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Peter the Great

Peter the Great (Peter I) was the leader of the Russian Empire who reigned for 42 years (1682-1725).

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Who did Peter the Great marry?

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Peter the Great married Eudoxia Lopukhina in 1689, but the marriage was unhappy and eventually annulled. He later married Marta Skowrońska, who took on the name Catherine I after Peter's death in 1725. Catherine I became the Empress of Russia following Peter's reign.

Why did Peter the Great build the city of St Petersburg?

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Tsar Peter I (the Great) conceived and built St.Petersburg, thumbing his nose at the Swedes, and moved his capital there when St.Petersburg was finished in 1712. His motive was to present a worthy and impressive city to the world. He named it for his patron saint, St.Peter, it was not a mark of vanity on his part.

What was the goal of Peter the Great of Russia?

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The goal of Peter the Great was to transform Russia into a more modern state. He wanted to bring Russia out of the dark age and into a more modern age.

What were Peter the Great's foreign policies?

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Peter the Great's foreign policies are usually divided into four sections; Strengthen diplomatic relations, Access to the Baltic, Internal expansion and access to the Black Sea.

Strengthen Diplomatic Relations

  • Went on the great Embassy. Wanted to strengthen Russian ties with other European States. He was in search of allies to help him fight off the Ottoman Empire.
  • Wanted to build a fleet of well-trained ship builders from Europe to help fight off the Ottoman Empire
  • Alliances with different states. For example, Anti-Swedish Alliance was signed with Poland. Also signed a treaty with the Elector of Hanover.
  • Treaty of Nystad - This treaty is the one that ended the Great Northern War.
  • Treaty of Friendship with France to neutralize French power.
  • 1710 another treaty of Friendship signed with Prussia and Hannover.
  • !716 Anglo-Danish support prepared to invade Sweden

Peter achieved this objective by gaining international recognition. There were Russian embassies in most European courts

Access to the Baltic

  • Sweden was the main power within the Baltic coast at the start of the Great Northern War.
  • He was defeated at Narva
  • Peter wanted a substantial coastline in Ingria and Karelia.

Access to the Black Sea

  • Between 1700-1709 Turkey was the most difficult to defeat in war.

Attacked Turkish fortress of Azov. Served the army as bombardier

  • Divided command and poor technical skills brought about Peter's defeat.
  • Peter responded to the defeat by raising a larger army under one commander, Alexis Shein. Constructed new ships, Apostles Paul and Peter
  • Got himself involved in the whole work unlike in the 1st Azov campaign
  • Raised an army of 4000 men
  • 2nd Azov Campaign Peter found himself serving as galley captain.
  • Captured the Azov fort within two months and less than 300 Russian deaths were recorded
  • This did not give access to the Black Sea but instead, it gave him access to the Azov sea. Kerch blocked Russian access to the Black Sea.

Internal Expansion

  • Captured Viborg and Riga with help from Poland.
  • Also captured most of the Baltic coastline which include St Petersburg

Which city became the capital of Russia under the czars?

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Under Czarist rule, the capital of Russia was originally Moscow as the Grand Duchy of Muscovy was the dominant force in Russia at the time of the Ivan III, the first ruler to refer to himself as Czar. Then Czar Peter the Great moved the capital to St. Petersburg. Vladimir Lenin later moved it back to Moscow.

What do Peter the Great have in common with louis XIV?

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Peter the gret was a famous Russian czar who restored russia to a very large, prosperous nation.

Louis XIV was a famous french monarch to lead France to becoming the most prominent European power.

Did Peter the Great have any enemies?

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Peter the Great had enemies, one of whom was Charles XII of Sweden. He had the most powerful standing army in Europe. Peter wanted an entrance to the Baltic Sea since he had built ships for a war against the Ottoman Empire and entrance to the Black Sea. He could get no support for this on his first trip to Europe. On the trip back was persuaded a three pronged attack from Poland, Denmark and Russia would get him his port. Charles's army had defeated a much larger Russian army of Peter the Great's but were lured into Russia, did not get support they had counted on, had their supply lines from Sweden cut and then lost all at Poltava. He also fought Turkey and was almost taken captive to get a port again.

Peter the Great had more enemies at home than friends and kept them in check by using plain old terror. All the aristocratic families were torn between being his friend and getting power for them selves. He had friends therefore among them Jacob Dolgorusky and enemies like his cousin Vassily Dolgorusky who was exiled but had done him great services. The Golitzines were the same, Boris was his great friend and Vassily lover of his worst enemy . He had enemies among the generals like Sheremetov who also had won great victories for him, and as long as he lived would be faithful but supported his son Alexei. Families and individuals were torn because he was destroying old mores.

He also made enemies with the clergy since on the death of Patriarch Adrian after ten years of being head of the Orthodox Church in Russia he did not appoint a new head but made the church operate as a division of the State. He did not dare take on the church directly but held the Drunken Synod which had Catholic faux officials instead. He melted the church bells down when he needed more copper for cannons.

Peter the great went to war with Sweden to gain access to which sea?

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Peter the Great fought the terks to gain the baltic states! He did this to westernize Russia!

Which was a goal of Peter the Great?

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He wanted Russia to be the most wonderful and modern country in the world, but most of all he wanted to pull it out of the archaic poverty and ignorance that engulfed most of the Russias. He succeded by building Shipbuilding yards and proper grain growing that he himself learned by going to other countries.

When did the great depressionstart?

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In New Zealand, the Great Depression began in 1929, and deepened significantly in 1932. It lasted until the late 30s, when WW2 started, and the work required for that relieved the depression.

How many wars did Peter the great win?

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modernized and expanded Russia

Built city of St. Petersburg

westernized Russia

What did Peter the Great learn from European countries on his grand tour?

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By disguising himself as a tourist in Europe.


writing letters to other europeans

What is the relasionship between peter the great and Cathrine the great?

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Both were Russian Tsars, members of the house of Romanov, and both bear the title "the Great",

How did Peter the Great reorganize the government?

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He allowed nobles to advance in the government only if they were loyal to him.

What was Russia like before peter the greats rule?

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Russia adopted Orhtodox Christianity in 990 AD from Byzantium because this was the most powerful political ally Russian princes could get at the time. However, in 1054, the great schism occured between the Orthodox chruch and the Roman Catholic church (this isolated Russia from much of the western world). The Mongols also invaded, and caused Russia to be driven apart from Europe. and by 1453 the fall of constantinople meant that the Orthodox religion had somewhat collapsed.

What happened to boyars under the rule of Peter the Great?

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Peter the Great ruled the Russian empire 1682-1725 and was known as Russia's great modernizer. The Boyars were noblemen, members of the elite; wealthy land owners with civil and military power. They were known for their long beards which they wore proudly and with distinction. Peter stripped the Boyars of their nobility and power. He also stripped them of their traditional beards and long sleeves by ordering that they either shave them off, or else, pay a hefty beard tax. Under Tsar Peter's reign, no longer were the Boyars allowed to work for personal interest; the advancement of Russia now became the top priority.

Full form of IPS officer?

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Indian police service

What did Peter the Great fear?

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Peter the Great feared many things. He was deathly afraid of bugs. He also couldn't talk to women face to face. He would either cover his eyes or turn around and talk. There is also a rumor going around that he was afraid of salad with vinegar. I'm not so sure how true that is but it is a fear.

Where did peter the great die?

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Peter the Great (Peter I)

Born: May 30 (June 9), 1672, Moscow.

Died: January 28 (February 8), 1725, St. Petersburg.

Crowned Tsar of Russia on April 27, 1682; became Emperor of Russia on October22,1721.

What failed law of Peter the Great demonstrated social reform can seldom be forced?

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As far as Social changes, in 1722, Peter created a new order of precedence, the "Table of Ranks", which replaced order of precedence by birthright. Obviously, this upset people who were born into the right of precedence. This kind of change in "standing" meets strong opposition when forced.

It would be similar to a new leader declaring that all heirs to the throne in a monarchy are suddenly not eligible to take the throne. Or if a worker's union suddenly demoted all its leaders and put cronies in those positions instead. People don't like when their "social standing" gets changed or removed.

Did Peter the Great make a new capital?

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Peter the Great's new Capital was a city on the Baltic Sea, renamed St Petersburg. Russia's "window to the West". :D

How did peter the great make russia less isolated from western Europe?

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Peter I (the Great) brought a lot of change to Russia. He wanted to westernize his country and make it more modern. He spent time traveling around Europe, observing what other countries were doing differently. Here are a few examples of the things he changed:

He made all the men shave their beards. Otherwise, they had to pay tax for having a beard!

He made everyone wear western clothes and hold western-style parties.

He gained control of the Russian church.

He established schools in Moscow.

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