Andleeb Fatima 19-447
Sport psychology is the scientific study of the psychological factors that are associated with participation and performance in sport and other physical activity.
Eclecticism is a conceptual approach that does not hold rigidly to a single paradigm or set of assumptions, but instead draws upon multiple theories, styles, or ideas to gain complementary insights into a subject, or applies different theories in particular cases.
Basically, it is making decisions on the basis of what seems best instead of following some single doctrine or style. It is a fusion of multiple styles and doctrines (teachings, educations) to come upon a balanced answer.
It is a model that assumes, that every mental illness has its biological (physiological) basis-- it's an effect of chemical inbalance in the brain, physical abnormality in the brain or genetical abnormality.
According to the model treatment of mental disorders should include medicines, electro-convulsive therapy (ECT) and psychosurgery.
A disadvantage of the model is that does not take into account psychological problems underlying an illness. Additionally, drugs do not cure the illness, they only give a temporary relief from the symptoms.
Medical model treatment is certainly helpful, but it should not be the only way of treating mental disorders-- it needs to be combined with some sort of psychotherapy (e.g. cognitive-behavioural etc.)
Alternatively: 'What is the idiographic approach to psychology?'
In 1937 Gordon Allport (1897-1967), the famous American psychologist, conceived two approaches to psychology: an idiographic approach and a nomothetic approach. He did not create the terms 'idiographic' (from two ancient Greek roots which mean 'own writing') and 'nomothetic' (from an ancient Greek root which mean 'lawmaking'). Instead Wilhelm Windelband (1848-1915), a German philosopher, created them, in 1894. He created them about the aims of, respectively, the humanities (which include, among other disciplines, history) and science (which includes, among other sciences, physics).
The idiographic approach to psychology perceives people as being describable in terms of unique sets of characteristics. Psychologists who practice counseling psychology endorse this approach. Conversely the nomothetic approach to psychology perceives people as being describable in terms of universal laws. Psychologists who subscribe to behaviorism endorse this approach.
Replication is involves repeating the essence of an earlier research study with different subjects and in different circumstances. So it is the "double check" of a study. For a goal of psychologists being able to generalize results no matter subjects or situation so the results are the same.
Culture provides many of the categories and ideals that individuals strive to adopt (or else to avoid) in their lives. Whether to be aggressive or passive, stoic or easily excitable, independent or collaborative, all of these attributes (and many more) are influenced by cultural images of what successful or interesting or nice people should be like.
Often there are specific images for that person's group (society, ethnicity, gender, class, age, etc). So there are certain ways to have an "artistic" personality and how to be "feminine" and so on, which are often specific to a particular time, place, and social group.
Often the particular categories and attributes are so pervasive it can be hard to perceive them in your own immediate surroundings. It is easier to see them looking back at accounts of historical people or cross-culturally.
I don't know if this will help but this is an example in my psychology book.
"If you live in or near a bog city, you may have noticed a gradual change in the color of fire engines. Although old fire engines were bright red, most new ones are lime-yellow. That's because psychological researchers who study perception found that lime-yellow objects are easier to detect in the dark. Indeed, lime-yellow fire trucks are only about half as likely to be involved in traffic accidents as red fire trucks." - (American Psychological Association, 2003; Solomon & King, 1995).
the function of psychology is how to know behiver of the people
The primary goal of psychology is to find out the cause of a behavior (WHY it is occurring) in order to be able to predict (tell HOW it will occur) and ultimately control the behavior.
an enjoyment between two people
It is usually described as an 'internal conflict'. A good example would be 'Young Goodman Brown' by Nathanial Hawthorne.
They are both equivalent degrees with a slightly different approach to the field as indicated below.
The Bachelor of Arts degree (BA) has a broader scope, with a strong emphasis on the humanities, theoretical and general knowledge in a recognized discipline, interdisciplinary field, or of a professional study.
The Bachelor of Science degree (BS) is more of a focused approach with a science base to include a balance of liberal arts, technological knowledge, math and computer oriented skills, and practical skills needed for a particular discipline within the field.
I can't speak to Religion in general, but to Christianity and the Bible.. *If we view psychology as "mental ploys and strategies" for treatment of illness, we have to be weary. Many common treatments can be very helpful and curative, but some are purely human opinion, even bordering on spiritism, conflict with Bible teachings and could even be dangerous . Each treatment would have to be examined individually to be sure it does not go against God's principles. *If we view psychology as a basic 'science of human behavior', it can be useful, since understanding people is an important part of a Christian's life. We're told at Proverbs 19:11 that "the insight of a man slows down his anger…" Insight is defined as "an understanding of the motivational forces behind one's actions". Understanding human behavior, and the reasons behind a behavior, can help us be forgiving and less angry over someone's questionable actions. Matthew 7:1-5 tells us to Stop judging others…." Why, do you look at the straw in your brother's eye, but do not consider the rafter in your own eye? 4 Or how can you say to your brother, 'Allow me to extract the straw from your eye'; when, look! a rafter is in your own eye? 5 Hypocrite! First extract the rafter from your own eye, and then you will see clearly how to extract the straw from your brother's eye. This involves SELF examination and understanding our OWN behavior. How much more valuable we can be to others if we first deal with our OWN issues, see our OWN faults, overcome our OWN improper thinking, before we find fault with anyone else. This involves some SELF analysis and insight.
Matthew 7:12, the well known 'Golden rule' tells us to treat others the way WE want to be treated. If we think about it, we ALL want to be treated with consideration ; to be understood for who we really are. Only then can someone give us what we need. Therefore, in order to treat OTHERS the way they want to be treated, we have to KNOW what they want. That takes insight into the knowledge of THEIR human behavior. For psychology to be useful, it must harmonize with the Bible.(Jeremiah 8:9) So much of the Christian Greek scriptures involve "keeping an eye on the interests of others", "making our minds over", "putting on the new personality", involving our gaining insight into, understanding of, patience with others, all of which requires a knowledge of human behavior, our own and other people's. So Psychology and Religion CAN go together.
The stroop effect experiment is most used in cognitive psychology, where experimenters measure the reaction time of participants completing specific tasks, such as identifying colors or change of objects in a scene.
Because it helps with social behaviors due to the fact that it is the sytdy of the brain, by that being said your brain influences your behavior.
A psychotherapist is one who engages clients (or patients) in "talk therapy" in order to help improve: quality of life, satisfaction in relationships, functioning in society, performance in work or play, general health, and well-being. Psychotherapists have diverse educational and training backgrounds. There is no unifying standard for those called "psychotherapist."
A psychologist is one who is trained in the science of psychology, which explores the predictable relationships between organisms and their environments in order to understand or to influence the functioning of organisms.
Although there are many special areas of studies among psychologists, a large percentage of them conduct psychotherapy. Clinical Psychology and Counseling Psychology are the usual specialty areas that prepare psychologists to practice psychotherapy.
Psychologists who are licensed as mental health professionals are generally graduates of doctoral programs (i.e., they have degrees such as: Ph.D., Psy.D., or Ed.D.) which often take five to seven years of study after college. These programs include supervised practice as well as advanced course work. There is a national written examination as well as state defined requirements leading to licensure as a psychologist.
One is Erik Erikson
One meaning of the term psychological barriers is the self limiting beliefs a person may have which in turn affects their behaviour - that is ....what they do or don't do as a result of having a self limiting belief.
For example, an person might have a belief that they can't ride a bicycle and carry this belief with them through their life, and as such they would never attempt to ride a bicycle. This belief will usually have been developed as a result of their past experience - they may have tried to ride a bicycle as a young child, perhaps they started to ride but fell off - hurting themselves in the process. If they tried to ride again shortly after the first accident, and subsequently fell off again, hurting themselves, they would perhaps begin to believe that they can't ride a bicycle. And they will hold this belief or psychological barrier until they receive sufficiently strong evidence to change this belief.
There is no reason, for example, why a fit and able bodied adult cannot learn to ride a bike in adulthood. But if that person has a psychological barrier which tells them that they can't do this - then they probably never will.
In my field of being a career coach I often see people who have psychological barriers which prevent them from starting a job search to change a job or career that they hate. They don't take action for change because they have a usually incorrect belief that they aren't good enough, don't have enough or the right type of experience, don't have the confidence etc.
If you are a healthy and otherwise reasonably well adjusted adult you will have the capacity to challenge and overcome your psychological barriers.
Advice for obtaining a job with an associate's degree in psychology:
Yes. Yet, almost 2/3s of psychologists work in other specialty areas.
The better question is: can psychopathic deviation be successfully treated? The answer is a resounding NO. Often treatment attempts are only successful in increasing deviant behaviour.
As for your question... insert your treatment method. Of all options, CBT is the least worst, but its still awful in terms of inhibiting deviant behaviours.
MBA programs accept undergraduates from many different programs; not just business. A psych major might have a very good chance of getting into a program, all else being equal.
A psychology undergrad degree is an asset if you are interested in marketing or research in business, and certainly not a liability in other areas. If you have some understanding of social research methodology be sure to discuss it in your app.
Psychology creates and tests hypotheses like any other type of science.
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