History of Scotland

This is about the history of the nation of Scotland. Formerly a Kingdom, Scotland is now part of the United Kingdom. Ask about William Wallace, Robert Bruce, Mary Queen of Scots, John Logie Baird, Adam Smith, David Hume, John Knox, Sir Walter Scott, Robert Burns and other important figures in Scottish history here.

4,783 Questions
Television and Video
History of Scotland

Who was the inventor of color television?

People wrongly suggest that Germans or Americans invented Color Television, since they gave the first color advertised broadcast, but it was indeed the work of John Logie Baird. He was a Scottish engineer and inventor of the world's first working television system in Hastings, England in 1923. He gave a public demonstration of the "Televisor" in 1925.

In 1928, he showed off the color Televisor, using red green and blue light to generate a full color picture. This was the first example of color television although it never went into production. The BBC had committed to broadcasting television and had settled on the monochrome Televisor system for their launch in 1929. There was no market for color at the time and the technology of the era made color television a cumbersome system.

In 1939, he showed color television using a cathode ray tube in front of which revolved a disc fitted with color filters, a method taken up by CBS and RCA in the United States. In recent times, the revolving disc has made a comeback in the shape of DLP projectors that also use rotating color filters.

On 16 August 1944 he gave the world's first demonstration of a fully electronic color television display. He used color encoding systems that have formed the basis for much of the color television industry ever since.

Commercial color television made it's first appearance in the US in 1953, a commercial failure withdrawn after a few months and again in 1955. The second attempt was successful and remained in use ever since. 1967 was the date that the UK finally introduced color broadcasts.

In 1941 He patented and demonstrated a system of three dimensional television at a definition of 600 lines. A full 70 years later, we see 3D television becoming commonly available.

Harvest Moon (video game)
History of Scotland

Was Galen Tyrol the first king of Scotland?

Its possible but its just to far in the past to find any hard evidence to support or deny it. Its true the ice age would have covered Scotland at some point but this does not mean Tyrols decendants could not have headed south as the UK would have been connected to Europe then returned. The Scots are no stranger to travel but have a distinct homing beacon which is why even 2nd generation migrated Scots have a strong desire to visit their ancestrol home. Interestingly Battlestar used many Celtic sounding instruments which probobly included the bagpipes, there is an old traditional Scottish song often sung by the clan Mcleod:

The Green Hills Of TyrolThere was a soldier, a Scottish soldier,

Who wandered far away and soldiered far away,

There was none bolder, with good broad shoulders,

He fought in many a fray and fought and won.

He's seen the glory, he's told the story,

Of battles glorious and deeds victorious.

But now he's sighing, his heart is crying,

To leave these green hills of Tyrol.


Because these green hills are not Highland hills

Or the Island's hills, they're not my land's hills,

As fair as these green foreign hills may be

They are not the hills of home.

This seems to fit rather well into who Galen was.

So making the leap that Tyrol was the first king of Scotland it is long understood that the first Kings of Scotland resided in Forteviotat which is near Perth. Moore explained that the having Galen exile there was a tip of the hat to the Engineering firsts that the Scots have achevied in our civilization, although not all peaceful. The British were the fathers of the aircraft carrier that a Battlestar is reflective of just more advanced. A tie in to the upcoming Caprica series could be the construction of the Galactica that may be built in megablocks at the different colonies and brought together to form the ship. This is the technique being used by the Brits to construct their new aircraft carriers at Edinburgh that is next to Forteviotat.


however this would indicte that the arming and destruction cycle is happening again in parallel to the AI evolution on this planet as shown at the end of Daybreak.

So to sum up its possible Galen was the first King of Scotland and there is some evidence to suggest this however it does take an act of faith to believe and if you do then the seeds are sown. All this has happened before, and all this will happen again.

History, Politics & Society
History of Scotland

What were Hume's views on women?

Hume called women the weak and pious sex, and said men gallantly defer to them, concealing their superiority, especailly in polite company, since women were "sovereigns of the empire of conversation." But he withdrew this essay, and in less frivolous vein he pointed out that women have the power to break any conspiracy to deny them rights, since they have the power to conceal from their men who fathered the children they bear, and men, especially propertied men, desperately want such knowledge. So some feminists, such as Joan Tronto,have hailed him as ahead of his time. Hume also believed Elizabeth Tudor was one of England's ablest rulers, and praised the heroism of Joan of Arc.

History of Europe
History of Scotland

Do the Scottish like the Irish?

we have nothing against them.

History of Scotland
William Wallace

Why was William Wallace nick-named Braveheart?

He wasn't nick-named 'Braveheart'. That was just the name of the Mel Gibson film based on Wallace.

the top sentance is a big lie he was nicknamed braveheart because of his commintment sand loyalty in the scotish war he never gave up and fought for his freinds and looked after his army and all he wanted was freedom :)

History of Scotland

Why is Scotland's national animal a unicorn?

In ancient times, the Scots believed in many aspects of mythology, including mythical sea monsters (such as the kraken) and unicorns. The unicorn appears in ancient mythology, and it has come to symbolize innocence, healing powers, joy, and life. The first known written account of the unicorn is from John Guillim's "Displays of Heraldy" from the 17th century. The unicorn was also worshipped by the ancient Babylonians.

History of Scotland

Name something that gets better with age?

Whisky, Wine, Brandy......The Beatles.

War and Military History
History of Scotland

What happened directly after the Battle of Bannockburn?

That battle pretty much ended the war. After the battle, England pretty much left Scotland alone. ALso after the battle, major rebellions, such as that of the lancasters, wracked the kingdom, and eventually one of these rebellions would succeed. The rebels put Edward to a horrible death.

Contrary to Mr.Boshkov's statement, the war continued with varying , but often great, intensity for another 14 years. The best easily accessible sources of information for this period are Professor Nicholson's "Scotland in the Later Middle Ages" and Professor Barrow's "Robert the Bruce and the Community of the Realm".Many novels and websites carry tales of Templar knights saving the day at Bannocknurn. There is NO evidence whatsoever to support such stories, but substantial evidence against them.You might like to try my book 'Robert the Bruce, a Life Chronicled'(tempus pubs. 2004) which is a compliation of contemporary material relating to Robert I. It is not a biography, juist a collection of record and narrative information. All the best with your studiesChris Brown

History of Scotland
William Wallace

Where in Scotland did William Wallace come from?

Elderslie near Paisley near Glasgow.

History of Scotland
World Currencies

What is the name of Vietnamese currency?

Vietnamese Dong

History of Scotland

What goes with a tartan red skirt?

a tall hat, a clown's nose, a pair of multicolored socks, and a shirt that says I'M AN IDIOT

History of Scotland

When was the CPO time capsule buried?

It was buried April 1st 1993 to celebrate 100 years of the Chief Petty Officer and it is planned to be open on April 1st 2093 to celebrate 200 years of the Chief Petty Officer.

Parenting and Children
History of Scotland

Did Max Shulman have any children?

It appears Mr. Schulman was an extremely private person (friends with Trueman Capote) and the only information I could get is as follows:

  • There was mention of five children, but only two sons were spoken of; Max & Peter.
  • Mr. Schulman was born March 14, 1919 in St. Paul, Minnesota
  • Died August 28, 1988 of bone cancer in Los Angeles, California.
  • His wife (if she was his one and only) was Mary Gordon Schulman.
  • Was a writer of many good humored stories and also 'The Many Loves of Dobbie Gillis' to movies such as 'I Was a Teenage Werewolf' starring Michael Landon. He wrote many other scripts that were successful.
History of Scotland

How many Americans are of Scottish descent?

40, 000,000

History of Ireland
History of Scotland
The Difference Between
Celtic History

What is the difference between the Gaels and the Celts?

Brief :The Celtic nations consist of:

Wales (Brythonic)

Cornwall (Brythonic)

Brittany (Brythonic)

Ireland (Gaelic)

Scotland (Gaelic)

Isle of Man (Gaelic)

So the Gaels are one branch of the 'Celts' to answer the question.

  • There have been a lot of wrong answers here (most of which have been removed). It's quite simple. The Celts were divided into different groups who lived in the European mainland. One group came to Ireland, and another came to Britain. The ones who came to Ireland were called Gaelic, Goidelic or Q-Celtic. The ones who came to Britain were called Brythonic, or P-Celtic. The Gaels or Q-Celts lived in Ireland, and later conquered Scotland and the Isle of Man. The Brythonic or P-Celts lived in Britain, but were driven out of all of it except Wales and Cornwall by Gaelic and Anglo-Saxon invasions.
  • The descendants of the Gaels are found in Ireland, Scotland and the Isle of Man. The descendants of the P-Celts are found in Wales, Cornwall and Brittany (where some fled after being attacked by the Anglo-Saxons). These groups of Celts are the only major Celtic peoples left, as the ones who stayed on the mainland of Europe were conquered by the Romans and later invaders.
  • Short answer is that all Gaels are Celts but not all Celts are Gaels. "Celt" is the broader term that include Gaels, but also other groups currently found in Wales, France, and Spain and formerly found all over Europe and The Middle East (e.g., the Galatians of the Bible).
  • In the usage I am familiar with, only the Irish and the Scots are considered Gaels. The Welsh (Cymry) are Celtic, but not Gaelic. ("Welsh" originates from "Wealhas" an Anglo-Saxon term meaning foreigner, "Wales" is no way related to the word "Gaels" or "Gales"). Gaul (roughly what is now France) has a similar word origin, but they were Gallic, not Gaelic, but definitely Celtic.
  • Actually, stating that, "Gaul" is not related to, "Wales" is incorrect. You gotta' go back a little further with your I-E language roots to find that they both come from the same word. The "G" sound wasn't hard, and can resemble a hard aspirate, like the "H/CH" of Chanukah, or the ' in Greek hOi. Galles and Walles (remember, these words were passed down and morphed phonetically before spelling was nailed down) do come from the same root, and "Sojourner" or "Wanderer" is a better translation than, "foreigner".
  • There is some debate over whether the Celts and Gauls were truly separate people - or whether the terms, as stated elsewhere, carry different levels of inclusion. Good links: Virginia.edu phoenicia.org geocities.com I think it will take a while for this issue to be settled, by a mixture of haplotype research and further archelogical inquiry, but Gaul and Celt don't necessarily mean the same thing, and the link between the Picts, the Scots, the Gaels, and the Celts is still hotly debated. For more fun, research the Urumchi and Tarim basin mummies, and for even more kicks, the link between Maori face tatooing and Pre-Maori Celts/Gauls in New Zealand.
  • Celtic people are an ancient European peoples that have a far-reaching influence over many parts of Europe. This includes Ireland, Scotland, Wales, England, mainland Europe, and towards Asia-minor. According to legend, the Gaels are a tribe descended from Gaedhal of the Very Gentle and the Shining Armour. Gaedhal was a general of the Egyptian Pharaoh in ancient wars including a great war against the Ethiopians. When the Hebrew slaves deserted their Egyptians overlords, Gaedhal and his people supported the Hebrews. As a result they were exiled from the Egyptian lands. However, the Phaoraoh's daughter, Scota, married into the tribe of Gaedhal. Eventually, with recommendation from their druids, they traveled to Spain and eventually to Ireland. Perhaps the tribe of Gaedhal was originally a Celtic tribe, perhaps the tribe of Gaedhal created Celtic culture, or perhaps the tribe of Gaedhal later adapted Celtic culture.
  • OK, I've read everyone's answer so far and read history books, asked my relatives, etc., and no one thus far has really answered the question. I am an American of Gaelic and/or Celtic ancestry as well as Native American. Our family is trying to put together a family tree but it is looking more like a mess than anything else (many dead ends). Short of reading a treatise on the matter, is there any way to get a simple answer on this question? From my perspective in many instances it seems they are the same, in others, quite different. It would be nice to understand the differences.
  • As partly already said, it is very hard to know exactly where any of these acient groups came from but do remember that the word Celt came from the greek 'keltoi' and they aswell as the Romans put this name on anybody that was uncivilised or not romanised for that matter, living outside of the roman empire so this really is a name put onto alot of different groups of people.
  • If you're trying to establish the root of Irishness, recently published genetic research indicates that the vast majority of Irish people are NOT of Celtic origin. Most people seem to have a genetic root in earlier settlers/invaders - perhaps the Fir Bolg or similar.
  • Gaelic and Celtic mean the exact same thing except Gaelic is the Irish version for the word. An ancient race culture from galatia is the source of the Gaelic, ghaelige, ghoidealic, gallic words and it means the spoken language of these people.
  • The Celts were a proud warrior yet diplomatic race. Diplomacy worked inwards towards their own. War like behaviour was aimed at other people who insulted them or annoyed them. The Greeks gave them their Celtic name. The word keltoi means barbarian in greek and the Romans took this from them using the possessive case plural celtae to describe them.
  • The Greeks called us that when they saw us killing some etruscans who annoyed us a long time ago. it started as a tribal joke that's how we must have accepted it. Anyway the name celt stuck. Celtic is an anglicisation in the possessive case.
  • Welsh are cymrians who were called welsh i.e from wales from the Anglo-saxon word wahlra which means foreigners. However not in the way intended the real foreigners were the English who came from a barony of Germany called frisia. they were a tribe called the angles. However please note that many tribes came from Germany inculding the franks which gave their name to France.
  • Welsh Gaelic, Cornwellian (brythonic) Gaelic and brittanic (bretonic) Gaelic come from old brittain around the time of christ just before the roman empire. All of great brittain was simply of Celtic origin before the ancient Romans invaded. The angles and the Saxons were asked to help remove the Romans from the country during the time of queen Boudicea. They came to brittain via anglessy which is German for angle sea i.e angle see.
  • Gallia (Gaul) is the ancient latin word for Western Europe and the Celtic peoples who occupied Western Europe. Gaels (Goidelic Celts) is a Brythonic (Briton) word, probably meaning, savages? The Britons spoke a P-Celtic language and the Gaels (Irish & Scots) spoke a Q-Celtic language. So in short, the difference between Celts and Gaels is the language they speak. Otherwise, they are the same. The Gaels are one group of Celts.
  • More recent theories have denied a mass invasion of the Isles by Celtic speakers due to lack of archeological evidence. Genetically, the "Atlantic Celts" resemble the Basques rather than Central European Celts. See Collis.
  • Any answer that omits Galicia (Spain) as the European cradle of the Gaels is simply incorrect. There is linguistic proof that Goidelic Gaelic spoken on the British Isles can only have originated from Celts coming from Galicia.
  • We originated in Eastern Europe (Rumania), discovered the bagpipe in Egypt, resettled in Galicia, and conquered the British Isles. Read the Leabhar Ghabhala.
  • The Romans called the unconconquered ( and conquered Tribes) of Europe. Celts...which meant stranger......Even Northern Italian areas were Celtic to them at least at one stage...ie Milan is originally a Celtic Name....
  • The Anglo-Saxons called the people of Britain Welsh ...which meant stranger
  • The Gaels were the last "Celtic" Tribe to settle in Ireland.....The Welsh called them something similar to Gael...which again meant either stranger,. Barbarian or Foriegner...The Gaels overlorded the existing Celtic tribes......the existing Irish Celtic tribes had a language similar to the welsh and cornish...and indeed the tribe that came to Ireland immediatly before the Gaels...the Laigann ( Leinster is named after them) settled in South west England.....the name "Devon" comes from them......The tales of Arthur / Tristan and Isolde may have links here. The Tribe before the Laigainn were the Erain or Fir Bolg ( Origianly from Belgium)...the tribe brefore them were the Cruithin ( Ireland) and Picts ( Scotland)
  • There is no such thing as a Celt. There are artefacts of Celtic design and there are languages that are described as Celtic: Welsh, Gaelic, Breton and Gallego being the principal examples ('P-Celtic' and 'Q-Celtic' refer to the two branches of these languages, not to any ethnic grouping). There is no demonstrable link between the Celti or Keltoi of Classical sources and the people who live in Scotland, Ireland, Mann, Wales, Cornwall, Brittany or Spain, popularly identified as Celtic areas today, or indeed their kin elsewhere in the world. These can claim descent from Britons and Cymry or from Gaels and that's about it.
History of Scotland
English to Scottish Gaelic and Irish (Gaelic)

Second-last Gaelic king of Scotland?

Duncan I - 1034-1040

History, Politics & Society
History of the United States
History of Scotland
Sentence and Word Structure

What were a child's rights and roles in the family around the 1800's and 1900's specifically 1876 and 1918?

They did chores and family back then wanted more kids so they could help with the chores for example grow crops and help in the kitchen At the time children had few rights. As for their actual role, what Tamara says is true of poorer children, especially in rural areas. In addition, the older girls in large families were often required to help look after the younger kids. Most advanced countries already had laws severely restricting the employment of children (usually under 14) in factories and the like. Moreover, by 1910 or so education was compulsory up to age 14 in some countries . In rich families children usually didn't have to do chores. Sometimes they were even waited on 'hand and foot' by their parents' servants, which was often demeaning for the latter. By the early 1800s most of the advanced societies had a definite concept of childhood as a stage of development between infancy and adulthood. In the period from about 1775 onwards the first literature written specifically for children appeared.

Television and Video
History of Scotland

Where can you find a photograph of the first television invented?

Theres pics of John Logie Bairds Television At the Museum of Television at http://www.mztv.com/newframe.asp?content=http://www.mztv.com/baird.html along with lots of background information on the subject.

History of Scotland
William Wallace

What is William Wallace Campbell's birthday?

William Wallace Campbell was born on April 11, 1862.

History of Scotland
Elizabeth I
Mary I of Scotland

How long was Mary queen of Scots in prison in England for?

Mary Queen of Scots was held in house arrest for the final 19 years of her life under the pretense of protection with the reality that many people(not necessarily her 'captor' Queen Elizabeth I of England) thought she was plotting to take the English Crown.

History of Scotland
Name Origins

Why do some Scottish names start with Mc and some Mac?

Mc is just a shortened form of Mac (son). Mac seems more common among Scots but they also use Mc as do the Irish.

History of Scotland
William Wallace

Did William Wallace shout 'Freedom'?


Loch Ness Monster
History of Scotland
Lakes and Rivers

Why is it lake of monteith and not loch of monteith?

The Monteith's sided with the English during the Potato famine.

History of Scotland

What did the Jacobites wear to the battle of culloden?

Tartan is a pattern consisting of criss-crossed horizontal and vertical bands in multiple colours. Tartans originated in woven wool, but now they are made in many other materials. Tartan is particularly associated with Scotland. Scottish kilts almost always have tartan patterns. Tartan is one of the patterns known as plaid in North America, but in Scotland, a plaid is a tartan cloth slung over the shoulder, or a blanket.

Tartan is made with alternating bands of coloured (pre-dyed) threads woven as both warp and weft at right angles to each other. The weft is woven in a simple twill, two over - two under the warp, advancing one thread each pass. This forms visible diagonal lines where different colours cross, which give the appearance of new colours blended from the original ones. The resulting blocks of colour repeat vertically and horizontally in a distinctive pattern of squares and lines known as a sett.

The Dress Act of 1746 attempted to bring the warrior clans under government control by banning the tartan and other aspects of Gaelic culture. When the law was repealed in 1782, it was no longer ordinary Highland dress, but was adopted instead as the symbolic national dress of Scotland.

Until the middle of the nineteenth century, the highland tartans were associated with regions or districts, rather than by any specific clan. This was because tartan designs were produced by local weavers for local tastes and would tend to make use of the natural dyes available in that area. The patterns were simply different regional checked-cloth patterns, where of the tartans most to one's liking - in the same way as people nowadays choose what colours and patterns they prefer in their clothing. Thus, it was not until the mid-nineteenth century that specific tartans became associated with Scottish clans or Scottish families, or simply institutions who are (or wish to be seen as) associated in some way with a Scottish heritage

History of Scotland

Who was Bonnie Prince Charlie married to?

Charles Edward Stuart was married to Louise of Stolberg-Gedern


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