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Ancient Wars

~4100 answered questions
Parent Category: War and Military History
The Ancient period is generally accepted as being 600 BCE to 500 CE, before which was the Archaic period, and after which began the Medieval period. However as there is not an Archaic Wars category, it is acceptable to post pre-500 BCE military questions in this area.
In 395 Diocletian had divided the Roman Empire into a Western Empire and an Eastern Empire. At that time the second of these was the more viable part. The date generally accepted for the collapse of the Western Empire is 476, when the Germanic chieftain Odoacer took Ravenna (not that far from Venic…
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Pericles, Alexander the Great, and Archimedes.
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They defeated the other power, Carthage, in three wars, and to finally put an end to it, destroyed the city and sold its people into slavery.
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Indeed it didThe invasion by Xerxes I of Persia happened in 480 BC, he invaded the peloponese with a force of (apparently, recorded by Herodotus) over 5,200,000! The war was not really with Sparta in particular but with the whole peninsula. The famous battle of Thermopylae was during this conflict,…
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The differences were not great - Sparta had a government which was a limited democracy - that is that is it was limited to the adult males who also comprised the army; they met in assembly and made decisions on matters put before them by the council. Athens started that way but progressively moved…
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Rome was early on (say 500 BCE) a farming community covering about 50 square miles, with a citadel to defend in extremis. The Roman army comprised initially the peasant farmers turning out to repel predatory nomads or neighbours. To be in it you had to possess property. Non-propertied people were no…
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After the western Greek citiy-states led by Sparta had defeated the Persian navy at Salamis, the Persians could not feed their army during the oncoming winter and had to send half of it home. The remaining half, with 40,000 Greek allies, was therefore now about the same size as the southern Greek al…
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The Spartans never really recovered from the huge loss of life in 465 BC earthquake and subsequent helot revolt as well as wars with Argives and Arcadians (except Mantineans) which came immediately after epic war with Persia, and basically ended in the eve of the Great earthquake. Wounded Sparta t…
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Iraq had invaded Kuwait and was committing numerous atrocities there: torture, public executions and large scale massacres of anyone who opposed them. Having seized Kuwait and it's oil fields their military was also positioning itself to push south into Saudi Arabia and capture their even larger sup…
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There were obviously many wars before our records start. The first recorded war occurred ca 2700 BCE between Sumer (in modern Iraq) and Elam (now part of Iran).
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The battle was between a Persian expeditionary force and the city-state of Athens. The Medes (Persian allies) were part of the Persian force, so Median garb refers to the clothes worn by the Mede soldiers.
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Phidippides, I believe. But you should probably check wikipedia... Reality There is a problem here - Pheidippides was dead by the time of the battle. He had run to Sparta to summon them to help Athens fight off the invading Persians. On his return after running nearly 200 miles, he died of exhau…
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Persia Anatolia Syria Phoenicia Judea Gaza Egypt Bactria Mesopotamia He conquered the whole Persian empire including: Anatolia, Syria, Phoenicia, Judea, Gaza, Egypt, Bactria, Mesopotamia, Lebanon, Iraq, Yemen, Jordan, Palestine, Israel, Iran, Tajikistan, Pakistan, part of India, Saudi Arabia, an…
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The Rubicon River is in Italy. Alexanders wars were in Greece, Asia and Africa. His invasion of Asia began with a battle on the Granicus River.
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LeadershipStrengthSkillAbilityLove
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No one knows when the first-ever war occurred, but it was probably caused by competition for food or living space.If you want to try and find out what the earliest significant conflict between nations/ tribes was, then your best bet is to look into Mesopotamian history, This is the region around the…
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You had to enlist. If you were a Roman citizen between the ages of 18 and 25 and in good mental and physical health, you were in. If you were not a citizen and wanted to join, you would be in the auxilia, with the benefit or Roman citizenship when your service was over.
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After the defeat of the Persian invasion in 480-479 BCE, Sparta wanted to repatriate all Greeks in Asia to mainland Greece to end the problem with Persia (this actually happened in 1923 CE, after World War 1 - foresight indeed!). Athens proposed an aggressive alliance against Persia, which as the do…
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Carthage developed trade and navigation especially by sea. It is not exactly known how far their ships traveled outside the Mediterranean sea because they kept it a strict secret. Carthage was founded around 800 BC by the city of Tyre, and the Carthaginians also founded other cities. Carthage is a c…
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the Persians were a disparate group of Indo-European tribes, some nomadic, some settled, that were developing their own culture and religion unique from that of the great cities to their west.
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It ran for 27 years between the Athenian empire and the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta 431 to 404 BCE.
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They attended and voted the fortnightly meetings of the assembly which directed the actions of the state. They were obliged to serve in defence of the state. They manned the courts as jury-judges. They participated in the religious and cultural life of the life of the state. They manned the bloa…
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It is thought to be mound now named Hissarlik, in Turkey
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If you had been paying attention in class you would know the answer.thanks for your help on our midterm i knew you would do this to us.
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It was the war between Athens and its allies, and Sparta and its allies 431-404 BCE.
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The Peloponnesian War was a conflict spanning nearly three decades; dozens of generals were elected during this time on both sides (Sparta and Athens) and so this question needs to be more specific. However, Pericles is considered the greatest Athenian general of this period, being both a military s…
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A rhetorical question..... Technically, they can, as there is always someone who finishes a war in a better position than another, but even the victor except in rare cases as suffered casualties and/or damage to their countries, not including all the expenses monetary wise of wars: Particularly in t…
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conquering, exploring new places, having one of the biggest empires ever, and Finally he has over 10 regions named after him. Such as toward the east and west of Europe!
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There were a series of revolts amongst Greek cities states in Asisa Minor, 10 years prior to the battle of Salamis. These became known as the Ionia Revolts and were aided by the city state of Athens. The Persian Empire which controlled Asia Minor sent their army to Athens to punish them for supporti…
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Rome fought many wars over a thousand years. Which one do you want to talk about.
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In Europe: Italy, Spain, Portugal, France, England & Wales, Belgium, Luxembourg, southern Netherlands, Southern Germany, Switzerland, Lichtenstein, Austria, western Hungary, a slither of western Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Montenegro, Macedonia, Albania, Greece…
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Would you like to ask a coherent question - what is the 'State', and what is 'it'.
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"What is the conflict between Good and Evil?" (Not to say Athen is good, Sparta - Evil, I just mean they are two polarities, they just can't seem to get on) Sparta thought Athens was getting too powerful so they decided to show them a thing or two, Athens should have won, if it weren't for the death…
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The Peloponnesian War was between Athens and its allies and Sparta and its allies, with Persia supporting Sparta financially later in the war, which lasted for 27 years from 431 to 404 BCE, devastating the Greek world from Sicily to Asia Minor in the process. In 404 BCE the Spartan fleet destroyed …
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Athens used the power of its empire to intervene in the affairs of the southern Greek cities in the Peloponnesian Peninsula and their colonies. These incursions were principally in Corcyra and Potidaea and finally its trade rival Megara which Athens set out to bankrupt. The Peloponnesian League, led…
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Self interest and self aggrandisement. A conviction that the gods supported him. A conviction that he would always succeed. A willingness to risk everything including his own life to promote his goals. An ambition to conquer the world. The desire to convert the world to Greek-style civilisation…
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After being part of a coalition of Greek city-states which repelled the Persian invasion in 480-479 BCE, Athens headed an anti-Persian defence confederation of the independent Greek cities around the eastern Mediterranean, and in enforcing contributions from them, turned them into an empire. When th…
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The Persians won the Battle of Thermopylae, led by Xerxes I. But Greece won the war. It is important to note that the Persian Victory came at a very high price. The Thespian and Spartan troops that fought and sacrificed their lives at the Battle of Thermopylae successfully weakened the Persian lan…
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Depending on the time, there were 4500 to 6000 men in a fully manned legion, including auxiliaries
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A major outcome of the Peloponnesian War was that Athens lost its empire and consequently the source of revenue which had supported its dominant navy. Sparta and its allies achieved temporary land dominance until this was overthrown by Thebes and its allies, leaving a three-way standoff in dominance…
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In Greece, the Aegean Sea, Asia Minor, Mediterranean Sea, Sicily,Various locations in the Greek world from Sicily to peninsular Greece to Asia Minor.
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They led to the ascendancy of Sparta, displaced by Thebes, the dominance of Macedonian and its takeover of the Persian Empire.
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The Greek cities sent their surplus populations out and established city-states around the Mediterranean and Black Seas. Some were sent to North Africa - eg Tripoli (Tripolis in Greek = three cities). Then Alexander the Great captured Egypt and Libya, establishing Greek cities eg Alexanddia named af…
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Initially they called out the landowners - mainly small farmers, who were obliged to turn out to defend their land. After the Punic Wars, the farmers were so depleted and the territory so expanded that they had to recruit the un-propertied class. This caused problems - after a war the soldiers would…
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Took over so much area the armys also joined as a big one
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The fundamental causes of war are next to impossible to remove. Because war is caused by lust and greed, you would have to remove the human nature of virtually every person.
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Their strong army and their determination helped the Romans conquer. The strength of their army was unequalled in the ancient world at the time of their expansion. Their determination and tenacity were also unequalled. If the Romans wanted a city or territory, they took it, no matter how long or how…
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The first known invasion of Britain was by Julius Caesar in 55 BC.The Romans first invaded Britain in 55 BC under Julius Caesar. They withdrew and did not officially make Britain a province until 43 AD. However, that is not to say that there was no Roman presence in Britain before 43, they just didn…
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There were several battles at Miletus: The siege by Persia in 494 BCE. The failed attack on the city in 412 BCE by the Peloponnesian League. The capture of the city by Alexander the Great in 334 BCE.
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This is a description which can be described as propaganda. An examination of all the armies of the ancient world would attact the description 'brutal and cruel'. Similarly an examination of al the armies of the mediaeval world would attact the description 'brutal and cruel'. Similarly an examina…
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The Persian army when it attempted to break through the Greek defence of the pass.
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A 27 year war between Athens and its empire, and Sparta and its allies (known as the Peloponnesian League). Athens lost , was stripped of its empire, and became a second rate power in the Greek world.
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Athens' expansionist activities were opposed by the Peloponnesian League headed by Sparta. Continuing Athenian pressure on cities outside its empire resulted in a series of clashes which led to war between the two power blocs.
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the developments that occured during the stone age is: toolshunting and gatheringand last but not least farming
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At the battle of Zama in North Africa in 202 BCE.
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Athens and Sparta were two very strong, very different city-states that clashed almost inevitably in the Peloponnesian War. Disagreements over trade grew, and war broke out in 431 B.C. Athens' control of the Delian League was destined to inspire resentment in Sparta, who probably felt that they had …
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The Romans had been slowly losing there power gradually after colonising Britain. The Germanic tribes had been pushing through Gaul and into Northern Italy. The Romans slowly lost their holdings until only Italy was left, then they were crushed.
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Hannibal Barca (the city Barcelona is named for his family) was a general of the Carthaginian army. During the second war between Rome and Carthage (Second Punic War) he led an expedition from Spain into Italy and spent the next 14 years roving around, attacking Roman forces and trying to get Italia…
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they where farmers,herdsmen and ordanary people of the time. there are romulas and remas who according to legand where raised by a she wolf. but the truth is the Romans where a kingdom ruled by the ecrastans.
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No, in his short time a pharaoh he was too young to have any effective control, which was effectively exercised by a clique of civil and religious aristocrats.
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The reason why the Persians invaded Greece was to take advantage of the fractious political scene that was taking place within its states. The collision between these two worlds began, thanks to the ambitions of Cyrus the Great to expand his empire even further.
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To protect and guard the Pharaoh's tomb or sacred cemeteries and treasures.
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The Battle of Marathon 490 BCE was where Athens fought off Persian King Darius' punitive expedition which was launched in response to Eretria and Athens supporting a revolt by Miletus, a Greek city of Asia Minor under Persian control.
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The Greeks had determined that, due to the threat of the Persian fleet and its amphibious capacity to attack and defeat the independent cities one by one, and as it also protected the Persian sea supply lines, that they had to defeat that fleet. As it was superior in size and numbers, they had to ca…
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If you want an answer you will need to say what you want to know and what period.
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A confederation of Greek city-states defeated the Persian Empire in the Eastern Mediterranean in a long drawn out conflict 499-449 BCE.
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The Spartan government was a fusion of monarchy, oligarchy and demoracy. It consisted of the two kings, the Gerousia, the Ephors and the Ecclesia: Gerousia - It consisted of the two kings plus 28 elders. They prepared and presented proposals for the vote of the assembly. They were elected. Ephor …
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The Ionians lived in Asia Minor, and stayed there for three thousand years until after World War 1 when they were evacuated to Greece after a lengthy war against Turkey which then owned Asia Minor.
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the Greeksthe Greeks won the warhave fun
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The first battle against the Persians was at the River Granicus, after Alexander crossed the Hellespont. Then he defeated them again, this time they were led by their King Darius III, at the Pinarus River (known as the Battle of Issus) - Darius fled. Alexander then defeated them again at the last an…
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After a series of disputes over Corcyra and Potidaia, Athens imposed a trade ban on its neighbour Megara, which would ruin it. Megara was a member of the Peloponnesian League which was set on limiting Athens' expansionary attitude. The League demanded Athens lift the ban. Athens refused, confident …
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pillars, concrete, sewage, plumbing, organized military, senate and branches of government.
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around 25, at birth This of course was not when adults usually died, but rather an average which is misleading. With a very high infant and child mortality rate before vaccinations were invented, the average was low, but the life span of those who got through their youth ran on much much higher.
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The war was between Athens and Sparta, city-states of ancient Greece. Athens and Sparta engaged in a long and costly struggle, the Peloponnesian war (431-404 BC) and the more martial society, Sparta, eventually triumphed. (Sparta's victory provides a warning that, in a struggle between autocracy an…
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Generally, it was Athens (with its navy) versus Sparta (with its army).This was a war (from 431 to 404 BC) in which Athens and its allies were defeated by the Peloponnesian League, including Sparta.
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It was formed as a league of Peloponnesian city-states led by Sparta about 505 BCE, though Sparta had earlier established alliances with several of the cities.
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Phillip II defeated the Greeks at the Battle of Chaeronea in 338 BCE.
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Firstly, most of the panoply of arms to qualify as a warrior remained bronze - the armour and helmet. The steel spearhead was just better than the bronze one. And none of it was cheap. More important citizenship depended on the full panapoly of arms, which could be inherited, bought or taken from a…
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they protected king ceasarThe Roman Armies were considered to be the most effective fighting force of their time. Having left Rome many campaigns were fought across Europe led by respected and trusted Generals of the Emperors of Rome.In thair wake the Armies left roads, developed complex supply chai…
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Leonidas one of the two kings of Sparta.
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Rising tensions between the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta and the Athenian Empire which was pushing them too far in Athens' over-aggresive policies. Athens, having turned the alliance against the Persian Empire into an empire of its own, interfered in the other cities to extend its influence. …
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Who was there The 300 Spartans were Spartan king Leonidas' bodyguard. Sparta was concerned with defending its own land from a Persian amphibious raid, and so was not about to send off a main force. Leonidas also had about 2,000 serf-light infantry. There were also about 4,000 warriors from those Gre…
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753 BC http://www.exovedate.com/ancient_timeline_one.html ------------ Answer: Romans exist today. Roman history did not end with the fall of the Empire, Italy has gone through many things but it is still there.
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allies
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The battle site is unknown. The western Midlands are considered the general area. Boudica was defeated at the Battle of Watling Street. Watling Street was a Roman road close to High Cross in Leicestershire. Source of this answer is Wikipedia.
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He was a mojor hero
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431 BCE - between Athens and its empire and Sparta and its allies. It lasted on and off until Athens' defeat and occupation in 404, causing great havoc and loss throughout the whole Greek world from Asia Minor, through the Aegean, to Sicily. As a result of later infighting between the mainland Gree…
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The Romans conquered Greece, Romania, Egypt, Britain, France, Spain, Portugal, and the top part of Africa.
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They would rape, torture kill, or enslave any one they conqured. Another view: The above is one possibility - likely after a long seige. The commander of the Roman soldiers would have other ideas. His part of the loot was the proceeds of sale of the captured, so he wanted them in as good a conditio…
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Of heart failure on July 10th 138 CE.
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The modern title is Peloponnesian War called so from the location of Sparta and its main allies. The ancient Greeks didn't call it that - they thought of it as the war between Athens and its allies and Sparta and its allies, though this is a bit of a tongue twister, hence the modern short name. Most…
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The Peloponnesian War was fought during the years 431-404 BCE.
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Persian king Xerxes invaded mainland Greece in 480-479 BCE.
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