "internet" site. The internet existed as FTP, email, gopher, etc before the age of HTML and the WWW. The answer below is enlightening, even though it has little relevance to the posted question. You might try clicking through a site called Archive.org. They have been archiving millions of websites since 1996 or so. You can go back and see what Google or Yahoo (or practically any other early site) looked like when they started. It's kind of like checking out the Model - T, way before it was ever a Mustang!
Frustrating, complex, confusing ... did I mention frustrating? (lol)
this is how the other guy answered but my answer is this and it's a good one too: the other name for internet is the World Wide Web (www)
I am not sure what you are asking, but I would say that the invention of the presidency as we know it in the US was pretty much the invention of James Madison and the framers of our US Constitution. Very few countries before or since have had and kept the kind of presidency found in the US.
His real name is Tom cassel
Cerf and Robert Kahn invented the Internet Protocol, and the Transmission Control Protocol, together known as TCP/IP. At that time, they both worked for the US Department of Defense.
The rest of this answer is about IP addressing and packet transmission, in case you were wondering.
Think of an IP address like a mailbox for every computer and website online.
When your computer sends out a message, it is broken up from one "letter" into many smaller "postcards" all headed for the same "mailbox" associated with another computer or website that you're sending to. Those "postcards" -- called packets -- may take 1,000 different routes to arrive at the destination where they are reassembled into your original message again.
Basically, before packets and IP addresses, there was just one computer or computer terminal "talking" to another over a dedicated connection -- think of that like a telephone without call waiting; just one on one. With routing, the packets can jump onto the "Information Superhighway" and take the most convenient route to get to a destination, flowing right along with other packets from other people, sharing circuit resources, until they get to where they're going.
(Yes, fellow nerds, I realize I simplified that like a crazy woman:)
A digital signal is just a sequence of numbers, so a digital signal can be stored, transmitted, and reproduced exactly - every copy is the same as the original. Mathematics can be used to detect and correct errors. However, with noise or weak reception, a digital signal degrades much less gracefully than analog.
A digital transmission is in the form of a sequence of "true" / "false" settings - commonly described as "zeroes" and "ones" - at a steady signal amplitude (meaning "volume" or "strength") whereby a machine be programmed to make decisions on its contents.
On the other hand, an analog signal can be transmitted either at variable amplitude levels to convey the information (as in AM, meaning Amplitude Modulation) or at a steady amplitude but with varying frequencies to convey the information (as in FM, meaning Frequency Modulation). If the overall signal amplitude varies a lot - especially if it gets either very weak or overwhelmingly much too strong - many ambiguities of interpretation can come into play which will greatly affect the type of automatic machine decision-making that can be done.
The question of digital technology is rather broader than that on just tv models because several other devices use this mode of technology too.
Digital technology has several advantages among which are;
- enables transmission of signals over a long distance.
- transmission is at a higher rate and with a wider broadband width.
- it is more secure.
- it is also easier to translate human audio and video signals and other messages into machine language.
- there is minimal electromagnetic interference in digital technology.
- it enables multi-directional transmission simultaneously.
On the other hand it also has some setbacks and disadvantages.
Basically, the previous answer that was based on tv models helps to guide one in understanding the general picture of digital technologies but is not applicable to all the other devices that use digital technology.
Mathematics tells me that there no digital infinity while analog can almost approach it.
Tim had a motorcycle accident which left him in a wheelchair for several weeks. He decided to leave the group to allow himself to fully recover and to pursue other opportunities. He had been with the group for 9 years and said it was a "long time".
Another answer would note that the Internet was not actually invented until several years later than the above scenario, when multiple networks were connected together (an "internet" is, by definition more than one network), and the internet protocol was standardized in 1982.
Give me food and I will live give me water and I will die what am I?
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