Literary Terminology

Literary terms are words used in the classification, discussion, criticism and analysis of literary works such as novels, books and poetry. Some literary terms are allusion, body, character, climax, denotation, monologue and plot.

16,864 Questions
Literary Terminology
Short Stories

What are the character traits in the short story on Helen On Eighty-Sixth Street?

vita -a jealous girl

helen mcguire-pretty but boastful

victoria- cheerful and emotional

Literary Terminology

What is the falling action of the song of roland?

Literary Terminology
Creative Writing

What are the different kinds of narrative?

Here are some of the different types or kinds of narratives:

Epics - lengthy stories of heroic exploits

Fables - stories that teach a lesson, often using animal characters

Folk Tales - old stories that reveal cultural customs

Fantasy - fiction stories about unrealistic characters and events that would never happen

Science Fiction - fiction stories based on scientific fact

Horror - fiction stories that are scary or horrific

Historical Fiction - fiction stories set in the past, containing some true facts

Legend - stories based on fact, but with exaggeration about the hero

Myth - ancient stories meant to explain nature or life

Plays - stories in the form of dialogue, meant to be performed on the stage or in a movie

Realistic Fiction - stories whose characters and events could occur in real life

Short Stories - brief stories focusing on one character and event

Tall Tales - humorous exaggeration stories focusing on a mythical hero

Biography - detailed accounts of someone's life

News - information about current events

There are also sub-categories of the above, such as:

Captivity narratives - the progatonist is captured and describes a foreign culture

Quest narratives - the character(s) must work to achieve a goal

A narrative is a story told in words. Any story you can think of, any telling of what happened--and then what happened--and what happened next--is a narrative, whether it's written down or spoken aloud. A book that tells a story is one example of a narrative.

There are six different types of narratives and they are linear, multinarrative, dual, flashback, fragmanted, and metafictive.

A personal narrative, an autobiography, a poem, a short story, a novel, or any literary work. It can also be used in fine art for pictoral illustrative narrations.

Stream of Consciousness: This resembles a train of thought or internal monologue.

Inadequate Narrator: Leaves a lot of blanks in the novel/text due to the individuals ignorance of the plot.

Unreliable Narrator: Deliberately bias with the information they are given, manipulating the events they are told or experience.

Free indirect narrator: Honest thoughts and feelings expressed personally. Take 'asides' in plays for instance, or say if someone were muttering under their breath. This allows the reader to follow how the narrator feels about certain characters and so on.

Focalizer: This is where events are told from a particular point of view, i.e. the story of a woman may be told from someone elses point of view.

Self-conscious narrator: Reminding you constantly it's a novel/text you are reading.

Multiple narration: More than one narrator.

Intrusive Narrator: Intervenes with the normal narrative.

Omniscient narrator: A narrative mode in which the reader and narrator are aware of all of the action that occurs within the novel.

Writing: Characters and Dialogue
Literary Terminology
Creative Writing

What are the features and elements of narratives?


Literary Terminology
Writing: Narrative Viewpoint

What is third person omniscient point of view?

Third person omniscient point of view is when the narrator is connecting and explaining all the characters feelings in the story, and in 3rd person limited, he/she is only explaining one character. The narrator is NOT in the story.

Third-person pronouns include: he, him, she, her, it, they, and them.

A third-person omniscient POV (point of view) simply means that the narrator knows the actions and thoughts of all the characters, and presents them to the reader using the above pronouns (as opposed to using first-person pronouns, which would be I and me).

Omniscient is another word for all-knowing; if the narrator showed only the actions of some of the characters, or only shared some of their thoughts, that would be called the third-person limited POV.

It is a method of story telling where the author writes in the third person and knows all the inner thoughts, motivations, and emotions of the characters, as well as what each character is doing. Other possible viewpoints are first person, second person (this is rare), and third person limited.

First person: Written from an "I" viewpoint. The author is the narrator, and knows his or her own thoughts and emotions.

"I went to the store during the weekend, because I knew my mom would be visiting and she would make a scene if I took out any time from her visit to take care of things like grocery shopping."

Second person: Written from a "you" viewpoint. The author is telling the story by addressing someone. This is very rare.

"You went to the store during the weekend. You told your friend it was because you mother would make a scene if you took care of grocery shopping during her visit."

Third Person Limited: Written from a "he/she/them" viewpoint. The author writes as things are seen through a character's eyes. The author has the choice between expressing thoughts of the characters (he said, she thought), or having thoughts be silent and showing character's thoughts through the character's action.

"She went to the store during the weekend. Her mother was visiting during the week, and the last time that she had taken time out of a parental visit to take care of chores like grocery shopping, there was a huge scene."

Third Person Omniscient: Written from a "he/she/them" viewpoint. The author writes like they are viewing the story from the outside, but they know everything that is going on in the character's head.

"She went to the store during the weekend. It was normally her time to relax, but she decided to get that chore taken care of before her mother's visit. She loved her mother dearly, but her mom was very high-maintenance, and she wanted to avoid another melt-down when time was taken away from the visit to take care of mundane chores."
Third person tells the story as "He said," "She did," or "They saw."

It is the narrator's point of view, that is simple

The first person is "I", the second person "you", the third person "he/she/it/they".

I saw the parade. - 1'st person, the person speaking or writing

You saw the parade. - 2'nd person, the person being spoken to, or written to

She saw the parade. - 3'rd person, the person(s) being spoken about, or written about

There are three types of third person point of view. Third person omnicient uses pronouns such as he, she, it, or the name of the character. The narrator is an outsider looking in who does not participate in the action of the story. The narrator knows all, sees all, and reports all. They know the thoughts and emotions of the characters. Third person limited is the same as omnicient except the narrator only knows the thoughts and emotions of one, sometimes two, characters. The narrator is limited, hence the name. The last one is third person objective. The narrator is still an outsider looking in, a detached observer, but this time they are not aware of any character's thoughts or emotions. They can only report what is said and done. It is like an audience member at a play where you can only watch actions and hear dialogue. You do not know character's thoughts.

An unknown narrator, tells the story, but this narrator zooms in to focus on the thoughts and feelings of only one character.

If you are writing a story from the third person point of view, it will be about someone other than yourself, but as told by you or some fictitious narrator. The second person point of view is seldom, if ever, used in story writing due to awkwardness.

It means the story is being told by someone not involved in the story. The narrator uses pronouns such as "he" "she" "it" and not "I" or "me."

There are three persons: the 1st, 2nd and 3rd. They may be singular or plural. The third person is he, she, it or they. Some people refer to themselves in the third person, as for example if Joe were to say " Joe doesn't like this" instead of "I don't like this."

The third person is a point-of-view from which many stories are told--it is normally characterized by 'third person' pronouns, for example "he," "she," "him," "her," etc.

(as opposed to first person, which is told using "I" and "me")


He walked down the stairs. Then he put on his hat. (third person)

I walked down the stairs. Then I put on my hat. (first person)

When writing about a living thing, you can either write in first person, second person, or third person.

First Person: I. Examples: "I picked up my pen." "She sent me a letter." Example of a book written in first person: The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes

Second Person: You. Examples: "You swam over a mile." "You were confused." Example of a book written in second person: Choosing your way through the World's Ancient Past.

Third Person: He/She/It. Examples: "He climbed up the pear tree." "She thought the sunset was beautiful." "It wondered what to do." Example of a book written in third person: Little Women

The narrator relates the events via an observer: "John (the writer's imaginary character) saw them running away from the horrendous accident."
It is a form of storytelling in which a narrator relates all action in third person, using third person pronouns such as "he", "she.", or "they"
There are actually 2 points of view in third person: omniscient and limited. They both have to say he or she when they mean a person as like someone is looking down like god.

The omniscient point of view is where the writer can remember the characters, feelings, thoughts, and so on.

The limited point of view is where the writer knows the feelings, and thoughts of one character, mostly the main character.

Literature and Language
Literary Terminology

What is universal appeal in literature?

CNC Training In Coimbatore is very easy to learn and implement. The user interface is a good availability of training at affordable price.

Books and Literature
Literary Terminology

What is pedantic in literature?

Pedantic means a perfectionist or someone who is picky. They have to have the towels folded a certain way, the spices in they're spice rack arranged a certain way, clothes hung in they're closets by color. That sort of thing.

School Subjects
Literary Terminology

What is the definition of economy in poetry?

Using as few words as possible to convey the meaning desired.

Literary Terminology
Creative Writing

What are the stages or elements of a plot?

1) Exposition/Introduction: This part introduces the characters and their personalities.

2) Rising Action: This part helps recognize and reveal the conflicts of the characters to another character or to himself. This also shows the progression of the story.

3) Climax: This Part shows suspense (Turning point) In the novel that suprises the reader.

4) Falling Action or Resolution: this part demonstrates how the character had done accordingly in the rising action. (If we have a rising action we have the falling action.)

Major plot elements would be:

  • Character
  • Conflict
  • Complication
  • Crisis-Climax
  • Change
  • Resolution

There is, however, another school of thought that involves 8 parts of a plot:

  • Point of entrance
  • exposition
  • defining event
  • rising action
  • crisis
  • falling action
  • denouement
  • closure

To be technically correct, a plot can be generalized as "whats going to happen" in a story. All stories are different, and some will have more or less plot points than 5.

Literary Terminology
Writing: Narrative Viewpoint

What is third person point of view?

It is the most common narrative voice. This is the one where the narrator is looking at the scene from the outside, using the pronouns "he," "she," and "they."

Literary Terminology
Acronyms & Abbreviations

What is the abbreviation for the word assembly?

The abbreviation for assembly is assy.

Literary Terminology
Short Stories

What is the theme of the Great Carbuncle story?

The theme of the Great Carbuncle is that earthly possessions are not essential in life. Earthly possessions are not necessary for success and we should be satisfied with what we have. Earthly possessions will not gain you salvation either. You must put your trust in God and that His Son saved you from your sin and that the Holy Spirit will work in your heart so that you will be worthy of salvation. Matthew 6: 19-2119 "Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth, where moths and vermin destroy, and where thieves break in and steal. 20 But store up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where moths and vermin do not destroy, and where thieves do not break in and steal. 21 For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also."

Computer Viruses
Downloader Viruses
Literary Terminology

How do you scrub Trojan Horse downloader agent 2 Q?

So I tried Housecall because I had the same virus. It didn't work, but Spyware Doctor worked really well and was free, so that's what I'd recommend! Hope this helps!

Literary Terminology

What is a stereotyped character?

This refers to using an unproved but widely believed generality about an entire ethnic group. Stereotypes can change with the times. For example, today, Asians are often stereotyped as being extremely smart; but 150 years ago, they were stereotyped as being the source of disease and called the "Yellow Peril". Stereotypes can sometimes be positive, but more often, they are negative: Irish people are still sometimes depicted as being drunks; Italians are stereotyped as being involved in organized crime. In literature, there have been a number of stereotypic characters-- for example, some critics say Shakespeare's character of Shylock in the play "The Merchant of Venice" uses negative stereotypes commonly believed about Jews.

Science Fiction
Literary Terminology

What does body in a story mean?

it means something about the story or anything

Literature and Language
Literary Terminology

What is the purpose of dramatic foil?

A foil is a character placed beside the protagonist to bring out his or her qualities. For instance, if one character (the foil) treats someone poorly and the protagonist treats the same person well, the compassion of the main character is more noticeable.

Literature and Language
Literary Terminology

What is the difference between Gothic and grotesque literature?

Gothic literature is usually a combination of horror and romance, begun in the mid 1760's. It can also refer to literature from that time period. Grotesque literature features horror as well, but could be from any time period, and might contain different elements than Gothic.

Literature and Language
Literary Terminology

What is another name for a long detailed account?

Another name for a long detailed account is a saga.

Books and Literature
Literary Terminology

What is inductive argumentation?

Assuming you are talking about inductive reasoning(excluding the mathematical "proof by induction"), it is the drawing of a generalized conclusion based on what you already know.

For Example:

All the Ice I have seen so far is cold, (previous knowledge)

Therefore all ice is cold. (Generalized conclusion)

Another example is:

All Cats I have seen walk on four legs,

therefore all cats walk on 4 legs.

Literature and Language
Literary Terminology
Creative Writing

What are the foiling techniques?

To develop a character foil, many parallels are drawn between the character and his/her foil. These mostly include similarities. However, to establish the foil, the characters are contrasted in a more fundamental element of character, in order to more clearly emphasise this character trait in the primary character.

Literary Terminology

What is the character that helps the protagonist?

A character in a novel/play is a confidant, he/she is the character that helps the protagonist achieve their goal.

Idioms, Cliches, and Slang
Literary Terminology

Expressions or ideas that have become trite are?

They are clichés.

Literature and Language
Literary Terminology

What does atmosphere in writing mean?

When you are writing a story you want to make the reader experience it; not just read about it. One of the ways that writers pull the reader in is through the use of Atmosphere. This is done by choosing words, and using grammar that tell the reader what is going on in the Emotions and Behavior of the characters, and not just the physical facts.

Here are some examples:

"Gloria", Henry said, "What did you...?"

How do you feel about Henry? How do you think he sounds? Is he happy? How do you think that Gloria will respond?

Now try this one:

"Gloria!", Henry Thundered, "What did you...?"

What do you think of Henry Now? How do you think Gloria will respond to him? What did the writer do with words and grammar to tell you what is going on?

How about this one:

"Gloria?", cried Henry, "What did you...?"

What do you think has happened here? Maybe Henry thinks that Gloria has murdered the person he's looking at. Maybe Henry doesn't want Gloria to kill Him. come up with something. Is this Mysterious? Why?


Literary Terminology

What is the meaning of setting in plot diagram?

Setting is the backbone of our plot. It is where the story is set. Every person, whether real or imaginary is a product of their environment and this is especially true of characters in fiction.

Move a character from a particular setting and their story will change. Imagine the movie 'Fargo' without the snow and desolation of Montana. In 'Unforgiven', William Munny, would have acted entirely differently had he been a bank clerk in modern day Cardiff (Wales) instead of a former gunslinger turned breadline dirt farmer in the unpredictable Wild West. 'Little Dorritt' by Charles Dickens would never have worked in a contemporary setting, without debtor's prisons, the Circumlocution Office and with today's relatively easy access to solicitors, attorneys and lawyers.

Setting is not just a matter of where and when. In his book, 'Story', Robert McKee argues that setting has four dimensions:

Period - a story's place in time and history. Contemporary, historical, or futuristic? Only rarely is Period unimportant, such as in romances such as Watership Down, Animal Farm and Bambi.

Duration - how long do the events in your story last? Hours, weeks, months, years, decades, centuries, or even longer? Location -- where in the world (or universe) is your story set? Wimbledon, Wisconsin or the planet Wu? Level of Conflict -- what struggles do your characters experience? Are these conflicts entirely internal or are they caused by outside factors such as war, famine or lawlessness?

Famous Quotations
Literary Terminology
Names and Name Meanings

The summary of home they brought her warrior dead?

The body of a warrior is brought home to his wife who does not react as she is in too much of a shock to show any emotion. Her maids decide that they have to make her cry because the bottled up grief could kill her.

So the maid start praising the warrior calling him the noblest of men, etc but the state of her shock doesn't change.

Then the maids lift up the cloth and reveal his face and still her she does not react.

At last a ninety year old nurse takes her son and puts it on her lap. She cries and says to her son "sweet my child, I live for thee" proving that she loves her husband but loves her son just as equally.

I am in Class 8


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