Chlamydia is a bacterial infection and is most commonly caught from sexual contact.

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Age of Consent & Underage Relationships

How long can you have chlamydia without having symptoms?

Studies show that adults can have chlamydia for years without any symptoms. It is possible to have a long-term infection without getting pain or discharge. In women, the rate of chlamydia without symptoms may be as high as 70%. It is believed that at least 50% of men with chlamydia may have no symptoms.

A baby who gets chlamydia from the mother during birth can also have chlamydia for years without symptoms.

But the infection is not "dormant", it can cause damage even without causing symptoms. Women who are later diagnosed with tubal infertility or ectopic pregnancy are three times more likely to have antibodies showing prior exposure to chlamydia, which suggests that they may have had damage to the tubes without having symptoms of pain.
It is possible, but usually the symptoms will show up within several weeks.
Virtually, this is highly unlikely.


How is chlamydia transmitted?

Chlamydia can be transmitted during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Chlamydia can also be passed from an infected mother to her baby during vaginal childbirth. It can also be passed by sharing sex toys.

Any sexually active person can be infected with chlamydia. The greater the number of sex partners, the greater the risk of infection. Because the cervix (opening to the uterus) of teenage girls and young women is not fully matured, they are at particularly high risk for infection if sexually active. Since chlamydia can be transmitted by oral or anal sex, men who have sex with men are also at risk for chlamydial infection.

You cannot get Chlamydia from:

  • Kissing
  • Hugging
  • Sharing baths or towels
  • Swimming pools
  • Toilets seats
  • Sharing cups, plates or cutlery

Can you get pregnant after having chlamydia?

Yes. You should abstain from vaginal sex or use contraception if you don't want to get pregnant. Untreated chlamydia and gonorrhea can cause scarring which can impair fertility, but a history of gonorrhea and/or chlamydia doesn't mean you can't get pregnant.

If left untreated, Chlamydia can develop into Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) which can block and scar the fallopian tubes. Not everyone with scarring in the tubes reports a history of PID or pelvic pain with chlamydia.

Chlamydia can cause scarring in the fallopian tubes. With scarring, once the egg is released it is unable to move down the fallopian tubes because the scarring has "blocked" them. Therefore they are unable to get to the sperm or the uterus.

If you try for 12 months and have not conceived, you can have some testing done. An HSG runs dye through your tubes to see if they are blocked. There tests are only used if you have tried for 12 months without success.

As a last resort, you can go to IVF. The egg can be fertilised and then implanted. There is nothing to stop a woman carrying a baby, it is just the fertilisation process that has problems. If you experienced Pelvic Inflamatory DIsease (PID), there is a 17% change of infertility resultant from Chlamydia. However, even if this happened -- and it may not have -- surgical alternatives can still improve those odds.


Can you get chlamydia from kissing?

The CDC notes that there is not good information about how contagious pharyngeal chlamydia is. It is theoretically possible to get chlamydia from kissing, but it would be highly unlikely. Nor can you get it from sitting in the same seat as them or hugging them. You get it from oral, anal, and vaginal sex; genital-genital contact; sharing sex toys; and from birth to an infected mother.


How long does it take to cure chlamydia?

This question has three aspects:

How long do you take medication to cure chlamydia?

Length of treatment depends on the medication and the clinical situation. For uncomplicated chlamydia, the first-choice treatments are azithromycin 1 gram in a single dose (one time treatment) or doxycycline 100 mg twice daily for seven days.

When can you count on the germ being cleared after treatment?

If you took the single-dose treatment with azithromycin, the CDC recommendations are to abstain from oral, anal, and vaginal sex, even with a condom, until seven days has passed. If you took a seven-day treatment, you can consider yourself cured when the treatment is complete. Do not have any kind of sex, even with a condom, until both you and all partners have completed the seven days.

Repeat infection with chlamydia is common. Persons whose sex partners have not been appropriately treated are at high risk for re-infection. Having multiple chlamydial infections increases a woman's risk of serious reproductive health complications, including pelvic inflammatory disease and ectopic pregnancy. Women and men with chlamydia should be retested about three months after treatment of an initial infection, regardless of whether they believe that their sex partners were successfully treated.

When can you prove you're cured by getting retested?

Because of the way that the most commonly-used chlamydia tests work, your test will still be positive for up to three weeks after treatment, even if you are not contagious. However, the CDC does not recommend immediate retesting to prove the treatment worked; treatment is effective enough that test of cure is not needed. However, retesting to check for reinfection, as noted above, is recommended for all patients, regardless of treatment.
Chlamydia can stay in your system for seven days after the single-dose treatment, or during the seven days required for other treatment. You should abstain from oral, anal, and vaginal sex during this time so you are not reinfected.


What is the treatment for chlamydia?

Here are a few treatments for Chlamydia: Amoxicillin, Zithromax and Erythromycin are common forms of antibiotics used to treat Chlamydia. Your doctor will prescribe an antibiotic and be sure to follow the directions exactly. You need to take a certain amount of the antibiotic at the same time to ensure that the bacteria is killed and the infection is gone.

Pregnancy Health and Safety (Prenatal Care)

How does chlamydia affect a pregnant woman and her child?

More than likely it will not affect the fetus if chlamydia is promptly diagnosed and treated. Chlamydia can sometimes cause preterm labor, premature rupture of the membranes, or low birth weight. Without treatment, chlamydia can be passed to the baby during the birth and (less commonly) before the baby is born. This can cause inflammation and discharge in the baby's eyes (conjunctivitis) or pneumonia.

You should go to the doctor and take antibiotics to cure the infection to minimize the risk for your unborn child. After treatment, pregnant women should be tested again:

  • three weeks after completing antibiotics;
  • three months after treatment is complete if treatment was done in the first trimester;
  • and in the third trimester if the woman is under 26 or has a new partner.

What are the signs and symptoms of chlamydia?

In females, 80-90% have no symptoms at all. Many men have chlamydia without having symptoms. For this reason, annual screening is recommended for females under 26 years old, and for anyone with a new partner or multiple partners.

Females with symptoms may have discharge, pelvic pain, irregular bleeding, bleeding after sex, painful sex, painful urination,

Males may have penile discharge, itching, pain with urination, pain the the testicles, redness at the tip of the penis, or pain between the scrotum and anal area and difficult and frequent urination (prostatitis).

On rare occasions, chlamydia infection in men and women can develop outside of the genital areas. These patients may have infections at the following sites:

* the eyes (due to a contaminated hand touching the eyes): itching, redness and itching of the eyelids

* the throat (following oral sex with infected men): throat irritation or no symptoms

* the anus (following anal intercourse with infected men): rectal bleeding, mucous rectal discharge, diarrhea, and pain with bowel movement.


Is chlamydia curable?

Yes; chlamydia is easily cured with antibiotics.


What type of microbe causes chlamydia?

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted bacterial infection. It is caused by Chlamydia trachomatis, a gram-negative bacteria with a coccoid shape that is an obligate intracellular parasite. It is curable.


Can you cure chlamydia without a prescription?

In the US, the only medications that treat chlamydia must be obtained with a prescription. You can not treat chlamydia by yourself; you need an antibiotic such as azithromycin or doxycycline.


Can only one partner have chlamydia?

Few infectious diseases are transmitted after 100% of exposures. In the case of chlamydia, estimates are that there's a 40-50% chance of getting it from any episode of vaginal sex with an infected partner. This can do with various factors. For instance, the presence of another infectious disease (like herpes) can be a "window of opportunity" for a second infectious disease to enter. Our bodies, and the "shedding" schedule of a present virus or disease have a lot to do with it too. Basically, just luck.

Also, it could be a false-positive or false-negative result.

It's possible that an intervening antibiotic prescription for some other purpose, such as amoxicillin for sinusitis or doxycycline for Lyme disease, could have cleared the infection in one person before they even knew they had it.

In addition, a certain percentage of people clear chlamydia without treatment. The infection may still have done damage before the immune system cleared it.

A few people may have a temporary mild immunity to chlamydia after recent infection, so it's possible that one person just had a little more immune protection against the infection than the other.

The important points to remember:

  • Due to the risk of undetected chlamydia, partners of patients who test positive for chlamydia may be treated.
  • While couples facing an STD should have a frank discussion about monogamy, you cannot assume that one partner has been unfaithful just because one has a positive chlamydia test and the other doesn't.

How long does smallpox last without treatment?

It will last about 1 week.


Can you get chlamydia from blood?

Chlamydia does not spread through the blood, and is not found in the blood.


Can you get chlamydia from a toilet seat?

No, chlamydia is spread by sex, not by toilet seats. STDs and STIs are called that for a reason: transmission usually only occurs through sexual/personal contact, or by bodily fluids such as seminal or vaginal fluids coming in contact with the mucous membranes of another person.

This makes it next to impossible to catch Chlamydia from sitting on a toilet because even if fluids were left by an infected individual, the fluids would only come in contact with the skin. Chlamydia lives for just a handful of minutes outside the body. Also, it can infect only the mucous membranes, which aren't in contact with a toilet seat during normal use.

If that's not convincing enough, consider the statistical evidence: why would half of all chlamydia cases occur in 15-26 year olds if you could get it from a toilet seat, given that toilet seat use is common in all age groups?
Chlamydia doesn't transfer via toilet seats.
No it can't be transferred from a toilet.


How do you know if you have chlamydia?

Chlamydia is known as a 'silent' infection because most infected people have no symptoms. If symptoms do occur, they may not appear until several weeks after exposure. In women, 80-90% have no symptoms, and many men also have no symptoms of chlamydia. You can feel very healthy and still have it, you have no way of knowing you have an infection unless you get tested. The symptoms are chlamydia are the same as the symptoms of other STIs, and so you can't tell them apart without testing. Testing is easy and painless. If people do have symptoms, they might include the following:

For Women:

  • Urethritis - This is when the urethral lining becomes inflamed.
  • An inflamed cervix, which causes a slight increase in vaginal discharge or irregular vaginal bleeding, especially after sex. The discharge is usually yellowish.
  • Irregular menstrual bleeding
  • Urination becomes more frequent
  • Pain while urinating
  • Mild pain in the lower abdomen
  • Eye irritation and painful swelling
  • A burning or itchy feeling around the vagina

For Men:

  • Pain or burning sensation when urinating. This is usually the first symptom.
  • A watery, white, cloudy discharge from the penis' tip, that usually stains their underwear
  • Swollen, tender and painful testicles
  • Itching and burning around the penis' opening
  • Eye irritation and redness
  • Crust forming on the tip of the penis
  • Painful and tender anus

How did chlamydia get its name?

It is derived from the Greek "chlamys" which translates to "shoulder draped cloak". Intracytoplasmic inclusions caused by the bacterium are "draped" around the infected cell's nucleus.


Can you get chlamydia while using a condom?

Using a condom will lower the risk, but not eliminate it, just as condoms lower the risk of pregnancy but aren't 100% effective. The infected person should get treated. He or she should abstain from oral, anal, and vaginal sex; genital-genital contat; and sharing sex toyx for for 1 week after single-dose treatment, or until 7-day treatment is completed. Couples in treatment should not even have sex with a condom. All partners should be tested and treated before resuming sexual contact.

Of 100 couples using condoms correctly, and using them every time they have sex, two or fewer can expect a pregnancy rates of . But couples rarely use condoms correctly and consistently; among 100 typical couples, 10 to 15 will get pregnant after using them for a year. Since the failure related to pregnancy and that related to chlamydia are the same, one can assume that the failure rate for condoms is similar.

Causes of failure include:

  • Genital-genital contact before putting on the condom
  • Breakage, which happens about twice for every 100 condoms used
  • Not holding on to the condom when pulling out the penis
  • Not removing the penis before the erection goes away, running the risk of the condom falling off

If the rubber breaks

If you have chlamydia does that mean your partner cheated?

Certainly the situation merits a frank discussion with the partner. If you've had genital-genital contact with someone else during that time, it's possible you brought the infection into the relationship without having sex with someone else. It's possible your test was a false chlamydia test result. A more obvious and common explanation is that your partner brought the infection into the relationship. Sorry for your trouble, whatever the cause may have been.

Medication and Alcohol Interactions

Does alcohol affect treatment for chlamydia?

CDC treatment guidlines list possible treatments for non-pregnant patient as azithromycin, doxycycline, erythromycin, ofloxacin, and levofloxacin. Pregnant women may also use amoxicillin.

There are no known drug interactions between alcohol and any of these antibiotics. Drinking alcohol will not affect how well treatment for chlamydia works. I'm not sure of the origin of this urban myth, but maybe some people confuse these medications with metronidazole, which is used for treatment of trichomonas and bacterial vaginosis, and which can cause serious nausea and vomiting if taken with alcohol.

Any standard prescribing reference can confirm the lack of drug interactions between alcohol and these medications.


Is chlamydia fatal?

The sexually transmitted disease chlamydia is not life-threatening. It can cause sterility and other complications but it does not result in death. Chlamydia acquired at birth from an infected mother can be life-threatening to the baby as it can invade the lungs and cause a form of pneumonia. The risk only occurs in the birth canal as chlamydia cannot pass the cervix while a woman is pregnant.

Chlamydia trachomatis can cause several serious sequelae, including pelvic inflammatory disease, increased risk of subsequent ectopic pregnancy and infertility, peritonitis (infection of the abdominal cavity), and Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome, which is a peri-hepatic infection involving the chlamydial organism as well as other anaerobic organisms.


What is chlamydia?

Chlamydia can refer to a particular group of bacteria which cause a variety of diseases (see related question "What are chlamydiae?"), but usually chlamydia refers to the sexually transmitted disease caused by Chlamydia trachomatis.

Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease affecting 1.4 million Americans each year. Many men and 80-90% of women with chlamydia have no symptoms. Even though symptoms of chlamydia are usually mild or absent, the infection can cause serious complications including irreversible damage that can make it hard to get pregnant later. These complications can can occur "silently" before a patient ever recognizes a problem.

Symptoms in men can include painful urination and discharge from the penis. In women, there could be painful urination, an unusual vaginal discharge, bleeding after sex or between periods, or abdominal pain.

Only a health care provider can diagnose chlamydia (through laboratory tests). Laboratory testing is especially important, since the symptoms of chlamydia, if there are any at all, closely resemble those of other STDs (like gonorrhea), and those of other types of infections (like urinary tract infections).

Chlamydia testing is painless, and can be done on a urine sample. Chlamydia is curable with certain types of antibiotics. There is no immunity against chlamydia, so you can get this infection again and again if re-exposed.

If you think you have a sexually transmitted disease, contact your health care provider or a local health clinic.


What causes chlamydia?

Chlamydia, or chlamydia infection, is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis), a bacterium that only infects humans. Although we usually think of the sexually transmitted disease (STD), chlamydial infection refers to infection caused by any species of the Chlamydiaceae bacterial family.

Chlamydia is a common infectious cause of genital and eye diseases in humans. It is the leading bacterial STI worldwide.


Can you go swimming if you have chlamydia?

There are no activity restrictions when you have chlamydia, except for sexual activity.
Yes, you can swim during chlamydia treatment.


Does amoxicillin cure chlamydia?

Amoxicillin is not a first choice for treatment of chlamydia. The first-line treatment is azithromycin 1 g for both pregnant and non-pregnant patients. Only pregnant patients unable to take azithromycin are prescribed amoxicillin.


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