Why did 19th century European countries establish colonies in Africa?
The goals of 19th and 20th century Imperialism were very often related to the European belief that Europeans were both racially and morally superior to others, particularly Africans. Europeans invaded Africa with the purpose of instilling Christianity into natives as well as introducing western ideas in education, medicine, hygiene, and monogamous marriage. The colonization of Africa was also of commercial interest (which was greatly expanded due to the Industrial Revolution during this time period). Africa provided European manufacturers with cheap labor, raw materials, and a ready market to purchase their products.
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Belgium . Britain . Denmark . France . Germany . Italy . Netherlands . Spain . Portugal
The African continent was full of resources (wood, gems, spices,etc) that the European nations did not have and needed.
Which country of east Africa managed to avoid becoming a colony of any European power during the 19th century?
gave them superior powers
What was the main reason European countries colonized Africa in the 19th century?
Which country of east Africa managed to avoid becoming a colony of any European power during the 19th century and what is its capital?
Ethiopia. And the capital city of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa . Latitude: 9Â°38â²0â³N Longitude: 38Â°42â²0â³E
There were many reasons: . Extensive lands that could be used for farming and settlement . Large amounts of raw materials (metals, gems, ivory, etc) . Help spread Christi…anity/modern European ways of life . Competition with other Colonial Empires
The first European colonies in Africa were founded in the 1400's, but even in 1820 most of Africa wasn't colonized. Empires rapidly expanded into Africa in the 1870's-1880's.
Belgium . United Kingdom . France . Germany . Italy . Portugal . Spain . Netherlands (1700's)
Russia , -or Canada.
Because the europeans wanted to control natural resources found there
The European wanted to control natural rescources found there.
All modern-day African nations were European colonies, except Liberia.
There's actually a few... . Belgium . United Kingdom . Netherlands . France . Denmark . Germany . Italy . Spain . Portugal
Europeans believed they were morally superior to the peoples ofAfrica and Asia.