South Africa History

South African history stretches back to the Khoisan tribes. Since then Europeans, Indians, and Chinese soon arrived in the country. White South Africans are of European descents, while Modern-day South Africans are a mixture of nationalities.

1,968 Questions
Slavery
South Africa History
Abolitionism

What were the justifications of slavery prior to the eighteenth century?

The justifications of slavery during the eighteenth century were little to none until close to the end. Slavery was not a subject that was questioned whether it was ethical to keep the slave trade going. By 1750, still no one seriously discussed or questioned the existence of slavery. By 1888, the institution of slavery no longer existed in the transatlantic economy. Prior to the eighteenth century however, there were justifications to slavery. Chattel slavery did exist however prior to the eighteenth century. Chattel slavery is the ownership of one human being by another (existed in the West). Plato and Aristotle both provided arguments for slavery based on the assertion that persons in bondage were intended by nature to be slaves. Christian writers accommodated themselves similarly to the institution. They contended that the most harmful form of slavery was that of the enslavement of the soul to sin rather than the enslavement of physical body. They also argued that genuine freedom was recognized from the relationship one has with God and that if problems arise that relate to the injustices of inequality would be solved in the Hereafter. Christina Scholastic thinkers in the Middle Ages had portrayed slavery as a part of the natural and necessary hierarchy of the world and universe.

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African-American History
Nelson Mandela
South Africa History
Apartheid

Is FW de Klerk still living?

Yes. Frederik Willem de Klerk, former president of South Africa and the last white leader under Apartheid, was born in 1936; as of 2013, he is still alive and sometimes makes speeches about how he and Nelson Mandela worked together to change the country.

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South Africa History

Who killed Dr. HF Verwoerd?

Dimitri Tsafendas, a deranged government worker who lived in fear of his life of a 'giant tapeworm' in his stomach.

Tsafendas was legally a white man but his dark complexion meant he had been isolated from white South African society. He left South Africa at the age of 18, when he first complained about hearing the tapeworm, and travelled the world for 25 years. He became fluent in 8 languages, but at nearly every country he visited, he was either deported or escaped from psychiatric treatment. He returned to South Africa as an illegal immigrant but that didn't stop him getting the job as a messanger boy at the House of Assembly in Cape Town. He admitted that he had killed Verwoerd because he hated his racial policies, and he had been trying to get reclassified as being 'black'.

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South Africa
South Africa History

Who is lutendo gladwin nemurangoni?

Lutendo Gladwin Nemurangoni is the first ever Venda young man to generate billions of rands from the millions that he won from powerball. Now he is one of the richest people in Mzansi.

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South Africa
South Africa History

Was south Africa empty when the dutch came?

No

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US Constitution
South Africa History

President of transvaal 1883-1900?

Paul Kruger (from where Krugerrand comes from).

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South Africa History

What did Kongo trade?

they traded slaves

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South Africa History

What empire whose name means house of stone?

Zimbabwe

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South Africa History

Is South Africa a unitary or federal state?

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South Africa History

Does South Africa have a duty to receive and accommodate people from the rest of Africa?

According to many people, it has a moral duty to do so, because during the Apartheid era; many South Africans sought for and received shelter from surrounding countries.

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History of South America
South Africa History
Decade - 1990s

Why is heritage controversial and debated?

Why heritage is controversial and debated

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History, Politics & Society
South Africa History
Apartheid

Who killed Steve Biko?

Steve Biko died because of the brain damage and beatings he received from the South African police. Biko never did a hunger strike it was because Britain police would not feed him properly. The whole hunger strike was all just a cover up.

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South Africa
South Africa History
Women's Suffrage

How did South African women get voting rights?

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South Africa History

What are the causes of the mfecane?

THE CAUSES OF THE MFECANE were emerging by the end of the eighteenth century, when population levels increased rapidly, and ecological resources were sometimes scarce. Communities that previously had often spread across the countryside or had repeatedly divided and moved along the frontier became more settled and more concentrated. The introduction of corn from the Americas through the Portuguese in Mozambique was one major reason for this trend. Corn produced more food than indigenous grasses on the same land, and thus could sustain a larger population. Trade in ivory with the Portuguese in Delagoa Bay was another factor that induced people to settle just south of Mozambique. Moreover, possibilities for population movement had become much more limited by the end of the eighteenth century because land was in short supply. Bantu-speaking farmers had reached the margins of arable land on the edge of the Kalahari Desert in the northwest and in the mountains on the southern border of the Highveld, and people settling in the area found their access to water more and more limited.

Declining rainfall in the last decades of the eighteenth century, followed by a calamitous ten-year drought that began about 1800, caused massive disruption and suffering. The adoption of corn as a major staple gave this drought an even greater impact than those of the past because corn needed much more water than local grains in order to produce. When the rains failed, therefore, the effect was devastating. People fought one another for meager supplies of grain and cattle, hunted down whatever game they could find, and sought out any remaining water supplies in a desperate attempt to survive. Warfare erupted, and two kingdoms--the Ndwandwe under the leadership of Zwide, and the Mthethwa under Dingiswayo--battled for control of resources. Both kingdoms became more centralized and militarized, their young men banded together in age regiments that became the basis for standing armies, and their kings became more autocratic as they fought for survival. The Ndwandwe appeared victorious in 1818 when Dingiswayo was killed and his forces scattered, but they were soon overcome by Shaka, founder of the Zulu state.

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South Africa History

What political party in South Africa enforced racial segregation?

The National Party did this.

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Translations
South Africa History

How do you say hello in Kanuri?

Not sure about spelings but phonetically:

N dawa tu (means good morning) Nda doubdo (Good afternoon/evening)

The answer (Fine )is:

kuwala sule

it's rather Kelewa siley

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US Presidents
South Africa History
Celebrity Births Deaths and Ages

What is Paul Kruger's birthday?

Paul Kruger was born on October 10, 1825.

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History of Africa
Europe
History of Spain
South Africa History
Decade - 1990s
Imperialism

What European nation colonized most of west Africa?

Most of West Africa was colonized by France.

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South Africa History

Does the affirmative action policy need to be discontinued after a certain length of time and why?

One could reasonably argue that even though many injustices have been inflicted upon the African-American community, who are therefore morally entitled to receive a certain amount of extra assistance in catching up with the generally more prosperous and more successful European-American community, there does come a point at which the advantage of affirmative action, that has already been given, is comparable to the disadvantage for which it is compensating, and beyond that point it become unfair to continue to place European-Americans at a disadvantage. At some point we must put the past behind us and allow individuals to compete on their own merits, rather than giving one ethnic group an advantage over another. Whether we have actually reached that point is, of course, debatable.

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Ancient History
South Africa
South Africa History

How was South Africa discovered?

While searching for a trade route to India, a Portuguese explorer named Bartolomeu Dias discovered it in 1487.

No colony was established until the arrival of Jan van Riebeeck of the Dutch East India Company on 6 April 1652.

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History of England
South Africa
South Africa History

Why did the British settle in South Africa?

The British settled in South Africa for many reasons:

1) Important stop over in spice route

2) Diamond and Gold mines

3) Sugar plantations

4) coal and iron-ore miness

5) some settled for big game hunting

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Islam
History of the Middle East
South Africa History

How did Islam spread throughout in the beginning?

Islam started by start of universe creation as it means full submission to God the Creator. However, Islam per Quran revelation to prophet Muhammad (PBUH) started first in secret then Muslims migrated to Ethiopia to escape the tyranny of pagans of Makkah (or Mecca) people. Then they migrated to AlMadina (or Medina) and prophet Muhammad (PBUH) joined them. The pagans continued to attack Muslims in Medina and Muslims defended themselves and gained more converts to Islam and hence got more power. Islam spread to other areas in the Arabian peninsula and north Africa when they were called by the natives of these areas to free their will and allow them to practice their faiths freely and openly. Prophet Mohammad himself raided caravans and made wars upon the pagans who attacked Muslims and invaded their lands and homes. Then, Muslims invaded the Persian and Byzantine empires and Egypt and North Africa and freed the will of their people to select their own faith and beliefs. Refer to question below.

Additional views:
  • Islam always existed. Neither the Bible nor the Torah mentioned the words Jew/ Judaism, Christian or Christianity. So it is widely accepted that older prophets were Muslims. Quran is the only book with the words Muslim and Islam!
  • The Bible foretold of prophet Muhammad as well as Hindu Scriptures! Refer to links below.
  • This is a distinction that Muslims possibly do not make. When we refer to a religion, any religion, we refer to a set of practices that support a given faith. The practices involve the specific activities that are carried out in observance of worship and other devotions. Even if Islam as a concept of submission did exist from the beginning, the religion of Islam did not exist until it was brought to light by Mohamed. However, Islam religion started by start of universe creation as simply worshiping God as the one and only one God. Ritual worships were ruled out through the different God prophets who called to Islam including Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus, and Muhammad (peace be upon them).
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Slavery
South Africa History
Century - 1800s

Why were there more black slaves to white slaves?

Looking at the large historical picture, this was not true. In fact, taking slavery as a percentage of the total population into account, there have been more white slaves than black throughout history. The first 'slaves' taken to work plantations in the American colonies, for example, were in fact white. They were called indentured servants, normally seized when they couldn't pay their debts, but they were slaves none the less. Millions of white slaves were also taken by Islamic countries who raided deep into Russia and Eastern Europe, as well as along the Mediterranean coasts. We won't even mention the slaves taken by ancient empires from Rome and earlier. The fact that black slaves became common from the 18th century onwards is largely due to anti-slavery laws passed in Europe protecting Europeans from being enslaved. These laws were enforced by the military, economic and political strength of the western European countries promulgating them. However, for around 150 years, these laws were not extended to protect other parts of the world, including Africa. As the slave trade in Africa was already a massive industry, and had been for thousands of years, white transatlantic slavers cashed in on this by buying slaves from African slave traders. (They seldom captured slaves themselves, though). By the time the USA had ended all slavery, after the civil war, western powers enforced the anti-slavery drive, actually attacking ships suspected of transporting slaves.

With reference to South Africa, most slaves in pre 1800s Cape Colony were not black but of Asian origin, as it was considered dangerous to keep black slaves who might be sympathetic to frontier tribes (not to mention very easy for them to escape back to their tribes). The descendents of these slaves gradually intermingled with whites and blacks to form the South African group known today as 'coloureds'.

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South Africa
South Africa History

Who was the first president of South Africa?

Charles Robert Swart was the first elected president of the Republic of South Africa in 1961.

However, please see related questions below as the question of "First president" is open for interpretation. The discussion page of this current question also has a good point of view.

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Slavery
South Africa History

When did the Trans-Atlantic slave trade start?

ANSWER:Atlantic slave trade actually began as early as the late 1400's as many of the other countries freely traded slaves. The United States was one of the last countries to become involved in slave trade.
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