answersLogoWhite

Mormon Trail

The Mormon Trail was traveled by the Mormon Pioneers between 1845 and 1870. It greatly contributed to the westward expansion and played a large role in forming the western United States. Questions in this category relate to the Mormon Trail and the Mormon Pioneers.

450 Questions
History of the United States
Mormon Trail

How did the Mormons help westward expansion?

When the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (commonly called the "Mormon" Church) was established, it faced a lot of persecution. Eventually the persecution became so heavy (a literal extermination order placed on them) they decided to make a trek west. Many of them migrated to what is now Utah. Also, missionary work in England brought in some converts from Europe who also traveled to Utah. Once settled in Utah, the Mormons expanded, colonizing many areas in the western United States. Many of these areas still have predominately Mormon populations.

313314315
History of the United States
Utah
Mormonism
Oregon Trail
Mormon Trail

Why did Mormons take the Oregon Trail?

The trail followed by Mormon pioneers mostly paralleled the Oregon Trail, at times merged with it, and at a few points diverged completely from it. The reason for following the general course of the Oregon trail was primarily because it had been mapped out by traders and trappers several years prior to their own exodus from Nauvoo, Ill. However, because of the adversarial relationship between the Mormons and many immigrants from both Illinois and Missouri (where an "extermination order" was still in effect at that time), the Mormon immigrants opted to follow a course that also followed the Platte river, but on the opposite side from most Oregon-bound parties.

251252253
Mormonism
Mormon Trail

Where did the Mormon Trail start?

Nauvoo, Illlinois is the start of the Mormon Trail.

221222223
History of the United States
Mormonism
Mormon Trail

What are facts about the Mormon Trail?

it was led by Brigham Young, president and prophet of the Mormon church at that time. the Mormons had to leave Missouri because people were telling lies about them to the government and the government forced them to leave. Also people were just plain being incredably rude and persicuting them like tar and feathering their leaders. very, very, bad.
*The Mormon Trail was mostly used between 1846 and 1870.

*In 1869 the railroad reached Utah and greatly lessened the number of people on the trail.

*The Mormon trail was over 1,300 miles long.

*Over 70,000 Mormon Pioneers traveled the trail between 1846 and 1869.

*The Mormons usually traveled on the other side of the river from the Oregon Trail travelers to avoid conflicts.

*Mormon Pioneers rarely traveled on Sunday and were known for traveling quicker than Oregon Trail wagon trains.

*Mormon Pioneers planted small crops along the trail in order to supply food for later travelers.

*Many Mormon Pioneers were too poor to afford a team and wagon, so they pulled their belongings themselves on small handcarts.

656667
Utah
Mormonism
Mormon Trail

Where did the Mormons journey west start from and end?

AnswerStarted in Nauvoo Illinois. Ended in the Salt Lake Valley.


The previous answer leaves far too much of the story omitted. Joseph Smith Jr. (1805-1844) organized the Church of Christ on April 6, 1830 in Fayette, New York (located in the Finger Lakes Region). After persecution persisted and Smith dictated several revelations he claimed were from God, he and his followers moved to Kirtland, Ohio in Feburary 1831. Kirtland was, and still is, a small community in northeastern Ohio. He continued to reside in Kirtland until early 1838. Before then Smith established a "branch" of his followers in what he called Zion, or in Jackson County, Missouri on the western edge of the state. After persecution proliferated in both locations the church collected in the northern counties of Missouri and remained there for a very short interim. In October 1838 Smith was taken prisoner by the Missouri Militia and his followers were forced out of the state under Governor Lilburn W. Bogg's infamous "extermination order." They then settled in Nauvoo, Illinois in approximately March 1839 and remained there for some years. Smith was martyred in Carthage, Illinois on June 27, 1844, and two years later the largest majority of his followers, then numbering nearly 20,000, were forced out of the State of Illinois. Under the guidance of Brigham Young the church (which had by then been renamed The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints) treked west to what is now the Great Salt Lake Valley and began to establish their new haven in the western territories of the United States.
545556
History of the United States
Mormonism
Mormon Trail

What supplies did people take on the Mormon trail?

Latter-day Saints (Mormons) were pioneers in every sense of the word. Along with their scriptures, they took as many provisions as could be carried either in a covered wagon, or even a handcart. Their circumstances were humble to the point of extreme poverty in many cases. As they left Nauvoo, they attempted to sell their homes in order to purchase what they needed. However, mob rule frequently prevented them from being able to sell, or only perhaps receiving a fraction of the home's worth.

The first leg of the journey took them across the Mississippi River into the Iowa territory. They settled temporarily in camps across the entire territory in order to attempt to raise crops and make further preparations for the long trek to the Salt Lake Valley.

Some of the pioneers were able to procure surveying equipment to assist them in making accurate maps of their trail. Orson Pratt invented a crude mileage counter which was attached to the axle of his wagon and counted the miles traveled every day.

Weight was a constant concern and the pioneers had to carefully balance the loads they carried in their wagons or carts. This meant they generally had to take only as much clothing as they could wear at one time, and could not usually pack heavier items such as stoves or furniture of any kind.

When provisions became scarce, the pioneers hunted when game was available, or traded at the various forts located along the trail, as well as with the occasional Native American tribes they encountered. Money received by the Mormon Battalion was sent back to their families on the trail whenever possible. However, starvation was still a frequent visitor to the pioneer camps along the way.

474849
History of the United States
Mormonism
Oregon Trail
Mormon Trail

Where did the Mormons leave the Oregon trail?

The Mormon and Oregon trails split at what is called the Hastings Cutoff which began at Fort Bridger in southwestern Wyoming.

373839
History of the United States
Mormonism
Mormon Trail

What were problems on the Mormon Trail?

Problems were illness, starvation, attacks, lack of water, Heat, Cold, and many other things that are not known to me at this time.

353637
Mormonism
History of US Immigration
Mormon Trail

What kind of food did the people on the Mormon trail eat?

Pioneers on the Mormon Trail ate the same sorts of foods you would find on all pioneer trails at the time. Common provisions included flour, corn meal, potatoes, onions, apples, and dried meats. Most companies would take along some cows, chickens, or pigs to provide food along the way, and hunted for wild game to eat as well. There were several stops along the way that had stores for buying more food, and occasionally they would find wild berries or small crops of potatoes, carrots, turnips, onions, and other produce planted by previous companies.

333435
History of the United States
Mormonism
Mormon Trail

What route did the Mormon Trail follow to the West?

They followed the Orgen Trail

272829
Mormonism
Mormon Trail

Did any body die on the Mormon trail?

Yes!!! Thousands of people died along the Mormon Trail. Most deaths were caused by disease, exhaustion, starvation, or freezing to death.

293031
History, Politics & Society
History of the United States
Christianity
Mormonism
Mormon Trail

Who led the Mormons on the Mormon trail?

Improved answer - Brigham Young was the president of the church at that time, when the Mormons were being driven out of Missouri by mobs, including an illegal extermination order by the USA government. The leaders of the church sent expeditionary parties west to find a place where Mormons could live in peace without being persecuted.

After gathering information about the west from trappers, mountain men and a Jesuit missionary, Brigham Young and the other church leaders decided to move west, although they did not have an exact place in mind.

As the Mormons moved west along the trail, some families were left in certain places to establish resupply points and/or settlements, such as Winter Quarters, (now Council Bluffs, Iowa). When one of the first groups with Brigham Young left Winter Quarters, there were 73 wagons, various animals and supplies.

Brigham Young met Jim Bridger and discussed the possible routes to the Salt Lake valley and if the valley would be feasible for settlement. The wagon train continued on, facing many challenges such as severe illnesses, extremely rugged and hazardous mountains to cross, worn out wagons and exhausted people and animals. They arrived in the Salt Lake valley in July of 1847 and started the settlement.

Many thousands of Mormon pioneers continued the trek across the USA to the Salt Lake valley. Mormons from Europe traveling by ships continued on in wagon trains and hand carts too. Mormons arrived on the west coast and traveled over Donner Pass to get the Salt Lake valley. The wagon trains and hand cart pioneers had a leader, such as a wagon master or trail boss as they traveled.

91011
Mormonism
Mormon Trail

What were the hardships the Mormons faced?

One of the early hardships faced by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "the Mormons", started with the persecution that forced them to move several times. At the height of this, many members were murdered, tarred and feathered, raped, property stolen, properties and holy buildings burned to the ground, etc. Many of these things happened not just because of their religious belief but their belief in self sufficiency, anti-slavery, organized farming practices, education, and law enforcement.

Probably some of their most significant early hardships are also witnessed as they crossed the great plains of central America during bitter winter months in order to escape the death and persecution that had constantly hounded them. Many had to push their carts by hand with their young families during this trying time. Many froze to death crossing rivers, lost limbs, faced disease and death among their family members, all in simply trying to fulfil their right to worship God according to the dictates of their own consciences. These were some of the terrible trials and hardships that plagued the early Mormon settlers, and difficulties that followed in trying to settle in the mountains of Utah, with their only resource beings prayer and their personal wits.

373839
Mormonism
Mormon Trail

Where does the old Spanish trail and the Mormon trail meet?

They don't meet.

232425
History, Politics & Society
History of the United States
Mormon Trail

Why is the Mormon trail important?

The mormon trail was important because it was one of the largest mass migrations in US History. It stretched from a previously large city named Nauvoo in Illinios and ended in the Great Salt Lake basin in modern day Utah. It also saved the mormon faith. If the mormons had stayed in Nauvoo, they may have been scattered or killed by angry mobs, who killed the Mormon's leader Joseph Smith in Carthage. Illinois.

212223
History of the United States
Geography
Mormonism
Mormon Trail

What route did the Mormon trail follow?

Oregon Trail & California Trail.

91011
Mormonism
Mormon Trail

How long did it take to travel the Mormon trail by handcart?

Most of the pioneer handcart companies took about 3 months to travel the trail from the Midwest to Utah. Many who used handcarts came from Europe and had already been traveling for a month or so, as they had to take a boat across the ocean to the east coast and then travel by train to their handcarts.

345
History of the United States
Geography
Mormonism
Oregon Trail
Mormon Trail

What river does the Mormon trail and Oregon trail share?

Platte River & Sweetwater River.

131415
Colonial America
Mormonism
Mormon Trail

Why did people choose to follow the Mormon trail?

The Mormon Trail, Oregon Trail, California Trail, etc all followed nearly the same route because it was one of the only ways to get across the country. These trails all crossed major rivers at their smaller places, and all crossed mountain ranges in their mildest places. Groups traveling in covered wagons probably couldn't make it any other way.

People chose the Mormon Trail specifically if they wanted to travel to Utah. From there they could also go to Arizona, Nevada, Southern California, and Mexico.

232425
History, Politics & Society
History of the United States
Mormon Trail

Why did they make the Mormon trail?

The Mormon trail was taken by a religious group commmonly called the Mormons. They were fleeing religious persecution in the eastern united states and walked to Utah - the path they took is often called the Mormon trail.

The Mormon battalion trail is different. The government drafted a couple thousand Mormons to fight in the Mexican American war. The battalion trail is the trail they walked from Utah down through Arizona and into san Diego. They basically just walked there, they never saw a battle or fired a shot. They were allowed to return home around 3 years later.

232425
Mormonism
Oregon Trail
Mormon Trail

What river did the Oregon trail and the Mormon trail follow?

They both followed the Platte River.

345
Illinois
Mormonism
Mormon Trail

How long is the Mormon trail?

Hahaha it was 600 miles take tht Samacah!!! well atleast i am not a wore sammy7887

Actually, it was 1,297 miles long and it was used from 1848 to 1852.

151617
Utah
Mormonism
Mormon Trail

Why did the Mormons have to move from place to place before settling in Utah?

The Mormons moved from New York to Ohio to Missouri to Illinois to Utah because they faced violent persecution and in some cases were kicked out of their homes or were asked to leave by the government. At the time that the Mormons arrived, Utah was only inhabited by a handful of (mostly friendly) Native American tribes and was outside the jurisdiction of the US Government, which meant that the Mormons could finally practice their religion in peace.

012
History of the United States
Mormon Trail

When did the Mormon trail start and end?

The Mormon Pioneer Trail is a 1,300-mile travelled by members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1846 to 1868. The Mormon Trail extends from Nauvoo, Illinois on the Mississipi river, passing through Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Eastern Utah to Salt Lake City, Utah.

The Mormon pioneer movement began in 1846 when, after having been driven once again by mob violence from their settled home, the Saints decided to establish a new home for the church outside the established boundaries of the United States. The trail was used for more than 20 years, until the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869.

Among the emigrants were the Mormon handcart pioneers of 1856-1860. Two of the handcart companies, led by James G. Willie and Edward Martin, met disaster on the trail when they departed late and were caught by heavy snowstorms in Wyoming.

Once the Mormons arrived in Salt Lake, some were asked by the Prophet Brigham Young to go settle other places such as Genoa, Nevada; St. George, Utah; Cardston, Alberta, Canada and many other settlements in the territory of Deseret.

See Related Links for more information.

192021
History of the United States
Mormon Trail

Where does the Mormon trail end?

The Mormon Pioneer Trail is a 1,300-mile travelled by members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints from 1846 to 1868. The Mormon Trail extends from Nauvoo, Illinois on the Mississipi river, passing through Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, and Eastern Utah to Salt Lake City, Utah.

The Mormon pioneer movement began in 1846 when, after having been driven once again by mob violence from their settled home, the Saints decided to establish a new home for the church outside the established boundaries of the United States. The trail was used for more than 20 years, until the completion of the First Transcontinental Railroad in 1869.

Among the emigrants were the Mormon handcart pioneers of 1856-1860. Two of the handcart companies, led by James G. Willie and Edward Martin, met disaster on the trail when they departed late and were caught by heavy snowstorms in Wyoming.

Once the Mormons arrived in Salt Lake, some were asked by the Prophet Brigham Young to go settle other places such as Genoa, Nevada; St. George, Utah; Cardston, Alberta, Canada and many other settlements in the territory of Deseret.

See Related Links for more information.

192021

Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.