Christmas is NOT celebrated in Russia on January 7th. It is celebrated on December 25th. Of course, the follow up question would be "When is December 25th?"
Pre-revolutionary Russia used the Julian calendar universally, i.e. for government, personal purposes and church purposes. When the Soviet government changed to the Gregorian calendar, the Russian Orthodox Church did not make the change. They continued using the Julian calendar, which is (currently) 13 days behind the Gregorian calendar.
Since Christmas is a religious holiday, it was not celebrated as a Soviet state holiday (focus during the Soviet era was on New Year). As a religious holiday, it continued to be celebrated in churches and in homes, privately, on December 25 - but, the December 25 used by the Church. Even with the fall of the Soviet Union, the Church still uses the Julian calendar.
Think of it this way: Go to Moscow. Buy a newspaper on January 7. Look at the date - sure enough, it will say January 7. Walk into a Russian Orthodox church, carrying that newspaper. As soon as you enter the church, it is, for all practical purposes, December 25. (No, the newspaper will not change the printed date). Any announcements, bulletins, Gospel readings etc. will reflect that today is December 25. Turn around, walk out of the church and, as soon as you exit, it is January 7.
It should be plain to see, but this also means that the date for celebrating Russian Christmas is not connected to January 6 as Epiphany, as Julian January 6 falls on Gregorian January 19, which is Russian Epiphany (usually called "Theophany" in the Russian Church).
Lenin played an active role is trying to end the power of the Russian Orthodox Church. His reign of terror saw the destruction of churches and the killing of priests, monks and nuns. The Orthodox Church was declared illegal under the Communist regime and a systematic campaign of persecution and killings took place under Lenin and the other Communist leaders. Millions of Orthodox people were killed during the 70 years of Communism in Russia.
1.)The Patriarch of Constantinople is Patriarch Barttholomew
2.)The Patriarch of Moscow is Patriarch Metropolian Kirill
3.)The Patriarch of Alexandria is Patriarch Thedore 2
4.)The Patriarch of Antioch is Bechara Peter Al-Rahi
The 4 Patriarchs
and the Pope is the leader of the Roman cathloic church Pope Benedict (2011)-
( ) and the 4 patriarchs are the leaders of the Orthodox church
It's just a difference in administration. The beliefs are identical. If a Greek moves to Russia, he worships in a Russian Orthodox church, and vice versa. In the US, there will ultimately be only one administration, an American Orthodox church. At the moment there are several administrations, each under the supervision of the national church of another country. The Greek and the Russian are the largest of those administrations. Orthodox Christians in the US are free to worship at any Orthodox church, regardless of national origin. Those who are from an Orthodox country have so far tended more often to choose a church under the supervision of that country's national church. In addition, there may be some local variations in custom and tradition. For instance, compare the iconography of Russia with Greek icons, and both of those with Coptic. They are all icons, but look a little different based on local tradition. The Faith is one, but the Orthodox Church does not shy from embracing (and transforming) native cultures. Yeah theres realy not much of a difference just the languge,everything is the same icons church equipment and church dates.
Orthodox (ορθοδόξος) in Greek means correct both in worship and belief. It is derived from the combination of όρθος/orthos (correct, straight, without deviation) and δόξα/doxa (glory or worship) or δοκείν/dokein (to teach). In fact, the names of the Orthodox Church in Bulgarian, Russian, Serbian, etc. reflects and reinforces more the 'doxa' etymology. Thus orthodox in this context should be understood more as 'correct in worship' and the claim 'correct in belief' should be regarded as implicit.
He is an abbot or protos. You can also have an Archimandrite, who usually leads a group of monks or monasteries. An Abbot is the head of one monastery, as is also sometimes called by the Greek name of "Hegumen" or "Hegumenos." The other Greek title of "protos" means the first.
The angelic hierarchy is shared by Catholics and Orthodox. The ranks are called 'Choirs'. They are Seraphim, Cherubim, Ophanim, Thrones, Dominions, Principalities, Powers, Archangels and Angels.
Jesus was asked by Pontius Pilate: "What is Truth?". To our minds would undoubtedly answer "It is a system of propositional truths like the Westminster Confession of Faith." In other words, we infer from his article that the Protestant mind subconsciously reads Jesus' words thus: "I am the Way, the Propositional Truth, and the Life...." This may sound unfair, but such an implication is inescapable within his apparent schema-one in which Jesus Christ is effectively reduced to a mere "propositional truth of the Father." We turn now to address his "confusion over divine revelation," namely, the erroneous reduction of the "Word of God" to "propositional truth" and the exclusion of the correlatives, word as image, image as word.
The nature of the icon cannot be grasped by means of pure art criticism, nor by the adoption of a sentimental point of view. Its forms are based on the wisdom contained in the theological and liturgical writings of the Eastern Orthodox Church and are intimately bound up with the experience of contemplative life.
The introduction into the meaning and the language of the icons imparts to us in an admirable way the spiritual conceptions of the Eastern Orthodox Church which are often so foreign to us, but without the knowledge of which we cannot possibly understand the world of the icon.
"It is not the purpose of the icon to touch its contemplator. Neither is it its purpose to recall one or the other human experience of natural life; it is meant to lead every human sentiment as well as reason and all other qualities of human nature on the way to illumination."
"The entire visible world as depicted in the icon is to foreshadow the coming Unity of the whole creation, of the Kingdom of the Holy Ghost."
The theological justification of the icon was derived by the Seventh Ecumenical Council from the fact of the Incarnation of God. God became human for the elation and deification of Man. This deification becomes visible in the saints. The Byzantine theologian often sets the calling of an icon painter on an equal level with that of a priest. Devoted to the service of a more sublime reality, he exercises his objective duty the same way as the liturgical priest. The "spiritual genuineness" of the icon, the cryptic, almost sacral power to convince, is not alone due to accurate observation of the iconographic canon, but also the ascetic fervor of the painter
Just as the Grace of the Holy Spirit which descended on the Apostles at Pentecost flows in a living stream down through today's bishops and priests, so Sacred Tradition carries the spiritual life of the Church in an unbroken stream from the time of the Apostles down to Orthodox believers today. Sacred Tradition includes the unwritten acts and teachings of Christ and the Apostles which the Church preserves unchanged for us all. (John 21:25; 2 Thess. 2:15; 2Thess. 3:6) The power of Sacred Tradition is the power of the Holy Spirit as it influences Orthodox Christians in all ages. Through Sacred Tradition we are in communion with the spiritual life of all preceding generations back to the Apostles.
Because the Son of God took on human flesh and became incarnate as the God-man Jesus Christ, it became possible to portray the glory of God incarnate. "Blessed are the eyes which see what you see!" (Luke10:23). The icons' style may seem austere and strange at first; they do not depict the natural beauty of the material world, but the spiritual beauty of the Kingdom of Heaven. Icons are venerated, BUT NOT WORSHIPPED, by Orthodox Christians. Free from the subjective, sentimental, and fleshy quality of Western religious art, the true icon is part of the Church's Sacred Tradition. A true icon, painted through the power of the Holy Spirit, is in communion with the spiritual life of the Church back to its earliest days.
Because of the unity of Sacred Tradition, icons -- like Orthodoxy itself -- exist as unchanging and ageless windows into the spiritual world. As you gaze into an icon, the calm eye of eternal truth falls upon you. And you begin to realize the true beauty and order of all things visible and invisible.
Orthodox can have two meanings. One being to do with Doctrinal Correctness, and the other referring to A group of quasi-National churches divided on the basis of nations, states and rites all loosely affiliated under various patriarchs.
Orthodox in the doctrinal sense simply means that a church teaches correct doctrine, in this case, for example, if you are a member of the Southern Baptist convention or something along those lines, and you were going to go to another southern baptist church which taught the same things as yours did, you would be able to say that that church is an "orthodox" church as opposed to the mennonite church down the road which might teach docrtines which are incompatible with yours and thus be "Heterodox."
The Orthodox church as an organisation however is classified as a liturgical church with ordained ministers, and accepting 7 sacraments. thse are divided into various national groups such as the Greek orthodox church, the Coptic Orthodox church, etc. All of them having the 7 sacraments and holy orders in common, as well as the rejection of the pope as the head of the church. They also share a common doctrine on the holy trinity, namley the rejection of the 'filioque' clause of the constantinopolitan-nicean creed. This being the statement in the creed that the holy spirit proceeds from the Father 'And the Son'. So instead of the trinity appearing as an equilateral triangle with each proceeding fromt he other, both the son and the spirit proceed form the Father.Answer
Orthodox church the eastern orthodox church dating from earliest Christian times has its centre at Constantinople (Istanbul), the residence of the ecumenical patriarch, who has primacy of honour over much of the 'intricate tapestry' of the Christian East, including the Greeks, Serbs, Bulgars, Georgians, and Russians. In 1995 there were c.190 million adherents world-wide. British contacts with orthodoxy began with 16th-cent. merchants and Peter the Great's visit to England (1698). Since the 1950s orthodoxy has flourished in England with c.287, 000 members (1995).
http://www.answers.com/library/USHistory Encyclopedia-cid-1472376528http://www.answers.com/orthodox+church?gwp=11&ver=22.214.171.1241&method=3#tophttp://www.answers.com/orthodox+church?gwp=11&ver=126.96.36.1991&method=3#copyrighthttp://www.answers.com/> http://www.answers.com/main/what_content.jsp> http://www.answers.com/main/reference.jsp> http://www.answers.com/library/US+History+Encyclopedia-cid-1472376528OrthodoxChurches
Orthodox Churches are among the oldest Christian groups in existence. Originating in the eastern part of the Roman Empire, they have held tenaciously to the classical theological definitions of the first seven ecumenical councils, held between A.D. 325 and 787. The major work of these councils consisted of defining the doctrines of the Trinity and the two natures in Christ, and in determining the possibility of representing Christ in an image or icon. Eastern Orthodox churches see their bishops as symbols of the unity of the church but do not recognize any single bishop as having authority over all the churches.
The eastern branch of Christianity began to separate from the western branch shortly after the fall of Rome in the fifth century. While early Western theology developed along eschatological (doctrines dealing with death, resurrection, and judgment) and moral lines, reflecting the influence of aristotleand Augustine, the theology of the East moved in a mystical direction. The schism came during a ninth-century dispute between Pope Nicholas I and photius, archbishop of Constantinople. Nicholas refused to recognize the election of Photius and excommunicated him (A.D. 863). After further disagreements over the interpretation of the nicene-creed, in 1054 mutual anathemas (condemnation, excommunication) were pronounced, further deepening-meteorologythe split. These anathemas were rescinded (abolished) in 1965 by Pope Paul IV and Patriarch Athenagoras.
The tenth century was the great age of the expansion of Orthodoxy into Eastern Europe-for which saints saint-cyrilprepared the way by translating both the Orthodox scriptures and liturgical books into the Slavic language in the previous century. In 988, the spread of Orthodoxy was completed when the Russians entered the Byzantine ecclesiastical fold. After the fall of Constantinople to the Turks in 1453, Moscow became the chief protector of the Orthodox faith. As the nations of Eastern Europe became independent in the nineteenth century, their churches also became independent national churches with full rights of self-government.
Although the first American Orthodox churches were the nineteenth-century Russian missions in Alaska, Orthodoxy in the United States grew most rapidly during the heavy immigration from Eastern Europe at the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries. The American history of these churches has been a story of division and controversy, as Old World issues have been perpetuated. Since the mid-twentieth century, there have been signs that this period of controversy is drawing to a close. The patriarch of Moscow healed some of the schisms among the American Russian Orthodox church in 1970 and declared the American church to be autocephalous(self-governing); since then, the various Greek churches, now organized as the Orthodox Church in America, have moved toward a greater degree of unity and centralization. Many of the Eastern Orthodox churches in the United States have been active in the ecumenical movement and have joined both the National Council of Churches and the World Council of Churches. During the early 1980s and 1990s, the American church refocused its efforts on coping with the growth of its membership and, by the year 2000, numbered more than one million. Meanwhile, as church leaders in Constantinople, Moscow, and Serbia established new ties with the Orthodox Church in America, the concept of a global mission emerged as a central unifying theme. In the late 1990s, the church organized a number of humanitarian efforts in the war-ravaged former Yugoslavia and the Caucasus region of Russia.
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The Orthodox Church is the church that was founded by Jesus Christ himself in 33AD and remains unchanged over 2,000 years later. All other Christian churches have come out of the Orthodox Church starting with the Oriental Orthodox Church in 451 and the Roman Catholic Church in 1054AD.
There are very few Orthodox churches in Spain at all. The U.S. State Department's 2005 Religious Freedom Report on Spain says there are 10 registered Orthodox parishes in the entire country (although there are likely others which are not registered at the national level).
Alexandra Feodorovna Romanova (June 6, 1872 - July 17, 1918) was Empress consort of Russia, spouse of Nicholas II. She was a granddaughter of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom, given the name Alexandra Feodorovna upon being received into the Russian Orthodox Church, which canonized her as Saint Alexandra the Passion Bearer in 2000.
Alexandra is best remembered as the last Tsarina of Russia.
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Orthodoxy is the main religion in Alaska, from when the Russians ruled there.
BEING AN ACTIVE EPISCOPALIAN I CAN TELL YOU THAT WOMEN AS WELL AS WOMEN PRIESTS ARE ACCORDED MORE RESPONSIBILITIES AND EQUALITY THAn WOMEN that ARE IN CONSERVATIVE PROTESTANT CHURCHES LIKE THE PENTECOSTALS AND SOUTHERN BAPTISTS AS WELL as THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH WHICH OF COURSE REFUSES TO ALLOW WOMEN TO ANSWER THE CALL TO THE PRIESTHOOD. I AM PROUD THAT MY CHURCH HAS REACHED OUT TO WOMEN AND TO ALL MINORITIES TO BE ALL THEY CAN BE SINCE WE WERE ALL CREATED BY GOD AND ALL ARE EQUAL IN GOD'S EYES NO MATTER THEIR GENDER, RACE OR SEXUAL ORIENTATION! How about less bias AND NOT A FULL PARAGRAPH OF CAPITALS! yeah take that biatch!
Prince Vladimir embraced Orthodox Christianity as the religion for the Russian people in 988 AD.
The Russian Orthodox Church is in communion with other Eastern Orthodox Churches, and with the Patriarch of Constantinople (the city whose name was changed to Istanbul inthe 1920s). The Greek Catholic Church (which is maybe what you mean by 'Catholic Orthodox') have the same liturgy as the Russian and other Eastern Orthodox Churches. But they are in communion with the Pope of Rome and thus part of the Roman Catholic Church. There are, for instance, quite a lot of Greek Catholics in the Ukraine.
The Orthodox cross is different than the Christian cross. The reason being is that the Orthodox cross has another strike. Also their main holidays are also different.
First of all, there is no such thing as Greek Catholic to my knowledge. There are Greek Orthodox and other Eastern ORthodox as you mentioned including the Russian ORthodox but they are no way ion communion for the Pope of Rome. The Pope means nothing to the Orthodox and are strictly in communion with the Roman Catholics ONLY. You may be thinking of the Byzantine Catholics and the only relationship they to the Orthodox is the Byzantine Cross. And the Byzantine cross is not different from the Christian cross - It is a Christian cross. However, you are right that the cross looks different. It is a typical cross, but with 2 extra crosses, one on top for the sign, and one the bottom which is tilted so that it one end is up towards the right and the other end tilting to the ground. There are alot of Ukrainian Catholics yes. Main holidays are only different by date. Jan. 7 is Xmas and Easter is generally around Passover, only due to the fact that they follow the Julian calendar (from ancient apostolic times) as opposed to following the Roman calendar. All Liturgy's are basically the same in practice, but they do differ s
Jesus Himself has established His Church. Eastern Orthodox tradition preserves this very Church.
The Orthodox Church was founded by Christ in the year 33 AD, on the Day of Pentecost.
According to Orthodox Christian beliefs, the Orthodox Church has always existed from the beginning of time (called the Church Triumphant) but the physical church on earth (called the Church Militant) was established in Jerusalem in 33 AD and continues to exist without any changes to its dogmas and beliefs, to this day.
The term orthodox (Gk: Ortho - correct ; Doxa - doctrine of faith) came about as early as the 2nd Century AD to describe those Christians who had the correct faith as oposed to the heterodox (Gk: heterodox - other faith) or the heretics. It was officially used in the 1st Ecumenical Council in 325 AD.
The term Eastern Orthodox Church is not officially used by the Orthodox Church themselves but has only recently been applied to the Orthodox Church by the Roman Catholic and Protestant denominations. It is infact incorrect to call the Orthodox Chuch Eastern when in fact the Orthodox Church exists just as much in the West as it does in the East.Answer
If by Orthodox religion you mean religion which is Orthodox then orthodo religion has existed since the dawn of time. If however you are referrring to the Orthodox Church then, from a Roman Catholic stand point the Orthodox church came into being (officially) in 1054 at the Great Schism between the eastern church and the western church.
The Orthodox Church was founded by Jesus Christ in Jerusalem in the year 33 AD, which is known as the Day of Pentecost.
Orthodox churches begin when a church splits. Those that adhere to the traditional ways of doing things are orthodox, and those that have decided to do things differently, have a different name.
The Orthodox Church was founded by Jesus Christ in Jerusalem in 33 AD, on the Day of Pentecost, making it more than 2,000 years old.
Prince Vladimir of Kiev declared Orthodox Christianity to be the official religion of the Russian people in the year 988 AD.
Vladimir I ordered his subjects to convert to Orthodox Christianity.
He just wanted to take control governmental over the Church just to prevent the Church leaders from influencing policy and to some extent it made it possible to establish absolutism. He founded the Holy Synod, a governmental body from which the monarchy and the influential nobility could control the Church and the sphere of religion.
No, this would compromise their mission duties- however, in special cases widows have been permitted to enter religious orders- as is the case with Catholics- The Grand Duchess Elisabeth ( Aunt Betty to Anastasia)- the sister of the Czar, was one such case, she was horribly murdered by NKVD men and her body- with some others tossed down a garbage chute- and miraculously- recovered basically intact.
An Orthodox Christian holds the beliefs of the Orthodox Catholic Faith, which was held and taught by the Holy Apostles. It is summarized in the Symbol of Faith, sometimes called the Nicene Creed:
"I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things seen and unseen. And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of God, the Only-Begotten, begotten of the Father before all ages, Light of Light, true God of true God, begotten, not made, of one essence with the Father, by Whom all things were made; Who for us men, and for our salvation, came down from heaven; and was incarnate of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary, and became man. And He was crucified for us under Pontius Pilate, and suffered and was buried. And the third day He rose again, in accordance with the Scriptures, and ascended into heaven, and sits at the right hand of the Father. And He shall come again with glory to judge the living and the dead, Whose kingdom shall have no end. And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the Giver of Life, Who proceeds from the Father;
Who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified; Who spoke by the Prophets; in one Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church; I acknowledge one Baptism for the remission of sins; I look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen." The essential beliefs of the Orthodox Christian are therefore very much the essential beliefs of all Christians--the existence of God as Holy Trinity; the Incarnation of the Son as the God-Man Christ Jesus; and His passion, death, and resurrection. Beyond the beliefs stipulated in the Creed, an Orthodox Christian believes in all the doctrines of the Seven Ecumenical Councils, held between AD 325 and AD 787. Orthodox Christians, however, hold that these beliefs are part of an entire way of believing, living, and worshipping that comes to us from the Apostles. This we call "Holy Tradition." Our liturgical worship, our use of the Holy Icons, our prayers for the departed, our veneration of the Saints, and especially of the Mother of God--all of these are part of Holy Tradition. For the Orthodox, it is not possible to accept some parts of this and reject others; these beliefs and practices make up an organic whole, which is nothing more or less than Christianity itself.
The Russian Orthodox Church does not ordain priests.
An "orthodox" treatment uses long established methods or medicines to treat or correct a problem. An "unorthodox" treatment uses methods or medicines that most experts would say are not well known or acceptable methods. But an unorthodox treatment is not necessarily wrong, it might just work. But it is not the common method or treatment that most people would use to solve a problem.
Assuming no divorce has taken place, which would require an annulment, yes, if you have changed from Orthodox to Catholic it would be possible to renew your wedding vows in a Catholic Church. There would be no need for a full blown wedding, however, as the Catholic Church does accept the sacraments of the Orthodox Church as valid.
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