Schizophrenia

Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder characterized by disturbances of thought and language, distortions of reality, emotional responsiveness and withdrawal from social contact. Environmental and genetic factors have an important role in the development of this mental disorder.

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Schizophrenia

Is schizophrenia a terminal illness?

No, schizophrenia is classified as a mental disorder. Also, it isn't terminal as some people do recover from it.

The research I have done all states that there is no known cure for schizophrenia.

AMA.org

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Is Paranoid schizophrenia curable?

Paranoid schizophrenia is generally not considered to be a curable disease, although it is treatable through the use of medication and therapy.

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Do people know when they have schizophrenia?

Sometimes. It depends on multiple factors. Whether the symptoms are mild, moderate or severe can make a big difference. If paranoia is mild, and hallucinations are transient and not too bothersome, then generally the answer would be "no". However, if delusions and hallucinations are severe, the afflicted individual generally is aware that something is not right, (and, also, that others don't seem to struggle with reality, learning and social activities - in the ways that affect the person with schizophrenia on a day to day basis). Even when symptoms are severe, the person with schizophrenia often maintains denial of the illness (because it is undesirable to view oneself as being afflicted). This results in the majority of individuals with schizophrenia seeking to self-medicate (whether with alcohol, marijuana, opiates or other drugs) rather than comply with anti-psychotic medications (which can be far more effective - yet necessitate regular appointment with doctors and therapists, and thus require recognition of illness on the part of the patient). - from a Board Certified Psychiatrist and Clinical Associate Professor of Psychiatry

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What is the acute phase of adult schizophrenia?

In the acute phase, the patient has an overt loss of contact with reality (psychotic episode) that requires intervention and treatment.

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Is Schizophrenia dangerous to others if untreated?

Yes, schizophrenics can become dangerous if the do not take there medications. The voices and hallucinations may become much more dominant. The patient could become violent. They could become very violent with no sign whatsoever. My mother works in the hospital. She worked with a schizophrenic man, who decided he didn't want to take his medication. Soon after words, he decided to hit a woman with his car.(Yes, then he was fired) I'm not saying all schizophrenics may be violent. No. That's not the point at all. Schizophrenics on medication are just fine. I have a schizo. Friend. She has her moments here and there, but she's a great person! If schizophrenics are off med's though, they could have the tendencies to become violent.

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What is schizophrenia?

Schizophrenia is a psychotic disorder or group of disorders that affects the normal functioning of the brain and severely impairs thinking, emotion, and behavior. Doctors do not know the specific cause of schizophrenia, but both environmental and genetic factors do play a role. The symptoms of schizophrenia are delusions (strongly held false beliefs), hallucinations (false perceptions), flat affect (not showing emotion), and disorganized speech, thinking, and behavior.

About 1% of the population worldwide has schizophrenia, even though schizophrenia is one of the top ten causes of disability worldwide.

Schizophrenia is not the same as multiple personality disorder or "split personality." The confusion arises in part due to the meaning of Bleuler's term schizophrenia (literally "split" or "shattered mind"). The "voices" that people with schizophrenia hear may have distinct personalities, but schizophrenia does not involve a person changing among distinct multiple personalities.

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Tourette's Syndrome

How do you baker act someone?

  • Determine the possible consequences of the person's actions. He may be capable of injuring himself or someone else intentionally or accidentally, particularly if he suffers from drug-induced psychosis. He may also become homeless due to his mental disorder. If you believe the person poses a risk to his own well-being or the safety of others, the Baker Act is an option.
  • Watch the person for suicidal behavior. If you believe a person may attempt suicide, take the individual to the hospital psychiatric ward to get Baker Acted. In some jurisdictions, a judge must issue an ex parte order to commit someone. If the person poses an immediate danger to himself, call the police and they can Baker Act the person without the ex parte order.
  • Understand that a trained psychiatric professional must evaluate the person if you choose to commit her. She must present obvious symptoms of mental illness or suicidal behavior for the psychologist to determine that Baker Acting the person is necessary.

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What is the scariest part of the mental illness of schizophrenia?

Seeing things that don't really exist or feel that your being followed when you're really not.

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Can paranoid schizophrenia be cured or controlled without the use of medication?

Schizophrenia can be controlled and cured without the use of medication.

Make sure that the patient is not using any recreational drugs or alcohol as this raises dopamine in the brain, high levels of dopamine are directly responsible for hallucinations and distorted perceptions.

I would however recommend that you stabilize the condition with anti-psychotics (preferably Seroquel or Risperdal)

Risperdal has anti-depressant qualities and Seroquel is powerful anti-anxiety and a good sedative. The sedating effects however do wear off over time.

Once the condition is stable the person can gradually reduce their medication until they are no longer taking anti-psychotics. Although this method is not recommended by Psychiatrists. It has worked for me, as I too suffered from schizophrenia.

It is very important that any person with schizophrenia gets enough sleep as lack of sleep aggravates the condition.

I would say that a person who develops a psychosis from cannabis is not suffering from schizophrenia rather a drug induced psychosis and as such can control that by staying away from the drugs where as someone who develops schizophrenia without marijuana may have difficulties and may need to take medication for ever

However the active component in marijuana contains THC which is known to worsen psychotic symptoms namely paranoia in schizophrenics. John Nash, the mathematician whom a movie was made called a Beautiful Mind regained his grip on sanity without the use of medications, after a very long time of psychosis. Studies indicate that first episode treatment can greatly improve recovery from schizophrenia and untreated schizophrenia can make things worse.

Schizophrenia can be treated, but it can never fully be cured after the second stage of its onset.

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Acronyms & Abbreviations
Medical Terminology
Schizophrenia

What does the medical abbreviation TIL mean?

There are several meanings of TIL in medicine. One meaning is Tissue-Infiltrating Lymphocytes. Another meaning is Tumor-Infiltrating Leukocyte.

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Schizophrenia

What does the medical abbreviation CMT mean?

Certified Medication Technician

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Schizophrenia

What does the medical abbreviation hy mean?

There are several meanings of hy in medical terminology. One meaning is hysteria. Another meaning is Hypothalamus.

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Schizophrenia

Are schizophrenia and psychophrenia the same thing?

Yes, they are the referring to the same disorder, however schizophrenia is the proper way to spell the disorder. Psychophrenia may be a less common or older way to spell the disorder, but it is not used in the literature today (as far as I know) and my guess is that it is just a misspelling.

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Is 'fight club' and schizophrenia the same thing?

Previous answer: "Fight Club is a movie based on a novel by Chuck Palahniuk, while schizophrenia is a mental illness. So no, they're not the same thing." This is not actually answering your question, from what I can tell. The main character in Fight Club does have a mental illness, but it is not schizophrenia. If you have not seen the movie, I do not recommend you spoil it for yourself but you can go to imdb.com or the like to see the name of the actual mental illness the main character suffers from.

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Is schizophrenia curable?

Schizophrenia is a chronic disease which, at present, is treatable but not curable.

Treatment includes antipsychotic drugs and behavioral therapy.

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Is schizophrenia a choice?

No, you cannot choose to have schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is a mental illness. Because we don't know exactly what causes schizophrenia, it cannot be induced either.

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Is memory loss a symptom of schizophrenia?

memory loss is more closely associated with Alzheimer's or dissociative amnesia, even though both mental abnormalities aren't related to each other.

schizophrenia, on the other hand does involve problems with memory and the creation of memories of events that never took place or of people who don't exist.

But, for someone to exhibit memory loss, but none of the other classic symptoms of schizophrenia, such as delusions/hallucinations, general illogical thinking, disorganized patterns of speech, and basically no definite concept of what is real and unreal does not mean that a person has schizophrenia.

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Can a abscessed tooth cause paranoid schizophrenia?

Good question. Ask your psychiatrist, then your dentist, and compare.

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How do you prevent schizophrenia?

It can not be prevented, it is a disease through heritage.

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Schizophrenia
Emotions

Why do you laugh when you cry really hard?

Its not really laughing obviously but its because when you cry you tend to take shorter breaths that after a prolonged time crying causes you to start taking short gasps of air that resemble laughing.

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Can you die from paranoid schizophrenia?

From my past college experience you cannot actually die from the condition but if someone who doesnt have the condition under control by having a doctor they are working with or medication, then the person may not be mentally stable enough to handle the effects, in which case people who have died in the past with a history of schizophrenia, usually passed due to suicide. I studied this in school and I know someone who could answer the question in greater detail if need be. . Schizophrenia is not a cause of death. The illness is devastating to patients and families who care for those afflicted. The number one cause of premature death in persons with schizophrenia is by suicide at a rate of between 10 and 15 percent (depending on the study). The average life span is 25 years less than those without the illness.

Sometimes rarely a person with paranoid schizophrenia in a state of delusion may act out and inadvertently die e.g. voices tell them that they can jump from a building and not be harmed. This is rare but happens, as well as an inability to care or from delusion put themselves in harmful situations, e.g. falling asleep in a field in the winter. There are may social, economic consequences of the illness (homelessness) and other circumstances that put them at the highest risk for suicide and attempted suicides. Though negatively stigmatized people with schizophrenia are rarely a danger to others but are at a high risk to injure or harm themselves. The short answer is yes you can die from it.

no, you can't die but if you, like said above, can;t control it, you might think someone is chasing you and jump of a building, run into a road, or something like that. so yeah , you could. it depends on your situation

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Schizophrenia

How do you write a hardship letter regarding medical bills?

Explain that you're in financial difficulty, and that you're not able to pay the bill that was required for your hospital stay. If needed, you may have to go through a credt agency or another related agency that have skilled individuals that will be able to assist you with creating a letter. Good Luck!

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Can schizophrenia people have children?

Yes they can but they have to always take their medication

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Is paranoid schizophrenia rare?

About 1.4 percent of people have paranoid schizophrenia. It is relatively rare, but not that rare for a mental illness. To put it in perspective, some sources say that 17 percent of people have depression and about 0.1 percent of people have multiple personality disorder (also known as dissociative identity disorder).

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What are the causes of Schizophrenia?

Causes of schizophreniaTo answer this question simply: probably a convergence of influences that we don't entirely understand. But, here are some of the findings that we do know: Brain abnormalitiesStudies have revealed a number of differences in the brains of schizophrenic patients.
  • Dopamine overactivity: schizophrenics have excess receptors for dopamine (specifically the D4 dopamine receptors). Dopamine is a neurotransmitter involved movement, learning, attention, and emotion. It's speculated that this high level contributes to intensified brain signals and creates some of the positive symptoms such as hallucinations and paranoia. As expected, drugs that block receptors lessen the symptoms while amphetamines and cocaine intensify them. Dopamine-blockers do not seem to affect the negative symptoms of withdrawal.
  • Glutamate: researchers have also looked at the impaired activity of another neurotransmitter, glutamate, which is a major excitatory neurotransmitter involved in passing along neural impulses. Drugs that inhibit glutamate produce symptoms similar to schizophrenia.
  • Brain scans of patients show aberrant brain activity
    • Some show abnormally low activity in the frontal lobes (responsible for reasoning, planning, and problem-solving).
    • Decline in brain waves that show a lack of synchronization in neural firing. This can disrupt the simultaneous functioning of neural networks needed for complex thought processes. This may be the cause behind the break-down of selective attention.
    • During hallucinations, schizophrenics show activity in the thalamus, which is responsible for sensory input. This suggests that the hallucinations are as real as reality for them.
    • Activity in the amygdala, responsible for fear.
  • Structural: schizophrenics will have enlarged, fluid-filled areas in the brain and shrinkage of the cerebral tissue in those areas. These areas are sometimes present in people who haven't yet developed the illness. There is high correlation between the severity of the illness and the extent of the shrinkage.
VirusesCorrelation between the health of the mother when pregnant provide evidence that viruses contribute to schizophrenia. Higher incidences of schizophrenia were noted in cases where
  • A country experienced a flu epidemic
  • People live in densely populated areas (where there are higher rates of transmission of viruses)
  • People were born in the spring or winter months
  • Mothers had high levels of antibodies, indicating a viral infection

Researchers have also found a greater frequency of viral genes in the cerebrospinal fluid of schizophrenics. Although it suggests that viruses could play a role in the disease, it's uncertain whether the viruses cause the onset of schizophrenia or if they are a result of it.

Genetic factorsWithout a doubt, genes play a role in schizophrenia. However, given the statistics compiled, it has been determined that a predisposition to the disease alone is not enough to develop schizophrenia, meaning it cannot be determined if one will develop schizophrenia solely based on family history (although one might be more at risk). Many genes have been studied, but a complex disorder like schizophrenia is likely the work of many genes. Here is some evidence that points to genes:
  • Although 1 in 100 will develop schizophrenia, the odds increase to 1 in 10 if a parent or sibling develop schizophrenia.
  • 1 in 2 identical twins will develop schizophrenia if the other develops it, even if they are raised apart.
  • The older the father is, the greater the risk of offspring that develops schizophrenia.
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