Gallipoli Campaign

The Gallipoli Campaign was a series of battles during World War 1 that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula in Turkey. It was an attempt by British and French forces to capture Constantinople but they failed.

1,200 Questions
World War 1
Gallipoli Campaign

7 Where is Gallipoli?

Gallipoli is found in the European part of Turkey with the Aegan Sea to the west. Winston Churchill explained it as "The soft underbelly of Europe".

175176177
World War 1
History of Australia
Gallipoli Campaign

Why did Australian troops go to Gallipoli?

I will contribute a two part answer to this question.

The tactical reason that troops were sent to this area was a foolish plan designed by Churchill, a mid level English military leader in 1915.

The plan was to occupy the area, force the Turkish army to abandon their largest city, Istanbul/Constantinople. This would cut off all supply from Europe, including Germany, to Central Power armies in Asia minor, Syria, Arabia, etc. Thus, these areas could quickly be overrun by Allied armies and a great victory achieved. Of course, even a cursory review of a map reveals that the logistical support for such a campaign would be daunting. Distances were huge. German/Turkish support was readily available via rail. The invasion beaches were poorly selected. The weather was awful. The Turks proved excellent fighters and quickly contained the British positions. German submarines in the Mediterranean shot up many Allied warships in the close quarters. Ultimately the entire fiasco was cancelled by the Allies and the survivors withdrawn. The area remained under Central Power control for the wars duration. Churchill, rightfully, lost much prestige over this campaign. However, he learned nothing from the disaster. In 1941 he began planning again for a campaign of a similar fashion. This new plan was to invade.....Italy. Again, the troops got bogged down in rough terrain and terrible weather. Again, the effort in this peripheral arena drained resources that were critically needed on other fronts, thus extending WWII as it had WWI.

My second answer is in regards specifically to the use of Australian troops in this battle. It is well known by most history buffs that the English love to use 'colonials' for their heaviest fighting. The English may take the credit for victory later, but they prefer that most casualties be in the column of others. Thus they used Australians to fight in Turkey in 1915, Canadians to 'test' invade France in 1942, Canadians and Americans in 1944 to do almost all the heavy fighting in Normandy, and Americans to invade Italy in 1943 (even when the American leadership opposed the Italian campaign as a waste and irrelevant to the main issue). Thus as you read details on various 'English' engagements in WWI and WWII, you will note that very often the troops involved are Scottish, Indian, South African, Australian, New Zealanders, etc.

To support to the British Empire during World War One.

However the colonial British ( Australians ) were not committed to the fighting in Europe at the time the British government decided to attempt to knock Turkey out of the war as Turkey had sided with Germany and was a threat to British interests in the middle east . It was also considered to a way of supporting Russia as Russia was fighting against the Germans .

The plan was to attack the capital of Turkey by using the British and French navies to sail through the Dardanelles ( a narrow waterway leading to the Turkish capital ) and shell Istanbul thereby forcing the Turks to surrender .

That plan failed because of the fierce resistance of the Turks on each side of the Dardenelles and mines which sank many of the ships .

A new plan was devised to land troops and capture the forts blocking the way .

French , British and ' Australian' troops landed on the Turkish peninsular near Gelibolu ( Galipoli ) but were held and finaly repulsed by the Turks .

Which meant that the British attempt to knock Turkey out of the war had completely failed . The British and allied forces retreated and the survivors were sent to fight in Europe .

106107108
World War 2
World War 1
WW1 Naval Warfare
Gallipoli Campaign

Did the United States enter World War 2 in the thirties?

Answer

No, not until the attack at Pearl Harbor (1941), did America provide finances and munitions to the Allies fighting Germany and Italy.

919293
Turkey (Country)
Gallipoli Campaign

Where is Gallipoli?

Modern day Turkey, then known as the Ottoman Empire.
Gallipoli is found in the European part of Turkey with the Aegan Sea to the west. Winston Churchill explained it as "The soft underbelly of Europe".

Gallipoli is located in the Eastern part of Turkey, with the Aegean sea to the West and the Darndenelle straits to the East.

555657
World War 1
Decade - 1910s
Gallipoli Campaign

What was the only true successful part of the gallipoli Campaign?

There are many falsehoods surrounding the Gallipoli Campaign. The first concerns the role of intelligence and the depth of planning. A series of Naval Intelligence reports were published through 1906 and were updated by various individuals through to November 1914 on the Dardanelles defenses. In preparation for the naval attempt to force the Dardanelles in March 1915, the world's first aircraft carrier, HMS Ark Royal, was dispatched to conduct aerial reconnaissance flights. A naval air squadron, No. 3 Squadron RNAS, arrived in theatre on 28 March 1915 and continued mapping Turkish defenses. Aerial intelligence reports supplemented the daily Intelligence Bulletins published by the Cairo War Office throughout March and April 1915 which detailed the Turkish 5 Army's order of battle. In short, the commanders had a good appreciation on the Gallipoli defenses and planned their amphibious assaults accordingly. The ANZAC solution was to mount a silent night surprise attack to gain the beachhead before the dawn on 25 April 1915. The stories describing landing on the wrong beach are simply false. The ANZAC landing beach - Z Beach - had a 6,500 metre frontage. ANZAC Cove was in the centre of Z Beach. The ANZAC surprise attack proved to be successful. Orders and intelligence reports can be found in "36 Days: the Untold Story Behind the Gallipoli Landings", Pan Macmillan 2010.

656667
World War 1
Gallipoli Campaign

Why and how did the Gallipoli campaign stop?

Billy

606162
History of Australia
Turkey (Country)
Famous Quotations
Gallipoli Campaign

What is a Mehmet - as in Ataturk's mention of the 'Johnnies and Mehmets' in the plaque at Gallipoli?

Mehmet is the Turkish spelling of Mahmoud, a common Turkish name. Ataturk's mentioning of it is used to describe the Turkish soldiers. Even today the soldiers of Turkey are mentioned as "Mehmetçik". Ataturk meant that, since Johnnies and Mehmets are lying here together, they've become our sons.

575859
History, Politics & Society
World War 1
Gallipoli Campaign

Where did the Gallipoli campaign happen?

The Gallipoli campaign of Wolrd War I took place in Turkey. Gallipoli is located in the Eastern part of Turkey, bordered by the Aegean sea to the west and the Dardanelles to the east.

515253
World War 1
Gallipoli Campaign

What was the purpose of the Gallipoli campaign?

A strategic attempt to open a sea route from the bum to the Black Sea to aid Russia in WWI. To do this the Allies had to secure the seaway from land based artillery.

313233
Australia in WW2
Japan in WW2
Gallipoli Campaign

When did the kokoda campaign happen?

Kokoda Campaign Happened in 1942

474849
World War 1
Gallipoli Campaign

How did the anzacs get to Gallipoli?

they got there by a big floating poo and never returend

474849
World War 1
Gallipoli Campaign

What countries were involved in the Gallipoli Campaign?

The countries that were involved in the gallipolli campaign were Australia and New Zeland against Germany and turky. The British and french were also involved but they mostly were mostly a large sea presence

Britain, France, New Zealand and Australia on the Allies' side.

Turkey and Germany on the other.

394041
World War 1
Gallipoli Campaign

Why did the gallipoli campaign fail?

Strong Ottoman resistance, the 57th Infantry Regiment held on to the last man despite being out numbered and having limited ammunition

Lt Col Kefmel of the 19th inftry gave this famous order to his men

"I do not expect you to attack, I order you to die. In the time which passes until we die, other troops and commanders can come forward and take our places."

This is exactly what happened, the Ottomans holding very good defencive positions held up the allies long enough for reinforcements to arrive, the allied landing was also hampered by the heavy losses sustained which limited any immediate quick breakthroughs.

At W beach casualties were 60% and 90% for the forces on the SS River Clyde that disembarked 200 men at V beach - massacred 1 by 1 as they exited the transport.

Because the tenacity of the Turkish defence the advance was slower than what was hoped for. It also tired the men out and brought many divisions well under strength. The general staff did not realise this and hence the 1st Battle of Kirithia was doomed to failure before the outset.

The Battle generated into a attrition trench life warfare and despite much personal bravery by many of the ANZACs, British and French troops it was impossible to take the now reinforced Turkish positions and secure the forts that commanded access to the straights.

The final throw of the dice was the landing at Sulva bay whitch despite early sucess they did not exploit the lack of resistance and got bogged down in an attritional battle. Due to the low expectaions and teh causious nature of there commanding officer - who reportedly had a bath instead of Advancing from the landing beach.

Overall it failed because of poor leadership and planing as well as stif resitance from teh Ottoman defenders.

383940
World War 1
Gallipoli Campaign

When was the battle of gallipoli?

A Great War Battle concieved by Winston Churchill as the First Lord of
the Admiralty to attack the "soft underbelly" of Europe. Turkey was allied
with Germany and the strategic concept was to cut off this alliance by
knocking Turkey out of the war and opening a route to a Russian warm
weather ports through the Black Sea. ANZAC, British and Commenwealth
troops failed to clear the Straigths of the Bosphorus take Constanople and enter the Black Sea.
This campaign was a mess. The number and types of errors can't yet be
calculated. Allied casualties were atrocious. New beaches were tried,
and troops died. The Askar's prevailed and the Allies withdrew. 200.000
casualties were sustained by the invasion force including 15,702 ANZAC
KIA's and 43,000 other British Commonwealth, plus over 200,000 WIA.
It was a two year conflict beginning in February of 1915.

373839
World War 1
WW1 Naval Warfare
Gallipoli Campaign

Why did the United States enter World War 1?

The United States entered World War I for numerous reasons. A German victory would have upset the established balance of power. Should England and her fleet fall into the hands of Germany, the United States would have been in extreme peril to further German expansion. Americans were also upset by the sinking of the Lusitania and the Sussex, both carrying US citizens, by German submarines. In his campaign of 1916, President Wilson had promised Americans that he would maintain freedom of the seas. This eventually led to direct US involvement in the war in order to stop German subs, which were ignoring the US's position of neutrality, from attacking US ships.

353637
Turkey (Country)
Gallipoli Campaign

What country is Gallipoli in?

Gallipoli is located in Turkish Thrace, the European part of Turkey. The Gallipoli Campaign in the First World War was on the Gallipoli Peninsula in Turkey.

313233
World War 1
Gallipoli Campaign

What were Soldiers thoughts after battle at gallipoli?

they thought they had won

293031
The Bible
Old Testament
Green Living
Gallipoli Campaign

How long does God's anger last?

The length of God's anger is up to you. If you do something wrong and you know that you have upset and hurt God in some way, then you have to ask for forgiveness. But make sure that you aren't angry yourself when you ask him because when people are angry, God does not hear their prayers.

Answer

God's Anger last a long time:

  • Ye have kindled a fire in mine anger, which shall burn for ever. Jeremiah 17:4
  • The people against whom the LORD hath indignation for ever. Malachi 1:4.
  • See also Numbers 32;13, Matthew 25:41, Matthew 25;46,
293031
World War 1
History of Australia
WW1 Allied Forces
Gallipoli Campaign

How were the Gallipoli soldiers lives and events at Gallipoli recorded?

The Gallipoli soldiers' lives and events were recorded from their diaries and letters. There were also several war correspondents who, being skilled in reporting, were able to properly record their observations of the Gallipoli soldiers, their lives and responses.

Several of these war correspondents included Ellis Ashmead Bartlett and C.E.W Bean, along with journalists Phillip Schuler of The Age and Charles Patrick Smith of The Argus.

272829
World War 1
History of Australia
WW1 Allied Forces
Gallipoli Campaign

What was the reason for the Gallipoli campaign?

The reason to fight the Gallipoli campaign is in two parts. One, the British wanted to capture the Ottoman Empire's capital, and two, they wanted to secure their trading route with Russia.

272829
WW1 Allied Forces
WW1 Trench Warfare
WW1 Naval Warfare
Gallipoli Campaign

What prompted the United States to enter World War 1?

A telegram intercepted by British Intelligence that had said that if Mexico were to attack American soil then Mexico would then gain, and more so, whatever land they had lost due to the annexation by the U.S. government. However, the United States had intended to remain neutral and did so until the sinking of 7 U.S. merchant ships and the public publication of the telegram.

111213
US in WW2
Mediterranean Sea
Gallipoli Campaign

What is the Mediterranean campaign?

This was the campaign to take control of the Mediterranean Sea by gaining control of the ports and countries that border it. In 1939 and 1940, the conflicts began in the Mediterranean area by advances of Italy and Germany into countries such as Lybia and Yugoslavia and Greece. This was their attempt to control the Mediterranean Sea. Benito Mussolini referred to the Mediterranean Sea as Our Sea. The British began fighting the Germans in North African in 1941. Eventually, the Americans joined them on North Africa in late 1942 and helped push out the Germans. During this time, their Navies took control of the sea and began to move into eastern Mediterranean around Greece and the Suez Canal. After the fall of Sicily and forcing the Germans out of Greece, the Allies could begin to move ground troops into Italy and eastern Europe.

272829
World War 1
History of Australia
Gallipoli Campaign

Why is gallipoli a place of significance for Australians?

It has been a strategic point in the defence of Istanbul ( Constantinople ) and has numerous historic remains.
272829
Relationships
World War 1
History of Australia
Gallipoli Campaign

Who was the father of the modern Turkey that fought in Gallipoli?

Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, who partcipated in the Battle of Gallipoli and was raised in rank to a colonel there.

272829
World War 1
WW1 Naval Warfare
Gallipoli Campaign

Why did United States enter world war 1?

Germany was sinking the US's ships.

171819

Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. All Rights Reserved. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply.