Why did 19th century European countries establish colonies in Africa?
The goals of 19th and 20th century Imperialism were very often related to the European belief that Europeans were both racially and morally superior to others, particularly Africans. Europeans invaded Africa with the purpose of instilling Christianity into natives as well as introducing western ideas in education, medicine, hygiene, and monogamous marriage. The colonization of Africa was also of commercial interest (which was greatly expanded due to the Industrial Revolution during this time period). Africa provided European manufacturers with cheap labor, raw materials, and a ready market to purchase their products.
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Answer . The oldest reason in the world: land equals power.. I guess you are right but colonizations was mainly due to greed.When gold or diamonds was discovered imperial powers was already half way there.South Africa is a good example,2 x wars were fought over gold in South Africa.Lesser causes… were strategic importance (shipping),procurement of labor(slaves),produce ect. (MORE)
The 19th century European imperialism was mainly caused by thedesperate need of nations to secure their acquired territories andcolonies. Also, they needed to strengthen their military forces todefend against possible invasion.
Spain, Portugal, the Netherlands, France, and Great Britain all held colonies in South America during the 17th century. Germany had the colony of Klein-Venedig (Little Venice) in the 16th century, which is located in what is now Venezuela.
European countries that had colonies in Africa are: . Belgium . France . Germany . Great Britain . Italy . Portugal . Spain
Belgium . Britain . Denmark . France . Germany . Italy . Netherlands . Spain . Portugal
Spain Portugal United Kingdom France Netherlands Germany held the colony of Klein-Venedig (Little Venice), what is now Venezuela, from 1528-1546, just shy of the 17th century.
Portugal was the first European country to set up a colony inAfrica. Portugal landed on Africa's Gold Coast in 1471 and builtthe Castle of Elmina, becoming the first European settlement.
While all had different reasons the main cause was economic. Spain was after gold, religious converts, outpost for adventurers. sugar cane and more gold. French wanted to compete with Brits and Spanish . Had been fishing off North America since before Columbus but then found fur trade profitab…le. Were eventually driven out by English. English wanted to compete with Spain. Also needed a place for dissidents (Pilgrims ), looking for gold but found another form of wealth (tobacco), a place to send condemned folks rather than execute (Britain had about 250 crimes punishable by death at that time) . All were looking foa a Northwest Passage...shortcut to Orient. (MORE)
Europeans wished to establish colonies in the New World becausethey were hoping to get rich. They wanted the land, power,resources, and money.
Spain, England and France were the European countries thatestablished major colonies in the United States.
The Spanish established colonies in the Americas long before manyother European countries because they were the early pioneers (or,pathfinders) in the Age of Exploration. With the inclination andincome pertinent for supporting explorers, they sent out teamsready to colonize (and conquer) well before… most of their Europeanrivals. (MORE)
The African continent was full of resources (wood, gems, spices,etc) that the European nations did not have and needed.
There are none: Although Marx & others were writing about political theory in the 1800s no country was communist prior to the Russian Revolution of 1917.
because when the europeans had the soviet union split Germany into south and east. The south portion of Germany colionies was very rich and more colonies we being and causing them to trade and move in to Asia and or Africa opposed to the oppsing side witch created less colonies due to its econamy
imperialism was the taking over of a smaller or weaker nation or regional by stronger countries , which were later knwn as mother countries.imerialism lasted from the 1800s-1900s, this was most common in european countries, which started due to the need of balance of power ,nationalism, and economic… motives. (MORE)
- Nigeria. - Togo. - Benin. - South Africa. - Orange Free State. - Swaziland. - Transvaal. - Ireland. - British North America ( Canada). - Australia. - New Zealand. - Fiji. - Egypt. - Madagascar. - Iraq. - Falkland Is.. - Gibraltar, Spain. - India ( India, Pakistan, Bangladesh). - …Hong Kong, China. - Isreal. - Parts of Afganistan. - Peices of Alaska, which were part of BNA until 1903. That's all I can think of. (MORE)
Many reasons! . Important resources (gems, metals, ivory, etc) . good farming land . Spreading Christianity . Trying to control more land than other nations . end slavery (Slavery had long been abolished in Europe, but itstill existed in the African tribal societies. Europeans wanted toend it).… (MORE)
The century spanned a lot of changes in the balance of power among nations, however the best overall rankings for the most powerful nations of the 19th century are as follows: 1) Great Britain; for it is inarguable with their navy (best in the world at the time), their vast global colonial holdin…gs, and the immense resource wealth that they derive from their colonies. 2) France; it comes in second barely behind Britain in military power and colonial wealth. 3) Germany; Though there is a greater prestige gap with France than there is between France and the U.K., Germany has the world's best land army, holds the 3rd largest share of colonies in Africa (behind U.K. and France) in addition to pacific holdings. However, Germany wasn't entirely united until 1871 and hence was late in the process of competition for strength and stability. 4) Russia; It lacks critically in modernized technology and battle tactics, using methods and weapons 20 years old, and a series of incompetent nobles with no battle experience often lead armies (responsible for Russia's Eastern Front disaster in WW1). Though for what it lacks in technology, industrial output, and economy, it repays for with the world's largest standing army of millions, with millions more civilians able for combat. Also, they have the world's 3rd strongest Navy (courtesy of Peter the Great's ambitions in the 18th century) and is the world's largest empire of direct and absolute control, mastering one-sixth of the Earth's land surface area (Britain is the largest empire in terms of indirect control as they have many Dominions with considerable degrees of self-autonomy). Russia, as holder's of Siberia and central Asia, have the largest supply of oil, timber, and mineral resources. 5) Japan; though non-European and on the other side of the globe, it actually plays to their advantage as they gain strength from acquired resources in China and Korea, with no non-European nation able to pose a challenge to it, and for the distance it has from Europe which allows it to expand its empire and army without losing any gains to war against powerful countries. They have a small population in comparison to the above five, however, its people's unrelenting loyalty to the Emperor allows Japan to accomplish a lot militarily without debate. (MORE)
As far as I know, those countries that didn't colonize Africa were Sweden, Denmark, Switzerland, Austria, Croatia, Norway, Bosnia, Finland, Russia, Romania, Serbia, and Bulgaria. Hope that helps.
Economic Growth . Resources . Competition . Overpopulation All these are tru but in detail: Spain wanted gold, converts for Chritianity, land and power. Later developed sugar plantations on a large scale. English wanted a place where dissidents and later many others could immigrate to (overpop…) as well as gold. Later developed tobacco, deer skin, lumber (for Navy) and sugar cane/rum industry. French wanted gold, a way to Orient but got into fur trade mainly. (MORE)
Which four countries? Here, I'll give you a list of countries that did establish colonies in Africa, and you can figure out which four didn't or whatever. . Belgium . Britain . Denmark . France . Germany . Netherlands . Italy . Spain . Portugal
Colonies allowed Europeans to gains raw material that could be used for trade and militarization. Colonization was the basis for imperialism.
Most of the current Commonwealth states were colonies, dominions, protectorates, mandates, territories, dependencies, etc. of Great Britain during the 19th century. Notable examples include India, Australia, and Canada.
Belgium (1880's-1960's) Denmark (1650's-1850's) Great Britain (1660's-1980's) France (1560's-1970's) Germany (1680's-1910's) Netherlands (1650's-1800's) Italy (1880's-1960's) Spain (-1970's) Portugal (1470's-1970's)
Unlike most African countries, Ethiopia was never a European colony, for this reason it has been important to modern Africa as a symbol of independence
Which country of east Africa managed to avoid becoming a colony of any European power during the 19th century and what is its capital?
Ethiopia. And the capital city of Ethiopia is Addis Ababa . Latitude: 9Â°38â²0â³N Longitude: 38Â°42â²0â³E
What was the primary purpose behind colonialism as it was practiced by European nations during the 18th and 19th centuries?
Expansionism. New sources of raw materials. Land, Not vastly different from the expansion from the East Coast States into the Indian territories of the Western Plains after the American Civil War.
If you are referring to the 13 colonies which later became the United States, it was England and from 1707 Great Britain which established them. They weren't the first setllements, though: Spain and France had already established themselves on the continent too.
this was because the countries wanted to have a Colene so badly that they were competing against each other.
A few reasons. Overcrowding, strategic military positions, dwindling resources, rumours of gold, running out of useable farmland and to escape religious persecution are some of the reasons. First, individual colonists came over mainly to escape religious intolerance with charters from their count…y of origin. England had just split from the Catholic Church forming the Anglican Church. Certain religions were now intolerable. Eventually, as more settlers came, these European countries took more interests in these colonies because of the economic advantages that they had. America was abundant in natural resources which could be used in the Old World. (MORE)
Colonies were a sign of power. They were a source of resources, labor, and wealth to European countries.
Here's a list of French Possessions in Africa, as well as the dates they were officially taken over by France: . French Morocco (1912) . French Algeria (1830) . Egypt (1798) . French Tunisia (1881) . Fezzan-Ghadames (1943) . Ivory Coast (1843) . French Dahomey (1883) . French Sudan (1883) …. Guinea (1891) . Mauritania (1902) . Niger (1890) . Senegal (1677) . French Upper Volta (1896) . French Togoland (1918) . French Nigeria (1892) . French Gambia (1681) . Chad (1900) . Oubangui-Chari (1905) . French Congo (1875) . Gabon (1839) . French Cameroon (1918) . Sao Tome & Principe (1709) . Eritrea (1838) . Madagascar (1896) . Isle-De-France (1715) . French Somaliland (1862) . Mayotte (1841) . Seychelles (1756) . Chagos (1721) . Comoros (1866) . Reunion (1710) (MORE)
There were many reasons: . Extensive lands that could be used for farming and settlement . Large amounts of raw materials (metals, gems, ivory, etc) . Help spread Christianity/modern European ways of life . Competition with other Colonial Empires
The United Kingdom. They established the Gibraltar Colony in what was then Spanish territory, as well as much of Africa.
Every Euopean country that was established at that time was competing to have oversea colonies. Every country in Europe wanted more land, and since every Europe country was fighting over land with others, they were looking for a bigger space to occupy.
There were many reasons: . Extensive lands that could be used for farming and settlement . Large amounts of raw materials (metals, gems, ivory, etc) . Help spread Christianity/modern European ways of life
The first European colonies in Africa were founded in the 1400's, but even in 1820 most of Africa wasn't colonized. Empires rapidly expanded into Africa in the 1870's-1880's.
Belgium . United Kingdom . France . Germany . Italy . Portugal . Spain . Netherlands (1700's)
Belgium . Britain . France . Germany . Italy . Portugal . Spain . Netherlands
Denmark . Netherlands . Portugal . United Kingdom . Spain . France . Belgium . Italy . Germany . Russia (attempted but failed).
Britain and France. The british colonies centred on Hudson Bay, and were governed by the Hudson Bay Company. The French colonies centred on Quebec, and were won by the British in the Seven Years War.
There's actually a few... . Belgium . United Kingdom . Netherlands . France . Denmark . Germany . Italy . Spain . Portugal
There are no colonies in the European Union. All members are independent countries. The current 27 members are: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland…, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom. Croatia is due to become the 28 th Member on 1 st July 2013. (MORE)
Anglo-Egyptian Sudan Gold Coast British Somaliland British Nigeria Sierra Leone South Africa Uganda Protectorate Kenya Colony Nyasaland North Rhodesia Gambia Bechuana Protectorate Lesotho Swaziland Southern Rhodesia Please note: The UK controlled other colonies that they took over from other natio…ns, as well. These are just the colonies that the UK founded themselves. (MORE)
To harvest the resources the land contained, and to compete against the other European empires.
Which economic reason was used to justify the rapid expansion of European colonies throughout the world between the 17th and 19th centuries?
By gaining control over as much land as possible, Europeans could establish cheap sources of raw materials for the production of finished goods. Apex
Europeans hoped it would create new markets that would supply themwith raw materials and provide customers for finished goods
Some of the sources of conflict between European countries duringthe 19th and 20th centuries included space, resources, andideology.
Britain as well as a number of other European powers coloniesedlarge portions of the globe during this period in order to secureraw materials for industry and trade.
The era of European colonization ended after WWII. Jamaica, forexample, is no longer a colony, but an independent state that ispart of a loose association of former colonies and the UK, known asthe Commonwealth. If you are asking: why DID Europe colonize theAmericas? It was to plunder their natural …resources. (MORE)