Sioux Indians

Once a nomadic tribe but forced north from the upper Mississippi area, the Sioux tribe ended up in the black hills of South Dakota. Lakota, Dakota or Nakota, this tribe played a big part in America's early western history.

3,858 Questions
Sioux Indians
Native American History

What was name given to a tribe leader?

The Sioux were made up up of very many tribes, each divided into smaller bands headed by several chiefs and elders.

In Lakota there are many words used for a chief or leader:

  • itanchan
  • wichasha itanchan
  • nacha
  • wichasha watapi
  • wakichunzA
  • blotahunka

95% of North American tribes are Matriarchal. The head of the tribes are the Clan Mothers. The Chiefs are the leaders in warfare.

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History of the United States
History
Sioux Indians

What discovery turned the Nomads into farmers?

Experimentation, most likely by women, with plants that it was their task to gather eventually led to more of adevelopmentthan a discovery of domesticated plants.


The discovery of Maize.

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Native American History
Sioux Indians

Which plains tribe did celebrate the sun dance?

The question is too general. There were plains tribal groups who historically celebrated the traditional form of the Sun Dance faith; tribal groups who still conduct Sun Dances today; plus, genizaro affairs who engage in what can only be described as a "Pan-Native American"/"Native Pan-American" semblance of the original plains Sun Dance. Historically, most Plains Indian tribes did participate in the Sun Dance. In fact, it is easier to ask which plains tribes did not participate in the Sun Dance--such a list would be shorter.

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Sioux Indians

What was the Sioux homeland?

I believe they originally resided in Wisconsin, Minnesota, and North and South Dakota.

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Native American Languages
Sioux Indians

How do you say peace in Sioux language?

In Lakota the word for peace is wolakhota; an older term is wookhiye.

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Sioux Indians

Did the Sioux live in longhouses?

The Sioux are not a single tribe but a group of related tribes divided by dialect: from east to west they are classed as Dakota, Nakota and Lakota. The Lakota or Teton Sioux were entirely Plains nomadic people living in tipis; their distant cousins the Dakota (made up of the Mdewakanton, Wahpeton and Sisseton tribes) were on the very margins of the Plains and used longhouses in semi-permanent villages. The middle group (Nakotas) sometimes lived in earth lodges like those of the Mandans and Hidatsas.

So, some Sioux tribes did live in longhouses, others never did.

Other more distantly-related tribes are classed as "Siouan" because they speak similar languages: the Omaha, Ponca, Kaws and others lived in earth lodges, again in semi-permanent villages on the edge of the Great Plains.

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Native American History
Sioux Indians

How did the Sioux tribe make their clothing?

They made it out of animal skins.

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Native American History
Sioux Indians

How did Sioux Indians capture eagles?

All Plains tribes and many others used a pit-trap to either capture an eagle or to take some of its tail feathers.

The trap consisted of a pit in the ground, away from human activity and large enough for one man to crouch inside. Over the pit would be laid brushwood, grass and sticks, then a piece of fresh meat was laid on top. A rope or leather strap was attached to the meat.

An eagle would see the fresh meat, fly down and land on top of the sticks and brushwood; the warrior then grabbed the eagle's talons before it could fly away, at the same time holding tight to the rope. Pulling the eagle down into the pit was the most dangerous moment - beak and talons could seriously injure a man. He then either captured the bird by holding its wings tight around its body or pulled out some of its tail feathers and released it.

Occasionally the bird was killed, to be stuffed and mounted as a "medicine", or attached to a shield, or used as a headgear.

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Sioux Indians
Trail of Tears

What weapons did the sioux use for war?

Lakota weapons were just the same as those of their neighbours on the Great Plains, the Cheyenne, Arapaho, Crows, Blackfoot and others - the differences were in decoration and sometimes the types of materials used.

Missile weapons were limited to bows and arrows, with spears, clubs, knives and hatchets for hand-to-hand fighting. Circular hide shields were often carried; these were generally quite small and usually between 17 and 23 inches across (43 to 59 cms).

The arrival of White traders made metal arrowheads, knife blades and axes available; knife blades were sometimes set in a large wooden handle to make a fearsome war club. Guns of various types were also obtained in trade, though often with very limited supplies of ammunition.

Lakota warriors would often carry "non-weapons", including coup sticks, crooked lances and feathered staffs which had religious, status and warrior society significance. Simply striking an enemy ("counting coup") with a decorated stick was considered more of an achievement than killing him from a distance, since he was still in a position to fight back.

The links below take you to images of Lakota weapons:

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Sioux Indians

Why did the Sioux Indians use dream catchers?

There is no evidence that any native American group (except perhaps the Chippewas) made or used dream catchers in historic times. The Lakotas and other Sioux groups certainly made hoops; these were for playing the hoop-and-pole game, or for religious purposes, or (in smaller form) for use as a warrior's hair ornament and protective medicine in battle.

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Sioux Indians
Cherokee Indians

What clothes did the tillamook Indians wear?

The Tillamook, like their neighbours the Clatsop, Affalati, Siletz and Yaquina wore very little clothing.

Men often went completely naked, or wore aprons or breechclouts, sometimes covered with feathers. In cool weather they added deerskin or elkhide leggings and shirts, belted at the waist. A headband of fur or dressed leather kept the long, loose hair in place. Men generally wore nose ornaments of dentalium shell.

Women traditionally wore just a fringe skirt of shredded cedar bark, with a cold-weather cape of the same material. For special occasions they had knee-length buckskin tunics decorated with fringes, bear-grass tassels, quillwork, pine seeds and dentalium shells - the amount of decoration signified relative status. Women also wore flat-topped basketwork hats.

Both sexes generally went barefoot, but in winter there were deerskin moccasins which covered the ankles.Simple round snowshoes were also worn by hunters in winter.

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Sioux Indians

How did Sioux Indians use their land?

they were nomads and farmed some gardens using Indian slaves captured in battles. all the Indians had an agreement to not hunt in the Kentucky area due to there was a 7 year cycle of game growth. when the lean years happened ,they needed an area where the game was not used to being hunted so they could depend on feeding their tribes. when Daniel Boone entered the Kentucky game preserve to bring in settlers he was arrested by captain jack, the Indian game warden. after a few years tho the settlers kept moving in and the Indians were starved out.

This is a tough question. As the Sioux made up about 1/4th of the tribes in North America. They used their lands different thru out the Sioux nations. The Sioux stretch from the plains all the way up and down the east coast.

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Religion & Spirituality
Native American History
Sioux Indians

What are some of the Sioux Indians' religious practices?

The Sioux Nation (comprised of seven council fires and sub-tribes) had many spiritual practices. The foundational rituals or ceremonies are the seven rites:

The Keeping of the Soul (Nagi Gluhapi Na Nagi Gluxkapi)

The Rite of Purification or Sweat Lodge (Inipi)

Crying for a Vision or Vision Quest (Hanblecheyapi)

The Sun Dance (Wiwanyag Wachipi)

The Making of Relatives (Hunkapi)

Preparing for Womanhood or Puberty Rite (Ishna Ta Awi Cha Lowan)

Throwing of the Ball (Tapa Wanka Yap)

The Healing (Yuwipi)-- relatively new.

There are literally hundreds of other minor spiritual practices that the Sioux engage in...too many to mention here but you can find them in many fine books.

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Sioux Indians

Did Great Plains Indians eat rabbit?

Yes.

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Arts and Crafts
Native American History
Sioux Indians

What is traditional Sioux Indian art?

The arts of the different Indian tribes were determined by materials available, lifestyle and religion. The Sioux decorated buckskin clothes and tents with bead-work and quillwork. They also painted buffalo hides. Therefore, bodywork, quillwork and painting can all be considered traditional Sioux arts.

Here are more opinions and answers from others:

  • Art can refer to crafts, dance, music, storytelling, jewelry making. Try the link below. Perhaps you will find what you need there.
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Native American History
Sioux Indians

What did the Wichita Indians trade with other tribes?

squash

pumpkins

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Sioux Indians
Lakota

What did lakota Sioux Indians eat?

Buffalo, deer, elk, fish, wild turnips, wild berries and fruits, game birds as quail and turkey.

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Native American History
Government
Sioux Indians

Can an individual receive some type of payment from the government for being of Indian descent?

No. There are no government funds that pays individuals based on Native American descent. If you are a member of a Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) recognized Tribal Affiliation you are eligible for health and education benefits. The Department of Interior (DOI) has a web site that may help with what Tribes are located near you. Identify what Tribe is in your lineage and contact that Tribe about any assistance available to you.

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Native American Languages
Sioux Indians

How do you say grey dove in sioux?

The Lakota word for grey is hota and dove is wakinyela. Adjectives (actually stative verbs) follow nouns in Lakota, so you would say

wakinyela hota

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Sioux Indians

What are the Sioux Indians' major occupations?

The Sioux Are still involved in certain agrarian ocupations Such as wild rice harversting and also fishing. However, today in Minnesota at least, they are all involved in casino ownership. There have been serious issues as to whom may be considered a Sioux. Intermarriage among non-indian groups has reduced full blooded Sioux to the point many people calling theselves Sioux are actually more Caucasian than indian. However those who do qualify as Sioux can earn more than $500,000.00 per year per person from Casino profits. Finally, the Sioux and other Indian tribes who have casinos, now have the financial clout to make their presence known and their voices heard. Go Indians!!! The Indians in American are truly one of our national treasures. They are an honorable and decent people who for too many years were grossly ill-treated.

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Sioux Indians

What did the women in the Sioux tribe ware?

There is no such thing as the Sioux tribe - Sioux refers to a group of many different related tribes which are grouped together by their dialects: Lakota in the west, Nakota in the middle and Dakota further east.

In general terms the earliest Lakota women wore a wrap-around skirt and a poncho-style top made of deer hide; then the strap-and-sleeve style dress was adopted; then the simple side-fold dress was worn with a folded-over top section and a single strap over the left shoulder; in the early 1800s the three-skin dress became normal wear with fringe on all seams.

The three-skin dress might have a completely bead-covered yoke or cape section, rows of elk teeth, or dentalia or cowrie shells.

Leggings were knee-length, quilled or beaded on the lower half and tied at the side with thongs; moccasins were hard-soled two-piece Plains style, with the hair left on the inside for winter wear.

Early porcupine quill decoration was soon replaced by glass beads obtained from traders. The Sioux tribes favoured white backgrounds and linear designs with stepped triangles, arrow shapes and crosses.

Women wore their hair long and loose and parted in the middle; some gathered the hair in a bunch at the back or wore two long braids tied at the ends.

In the later 19th century woollen cloth dresses, trade blankets and "hair pipe beads" of bone became popular among the Sioux tribes; women often wore these as earrings or large necklaces with the long white beads arranged vertically.

See links below for images:

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Dance
Sioux Indians

Why do Indians call it the sun dance?

Robert Ripley theorized it was the forerunner of what we now call (baseball). note there was a huge backlash against Night Baseball-when it was introduced in the thirties, Baseball is unknown in Europe, and some other points ( slow, ritual pace of the games, four bases, four seasons, etc. This argument was also advanced by ( Chico) a cartoon character of the A.T.S.F. Railway and seemingly of mixed Hispanic and Indian background.

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They didn't call it the Sun Dance. White observers used that shortened version of the real name: "The Gazing at the Sun Dance". The sun was viewed as an important element in Plains religions with the power to grant supernatural visions, protection in battle and revenge on enemies.

In the Crow version of the "Gazing at the Sun Dance" (called acki'cirua in Crow), a special type of lodge was built with a tall central pole from the top of which rawhide ropes hung down. These were tied to skewers through the flesh of the chest of the "dancer", who was painted with a sacred mixture of white clay and sweetgrass. A skunkskin necklace was worn around the neck, an eagle feather in the hair and a eagle bone whistle was placed in the mouth. A special "Sun Dance doll" effigy was fixed near the top of the pole.

The dancer would then lean back so as to pull on the skewers through his flesh and keep his eyes fixed on the course of the sun, dancing in time to singing and drumming provided by assistants. He would dance for many hours, taking only short rests, following the course of the sun and praying for a vision of revenge on his enemies - this was (in the Crow version of the ritual) the sole purpose of the dance. Loss of blood, lack of sleep and the constant pain often resulted in hallucination which would be interpreted as a sacred vision.

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Sioux Indians

What did Sioux indians wear for battle?

There were no rules about what should be worn in battle, but many accounts from the Western or Lakota Sioux mention warriors stripping to just breechclouts and moccasins and "preparing themselves" before a fight if there was time.

Preparations would include painting their faces and bodies with their individual sacred designs, tying small items into their hair for protection, singing particular songs associated with their own protective spirit, painting their horse with special markings, tying up the horse's tail and attaching feathers or other objects and perhaps unwrapping war "medicines" - special bundles containing a wide range of sacred objects supposed to protect the owner and give him success in battle.

Some men put on their warbonnets or other headgear. Members of the warrior societies would have special regalia such as long cloth sashes or necklaces of fur to mark them out.

We know that Crazy Horse, for example, always stripped out of his shirt and leggings, fastened a special sacred pebble behind his ear, painted lightning marks down his cheek and poured dust from gopher holes over his horse.

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Toronto
Sioux Indians

How far is Sioux lookout from Toronto?

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Sioux Indians

What does the khoisan's weapons and tools look like?

it looked like ostrich egg shells and there weapons were bows and arrows

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